AbstractThe use of electric vehicles (EVs) in the United States has grown significantly during the last decade, posing benefits to the environment but also potential challenges to our grid. To better understand this scenario , the Department of Energy (DOE) asked Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to perform an authoritative study of the impacts of EVs at scale on the electric grid. The Phase I study focused on the bulk power electricity impacts . This EV-at-scale Phase II work addresses key questions of interest to DOE related to the impacts of EV in the distribution systems: 1. When (which year), where, and how many EVs will be adopted and how will they be charged? 2. Given some prospective answers to the above question, what would be the EV hosting capability of a distribution system circuit? 3. How could the hosting capability be expanded to accommodate more EVs and what would be the potential measures and cost? This report documents the methodologies developed as part of this project and provides EV adoption modeling examples using distribution system circuit data provided by industry partner, Southern California Edison (SCE).
Published: September 21, 2022