January 17, 2023
Direct Synthesis of Highly Siliceous ZnO-FAU Zeolite with Enhanced Performance in Hydrocarbon Cracking Reactions
AbstractThe hydrothermal stability and catalytic activity of zeolite Y (faujasite, FAU) is highly dependent on its composition. High silicon content is often desirable for catalytic applications; however, direct synthesis of faujasite with high silicon content (Si/Al > 2.5) is nontrivial. Here, we present an organic-free synthesis of FAU-type zeolite with Si/Al = 3.4 using zinc oxide as a modifier. A combination of spectroscopy and microscopy confirm that ZnO is well-distributed within zeolite pores as extra-framework species, and the nature of these species differs from bulk ZnO and framework zinc in Zn-FAU crystals. We demonstrate that the increased Si/Al ratio leads to improved hydrothermal stability, while catalytic cracking of 1-hexene and cumene show that ZnO-FAU exhibits significantly longer lifetime compared to in-house and commercial zeolite Y. Collectively, this study presents a facile and efficient method to prepare more siliceous FAU with enhanced catalytic performance.
Published: January 17, 2023