September 21, 2022
Journal Article

Description of historical and future projection simulations by the global coupled E3SMv1.0 model as used in CMIP6

Abstract

This paper documents the experimental setup and general features of the coupled historical and future climate simulations with the first version of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Energy Exascale Earth System Model (E3SMv1.0). The future projected climate characteristics of E3SMv1.0 at the highest emission scenario (SSP5-8.5) designed in the Scenario Model Intercomparison Project (ScenarioMIP) and the SSP5-8.5 greenhouse gas (GHG) only forcing experiment are analyzed with a focus on regional responses of atmosphere, ocean, sea-ice and land. Due to its high climate sensitivity, E3SMv1.0 is one of the models with the largest surface warming by the end of the 21st century among the CMIP6 models under the high-emission SSP5-8.5 scenario. The global mean precipitation change is highly correlated to the global temperature change, while the spatial pattern of the change in runoff responds to the precipitation changes. The oceanic mixed layer generally shoals throughout the global ocean. The sea ice, especially in the Northern Hemisphere, rapidly decreases with a large seasonal variability. The annual mean AMOC is overly weak with a slower change relative to other CMIP6 models. We detect a strong signal of polar amplification in E3SMv1.0 from atmosphere, ocean and sea ice. Comparing the SSP5-8.5 full forcing experiment with the GHG-only experiment, we find that the unmasking of the aerosol effects due to the decline of the aerosol loading in the future projection period causes an accelerated warming in the SSP5-8.5 full forcing experiment. The oceanic climate response is mainly controlled by the GHG forcing, while the land runoff response is impacted primarily by forcings other than GHG over certain regions, although the importance of the GHG forcing grows in the future climate projection period compared to the historical period.

Published: September 21, 2022

Citation

Zheng X., Q. Li, T. Zhou, Q. Tang, L. Van Roekel, J. Golaz, and H. Wang, et al. 2022. Description of historical and future projection simulations by the global coupled E3SMv1.0 model as used in CMIP6. Geoscientific Model Development 15, no. 9:3941 - 3967. PNNL-SA-166656. doi:10.5194/gmd-15-3941-2022

Research topics