January 13, 2023
Conference Paper

Data-Driven PMU Noise Emulation Framework using Gradient-Penalty-Based Wasserstein GAN


Availability of phasor measurement unit (PMUs) data has led to research on data-driven algorithms for event monitoring, control and ensuring stability of the grid. Unavailability of infrequent critical event field PMU data with component failures is driving the need to generate realistic synthetic PMU data for research. The synthetic data from power system simulation software often neglect noise profiles of received phasors, thus creating some discrepancies between real PMU data and synthetic ones. To address this issue, this work presents an initial study on the noise characteristics of PMUs, as well as presenting models for recreating their unique noise signatures. The proposed method, utilizing the Wasserstein generative adversarial network with gradient penalty (WGAN-GP) architecture, provides an excellent benchmark for matching the noise distribution. One can use a well-learned GAN model to draw noise signatures from a distribution that seemingly mirrors the real PMU noise distribution, while also being able to be detached from the PMU data once the training is done. Based on the observed results and employed data-driven methodology, it is expected that the proposed methods can be adapted to replicate the behavior of other sensors, providing research and other applications with a tool for data synthesis and sensor characterization.

Published: January 13, 2023


Lassetter A.R., K. Mahapatra, D.J. Sebastian Cardenas, S. Gourisetti, J.G. O'Brien, and J.P. Ogle. 2022. Data-Driven PMU Noise Emulation Framework using Gradient-Penalty-Based Wasserstein GAN. In IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting (PESGM 2022), July 17-21, 2022, Denver, CO, 1-5. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-168113. doi:10.1109/PESGM48719.2022.9916787