AbstractAdvanced manufacturing (AM) materials were investigated for their suitability for use in cross-flow turbine rotors. AM materials were categorized into 3 classes – plastics, metals, and ceramics – and reviewed for suitability based on a set of engineering requirements and criteria. Two plastics and two metals were selected to undergo further testing: Essentium CF25, Markforged Onyx, Titanium Ti-6Al-4V, and Inconel 718. Dogbone-shaped specimens were printed from each material in two sets. The first set was tensile tested to get a material baseline. The second set was submerged in the seawater tanks at PNNL-Sequim for 6 months to determine water uptake, corrosion, and biofouling resistance and then subsequently tensile tested. While few macroscopic changes could be observed after seawater testing, the plastic materials degraded significantly as compared to baseline, while the metal material properties remained consistent. Titanium and Inconel are used consistently by industry in extreme conditions, and the materials show promising performance for marine energy use cases.
Published: September 12, 2023