April 20, 2024
Journal Article

Cavity Quantum Electrodynamics Complete Active Space Configuration Interaction Theory


Polariton chemistry has attracted great attention as a potential route to modify chemical structure, properties, and reactivity through strong interactions between molecular electronic, vibrational, or rovibrational degrees of freedom. A rigorous theoretical treatment of molecular polaritons requires the treatment of matter and photon degrees of freedom on equal quantum mechanical footing. In the limit of molecular electronic strong or ultrastrong coupling to one or a few molecules, it is desirable to treat the molecular electronic degrees of freedom using the tools of ab initio quantum chemistry, yielding an approach we refer to as ab initio cavity quantum electrodynamics (ai-CQED), where the photon degrees of freedom are treated at the level of cavity quantum electrodyanmics. Here, we present an approach called QED-CASCI to provide ground- and excited-state polaritonic surfaces with a balanced description of strong correlation effects among electronic and photonic degrees of freedom. This method can provide a platform for ai-CQED when both strong electron correlation and strong light-matter coupling are important, and can be leveraged to obtain multiple polaritonic potential energy surfaces and couplings that can be leveraged for ab initio molecular dynamics simulations of polariton chemistry.

Published: April 20, 2024


Vu N., D. Mejia Rodriguez, N.P. Bauman, A.R. Panyala, E. Mutlu, N. Govind, and J.J. Foley. 2024. Cavity Quantum Electrodynamics Complete Active Space Configuration Interaction Theory. Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation 20, no. 3:1214–1227. PNNL-SA-191972. doi:10.1021/acs.jctc.3c01207

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