May 1, 2021
Journal Article

C-FOG: Life of Coastal Fog


C-FOG is a comprehensive bi-national project dealing with the formation, persistence and dissipation (lifecycle) of fog in coastal areas (coastal fog) controlled by land, marine and atmospheric processes. Given its inherent complexity, coastal-fog literature has mainly focused on case studies, and there is a continuing need for research that integrates across processes (e.g., air-sea-land interactions, environmental flow, aerosol transport and chemistry), dynamics (two-phase flow and turbulence), microphysics (nucleation, droplet characterization) and thermodynamics (heat transfer and phase changes) through field observations and modeling. Central to C-FOG was a field campaign in eastern Canada during 1 September to 8 October 2018, covering four land sites in Newfoundland and Nova Scotia and an adjacent coastal strip transected by the research vessel Hugh R. Sharp. An array of in situ, path-integrating and remote sensing instruments gathered data across a swath of space-time scales relevant to fog lifecycle. Satellite and reanalysis products, routine meteorological observations, numerical weather prediction model (WRF and COAMPS) outputs, large eddy simulations and phenomenological modeling underpin the interpretation of field observations in a multiscale and multiplatform framework that help identify and remedy numerical-model deficiencies. An overview of the C-FOG field campaign and some preliminary analysis/findings are presented in this paper.

Published: May 1, 2021


Fernando H., I. Gultepe, C. Dorman, E. Pardyjak, Q. Wang, S. Hoch, and D. Richter, et al. 2021. "C-FOG: Life of Coastal Fog." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 102, no. 2:E244–E272. PNNL-SA-155686. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-19-0070.1