July 11, 2023
Journal Article

Behavior of helium cavities in ion-irradiated W-Ni-Fe ductile-phase toughened tungsten


This study reports on the distribution of helium (He) cavities in a hot-rolled W-Ni-Fe ductile-phase toughened tungsten (DPT W) composite irradiated to a dose and a helium concentration that are comparable to those in the material after 5-year irradiation in a conceptual fusion power plant. The DPT W sample consists of W particles embedded in a ductile-phase NiFeW matrix with a nominal composition of 90W-7Ni-3Fe by weight. It was hot-rolled to a thickness reduction by 87% (87R DPT W). Sequential irradiation of the material with 1.2 MeV Ni+ ions to a fluence of 2.15E16 Ni+/cm2 and 90 keV He+ ions to 6.5E15 He+/cm2 was performed at 973 K. Larger He cavities with a lower number density are observed in NiFeW than W. Helium cavities are aggregated preferentially along the NiFeW/W interphase boundary. This behavior is not observed along the W/W grain boundary under the same irradiation conditions. A similar distribution of He cavities with comparable sizes is observed in 87R DPT W irradiated with He+ ions only, suggesting that the He cavity distribution is not significantly affected by pre-irradiation of Ni+ ions at 973 K. The data from this study does not provide any evidence for formation of visible voids or Ni precipitates in W phase irradiated with Ni+ ions only. Diffusion and clustering of He atoms and mobile vacancies during ion irradiation at 973 K are responsible for the formation and growth of the He cavities.

Published: July 11, 2023


Jiang W., D. Zhang, D. Li, J. Heo, Z. Wang, L. Zhang, and N.R. Overman, et al. 2022. Behavior of helium cavities in ion-irradiated W-Ni-Fe ductile-phase toughened tungsten. Journal of Nuclear Materials 561. PNNL-SA-166763. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2022.153565