June 1, 2023

Air Quality Analysis and Tools For Policy


South Asia is home to some of the most significant air quality challenges in the world. More than 99% of the region’s population is exposed to unhealthy fine particulate matter (PM2.5) concentrations, as defined by the World Health Organization. Recent policy initiatives in South Asia show that air quality policy is a priority, given the health impacts of air pollution. At the same time, capacity and data to assess and address air pollution remains limited in many areas. The main objective of this report is to outline a set of publicly-available tools that can be used to inform policies to improve air quality in South Asia. The report primarily focuses on tools such as emission inventories and integrated modeling systems with country-level resolution and illustrates their air quality assessment capabilities through examples and brief technical summaries. The report focuses on: (a) the Community Emissions Data System (CEDS) that provides historical emissions of key pollutants for all countries in South Asia, and (b) profiles an analysis of Indian air pollution and policy scenarios, using several integrated modeling tools. Both of these examples draw on recent research and data that outlines the scale of the challenge as well as the policy options for reducing air pollution in the region. The report concludes with key recommendations for regional stakeholders working towards mitigating air pollution in South Asia.

Published: June 1, 2023


Durga S., S.J. Smith, M. Evans, J. Sampedro Martinez de Estivariz, and S. Yu. 2022. Air Quality Analysis and Tools For Policy Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.