January 13, 2023
Activation of Lattice and Adatom Oxygen by Highly Stable Ceria-supported Cu Single Atoms
AbstractRequiring catalysts to be both active yet stable over long periods of time under variable reaction conditions including high and low temperatures is a daunting challenge due to the almost mutual exclusivity of these constraints. Using CO oxidation as a probe reaction, we demonstrate that thermally stable single atom copper catalysts prepared by high temperature synthesis (atom trapping) on ceria can achieve this feat by allowing modulation of the Cu charge state through facile charge transfer between active site and support. This provides the catalysts with an ability to activate either lattice or adatom oxygen atoms, accessing additional reaction channels depending on the reaction conditions. Such adaptability allows dynamic response of catalysts enabling them to remain active under variable reaction conditions. The inherent stability of the catalyst arises from the enhanced strength of the Cu-O interactions from high temperature synthesis that exist even when Cu oxidation state varies, which retards sintering and deactivation. As we show here, one can circumvent the dilemma of designing catalysts that are simultaneously active and stable by matching the redox properties of the active site and support and establishing an environmental adaptability around the active sites.
Published: January 13, 2023