Cyber, physical, and blended cyber-physical threats are real, ubiquitous, and expensive to deal with. Private companies, government institutions, and critical infrastructures struggle to implement viable solutions as technology evolves.
E4D is a 3D geophysical modeling and inversion program designed for subsurface imaging and monitoring using static and time-lapse electrical resistivity tomography (ERT), spectral induced polarization (SIP) and travel-time tomography data.
PNNL’s integrated software systems (FRAMES, MEPAS, MetView, APGEMS, CAPP) allow users to assess the environmental fate and transport of contaminants—and the potential impacts on humans and the environment—in a systematic, holistic approach.
PNNL partners with agencies and industry to identify and engage historically disadvantaged populations in regulatory decision-making, environmental assessment, and impact estimation of the consequences of complex polices and projects.
By improving the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF)-Solar model, this project aims to reduce forecast errors, improve sub-grid scale variability estimates, and more accurately estimate forecast uncertainty.
PNNL has developed performance assessment guidance for remediation of volatile contaminants in the vadose zone, inorganic contaminant remediation in the vadose zone, and pump-and-treat of groundwater contaminant plumes.