Materials Scientist
Team Lead – Atomically Precise Materials
Materials Scientist
Team Lead – Atomically Precise Materials


Dr. Yingge Du, PhD, is a senior staff scientist in the Materials Group of the Physical and Computational Sciences Directorate. He joined Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) in 2007 as a postdoctoral research fellow and became a staff member in 2010. Dr. Du is the recipient of a 2016 U.S. Department of Energy Early Career Award. This award will support him in conducting basic research that aims to understand, predict, and ultimately control cation/anion ordering and topotactic phase transitions occurring in transition metal oxide thin films. Achieving so will enable energy materials (e.g., catalysts, electrodes, and electrolytes) with desired functionalities to be designed, synthesized, stabilized, and harnessed for technological benefits.

His current research focuses on growth and characterization of epitaxial metal oxide films and superlattices for microelectronics, catalysis, and energy conversion and storage applications.

Research Interest

  • Structure-property relationships in epitaxial oxide thin films
  • Photochemistry and electrochemistry utilizing heteroepitaxial oxide structures
  • Materials, junctions, and devices for next-generation computing
  • Development of in situ monitoring and control tools for materials synthesis and processing


  • PhD in Engineering Physics, University of Virginia (2007)
  • ME in Engineering Physics, Tsinghua University, China (2001)
  • BS in Engineering Physics, Tsinghua University, China (1998)

Affiliations and Professional Service

  • Materials Research Society
  • American Vacuum Society
  • American Geophysical Union
  • American Association for the Advancement of Science

Awards and Recognitions

  • U.S. Department of Energy Early Career Award (2016)
  • PNNL Outstanding Performance Award (2008, 2009)
  • Student Fellowship, University of Virginia (2005)
  • Summer Research Institute Research Fellowship, PNNL (2004)
  • TongFang Scholarship, Tsinghua University (2001, 2002)



  • Carvalho O.Q., P.P. Adiga, L. Wang, J. Liu, E. Jia, Y. Du, and S. Nemsak, et al. 2021. "Probing adsorbates on La1-xSrxNiO3-d surfaces under humid conditions: implications for the oxygen evolution reaction." Journal of Physics D. Applied Physics 54, no. 27:274003. PNNL-SA-159568. doi:10.1088/1361-6463/abf674
  • Pan F., Z. Li, Z. Yang, Q. Ma, M. Wang, H. Wang, and M.J. Olszta, et al. 2021. "Porous FeCo Glassy Alloy as Bifunctional Support for High-Performance Zn-Air Battery." Advanced Energy Materials 11, no. 3:2002204. PNNL-SA-157857. doi:10.1002/aenm.202002204
  • Spurgeon S.R., C. Ophus, L. Jones, A.K. Petford-Long, S.V. Kalinin, M.J. Olszta, and R. Dunin-Borkowski, et al. 2021. "Towards Data-Driven Next-Generation Transmission Electron Microscopy." Nature Materials 20. PNNL-SA-152427. doi:10.1038/s41563-020-00833-z
  • Tian H., Z. Li, G. Feng, Z. Yang, D. Fox, M. Wang, and H. Zhou, et al. 2021. "Stable, High-performance, Dendrite-free, Seawater-based Aqueous Batteries." Nature Communications 12, no. 1:Article No. 237. PNNL-SA-155466. doi:10.1038/s41467-020-20334-6
  • Wang L., Y. Du, and S.A. Chambers. 2021. "Determining valence band offsets in heterojunctions using a single core-level x-ray photoelectron spectrum." Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A--Vacuum, Surfaces and Films 39, no. 4:043208. PNNL-SA-161733. doi:10.1116/6.0001103


  • Boglaienko D., J.A. Soltis, R.K. Kukkadapu, Y. Du, L.E. Sweet, V.E. Holfeltz, and G.B. Hall, et al. 2020. "Spontaneous Redox Continuum Reveals Sequestered Technetium Clusters and Retarded Mineral Transformation of Iron." Communications Chemistry 3, no. 1:Article No. 87. PNNL-SA-148992. doi:10.1038/s42004-020-0334-x
  • Chambers S.A., and Y. Du. 2020. "Experimental determination of electron attenuation lengths in complex materials by means of epitaxial film growth: advantages and challenges." Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A--Vacuum, Surfaces and Films 38, no. 4:Article No. 043409. PNNL-SA-152970. doi:10.1116/6.0000291
  • Chatterjee S., M.S. Fujimoto, Y. Du, G.B. Hall, N. Lahiri, E.D. Walter, and L. Kovarik. 2020. "Redox-Based Electrochemical Affinity Sensor for Detection of Aqueous Pertechnetate Anion." ACS Sensors 5, no. 3:674-685. PNNL-SA-143890. doi:10.1021/acssensors.9b01531
  • Guo W., M. Kanski, W.N. Liu, M. Golunski, Y. Zhou, Y. Wang, and C. Cheng, et al. 2020. "Three-Dimensional Mass Spectrometric Imaging of Biological Structures Using a Vacuum-Compatible Microfluidic Device." Analytical Chemistry 92, no. 20:13785-13793. PNNL-SA-153326. doi:10.1021/acs.analchem.0c02204
  • Li Z., W. Niu, Z. Yang, A. Kara, Q. Wang, M. Wang, and M. Gu, et al. 2020. "Boosting Alkaline Hydrogen Evolution: Dominating Role of Interior Modification in Surface Electrocatalysis." Energy & Environmental Science 13, no. 9:3110-3118. PNNL-SA-150276. doi:10.1039/D0EE01750G
  • Liu J., E. Jia, K.A. Stoerzinger, L. Wang, Y. Wang, Z. Yang, and D. Shen, et al. 2020. "Dynamic Lattice Oxygen Participation on Perovskite LaNiO3 During Oxygen Evolution Reaction." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 124, no. 28:15386-15390. PNNL-SA-152668. doi:10.1021/acs.jpcc.0c04808
  • Luo L., S. Chen, Q. Xu, Y. He, Z. Dong, L. Zhang, and J. Zhu, et al. 2020. "Dynamic Atom Clusters on AuCu Nanoparticle Surface During CO Oxidation." Journal of the American Chemical Society 142, no. 8:4022-4027. PNNL-SA-150963. doi:10.1021/jacs.9b13901
  • Mu L., Z. Yang, L. Tao, C.K. Waters, Z. Xu, L. Li, and S. Sainio, et al. 2020. "The sensitive surface chemistry of Co-free, Ni-rich layered oxides: identifying experimental conditions that influence characterization results." Journal of Materials Chemistry A 8, no. 34:17487-17497. PNNL-SA-153847. doi:10.1039/D0TA06375D
  • Stoerzinger K.A., L. Wang, H. Su, K. Lee, E.J. Crumlin, and Y. Du. 2020. "Influence of strain on SrFeO3-d oxidation, reduction, and water dissociation: Insights from ambient pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy." Applied Surface Science 527. PNNL-SA-152444. doi:10.1016/j.apsusc.2020.146919
  • Tian C., W. Li, Y. Lin, Z. Yang, L. Wang, Y. Du, and H.Y. Xiao, et al. 2020. "Electronic Structure, Optical Properties, and Photoelectrochemical Activity of Sn-Doped Fe2O3 Thin Films." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 124, no. 23:12548-12558. PNNL-SA-151625. doi:10.1021/acs.jpcc.0c02875
  • Wang L., Z. Yang, J. Wu, M.E. Bowden, W. Yang, H. Qiao, and Y. Du. 2020. "Time- and Strain-Dependent Nanoscale Structural Degradation in Phase Change Epitaxial Strontium Ferrite Films." npj Materials Degradation 4, no. 1:Article No.16. PNNL-SA-151481. doi:10.1038/s41529-020-0120-3
  • Wang L., Z. Yang, M.E. Bowden, J.W. Freeland, P.V. Sushko, S.R. Spurgeon, and B.E. Matthews, et al. 2020. "Hole-Trapping-Induced Stabilization of Ni4+ in SrNiO3/ LaFeO3 Superlattices." Advanced Materials 32, no. 45:2005003. PNNL-SA-152538. doi:10.1002/adma.202005003
  • Wangoh L.W., Z. Yang, L. Wang, M.E. Bowden, X. Yin, A. Wee, and K.T. Mueller, et al. 2020. "Mg2+ Diffusion-Induced Structural and Property Evolution in Epitaxial Fe3O4 Thin Films." ACS Nano 14, no. 11:14887-14894. PNNL-SA-153235. doi:10.1021/acsnano.0c04025
  • Wu M., S. Chen, C. Huang, X. Ye, H. Zhou, X. Huang, and K.H. Zhang, et al. 2020. "Modulation of the electronic states of perovskite SrCrO3 thin films through protonation via low-energy hydrogen plasma implantation approaches." Frontier of Physics 15, no. 1:Article Number 13601. PNNL-SA-147370. doi:10.1007/s11467-019-0923-2
  • Zhou Y., M. Su, X. Yu, Y. Zhang, J. Wang, X. Ren, and R. Cao, et al. 2020. "Real-time mass spectrometric characterization of the solid-electrolyte interphase of a lithium-ion battery." Nature Nanotechnology 15, no. 3:224-230. PNNL-SA-144845. doi:10.1038/s41565-019-0618-4


  • Li G., Q. Shen, Z. Yang, S. Kou, F. Zhang, W. Zhang, and H. Guo, et al. 2019. "Photocatalytic behaviors of epitaxial BiVO4 (010) thin films." Applied Catalysis. B, Environmental 248. PNNL-SA-136328. doi:10.1016/j.apcatb.2019.02.028
  • Liang K., S. Pakhira, Z. Yang, A. Nijamudheen, L. Ju, M. Wang, and C.I. Aguirre-Velez, et al. 2019. "S-Doped MoP Nanoporous Layer Towards High-Efficiency Hydrogen Evolution in pH-Universal Electrolyte." ACS Catalysis 9, no. 1:651-659. PNNL-SA-139297. doi:10.1021/acscatal.8b04291
  • Liu J., E. Jia, L. Wang, K.A. Stoerzinger, D. Zhou, C. Tang, and X. Yin, et al. 2019. "Tuning the Electronic Structure of LaNiO3 through Alloying with Strontium to Enhance Oxygen Evolution Activity." Advanced Science 6, no. 19:Article No: 1901073. PNNL-SA-141734. doi:10.1002/advs.201901073
  • Mu L., H. Qingping, Z. Yang, Y. Zhang, M.M. Rahman, D.J. Kautz, and E. Sun, et al. 2019. "Water-Processable P2-Na0.67Ni0.22Cu0.11Mn0.56Ti0.11O2 Cathode Material for Sodium Ion Batteries." Journal of the Electrochemical Society 166, no. 2:A251-A257. PNNL-SA-140657. doi:10.1149/2.0881902jes
  • Qin Y., Z. Yang, J.J. Wang, Z.Y. Xie, M. Cui, C.M. Tian, and Y. Du, et al. 2019. "Epitaxial Growth and Band Alignment of p-NiO/n-Fe2O3 Heterojunction on Al2O3(0001)." Applied Surface Science 464. PNNL-SA-138270. doi:10.1016/j.apsusc.2018.09.106
  • Wang G., Z. Yang, Y. Du, and Y. Yang. 2019. "Programmable Exposure of Pt Active Facets for Efficient Oxygen Reduction." Angewandte Chemie International Edition 58, no. 44:15848-15854. PNNL-SA-147087. doi:10.1002/anie.201907322
  • Wang L., K.A. Stoerzinger, L. Chang, X. Yin, Y. Li, C. Tang, and E. Jia, et al. 2019. "Strain Effect on Oxygen Evolution Reaction Activity of Epitaxial NdNiO3 Thin Films." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 11, no. 13:12941-12947. PNNL-SA-139978. doi:10.1021/acsami.8b21301
  • Wang L., Y. Du, L. Chang, K.A. Stoerzinger, M.E. Bowden, J. Wang, and S.A. Chambers. 2019. "Erratum: "Band alignment and electrocatalytic activity at the p-n La0.88Sr0.12FeO3/SrTiO3(001) heterojunction" [Appl. Phys. Lett. 112, 261601 (2018)]." Applied Physics Letters 114, no. 11:Article No. 119901. PNNL-SA-143811. doi:10.1063/1.5094172
  • Wang L., Y. Du, P.V. Sushko, M.E. Bowden, K.A. Stoerzinger, S.M. Heald, and M. Scafetta, et al. 2019. "Hole-Induced Electronic and Optical Transitions in La1-xSrxFeO3 Epitaxial Thin Films." Physical Review Materials 3, no. 2:Article Number 025401. PNNL-SA-139953. doi:10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.3.025401
  • Wang L., Z. Yang, M.E. Bowden, and Y. Du. 2019. "Brownmillerite Phase Formation and Evolution in Epitaxial Strontium Ferrite Heterostructures." Applied Physics Letters 114, no. 23:Article No. 231602. PNNL-SA-141379. doi:10.1063/1.5096769


  • Chambers S.A., Y. Du, Z. Zhu, J. Wang, M.J. Wahila, L.J. Piper, and A. Prakash, et al. 2018. "Interconversion of intrinsic defects in SrTiO3(001)." Physical Review B 97, no. 24:245204. PNNL-SA-131613. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.97.245204
  • Chen H., Z. Feng, W. Zhang, Y. Du, and G. Li. 2018. "Negative impact of surface Ti3+ defects on the photocatalytic hydrogen evolution activity of SrTiO3." Applied Physics Letters 112, no. 1:Article No. 013901. PNNL-SA-131501. doi:10.1063/1.5009321
  • Guo L., Z. Yang, K. Marcus, Z. Li, B. Luo, L. Zhou, and X. Wang, et al. 2018. "MoS2/TiO2 Heterostructures as Nonmetal Plasmonic Photocatalysts for Highly Efficient Hydrogen Evolution." Energy & Environmental Science 11, no. 1:106-114. PNNL-SA-129523. doi:10.1039/C7EE02464A
  • Johnson I., S. Chatterjee, G.B. Hall, S.D. Burton, E.L. Campbell, M.A. Conroy, and Y. Du, et al. 2018. "Inorganic Ba-Sn Nanocomposite Materials for Sulfate Sequestration from Complex Aqueous Solutions." Environmental Science Nano 5, no. 4:890-903. PNNL-SA-131573. doi:10.1039/C7EN01241A
  • Li X., K. Zhang, D. Mitlin, E. Paek, M. Wang, J. Fei, and Y. Huang, et al. 2018. "Li-rich Li[Li1/6Fe1/6Ni1/6Mn1/2]O2 (LFNMO) Cathodes: Atomic Scale Insight on the Mechanisms of Cycling Decay and of the Improvement due to Cobalt Phosphate Surface Modification." Small 14, no. 40:Article number 1802570. PNNL-SA-136858. doi:10.1002/smll.201802570
  • Li X., K. Zhang, D. Mitlin, Z. Yang, M. Wang, Y. Tang, and F. Jiang, et al. 2018. "Fundamental Insight into Zr Modification of Li- and Mn-Rich Cathodes: Combined Transmission Electron Microscopy and Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy Study." Chemistry of Materials 30, no. 8:2566-2573. PNNL-SA-130227. doi:10.1021/acs.chemmater.7b04861
  • Liang K., K. Marcus, Z. Yang, L. Zhou, H. Pan, Y. Bai, and Y. Du, et al. 2018. "Freestanding NiFe Oxyfluoride Holey Film with Ultrahigh Volumetric Capacitance for Flexible Asymmetric Supercapacitors." Small 14, no. 3:Article No. 1702295. PNNL-SA-130019. doi:10.1002/smll.201702295
  • Ong P., Z. Yang, P.V. Sushko, and Y. Du. 2018. "Formation, Structural Variety, and Impact of Anti-Phase Boundaries on Li Diffusion in LiCoO2 Thin Film Cathodes." Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 9, no. 18:5515-5520. PNNL-SA-137774. doi:10.1021/acs.jpclett.8b02185
  • Spurgeon S.R., P.V. Sushko, A. Devaraj, Y. Du, T.C. Droubay, and S.A. Chambers. 2018. "Onset of Phase Separation in the Double Perovskite Oxide La2MnNiO6." Physical Review B 97, no. 13:134110. PNNL-SA-123784. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.97.134110
  • Stoerzinger K.A., L. Wang, Y. Ye, M.E. Bowden, E.J. Crumlin, Y. Du, and S.A. Chambers. 2018. "Linking surface chemistry to photovoltage in Sr-substituted LaFeO3 for water oxidation." Journal of Materials Chemistry A 6, no. 44:22170-22178. PNNL-SA-135655. doi:10.1039/c8ta05741a
  • Stoerzinger K.A., Y. Du, K. Ihm, K.L. Zhang, J. Cai, J. Diulus, and R.T. Frederick, et al. 2018. "Impact of Sr-Incorporation on Cr Oxidation and Water Dissociation in La(1-x)SrxCrO3." Advanced Materials Interfaces 5, no. 6:1701363. PNNL-SA-129951. doi:10.1002/admi.201701363
  • Stoerzinger K.A., Y. Du, S.R. Spurgeon, L. Wang, D.M. Kepaptsoglou, Q.M. Ramasse, and E.J. Crumlin, et al. 2018. "Chemical and Electronic Structure Analysis of a SrTiO3 (001) / p-Ge (001) Hydrogen Evolution Photocathode." MRS Communications 8, no. 2:446-452. PNNL-SA-131770. doi:10.1557/mrc.2018.38
  • Wang L., K.A. Stoerzinger, L. Chang, J. Zhao, Y. Li, C. Tang, and X. Yin, et al. 2018. "Tuning Bifunctional Oxygen Electrocatalysts by Changing A-site Rare-Earth Element in Perovskite Nickelates." Advanced Functional Materials 28, no. 39:1803712. PNNL-SA-135288. doi:10.1002/adfm.201803712
  • Wang L., Y. Du, L. Chang, K.A. Stoerzinger, M.E. Bowden, J. Wang, and S.A. Chambers. 2018. "Band Alignment and Electrocatalytic Activity at the p-n La0.88Sr0.12FeO3 / SrTiO3(001) Heterojunction." Applied Physics Letters 112, no. 26:261601. PNNL-SA-135023. doi:10.1063/1.5030897
  • Yang Z., P. Ong, Y. He, L. Wang, M.E. Bowden, W. Xu, and T.C. Droubay, et al. 2018. "Direct Visualization of Li Dendrite Effect on LiCoO2 Cathode by In Situ TEM." Small 14, no. 52:1803108. PNNL-SA-135382. doi:10.1002/smll.201803108
  • Zhang J.Y., W. Li, R.Z. Hoye, J.L. Macmanus-Driscoll, M. Budde, O. Bierwagen, and L. Wang, et al. 2018. "Electronic and transport properties of Li-doped NiO epitaxial thin films." Journal of Materials Chemistry C 6, no. 9:2275-2282. PNNL-SA-132898. doi:10.1039/c7tc05331b
  • Zhang K.H., G. Li, S.R. Spurgeon, L. Wang, P. Yan, Z. Wang, and M. Gu, et al. 2018. "Creation And Ordering Of Oxygen Vacancies At WO3-d And Perovskite Interfaces." Advanced Materials Interfaces 10, no. 20:17480-17486. PNNL-SA-110314. doi:10.1021/acsami.8b03278
  • Zhang K.L., G. Li, S.R. Spurgeon, L. Wang, P. Yan, Z. Wang, and M. Gu, et al. 2018. "Creation and Ordering of Oxygen Vacancies at WO3-d and Perovskite Interfaces." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 10, no. 20:17480-17486. PNNL-SA-132665. doi:10.1021/acsami.8b03278


  • Chatterjee S., A. Andersen, Y. Du, M.H. Engelhard, G.B. Hall, T.G. Levitskaia, and W.W. Lukens, et al. 2017. Characterization of Non-pertechnetate Species Relevant to the Hanford Tank Waste. PNNL-26265. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Characterization of Non-pertechnetate Species Relevant to the Hanford Tank Waste
  • Du Y., C. Li, K.L. Zhang, M.E. McBriarty, S.R. Spurgeon, H.S. Mehta, and D. Wu, et al. 2017. "An all-perovskite p-n junction based on transparent conducting p-La1-xSrxCrO3 epitaxial layers." Applied Physics Letters 111, no. 6:063501. PNNL-SA-124623. doi:10.1063/1.4997410
  • Engelhard M.H., T.C. Droubay, and Y. Du. 2017. "X-Ray photoelectron Spectroscopy Applications." In Encyclopedia of Spectroscopy and Spectrometry, 3rd edition. 716-724. Oxford:Academic Press. PNNL-SA-111274. doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-409547-2.12102-X
  • Ilton E.S., Y. Du, J. Stubbs, P. Eng, A.M. Chaka, J.R. Bargar, and J.R. Bargar, et al. 2017. "Quantifying Small Changes in Uranium Oxidation States Using XPS of a Shallow Core Level." Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. PCCP 19, no. 45:30473-30480. PNNL-SA-128608. doi:10.1039/c7cp05805e
  • Liang K., L. Guo, K. Marcus, S. Zhang, Z. Yang, D.E. Perea, and L. Zhou, et al. 2017. "Overall Water Splitting with Room-Temperature Synthesized NiFe Oxyfluoride Nanoporous Films." ACS Catalysis 7, no. 12:8406-8412. PNNL-SA-124856. doi:10.1021/acscatal.7b02991
  • Lim Z., K. Ahmadi-Majlan, E. Grimley, Y. Du, M.E. Bowden, R. Moghadam, and J.M. LeBeau, et al. 2017. "Structural and electrical properties of single crystalline SrZrO3 epitaxially grown on Ge (001)." Journal of Applied Physics 122, no. 8:Article No. 084102. PNNL-SA-126528. doi:10.1063/1.5000142
  • Ngai J., K. Ahmadi-Majlan, M.J. Moghadam, M. Chrysler, D. Kumah, F. Walker, and C. Ahn, et al. 2017. "Electrically coupling complex oxides to semiconductors: a route to novel material functionalities." Journal of Materials Research 32, no. 2:249-259. PNNL-SA-119030. doi:10.1557/jmr.2016.496
  • Ong P., Y. Du, and P.V. Sushko. 2017. "Low Dimensional Oxygen Vacancy Ordering and Diffusion in SrCrO3-d." Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 8, no. 8:1757-1763. PNNL-SA-123934. doi:10.1021/acs.jpclett.7b00355
  • Spurgeon S.R., Y. Du, and S.A. Chambers. 2017. "Measurement Error in Atomic-Scale Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy-Energy-Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy (STEM-EDS) Mapping of a Model Oxide Interface." Microscopy and Microanalysis 23, no. 3:513-517. PNNL-SA-119131. doi:10.1017/S1431927617000368
  • Xu M., S.L. Riechers, E.S. Ilton, Y. Du, L. Kovarik, T. Varga, and B.W. Arey, et al. 2017. "Manganese-Calcium Intermixing Facilitates Heteroepitaxial Growth at the (10-14) Calcite-Water Interface." Chemical Geology 470. PNNL-SA-125533. doi:10.1016/j.chemgeo.2017.09.001
  • Zhang K.L., R. Wu, F. Tang, W. Li, F.E. Oropeza, L. Qiao, and V.K. Lazarov, et al. 2017. "Electronic structure and band alignment at the NiO and SrTiO3 p-n heterojunctions." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 9, no. 31:26549-26555. PNNL-SA-127447. doi:10.1021/acsami.7b06025


  • Du Y., G. Li, E.W. Peterson, J. Zhou, X. Zhang, R. Mu, and Z. Dohnalek, et al. 2016. "Iso-oriented monolayer a-MoO3(010) films epitaxially grown on SrTiO3(001)." Nanoscale 8, no. 5:3119-3124. PNNL-SA-114428. doi:10.1039/C5NR07745A
  • He Y., M. Gu, H.Y. Xiao, L. Luo, Y. Shao, F. Gao, and Y. Du, et al. 2016. "Atomistic Conversion Reaction Mechanism of WO3 in Secondary Ion Batteries of Li, Na, and Ca." Angewandte Chemie International Edition 55, no. 21:6244-6247. PNNL-SA-114899. doi:10.1002/anie.201601542
  • Levitskaia T.G., S. Chatterjee, N. Pence, J. Romero, T. Varga, M.H. Engelhard, and Y. Du, et al. 2016. "Inorganic Tin Aluminophosphate Nanocomposite for Reductive Separation of Pertechnetate." Environmental Science: Nano 3, no. 2:1003-1013. PNNL-SA-116229. doi:10.1039/C6EN00130K
  • Spurgeon S.R., Y. Du, T.C. Droubay, A. Devaraj, X. Sang, P. Longo, and P. Yan, et al. 2016. "Competing Pathways for Nucleation of the Double Perovskite Structure in the Epitaxial Synthesis of La2MnNiO6." Chemistry of Materials 28, no. 11:3814-3822. PNNL-SA-115671. doi:10.1021/acs.chemmater.6b00829
  • Wang Z., Y. He, M. Gu, Y. Du, S.X. Mao, and C. Wang. 2016. "Electron Transfer Governed Crystal Transformation of Tungsten Trioxide upon Li Ions Intercalation." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 8, no. 37:24567-24572. PNNL-SA-120073. doi:10.1021/acsami.6b06581


  • Chambers S.A., Y. Du, M. Gu, T.C. Droubay, S. Hepplestone, and P.V. Sushko. 2015. "Dominance of interface chemistry over the bulk properties in determining the electronic structure of epitaxial metal/perovskite oxide heterojunctions." Chemistry of Materials 27, no. 11:4093-4098. PNNL-SA-108999. doi:10.1021/acs.chemmater.5b01118
  • Li G., T. Varga, P. Yan, Z. Wang, C.M. Wang, S.A. Chambers, and Y. Du. 2015. "Crystallographic Dependence of Photocatalytic Activity of WO3 Thin Films Prepared by Molecular Beam Epitaxy." Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. PCCP 17, no. 23:15119-15123. PNNL-SA-108744. doi:10.1039/c5cp01344e
  • Wang Z., B. Liu, E. Zhao, K. Jin, Y. Du, J.J. Neeway, and J.V. Ryan, et al. 2015. "Argon Cluster Sputtering Source for ToF-SIMS Depth Profiling of Insulating Materials: High Sputter Rate and Accurate Interfacial Information." Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry 26, no. 8:1283-1290. PNNL-SA-105691. doi:10.1007/s13361-015-1159-1
  • Xu J., F. Zhang, B. Sun, Y. Du, G. Li, and W. Zhang. 2015. "Enhanced Photocatalytic Property of Cu Doped Sodium Niobate." International Journal of Photoenergy 2015, no. 846121. PNNL-SA-113416. doi:10.1155/2015/846121
  • Yoon Y., Y. Du, J.C. Garcia, Z. Zhu, Z. Wang, N.G. Petrik, and G.A. Kimmel, et al. 2015. "Anticorrelation between Surface and Subsurface Point Defects and the Impact on the Redox Chemistry of TiO2(110)." ChemPhysChem 16, no. 2:313-321. PNNL-SA-105906. doi:10.1002/cphc.201402599
  • Zhang H., Y. Du, A. Papadogianni, O. Bierwagen, S. Sallis, L.J. Piper, and M.E. Bowden, et al. 2015. "Perovskite Sr-doped LaCrO3 as a new p-type transparent conducting oxide." Advanced Materials 27, no. 35:5191-5195. PNNL-SA-109679. doi:10.1002/adma.201501959
  • Zhang H., Y. Du, P.V. Sushko, M.E. Bowden, V. Shutthanandan, S. Sallis, and L.J. Piper, et al. 2015. "Hole-induced insulator-to-metal transition in La1-xSrxCrO3 epitaxial films." Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 91, no. 15:155129. PNNL-SA-105791. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.91.155129


  • Du Y., and S.A. Chambers. 2014. "Etalon-induced Baseline Drift And Correction In Atom Flux Sensors Based On Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy." Applied Physics Letters 105, no. 16:Article No. 163113. PNNL-SA-102491. doi:10.1063/1.4898638
  • Du Y., H. Zhang, T. Varga, and S.A. Chambers. 2014. "Reflection High-Energy Electron Diffraction Beam-Induced Structural and Property Changes on WO3 Thin Films." Applied Physics Letters 105, no. 5:051606. PNNL-SA-103911. doi:10.1063/1.4892810
  • Du Y., M. Gu, T. Varga, C.M. Wang, M.E. Bowden, and S.A. Chambers. 2014. "Strain Accommodation By Facile WO6 Octahedral Distortion and Tilting During WO3 Heteroepitaxy on SrTiO3(001)." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 6, no. 16:14253-14258. PNNL-SA-102876. doi:10.1021/am5035686
  • Du Y., T.C. Droubay, A.V. Liyu, G. Li, and S.A. Chambers. 2014. "Self-corrected Sensors Based On Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy For Atom Flux Measurements In Molecular Beam Epitaxy." Applied Physics Letters 104, no. 16:Article No. 163110. PNNL-SA-101564. doi:10.1063/1.4873544
  • Zhang H., P.V. Sushko, R.J. Colby, Y. Du, M.E. Bowden, and S.A. Chambers. 2014. "Reversible nano-structuring of SrCrO3-d through oxidization and reduction at low temperatures." Nature Communications 5. PNNL-SA-101384. doi:10.1038/ncomms5669


  • Qiao L., H. Zhang, M.E. Bowden, T. Varga, V. Shutthanandan, R.J. Colby, and Y. Du, et al. 2013. "The Impacts of Cation Stoichiometry and Substrate Surface Quality on Nucleation, Structure, Defect Formation, and Intermixing in Complex Oxide Heteroepitaxy-LaCrO3 on SrTiO3(001)." Advanced Functional Materials 23, no. 23:2953-2963. PNNL-SA-89831. doi:10.1002/adfm.201202655
  • Xia Y., K. Zhu, T.C. Kaspar, Y. Du, B. Birmingham, K.T. Park, and Z. Zhang. 2013. "Atomic Structure of the Anatase TiO2(001) Surface." Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 4, no. 17:2958-2963. PNNL-SA-96795. doi:10.1021/jz401284u


  • Du Y., D. Kim, T.C. Kaspar, S.E. Chamberlin, I. Lyubinetsky, and S.A. Chambers. 2012. "In-situ imaging of the nucleation and growth of epitaxial anatase TiO2(001) films on SrTiO3(001)." Surface Science 606, no. 17-18:1443-1449. PNNL-SA-84680. doi:10.1016/j.susc.2012.05.010
  • Du Y., N.G. Petrik, N.A. Deskins, Z. Wang, M.A. Henderson, G.A. Kimmel, and I. Lyubinetsky. 2012. "Hydrogen Reactivity on Highly-hydroxylated TiO2(110) Surfaces Prepared via Carboxylic Acid Adsorption and Photolysis." Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. PCCP 14, no. 9:3066-3074. PNNL-SA-82616. doi:10.1039/C1CP22515D


  • Du Y., D. Kim, T. Varga, Z. Wang, J. Szanyi, and I. Lyubinetsky. 2011. "Formation of single-phase BaO nanoclusters." Thin Solid Films 519, no. 16:5335-5338. PNNL-SA-76712. doi:10.1016/j.tsf.2011.02.032


  • Du Y., N.A. Deskins, Z. Zhang, Z. Dohnalek, M. Dupuis, and I. Lyubinetsky. 2010. "Formation of O Adatom Pairs and Charge Transfer upon O-2 Dissociation on Reduced TiO2(110)." Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. PCCP 12, no. 24:6337-6344. PNNL-SA-70272.
  • Du Y., N.A. Deskins, Z. Zhang, Z. Dohnalek, M. Dupuis, and I. Lyubinetsky. 2010. "Water Interactions with Terminal Hydroxyls on TiO2 (110)." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 114, no. 40:17080-17084. PNNL-SA-73025. doi:10.1021/jp1036876
  • Lyubinetsky I., N.A. Deskins, Y. Du, E.K. Vestergaard, D.J. Kim, and M. Dupuis. 2010. "Adsorption States and Mobility of TMAA Molecules on Reduced TiO2(110) Surface." Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. PCCP 12, no. 23:5986-5992. PNNL-SA-68203.
  • Lyubinetsky I., Y. Du, N.A. Deskins, Z. Zhang, Z. Dohnalek, and M. Dupuis. 2010. "Two Pathways for Water Interaction with Oxygen Adatoms on TiO2(110) Surfaces." In International Symposium on Atomic Level Characterizations for New Materials and Devices. Tokyo:Japan Society for the Promotion of Science. PNNL-SA-67667.
  • Wang Z., Y. Du, Z. Dohnalek, and I. Lyubinetsky. 2010. "Direct Observation of Site Specific Molecular Chemisorption of O2 on TiO2 (110)." The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 1, no. 24:3524-3529. PNNL-SA-76519. doi:10.1021/jz101535f


  • Du Y., N.A. Deskins, Z. Zhang, Z. Dohnalek, M. Dupuis, and I. Lyubinetsky. 2009. "Imaging Consecutive Steps of O2 Reaction with Hydroxylated TiO2(110): Identification of HO2 and Terminal OH Intermediates." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 113, no. 2:666-671. PNNL-SA-60868. doi:10.1021/jp807030n
  • Du Y., N.A. Deskins, Z. Zhang, Z. Dohnalek, M. Dupuis, and I. Lyubinetsky. 2009. "Two Pathways for Water Interaction with Oxygen Adatoms on TiO2(110)." Physical Review Letters 102, no. 9:Art. No. 096102. PNNL-SA-63535. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.102.096102
  • Ohsawa T., I. Lyubinetsky, Y. Du, M.A. Henderson, V. Shutthanandan, and S.A. Chambers. 2009. "Crystallographic Dependence of Visible-light Photoactivity in Epitaxial TiO2-xNx Anatase and Rutile." Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 79, no. 8:Article number: 085401. PNNL-SA-59944. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.79.085401
  • Petrik N.G., Z. Zhang, Y. Du, Z. Dohnalek, I. Lyubinetsky, and G.A. Kimmel. 2009. "Chemical Reactivity of Reduced TiO2(110): The dominant role of surface defects in oxygen chemisorption." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 113, no. 28:12407-12411. PNNL-SA-65119. doi:10.1021/jp901989x
  • Zhang Z., Y. Du, N.G. Petrik, G.A. Kimmel, I. Lyubinetsky, and Z. Dohnalek. 2009. "Water as a Catalyst: Imaging Reactions of O-2 with Partially and Fully Hydroxylated TiO2(110) Surfaces." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 113, no. 5:1908-1916. PNNL-SA-62836.


  • Du Y., Z. Dohnalek, and I. Lyubinetsky. 2008. "Transient Mobility of Oxygen Adatoms upon O2 Dissociation on Reduced TiO2 (110)." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 112, no. 7:2649-2653. PNNL-SA-57378. doi:10.1021/jp077677u
  • Groves J.F., Y. Du, I. Lyubinetsky, and D.R. Baer. 2008. "Focused ion beam directed self-assembly (Cu2O on SrTiO3 ): FIB pit and Cu2O nanodot evolution." Superlattices and Microstructures 44, no. 4-5:677-685. PNNL-SA-56444. doi:10.1016/j.spmi.2008.01.016
  • Li S., Z. Zhang, D. Sheppard, B.D. Kay, J.M. White, Y. Du, and I. Lyubinetsky, et al. 2008. "Intrinsic Diffusion of Hydrogen on Rutile TiO2(110)." Journal of the American Chemical Society 130, no. 28:9080-9088. PNNL-SA-58537. doi:10.1021/ja8012825


  • Du Y., J.F. Groves, I. Lyubinetsky, and D.R. Baer. 2006. "Formation of Cu2O Quantum Dots on SrTiO3 (100): Self-Assembly and Directed Self-Assembly." Journal of Applied Physics 100, no. 9:Art. No. 094315. PNNL-SA-51651. doi:10.1063/1.2364038
  • Yu Z., C.M. Wang, Y. Du, S. Thevuthasan, and I. Lyubinetsky. 2006. "Reproducible Tip Fabrication and Cleaning for UHV STM." Ultramicroscopy 108, no. 9:873-877. PNNL-SA-52875. doi:10.1016/j.ultramic.2008.02.010