Energy and Environment Directorate
Energy and Environment Directorate

Dr. Bruemmer has been involved in various basic and applied research programs in materials science during his 38 years at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Experience includes technical group leader, program manager and principal investigator responsibilities for a wide range of industry and government projects. He has led a group of material scientists and specialists focused on the study of materials interfaces and their influence on structural properties for more than 25 years. Research encompasses physical and mechanical properties for both simple and advanced materials and environmental effects on material behavior. This work has led to more than 330 technical publications and more than 75 invited presentations in the areas of grain boundary science, environmental degradation, crack-tip phenomena and radiation effects on materials. Areas of emphasis have been the high-resolution measurement, understanding, and prediction of microstructural and microchemical effects on the structural reliability of materials in nuclear power systems.

Research Interests

  • Experience in the microstructural and microchemical aspects of materials includes research on interfacial structure, segregation, precipitation and deformation mechanisms. Relationships between these aspects and degradation mechanisms such as corrosion, stress corrosion, hydrogen-induced cracking and embrittlement have been identified and analyzed. Research has centered on materials pertinent to energy production and transportation systems; e.g., stainless and low alloy steels, nickel-base alloys, aluminum alloys, special purpose metals and high-temperature intermetallics. This work experience has produced an applicable understanding of, and ability to integrate, analytical microscopy and spectroscopy techniques, electrochemistry, mechanical properties testing, failure analysis and computer modeling to predict material behavior. Much of his research has examined atomistic interfacial processes to help determine root causes for macroscopic failure phenomenon. The study of crack-tip processes in relation to corrosion and cracking mechanisms has been a focus of recent research activities.

Education and Credentials

  • B.S. (1976)
  • M.S. (1978) Metallurgical Engineering, University of Illinois;
  • PhD (1988) Materials Science and Engineering, Oregon Graduate Institute for Science and Technology

Affiliations and Professional Service

  • Dr. Bruemmer has organized and chaired more than 25 conferences, symposia and workshops, and has served on numerous expert panels for the U.S. Department of Energy, the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission and the electric power industry dealing with materials degradation and failure. He is an adjunct faculty member at Washington State University and has developed and taught two graduate-level materials science courses: Interfaces in Engineering Materials and Corrosion Processes in Metals. Dr. Bruemmer has also initiated and helped guide research at the University of Michigan, Washington State University, Northwestern, Oregon Graduate Institute and the University of Illinois.

Awards and Recognitions

  • Dr. Bruemmer is a Fellow of ASM International and the National Association of Corrosion Engineers (NACE), and a member of The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society (TMS) and the Materials Research Society (MRS). He has received several awards from these societies for various activities including the 2002 Distinguished Service Award for the Structural Materials Division of TMS.

PNNL Publications

2018

  • Zhai Z, MB Toloczko, and SM Bruemmer. 2018. "Microstructural Effects on SCC Initiation PWR Primary Water Cold-Worked Alloy 600." In Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems – Water Reactors (EDM 2017), vol. 1, ed. JH Jackson, D Paraventi, M Wright, pp. 217-229.  Springer, Cham, Switzerland.  doi:10.1007/978-3-319-67244-1_14
  • Bruemmer SM, MJ Olszta, MB Toloczko, and DK Schreiber. 2018. "Grain Boundary Selective Oxidation and Intergranular Stress Corrosion Crack Growth of High-Purity Nickel Binary Alloys in High-Temperature Hydrogenated Water." Corrosion Science 131:310-323. doi:10.1016/j.corsci.2017.11.024
  • Luo L, M Su, P Yan, L Zou, DK Schreiber, DR Baer, Z Zhu, G Zhou, Y Wang, SM Bruemmer, Z Xu, and C Wang. 2018. "Atomic Origins of Water Vapor Promoted Alloy Oxidation." Nature Materials 17:514-518.  doi:10.1038/s41563-018-0078-5
  • Toloczko MB, Z Zhai, and SM Bruemmer. 2018. "SCC Initiation Behavior of Alloy 182 in PWR Primary Water." In Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems – Water Reactors (EDM 2017), vol. 1, ed. JH Jackson, D Paraventi and M Wrigth, pp. 137-160.  Springer, Cham, Switzerland. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-67244-1_9

2017

  • Zhai Z, K Kruska, MB Toloczko, and SM Bruemmer. 2017. "Precursor evolution and SCC initiation of cold-worked alloy 690 in simulated PWR primary water." In CORROSION 2017, March 29-30, 2017, New Orleans, Louisiana, pp. Paper No. NACE-2017-9475.  NACE International, Houston, TX, TX. 
  • Zhai Z, MB Toloczko, K Kruska, and SM Bruemmer. 2017. "Precursor Evolution and Stress Corrosion Cracking Initiation of Cold-Worked Alloy 690 in Simulated Pressurized Water Reactor Primary Water." Corrosion 73(10):1224-1236.  doi:10.5006/2470
  • Zhai Z, MB Toloczko, K Kruska, DK Schreiber, and SM Bruemmer. 2017. "Grain boundary damage evolution and SCC initiation of cold-worked alloy 690 in simulated PWR primary water." In Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems – Water Reactors (EDM 2017), ed. JH Jackson, D Paraventi and M Wright, pp. 457-483.  Springer, Cham, Switzerland. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-67244-1_29
  • Zhai Z, MB Toloczko, MJ Olszta, and SM Bruemmer. 2017. "Stress Corrosion Crack Initiation of Alloy 600 in PWR Primary Water." Corrosion Science 123:76-87. doi:10.1016/j.corsci.2017.04.013
  • Kruska K, Z Zhai, and SM Bruemmer. 2017. "Characterization of SCC Initiation Precursors in Cold-Worked Alloy 690." In CORROSION 2017, March 26-30, New Orleans, Louisiana, pp. Paper No. NACE-2017-9717.  NACE International, Houston, TX, TX. 
  • Medasani BK, ML Sushko, KM Rosso, DK Schreiber, and SM Bruemmer. 2017. "Vacancies and vacancy-mediated self diffusion in Cr2O3: A first principles study." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 121(3):1817-1831.  doi:10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b00071

2016

  • Alexandrov VY, ML Sushko, DK Schreiber, SM Bruemmer, and KM Rosso. 2016. "Adsorption and diffusion of atomic oxygen and sulfur at pristine and doped Ni surfaces with implications for stress corrosion cracking." Corrosion Science 113:26-30.  doi:10.1016/j.corsci.2016.10.001
  • Luo L, L Zou, DK Schreiber, DR Baer, SM Bruemmer, G Zhou, and CM Wang. 2016. "In-Situ Transmission Electron Microscopy Study of Surface Oxidation for Ni-10Cr and Ni-20Cr Alloys." Scripta Materialia 114:129-132.  doi:10.1016/j.scriptamat.2015.11.031
  • Luo L, L Zou, DK Schreiber, MJ Olszta, DR Baer, SM Bruemmer, G Zhou, and CM Wang. 2016. "In Situ Atomic Scale Visualization Of Surface Kinetics Driven Dynamics Of Oxide Growth On A Ni–Cr Surface." Chemical Communications 52(16):3300-3303. doi:10.1039/c5cc09165a

2015

  • Alexandrov VY, ML Sushko, DK Schreiber, SM Bruemmer, and KM Rosso. 2015. "Ab Initio Modeling of Bulk and Intragranular Diffusion in Ni Alloys." Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 6(9):1618-1623.  doi:10.1021/acs.jpclett.5b00177
  • Sushko ML, VY Alexandrov, DK Schreiber, KM Rosso, and SM Bruemmer. 2015. "Multiscale model of metal alloy oxidation at grain boundaries." Journal of Chemical Physics 142(21):Article No. 214114.  doi:10.1063/1.4921940
  • Toloczko MB, MJ Olszta, NR Overman, and SM Bruemmer. 2015. "STRESS CORROSION CRACK GROWTH RESPONSE FOR ALLOY 152/52 DISSIMILAR METAL WELDS IN PWR PRIMARY WATER." In Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems – Water Reactors, August 11-15, 2016, Asheville, North Carolina.  NACE International , Houston, TX. 
  • Wang CM, DK Schreiber, MJ Olszta, DR Baer, and SM Bruemmer. 2015. "Direct In-situ TEM Observation Of Modification Of Oxidation By The Injected Vacancies For Ni-4Al Alloy Using A Microfabricated Nanopost ." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 7(31):17272-17277. doi:10.1021/acsami.5b04341
  • Xu Z, D Li, DK Schreiber, KM Rosso, and SM Bruemmer. 2015. "Modeling Selective Intergranular Oxidation of Binary Alloys." Journal of Chemical Physics 142(1):Article No. 014704.  doi:10.1063/1.4905226

2014

  • Overman NR, MB Toloczko, MJ Olszta, and SM Bruemmer. 2014. "STRAIN CORRELATIONS IN ALLOY 690 MATERIALS USING ELECTRON BACKSCATTER DIFFRACTION AND VICKERS HARDNESS." In Corrosion 2014, March 9-13, 2014, San Antonio, Texas, pp. Paper No. NACE-2014-4453.  NACE International, Houston, TX. 
  • Schreiber DK, MJ Olszta, and SM Bruemmer. 2014. "Grain boundary depletion and migration during selective oxidation of Cr in a Ni-5Cr binary alloy exposed to high-temperature hydrogenated water." Scripta Materialia 89:41-44.  doi:10.1016/j.scriptamat.2014.06.022
  • Wang CM, A Genc, H Cheng, L Pullan, DR Baer, and SM Bruemmer. 2014. "In-Situ TEM Visualization Of Vacancy Injection And Chemical Partition During Oxidation Of Ni-Cr Nanoparticles." Scientific Reports 4:Article No. 3683.  doi:10.1038/srep03683

2013

  • Schreiber DK, MJ Olszta, and SM Bruemmer. 2013. "Directly correlated transmission electron microscopy and atom probe tomography of grain boundary oxidation in a Ni-Al binary alloy exposed to high-temperature water." Scripta Materialia 69(7):509-512. doi:10.1016/j.scriptamat.2013.06.008
  • Schreiber DK, MJ Olszta, DW Saxey, K Kruska, KL Moore, S Lozano-Perez, and SM Bruemmer. 2013. "Examinations of Oxidation and Sulfidation of Grain Boundaries in Alloy 600 Exposed to Simulated Pressurized Water Reactor Primary Water." Microscopy and Microanalysis 19(3):676-687.  doi:10.1017/S1431927613000421
  • Sandusky D, W Lunceford, SM Bruemmer, and MA Catalan. 2013. Assessment of Materials Issues for Light-Water Small Modular Reactors. PNNL-22290, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Toloczko MB, MJ Olszta, NR Overman, and SM Bruemmer. 2013. "OBSERVATIONS AND IMPLICATIONS OF INTERGRANULAR STRESS CORROSION CRACK GROWTH OF ALLOY 152 WELD METALS IN SIMULATED PWR PRIMARY WATER." In Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems – Water Reactors, August 11-15, 2013, Asheville, North Carolina.  NACE International, Houston, TX. 

2012

  • Bruemmer SM, MJ Olszta, MB Toloczko, and LE Thomas. 2012. "Linking Grain Boundary Microstructure to Stress Corrosion Cracking of Cold Rolled Alloy 690 in PWR Primary Water." In CORROSION 2012 Conference & Expo, March 11-15, 2012, Salt Lake City, Utah, vol. 7, pp. 5912-5927.  NACE International, Houston, TX. 
  • Bruemmer SM, MB Toloczko, and MJ Olszta. 2012. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Investigation of the Stress Corrosion Cracking in Nickel-Base Alloys, Volume 2. PNNL-20915; NUREG/CR-7103 Vol.2, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Olszta MJ, DK Schreiber, LE Thomas, and SM Bruemmer. 2012. "High-Resolution Crack Imaging Reveals Degradation Processes in Nuclear Reactor Structural Materials." Advanced Materials & Processes 170(4):17-21. 
  • Xu Z, KM Rosso, and SM Bruemmer. 2012. "Metal Oxidation Kinetics and the Transition from Thin to Thick Films." Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. PCCP 14(42):14534-14539. doi:10.1039/C2CP42760E

2011

  • Wang CM, DR Baer, SM Bruemmer, MH Engelhard, ME Bowden, JA Sundararajan, and Y Qiang. 2011. "Microstructure of the Native Oxide Layer on Ni and Cr-doped Ni Nanoparticles." Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 11(10):8488-8497. doi:10.1166/jnn.2011.4964
  • Xu Z, KM Rosso, and SM Bruemmer. 2011. "A Generalized Mathematical Framework for Thermal Oxidation Kinetics." Journal of Chemical Physics 135(2):Article No. 024108. doi:10.1063/1.3607984

2010

  • Bruemmer SM, and LE Thomas. 2010. "Insights into Stress Corrosion Cracking Mechanisms from High-Resolution Measurements of Crack-Tip Structures and Compositions." In Materials Research Society Spring Meeting, Actinides V: Basic Science, Applications and Techniology, April 6-8, 2010, San Francisco, California, vol. 1264, ed. JK Gibson, pp. 159-172; Paper No. 1264-BB01-09.  Materials Research Society, Warrendale, PA.  doi:10.1557/PROC-1264-BB01-09
  • Doctor SR, LJ Bond, SE Cumblidge, SM Bruemmer, WB Taylor, CEG Carpenter, AB Hull, and S Malik. 2010. "Aging Management using Proactive Management of Materials Degradation." In Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation, Volume 29: AIP Conference Proceedings, vol. 1211, pp. 1879-1883.  American Institute of Physics, Melville, NY. 

2009

 

  • Bond LJ, SR Doctor, SM Bruemmer, SE Cumblidge, A Hull, and S Malik. 2009. "Failure Prevention For Nuclear Power Plants Through Proactive Management of Materials Degradation (PMMD)." In Failure Prevention: Implementation, Success Stories and Lessons Learned: Proceedings of the 2009 Conference of the Society for Machinery Failure Prevention Technology (MFPT), ed. R Wade and H Barnard, pp. 389-408.  Society for Machinery Failure and Prevention Technology, Dayton, OH. 
  • Bond LJ, SR Doctor, SE Cumblidge, SM Bruemmer, WB Taylor, A Hull, and S Malik. 2009. "LWR Aging Management Using a Proactive Approach to Control Materials Degradation." In International Congress on the Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP '09), May 10-14, 2009, Tokyo, Japan.  American Nuclear Society, La Grange Park, IL. 
  • Bruemmer SM, MB Toloczko, MJ Olszta, RJ Seffens, and PG Efsing. 2009. "CHARACTERIZATION OF DEFECTS IN ALLOY 152, 52 AND 52M WELDS." In 14th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems, August 23-27, 2009, Virginia Beach, Virginia, pp. 319-332.  American Nuclear Society, La Grange Park, IL. 
  • Cumblidge SE, SR Doctor, GJ Schuster, RV Harris, Jr, SL Crawford, RJ Seffens, MB Toloczko, SM Bruemmer, and C Moyer. 2009. "A Destructive Validation of NDE Responses of Service-Induced PWSCC Found in North Anna 2 Control Rod Drive Nozzle 31." In 7th International Conference on NDE in Relation to Structural Integrity for Nuclear and Pressurized Components.  Japan Power Engineering and Inspection Corporation, Tokyo, Japan. 
  • Edwards DJ, FA Garner, SM Bruemmer, and PG Efsing. 2009. "Nano-cavities observed in a 316SS PWR Flux Thimble Tube Irradiated to 33 and 70 dpa ." Journal of Nuclear Materials384(3):249-255. 
  • Toloczko MB, and SM Bruemmer. 2009. "CRACK GROWTH RESPONSE OF ALLOY 152 AND 52 WELD METALS IN SIMULATED PWR PRIMARY WATER." In 14th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems Water Reactors, August 23-27, 2009, Virginia Beach, Virginia, pp. 690-705.  American Nuclear Society, La Grange Park, IL. 
  • Toloczko MB, and SM Bruemmer. 2009. "CRACK GROWTH RESPONSE OF ALLOY 690 IN SIMULATED PWR PRIMARY WATER." In 14th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems Water Reactors, August 23-27, 2009, Virginia Beach, Virginia, pp. 706-721.  American Nuclear Society, La Grange Park, IL. 

2008

  • Bruemmer SM, JS Vetrano, and MB Toloczko. 2008. "Microstructure and SCC Crack Growth of Nickel-Base Alloy 182 Weld Metal in Simulated PWR Primary Water." In Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems - Water Reactors, pp. 1658-1671.  Canadian Nuclear Society, Toronto, Canada. 
  • Cumblidge SE, SR Doctor, GJ Schuster, R Harris, Jr, SL Crawford, RJ Seffens, MB Toloczko, and SM Bruemmer. 2008. "NDE and DE of PWSCC Found in the J-Groove Weld of a Removed-From-Service Control Rod Drive Mechanism." In 6th International Conference on NDE in Relation to Structural Integrity for Nuclear and Pressurised Components, pp. 723-733.  European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Brussels, Belgium. 

2007

 

 

  • Bruemmer SM, and LE Thomas. 2007. "COMPARISON OF IGSCC CRACK-TIP CHARACTERISTICS PRODUCED IN BWR OXIDIZING WATER AND BWR HYDROGEN WATER CHEMISTRY CONDITIONS." In 13th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems, pp. 1711-1724.  Canadian Nuclear Society, Toronto, ON, Canada. 
  • Cumblidge SE, SL Crawford, SR Doctor, RJ Seffens, GJ Schuster, MB Toloczko, RV Harris, SR, and SM Bruemmer. 2007. Nondestructive and Destructive Examination Studies on Removed-from-Service Control Rod Drive Mechanism Penetrations. PNNL-16628, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Greenwood LR, FA Garner, BM Oliver, and SM Bruemmer. 2007. "Determination of Neutron Exposure of AISI 304 Stainless Steel from a BWR Top Guide using Retrospective Dosimetry ." Journal of Nuclear Materials 361(1):1-9. 
  • Toloczko MB, PL Andresen, and SM Bruemmer. 2007. "SCC CRACK GROWTH OF COLD-WORKED TYPE 316 SS IN SIMULATED BWR OXIDIZING AND HYDROGEN WATER CHEMISTRY CONDITIONS." In Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Environmental Degradation in Nuclear Power Systems, pp. 1672-1683.  Canadian Nuclear Society, Toronto, Canada. 

2006

 

  • Garner FA, BM Oliver, LR Greenwood, DJ Edwards, SM Bruemmer, and ML Grossbeck. 2006. "Generation and Retention of Helium and Hydrogen in Austenitic Steels Irradiated in a Variety of LWR and Test Reactor Spectral Environments." In Fusion Materials Semiannual Progress Report for Period Ending June 30, 2001, DOE-ER-0313/30, pp. 127-147.  Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN. 

2005

  • Bruemmer SM, and LE Thomas. 2005. "High-Resolution Characterizations of Stress-Corrosion Cracks in Austenitic Stainless Steel from Crack Growth Tests in BWR-Simulated Environments ." In 12th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems-Water Reactors, Salt Lake City, Utah, August 14-18, 2005, pp. 189-198.  Minerals, Metals & Materials Society , Warrendale, PA. 
  • Bruemmer SM, and LE Thomas. 2005. "Mechanistic Insights on Environmental Degradation From Nanometer-Scale Crack-Tip Measurements." In 11th International Conference on Fracture, March 20-25, Turin, Italy.  Springer, Dordrecht, Netherlands. 
  • Thomas L, BR Johnson, JS Vetrano, and SM Bruemmer. 2005. "Microstructural and Microchemical Characterization of Primary-Side Cracks in an Alloy 600 Nozzle Head Penetration and its Alloy 182 J-Weld from the Davis-Besse Reactor Vessel ." In 12th International Conference on Environmental Degradation in Materials in Nuclear Systems - Water Reactors, ed. TR Allen, PJ King and L Nelson, pp. 567-578.  TMS , Warrendale, PA. 
  • Thomas L, and SM Bruemmer. 2005. "Observations and insights into Pb-assisted stress corrosion cracking of alloy 600 steam generator tubes." In 12th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Systems-Water Reactors, ed. TR Allen, PJ King and L Nelson, pp. 1143-1154.  TMS , Warrendale, PA. 

2004

  • Bruemmer SM, and LE Thomas. 2004. "Insights into Stress Corrosion Cracking Mechanisms from High-Resolution Measurements of Crack-Tip Structures and Compositions." In Environment-Induced Cracking of Materials: International Conference on Environment-Induced Cracking of Metals, vol. 2, ed. SA Shipilov, RH Jones, JM Olive and RB Rebak , pp. 95-106.  Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands.  doi:10.1016/B978-008044635-6.50050-9
  • Bruemmer SM. 2004. "Linking Grain Boundary Structure and Composition to Intergranular Stress Corrosion Cracking of Austenitic Stainless Steels." In IMaterials Research Society Symposium Proceedings: Interfacial Engineering for Optimized Properties III, vol. 819, pp. N2.2.1 - N2.2.10.  Materials Research Society, Warrendale, PA. 
  • Gan J, EP Simonen, SM Bruemmer, L Fournier, BH Sencer, and GS Was. 2004. "The effect of oversized solute additions on the microstructure of 316SS irradiated with 5 MeV Ni++ ions or 3.2 MeV protons ." Journal of Nuclear Materials 325(2-3):94-106. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2003.11.002

2003

 

  • Bruemmer SM, LE Thomas, JS Vetrano, and EP Simonen. 2003. Innovative Approach to Establish Root Causes for Cracking in Aggressive Reactor Environments . PNNL-14448, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Edwards DJ, EP Simonen, and SM Bruemmer. 2003. "Evolution of Fine-Scale Defects in Stainless Steels Neutron-Irradiated at 275 degrees C." Journal of Nuclear Materials 317(1):13-31. 
  • Edwards DJ, EP Simonen, FA Garner, LR Greenwood, BM Oliver, and SM Bruemmer. 2003. "Influence of Irradiation Temperature and Dose Gradients on the Microstructural Evolution in Neutron-Irradiated 316SS." Journal of Nuclear Materials 317(1):32-45. 
  • Thomas LE, and SM Bruemmer. 2003. "Microstructural Characterization of Stress Corrosion Cracks in an Irradiated Austenitic Steel Core Component from a BWR." In Proceedings of the 11th International Symposium on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems Water Reactors, p. 133.  American Nuclear Society, La Grange, IL. 
  • Thomas LE, JS Vetrano, SM Bruemmer, PG Efsing, and K Gott. 2003. "High-Resolution Analytical Electron Microscopy Characterization of Environmentally Assisted Cracks in Alloy 182 Weldments ." In Proceedings of the 11th International Symposium on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems Water Reactors, p. 159.  American Nuclear Society, La Grange, IL. 

2002

 

  • Bruemmer SM, EP Simonen, J Gan, FA Garner, DS Gelles, DJ Edwards, PL Andresen, LM Young, GS Was, L Fournier, and BH Sencer. 2002. Novel Concepts for Damage-Resistant Alloys in Next Generation Nuclear Power Systems - Final Report , Project 99-0280. PNNL-13644 Phase 3, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Garner FA, BM Oliver, LR Greenwood, DJ Edwards, SM Bruemmer, and ML Grossbeck. 2002. "Generation and Retention of Helium and Hydrogen in Austenitic Steels Irradiated in a Variety of LWR and Test Reactor Spectral Environments." In Fusion Materials: Semi-Annual Progress Report Ending June 30, 2001, vol. 30, pp. 127-147.  DOE Office of Fusion Energy Sciences, Washington DC. 
  • Gertsman VY, and SM Bruemmer. 2002. "Grain Boundary Character Along Intergranular Stress Corrosion Crack Paths in Austenitic Stainless Alloys Removed from High-Temperature Water Service ." In Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems-Water Reactors, August 5-9, 2001, Lake Tahoe, Nevada, vol. paper no. 55, p. 8 pages.  Nace International, Houston, TX. 
  • Simonen EP, DJ Edwards, SM Bruemmer, JT Busby, and GS Was. 2002. "Light-Water Reactor Microstructural Characterization from Post-Irradiation Annealing Behavior." In Tenth International Conference on Environmental Degradation Materials in Nuclear Power Systems - Water Reactors, August 5 to 9, Lake Tahoe, Nevada, USA, p. 12 pages.  National Association of Corrosion Engineers, Houston, TX. 
  • Thomas LE, SM Bruemmer, and PM Scott. 2002. "Analytical TEM Comparisons of Stress-Corrosion-Crack Microstructure in Alloy 600 under Steam-Generator Service and Laboratory Test Conditions ." In Fontevraud 5 International Symposium: Contribution of Materials Investigation to the Resolution of Problems Encountered in Pressurized Water Reactors, pp. 1037-1048.  Societe Francaise d'Energie Nucleaire , Paris, France. 
  • Thomas LE, and SM Bruemmer. 2002. "Analytical Transmission Electron Microscopy Characterization of Stress Corrosion Cracks in an Irradiated Type 316 Stainless Steel Core Component." In Fontevraud 5 International Symposium: Contribution of Materials Investigation to the Resolution of Problems Encountered in Pressurized Water Reactors, pp. 347-359.  Societe Francaise d'Energie Nucleaire , Paris, France. 

2001

  • Bruemmer SM, and LE Thomas. 2001. "High-Resolution Analytical Electron Microscopy Characterization of Corrosion and Cracking at Buried Interfaces." Surface and Interface Analysis 31(7):571-81. 
  • Bruemmer SM, and LE Thomas. 2001. "Insights into Environmental Degradation Mechanisms from High-Resolution Characterization of Crack Tips." In Chemistry and Electrochemistry of Corrosion and Stress Corrosion Cracking, pp. 123-144.  The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society , Warrendale, PA. 
  • Bruemmer SM, DJ Edwards, VY Guertsman, and EP Simonen. 2001. "Grain Boundary Modification During Neutron Irradiation at Intermediate Temperatures." In Microstructural Processes in Irradiated Materials, 2000 MRS Proceedings , vol. 650, no. Paper #: R2.1 , Materials Research Society, Warrendale, PA. 
  • Bruemmer SM, EP Simonen, FA Garner, DJ Edwards, J Gan, PL Andresen, and GS Was. 2001. Novel Concepts for Damage-Resistant Alloys in Next Generation Nuclear Power Systems Phase II Annual Report . PNNL-13644, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Dougherty LM, IM Robertson, JS Vetrano, and SM Bruemmer. 2001. "A Microstructural Study of the Effect of Particle Aging On Dynamic Continuous Recrystallization in Al-4Mg-0.3Sc." In Superplasticity in Advanced Materials: Proceedings of the 2000 International Conference on Superplasticity in Advanced Materials (ICSAM-2000). Materials Science Forum, vol. 357-359, ed. N Chandra, pp. 93-98.  Trans Tech Publications, Uetikon-Zuerich, Switzerland. 
  • Guertsman VY, and SM Bruemmer. 2001. "STUDY OF GRAIN BOUNDARY CHARACTER ALONG INTERGRANULAR STRESS CORROSION CRACK PATHS IN AUSTENITIC ALLOYS ." Acta materialia 49(9):1589 - 1598. 
  • Thomas LE, BH Sencer, and SM Bruemmer. 2001. "Radiation-Induced Phase Instabilities and Their Effects on Hardening and Solute Segregation in Precipitation-Strengthened Alloy 718." In Microstructural Processes in Irradiated Materials, MRS Proceedings , vol. 650, p. R1.5.  Materials Research Society, Warrendale, PA. 

2000

  • Bruemmer SM, VY Guertsman, and LE Thomas. 2000. "High-resolution comparison of primary- and secondary-side intergranular degradation in alloy 600 steam generator tubing." In Corrosion 2000, pp. 00196.1-00196.14.  NACE International, Houston, TX. 
  • Henager CH, Jr, JS Vetrano, VY Guertsman, and SM Bruemmer. 2000. "Effect of Sn Additions on Superplasticity in Al-Mg-Mn-Sc Alloys." In Superplasticity-Current Status and Future Potential, Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, vol. 601, ed. P.B. Berbon, pp. 31-36.  Materials Research Society, Warrendale, PA. 
  • Thomas LE, and SM Bruemmer. 2000. "High-Resolution Characterization of Intergranular Attack and Stress Corrosion Cracking of Alloy 600 in High-Temperature Primary Water." Corrosion 56(6):572-587 . 

1999

  • Bruemmer SM, EP Simonen, PM Scott, PL Andresen, GS Was, and JL Nelson. 1999. "Radiation-Induced Material Changes and Susceptibility to Intergranular Failure of Light-Water-Reactor Core Internals." Journal of Nuclear Materials 274(3):299-314. 
  • Windisch CF, Jr, DR Baer, MH Engelhard, SM Bruemmer, and RH Jones. 1999. "Corrosion of Phosphorus-Implanted 304L Stainless Steel in 1 N H2SO4." Journal of the Electrochemical Society 146(3):984-987.