Stephanie Waldhoff is a senior research economist, team leader, and interim director of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory’s Joint Global Change Research Institute (JGCRI) in College Park, MD. Her research focuses on the long-term effects of climate change as they relate to the economy. Dr. Waldhoff’s work has a particular emphasis on feedbacks between the climate and economy, interactions between climate change impacts and mitigation policy, and the implications of these on measures of human well-being. She has extensive experience developing and using complex multi-sector dynamics modeling to inform decision-making. She has served on the Scientific Steering Committee of the Integrated Assessment Modeling Consortium from 2014 to the present and has been an Advisory Board member on multiple international research projects.


Dr. Waldhoff also holds a joint appointment with the University of Maryland’s School of Public Policy and the Earth System Science Interdisciplinary Center. Prior to joining JGCRI, Dr. Waldhoff was an economist in the United States Environmental Protection Agency’s Climate Change Division. There, she led the division's long-term integrated assessment modeling and estimation of the economic damages from climate change impacts. She received her BA and PhD degrees from the University of Chicago.

Research Interest

  • Climate change impacts and damages
  • Land use and land use change
  • Climate change policy


  • PhD in Public Policy, University of Chicago
  • BA in Religion, University of Chicago

Affiliations and Professional Service

  • Scientific Steering Committee Member, Integrated Assessment Modeling Consortium (2014 – Present)
  • Advisory Board Member, European Commission, Joint Research Centre PESETA II project (2011 – 2012)
  • Policy Advisory Board Member, Integrated Assessment Modeling Consortium (2011 – 2012)

Awards and Recognitions

  • EAERE 2017 Highly Commended Paper Award for Valuing the ozone-related health benefits of methane emissions controls. Environmental and Resource Economics, with M Sarofim and S Anenberg.



  • Zhao X, Wise MA, Waldhoff ST, Kyle GP, Huster JE, Ramig CW, Rafelski LE, Patel PL, Calvin KV. (in press) The impact of agricultural trade approaches on global economic modeling. Global Environmental Change, 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2021.102413.
  • Sampedro J, Iyer G, Msangi S, Waldhoff ST, Hejazi M, Edmonds J. (2022) Implications of different income distributions for future residential energy demand in the U.S. Environmental Research Letters 17(1), 10.1088/1748-9326/ac43df.
  • Sampedro J, Khan Z, Vernon CR, Smith SJ, Waldhoff ST, Van Dingenen R. (2022) rfasst: An R tool to estimate air pollution impacts on health and agriculture. Journal of Open Source Software. 10.21105/joss.03820.
  • Sinha E. Calvin KV, Kyle P, Hejazi MI, Waldhoff ST, Huang M. (2022) Implications of imposing fertilizer limitations on energy, agriculture and land systems. Journal of Environmental Management 305, j.jenvman.2021.114391.


  • Zhao X, Calvin KV, Wise MA, Patel PL, Snyder AC, Waldhoff ST, Hejazi MI, Edmonds JA. (2021) Global agricultural responses to interannual climate and biophysical variability. Environmental Research Letters 16(10).
  • Iyer G, Clarke L, Edmonds JA, Fawcett A, Fuhrman JG, Fuhrman J, Waldhoff ST. (2021) The Role of Carbon Dioxide Removal in Net-zero Emissions Pledges. Energy and Climate Change. 10.1016/j.egycc.2021.100043
  • Narayan K, Vernon C, Waldhoff ST, Edmonds JA, Cui Y. (2021) ambrosia: An R package for calculating and analyzing food demand and in accordance with the Edmonds et al. food demand model. Journal of Open Source Software. 10.21105/joss.02890
  • Snyder AC, Waldhoff ST, Ollenburger M, Zhang Y. (2021) Empirical modeling using biophysical characteristics for U.S. rainfed and irrigated maize, soybeans, and winter wheat. Environmental Research Letters 16(9). 10.1088/1748-9326/ac15ce
  • Edmonds JA, Yu S, Forrister D, Aldy J, Hultman, N, Cui R, Waldhoff ST, Clarke LC, DeClara S, Munning C. (2021) How much could Article 6 enhance Nationally Determined Contribution ambition toward Paris Agreement goals through economic efficiency? Climate Change Economics 12(2). 10.1142/S201000782150007X
  • Narayan K, Vernon CR, Waldhoff ST, Edmonds JA, and Cui R. (2021) ambrosia: An R package for calculating and analyzing food demand and in accordance with the Edmonds et al. food demand model. Journal of Open Source Software, 6(59), 10.21105/joss.02890.


  • Edmonds JA, Nichols C, Adamantiades M, Bistline J, Huster JE, Iyer GC, Johnson N, Patel P, Showalter S, Victor N, Waldhoff ST, Wise M, Wood F. (2020) Could congressionally mandated incentives lead to deployment of large-scale CO2 capture, facilities for enhanced oil recovery CO2 markets and geologic CO2 storage? Energy Policy 146. 10.1016/j.enpol.2020.111775
  • Waldhoff ST, Sue Wing I, Edmonds JA, Leng G, Zhang G. (2020) Estimating climate change impacts on crop yields for integrated assessment modeling. Environmental Research Letters, 15(11), 10.1088/1748-9326/abadcb.
  • Evanoff J, Vernon CR, Waldhoff ST, Snyder A, Hartin C. (2020) hectorui: A web-based interactive scenario builder and visualization application for the Hector climate model. Journal of Open Source Software, 5(56), 10.21105/joss.02782.
  • Edmonds JA, Adamantiades M, Huster JE, Nichols C, Patel P, Showalter S, Victor NM, Waldhoff ST, Wood F, Iyer G, Wise MA, Johnson N, Bistline J. (2020) Could congressionally mandated incentives lead to deployment of large-scale CO2 capture, facilities for enhanced oil recovery CO2 markets and geologic CO2 storage? Energy Policy, 10.1016/j.enpol.2020.111775.
  • Snyder A, Calvin KV, Clarke L, Di Vittorio A, Edmonds JA, Kyle P, Narayan K, Patel P, Waldhoff ST, Wise MA. (2020) The domestic and international implications of future climate for U.S. agriculture in GCAM. PLOS One, 10.1371/journal.pone.0237918.
  • Sampedro Marines de Estivariz, J, Waldhoff ST, Van Dingenen R, Pardo G, van Dingenen R, Arto I, Del Prado A. (2020) Future impacts of ozone driven damages on agricultural systems. Atmospheric Environment, 231, 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2020.117538.


  • Calvin K, Patel P, Clarke L, Asrar G, Bond-Lamberty B, Di Vittorio A, Edmonds J, Hartin C, Hejazi M, Iyer G, Kyle P, Kim S, Link R, McJeon H, Smith S, Waldhoff ST, Wise M. (2019) GCAM v5.1: Representing the linkages between energy, water, land, climate, and economic systems. Geoscientific Model Development, 2, 10.5194/gmd-12-677-2019.
  • Bond-Lamberty B, Dorheim K, Cui R, Horowitz R, Snyder A, Calvin K, Feng L, Hoesly R, Horing J, Kyle GP, Link R, Patel P, Roney C, Staniszewski A, Turner S, Chen M, Feijoo F, Hartin C, Hejazi M, Iyer G, Kim S, Liu Y, Lynch C, McJeon H, Smith S, Waldhoff ST, Wise M, Clarke L. (2019) The gcamdata package: preparation, synthesis, and tracking of input data for the GCAM integrated human-earth systems model.  Journal of Open Research Software, 7(6), 10.5334/jors.232.


  • Edmonds J, Link R, Waldhoff ST, Cui Y (2017) A global food demand model for the assessment of complex human-earth systems. Climate Change Economics, 8, 10.1142/S2010007817500129.


  • Popp A, Calvin K, Fujimori S, Havlik P, Humpenoder F, Stehfest E, Bodirsky B, Dietrich JP, Doelmann J, Gusti M, Hasegawa T, Kyle P, Obersteiner M, Tabeau A, Takahashi K, Valin H, Waldhoff S, Weindl I, Wise M, Kriegler E, Lotze-Campen H, Fricko O, Riahi K, van Vuuren D (2016) Land use futures in the shared socio-economic pathways, Global Environmental Change, 42, 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2016.10.002.
  • Hegre H, Buhaug H, Calvin KV, Nordkvelle J, Waldhoff ST, Gilmore E (2016) Forecasting armed intrastate conflict along socioeconomic development pathways. Environmental Research Letters, 11, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/11/5/054002.
  • Calvin K, Bond-Laberty B, Clarke LE, Edmonds JA, Wise M, Kim S, Kyle GP, Link RP, Patel PL, Hartin CA, Moss RH, Waldhoff ST, Eom J, Smith SJ, McJeon HC (2016) The SSP4: a world of deepening inequality. Global Environmental Change, doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2016.06.010.


  • Sarofim M, Waldhoff ST, Anenberg SC (2015) Valuing the ozone-related health benefits of methane emissions controls. Environmental and Resource Economics, doi:10.1007/s10640-01509937-6.
  • Wise M, Hodson EL, Mignone BK, Clarke L, Waldhoff ST, Luckow P (2015) An approach to computing marginal land use change carbon intensities for bioenergy in policy applications. Energy Economics, 50(July):337-347, doi:10.1016/j.eneco.2015.05.009.
  • Waldhoff ST, Martinich J, Sarofim M, DeAngelo B, McFarland J, Jantarasami L, Shouse K, Crimmins A, Ohrel S, Li J (2015) Overview of the special issue: A multi-model framework to achieve consistent evaluation of climate change impacts in the United States. Climatic Change, 131(1), doi:-10.1007/s10584-014-1206-0.
  • Calvin K, Bon-Lamberty B, Edmonds J, Hejazi M, Waldhoff ST, Wise M, Zhou Y (2015) The effects of climate sensitivity and carbon cycle interactions on mitigation policy stringency. Climatic Change, 131(1), doi:10.1007/s10584-013-1026-7.


  • Pizer W, Adler M, Aldy J, Anthoff D, Cropper M, Gillingham K, Greenstone M, Murray B, Newell R, Richels R, Rowell A, Waldhoff ST, Wiener J (2014) Using and improving the social cost of carbon. Science, 346(6213):1181-1182.
  • Waldhoff ST, Anthoff D, Rose SK, Tol RSJ (2014) The marginal damage costs of different greenhouse gases: An application of FUND. Economics, E-Journal, special issue on Social Cost of Carbon, doi:10.5018/economics-ejournal.ja.2014-31.


  • Marten A, Kopp RE, Shouse KC, Griffiths C, Hodson EL, Kopits E, Mignone BK, Moore C, Newbold S, Waldhoff ST, and Wolverton A (2012) Improving the assessment and valuation of climate change impacts for policy and regulatory analysis. Climatic Change, doi:10.1007/s10584-012-0608-0.
  • Chaturvedi V, Waldhoff ST, Clarke L, Fujimori S (2012) Comparability of base year data across integrated assessment models: Does it matter? Energy Economics, 34: S261-S271, doi:10.1016/j.eneco.2012.05.004.


  • Waldhoff ST, and Fawcett AA (2011) “Temperature probability distributions under alternate global action scenarios,” Climatic Change, 107(3):635-641.


  • Streets DG, Gupta S, Waldhoff ST, Wang MQ, Bond TC, Bo Y (2001) Black carbon emissions in China. Atmospheric Environment, 35:4281-4296.


  • Streets DG and Waldhoff ST (2000) Present and future emissions of air pollutants in China: SO2, NOX, and CO. Atmospheric Environment, 34(3):363-374.


  • Streets DG and Waldhoff ST (1999) Greenhouse-Gas emissions from biofuel combustion in Asia. Energy*The International Journal, 24(10):841-855.


  • Streets DG and Waldhoff ST (1998) “Biofuel use in Asia and acidifying emissions,” Energy*The International Journal, 23(12):1029-1042.