Effects of Water Management on Future Droughts from Atmosphere to Rivers: A Global Multi-Model Analysis
Water management may alleviate future agricultural droughts but intensify hydrological droughts
Precipitation patterns, irrigation water, and stream flows have significant socioeconomic effects and are projected to change. Researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and Montana State University established an integrated approach to quantify the effects of human activities on the propagation of future meteorological, agricultural, and hydrological droughts at the global scale.
Their findings suggest that water management activities could reduce both the duration and intensity of agricultural droughts by a factor of about ten in most regions, while they may increase those of hydrological droughts by up to 50 percent.
The study suggests that water management activities will fundamentally change the characteristics and evolution of future meteorological, agricultural, and hydrological droughts. Thus, to quantify the evolving characteristics of future drought events and to devise appropriate drought management strategies, researchers should not only model future climate conditions, but also the evolution of human systems.
Reference: W. Wan, J. Zhao, H. Li, A. Mishra, M. Hejazi, H. Lu, Y. Demissie, and H. Wang, "A Holistic View of Water Management Impacts on Future Droughts: A Global Multi-Model Analysis." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 123(11), 5947-5972 (2018). [DOI: 10.1029/2017JD027825]
Published: September 21, 2018