AbstractEach year the U.S. Department of Energy Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO) assesses progress in their research and development efforts toward sustainable production of renewable fuels (DOE 2016) through the annual state of technology (SOT) assessment. The SOT assessment evaluates the impact of the year’s research progress on the modeled minimum fuel selling price (MFSP) for selected biofuel conversion pathways and measures the current state of the technology relative to defined goal case projections. Supply chain sustainability analysis to track and guide research toward improved greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, energy usage, water usage and other environmental metrics for the pathway is performed by Argonne National Laboratory (Cai et al. 2018, 2020). Technical and cost targets for a projected goal case set for the year 2022 were previously established for the wet waste hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) and biocrude upgrading pathway and summarized in a design report (Snowden-Swan et al. 2017). Process performance advancements made for HTL and biocrude hydrotreating have resulted yearly reductions in the modeled MFSP relative to the initial SOT (2018) (Snowden-Swan et al. 2020, 2021). This report summarizes the research and associated techno-economic analysis (TEA) for the pathway 2021 SOT. Methods and economic assumptions for the nth plant analysis used for the TEA are consistent with the design report (Snowden-Swan et al. 2017), with the exception of updates in the modeled cost year (2016) and income tax rate (21%).
Published: April 21, 2022