AbstractA previous study demonstrated the potential for Cyanobacterial-Methylotroph cocultures to facilitate biogas processing as well as to be used in other biotechnological applications. To advance this technology, we investigated potential interactions between Cyanobacterium stanieri HL-69 (HL69) and Methylotuvimicrobium alkaliphilum 20Z (20Z) by inferring and analyzing gene co-expression networks under co-culture and axenic conditions. Five different co-expression networks were examined. These networks were inferred using gene expression profiles for 20Z axenic condition, HL-69 axenic, HL-69, 20Z coculture, HL-69 coculture, and cross-species HL-69-20Z coculture. Through the analysis of node (gene) betweenness and node normalized degree values in all five network cases, we compared adjustments in gene expression between growth conditions (axenic vs co-culture) as well as identify biological functions relevant to interspecies interactions. This analysis was done to distinguish between gene interactions within an organism and gene interactions between two organisms. Moreover, for all five cases we investigated two different network cutoff levels of 3,000 and 10,000. By shedding light on inter- and intra- species interactions, we hope to gain a better understanding of how these two organisms interact. This research will allow the investigation of further biotechnological applications of coculture systems and optimization of such applications for biotechnological purposes.
Published: September 13, 2023