AbstractA decade since coastal restoration began across U.S. Gulf of Mexico states after the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, it is timely to examine its collective effects relative to intended outcomes. Through 2021, allocated funds for 570 projects by state, federal, non-profit, and other entities approached half the unprecedented recovery settlements. The need for synthesis of restoration results to inform further expenditures is urgent. Yet, unlike the western and eastern U.S. coasts, this region lacks an entity charged with conducting environmental synthesis. Synthesis of the cumulative effects of large-scale restoration will encompass three challenging components: (1) understanding and accounting for synergistic and antagonistic effects; (2) incorporating long-term environmental trends and acute events; and (3) addressing the relative scale of restoration effects.
Published: September 22, 2022