April 21, 2023
Journal Article

Surface film formation on Al-V alloys with far-from-equilibrium microstructure


Nanocrystalline supersaturated Al-V alloys produced by high-energy ball milling have been reported to exhibit enhanced corrosion resistance and mechanical properties compared to commercial Al alloys. Corrosion of passive alloys such as Al-V alloy relies on the characteristics of the surface film, which is studied using scanning/transmission electron microscopy and time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry. The effect of microstructure and composition on the surface film has been investigated after different immersion periods (30 min, 2 hours, and 1 day) in 0.1 M NaCl. The surface film was complex and composed of oxidized Al and V. The heterogeneous surface film was observed due to the presence of secondary phases and initiation of localized corrosion. The void formation was observed beneath the surface film that would potentially cause pitting corrosion. The generation of nano-sized voids was dependent on grain orientation. Compared to pure Al, the chloride penetration is suppressed in Al-V alloys. The effect of composition and microstructure on surface film formation and attendant corrosion behavior is discussed herein.

Published: April 21, 2023


Christudasjustus J., C. Witharamage, V. Vukkum, G. Walunj, T. Borkar, and R. Gupta. 2023. Surface film formation on Al-V alloys with far-from-equilibrium microstructure. Journal of the Electrochemical Society 170, no. 3:Art. No. 031508. PNNL-SA-183356. doi:10.1149/1945-7111/acc7ce

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