April 1, 2023
Super-Resolution Imaging of Plant Receptor-Like Kinases Uncovers Their Colocalization and Coordination with nanometer resolution
AbstractPlant cell signaling often relies on the cellular organization of receptor-like-kinases (RLKs) within membrane nanodomains to enhance signaling specificity and efficiency. Thus, nanometer-scale quantitative analysis of spatial organizations of RLKs could provide new understanding of mechanisms underlying plant responses to environmental stress. Here, we used Stochastic Optical Reconstruction Fluorescence Microscopy (STORM) to quantify the colocalization of the flagellin-sensitive-2 (FLS2) receptor and the nanodomain marker, remorin, within Arabidopsis thaliana root-hair cells. We found that recovery of FLS2 and remorin in the plasma membrane, following ligand-induced internalization by bacterial-flagellin-peptide (flg22), reached ~85% of their original membrane density after ~90 minutes. The pairs colocalized at the membrane at greater frequencies compared with simulated randomly-distributed pairs except for directly after recovery, suggesting initial uncoordinated recovery followed by remorin and FLS2 pairing in the membrane. The purinergic receptor, P2K1, colocalized with remorin at similar frequencies as FLS2, while FLS2 and P2K1 colocalization occurred at significantly lower frequencies, suggesting these RLKs mostly occupy distinct nanodomains. The chitin-elicitor-receptor, CERK1, colocalized with FLS2 and remorin at much lower frequencies, suggesting little coordination between CERK1 and FLS2. These findings emphasize STORM’s capacity to observe distinct nanodomains and degrees of coordination between plant cell receptors, and their respective immune pathways.
Published: April 1, 2023