January 2, 2018
Journal Article

Proteomic signatures differentiating Bacillus anthracis Sterne sporulation on soil relative to laboratory media


The process of sporulation is vital for the stability and infectious cycle of Bacillus anthracis and the form of the organism relevant to biodefense. While the morphological and molecular events occurring during sporulation have been well studied, the influence of growth medium and temperature on the proteins expressed in sporulated cultures is not well understood. Understanding the features of B. anthracis sporulation specific to natural vs. laboratory production will address an important question in microbial forensics. In an effort to bridge this knowledge gap, a system for sporulation on two types of agar-immobilized soils was used for comparison to cultures sporulated on two common types of solid laboratory media, and one liquid sporulation medium. The total number of proteins identified and their identity differed between samples generated in each medium and growth temperature, demonstrating that sporulation environment significantly impacts the protein content of the resulting spore. In addition, a subset of proteins common in all of the soil-cultivated samples was distinct from the expression profiles in laboratory medium (and vice versa). These differences included proteins involved in thiamine and phosphate metabolism in the spores produced on soils with a notable increase in expression of ATP binding cassette (ABC) transporters of phosphate and antimicrobial peptides. A distinct set of ABC transporters for amino acids, sugars and oligopeptides were found in cultures produced on laboratory media as well as differences in carbon and amino acid metabolism-related proteins indicative of the nutrient-rich environment. These protein expression changes indicate that the sporulation environment impacts the protein profiles in specific ways that are reflected in the metabolic and membrane transporter proteins present in sporulated cultures.

Revised: December 28, 2017 | Published: January 2, 2018


Wunschel D.S., J.R. Hutchison, B. Kaiser, E.D. Merkley, B.M. Hess, A. Lin, and M.G. Warner. 2018. Proteomic signatures differentiating Bacillus anthracis Sterne sporulation on soil relative to laboratory media. Analyst 143, no. 1:123-132. PNNL-SA-113414. doi:10.1039/c7an01412k