AbstractGeneral Motors, LLC has developed a resistance spot welding process to join aluminum sheet to steel for body-in-white manufacturing. Efforts to develop the process for any one joint configuration (combination of alloy and thicknesses) is intensive. To aid in process understanding and eventual reduction in process development efforts, an initiative was created to develop an finite element model of the various destructive test configurations (lap shear, cross-tension, and coach peel) to help predict the failure mode and load displacement curves under tensile testing. This report describes the finite element modeling approach, the means by which local material properties were determined, as well as model validation and refinement efforts.
Published: January 25, 2023