November 2, 2020
Journal Article

Evaluation and Demonstration of Blockchain Applicability Framework


Blockchain technology has been gaining great interest from a variety of industry sectors, including financial, food processing, and power and energy markets. Realizing the strength of blockchain technology beyond the successful application in the cryptocurrency arena, researchers have been evaluating and using blockchain for applications such as supply chain management, transactive industry (both financial and energy), system integrity, device cybersecurity, identity management, and much more. One of the unique elements of the blockchain technology that made it such a captivating technology to researchers is its plethora of features. Some of the features include smart contracts, cryptocurrency and tokenizing, immutable distributed ledger, cryptographic hashing, and digital signature. In addition, there are multiple types of blockchains, such as permissioned/private and permissionless/public, and various consensus models, such as proof-of-work, proof-of-authority, proof-of-burn, and proof-of-stake. Therefore, it is often non-trivial to determine if an application requires a blockchain. If so, what kind of blockchain and consensus is most appropriate? This paper discusses the blockchain applicability framework (BAF), which was specifically designed with the purpose to answer those questions. BAF is divided into five domains, 18 subdomains, and about 100 controls. It is designed to ingest detailed user requirements to perform a weighted evaluation that is built on mathematical constructs to determine the ideal combination of blockchain that is appropriate for an application. Along with the core logical formulation of BAF, this paper depicts the efficacy of BAF through two use cases

Revised: December 3, 2020 | Published: November 2, 2020


Gourisetti S.G., M.E. Mylrea, and H. Patangia. 2020. Evaluation and Demonstration of Blockchain Applicability Framework. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management 67, no. 4:1142-1156. PNNL-SA-143905. doi:10.1109/TEM.2019.2928280