June 16, 2022
Effects of composition and canister centerline cooling on microstructure, phase distribution, and chemical durability of dehalogenated iron phosphate waste forms
AbstractThis paper discusses the effects of composition and canister centerline cooling (CCC) on the microstructures, phase distribution, and chemical durability of dehalogenated iron phosphate waste forms starting from chloride-based salt simulants including KCl (Simple-1), NdCl3 (Simple-2), SrCl2 (Simple-3), LaCl3 (Simple-4), LiCl (Simple-5), CsCl (Simple-6), as well as a complex simulant containing LiCl, KCl, NaCl, CsI, SrCl2, CeCl3, and NdCl3 called ERV2. The simulants represent salt constituents present in salt wastes from electrorefiners used for electrochemical reprocessing. These salts are reacted with ammonium dihydrogen phosphate (ADP) resulting in a NH4Cl (dechlorination) byproduct that is captured and phosphate product containing oxides of the salt cations. This product is further stabilized using Fe2O3 through vitrification at higher temperatures. The results presented herein describe the properties of CCC-treated materials following dechlorination and vitrification including phase identification and quantification, elemental distributions, and chemical durabilities. The chemical durability in the CCC-cooled samples are lower durability than quenched materials for the ERV2 samples. The phases formed upon CCC cooling are very complex compositionally and microstructurally.
Published: June 16, 2022