March 8, 2024
Conference Paper

Communication Network Layer State Estimation Measurement Model for a Cyber-Secure Smart Grid


Network communication has been proven to be a very important tool and a key factor in the recent development and progress of the power grid operation. It is also considered as the foundation for the smart grid because information and communication are integrated into electricity distribution to achieve reliable and accurate knowledge of the power grid. In previous years, absorbing energy from substations and delivering it to customers was the only type of interaction we knew between utility companies and customers. Presently, the growing connections of small distributed generation units caused by the cost reduction of most of the technologies used in generation and storage of electrical energy, along with the potential benefits of renewable energy have pushed many researchers to look into the improvement of information and communication technologies (ICT) in order to ensure a bidirectional flow of power and data. Moreover, the evolution of information and communication technologies and its applications to smart grid have converted the smart grid into a cyber-physical system where vulnerabilities and additional security challenges such as cyber-threats and cyber-attacks have emerged. Previously, we have demonstrated that using machine learning-based processing on data gathered from communication networks and the power grid was a promising solution for detecting cyber threats by implementing a co-simulation of cyber-security for cross-layer strategy. Since the majority of the challenges observed can only be solved in the network communication layer, we present in this work a physics-based state estimation model of the communication network system towards enhanced cyber-physical security of the smart grid. Information integration with the previously developed machine learning model is developed, providing a enhanced cyber-physical security application for the smart grid. Easy-to-implement model, without hard-to-derive parameters, highlight potential aspects of the model for real-life applications.

Published: March 8, 2024


Mathieu R., S. Boamah, A. Cooper, D. Agnew Jr., J. Mcnair, and A. Bretas. 2024. Communication Network Layer State Estimation Measurement Model for a Cyber-Secure Smart Grid. In 2024 IEEE Power & Energy Society Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference (ISGT), 1-5. Washington, Dc, District Of Columbia:IEEE. PNNL-SA-190163. doi:10.1109/ISGT59692.2024.10454165

Research topics