AbstractPortland General Electric (PGE), an investor-owned electric utility serving nearly 900,000 customers in 51 Oregon cities, joined Western Energy Imbalance Market (EIM) – a California Independent System Operator (CAISO) platform for sharing cleaner and more efficient generation resources among multiple states in the Western U.S. While participation in EIM brings a new set of economic opportunities for PGE by capturing flexibility needs in the market, it also changes operational patterns (e.g., more frequent start/stop, off-nominal power output, and ramping) of PGE’s conventional generation fleet, including hydropower units. With 492 MW of hydropower capacity, which constitutes 15\% of PGE’s generation mix, it is important for PGE (as any other EIM-participant utility) to understand how participation in EIM impacts its hydropower assets, and how a techno-economically sustainable operation of those assets could be accomplished. In this paper, a case study is performed with PGE's hydropower generation facilities to assess and quantify EIM-participation driven changes in hydropower operational patterns.
Published: January 13, 2023