June 16, 2022
Structure and Thermodynamics of Calcium Rare Earth Silicate Oxyapatites, Ca2RE8(SiO4)6O2 (RE = Pr, Tb, Ho, Tm)
AbstractCalcium rare earth silicate oxyapatites, (Ca2RE8(SiO4)6O2), are of interest as components of glass-ceramic nuclear waste forms. To assess their long-term behavior in a geologic repository, it is essential to determine their structure and thermodynamic stability at relevant conditions. In this work, we performed detailed structural and thermodynamic investigations on Ca2Pr8(SiO4)6O2, Ca2Tb8(SiO4)6O2, Ca2Ho8(SiO4)6O2, and Ca2Tm8(SiO4)6O2 by high energy synchrotron powder X-ray diffraction combined with Rietveld analysis and high temperature oxide melt drop solution calorimetry. Enthalpies of formation from constituent oxides (?Hf,ox) were determined to be -765.1 ± 22.8 kJ/mol for Ca2Pr8(SiO4)6O2; -638.9 ± 20.5 kJ/mol for Ca2Tb8(SiO4)6O2; -643.3 ± 10.3 kJ/mol for Ca2Ho8(SiO4)6O2; and -403.2 ± 5.1 kJ/mol for Ca2Tm8(SiO4)6O2. These thermodynamic parameters were used in assessing the thermochemical stability of these phases in the presence of water vapor from room temperature to 600 K, as encountered in the subsurface environments of a geological repository.
Published: June 16, 2022