November 1, 1999
Journal Article

A Kinetic Study on the Adsorption and Reaction of Hydrogen over Silica-Supported Ruthenium and Silver-Ruthenium Catalysts during the Hydrogenation of Carbon Monoxide

Abstract

The simultaneous adsorption and reaction of hydrogen with preadsorbed carbon monoxide was investigated over a series of silica-supported ruthenium and silver-ruthenium bimetallic catalysts to elucidate the role of site sensitivity on hydrogen adsorption and methane formation. The specific rate of methane synthesis, which is a direct measure of the catalyst activity toward the Fischer-Tropsch synthesis, measured at 460 Torr and temperatures from 400 to 500 K, varied from 0.01?10-3 to 3?10-3 s-1. As little as 3% Ag reduced the methanation rate of Ru by 80%. The temperature dependence of the turnover frequency showed that the apparent activation energy for methanation dropped from 24 kcal mol-1 for the monometallic ruthenium case to 18 kcal mol-1 for the bimetallic case. Since silver does not adsorb or react with either hydrogen or carbon monoxide, these results show that silver does not act merely as a dilutant in the bimetallic system. These observations are elucidated in terms of a new model for surface-sensitive hydrogen adsorption, termed "portal site mediated adsorption," where low-coordination edge and corner sites on the catalyst surface act as sinks for rapid, dissociative adsorption of weakly bound, highly mobile surface hydrogen. In situ1H-NMR measurements of surface hydrogen coverages during reaction were used to confirm the kinetic model treatment of the reaction data. Copyright 1999 Academic Press.

Revised: November 10, 1999 | Published: November 1, 1999

Citation

Vanderwiel D.P., M. Pruski, and T.S. King. 1999. "A Kinetic Study on the Adsorption and Reaction of Hydrogen over Silica-Supported Ruthenium and Silver-Ruthenium Catalysts during the Hydrogenation of Carbon Monoxide." Journal of Catalysis 188, no. 1:186-202. PNNL-SA-NA.