Lab Fellow, Earth Scientist
Lab Fellow, Earth Scientist


Dr. Qian joined PNNL in 2000. Currently, he is an AMS Fellow, Lab Fellow and the Leader of Earth System Modeling Group (with >80 scientists and staff) in the Atmospheric, Climate, and Earth Sciences (ACES) Division. He is an expert in developing and using atmospheric and land surface models to advance understanding and modeling of human influence on the Earth system.

Dr. Qian is a renowned scientist who has made significant contributions to the development and application of regional climate models. He was the first to incorporate aerosol effects into these models and his pioneering work on Asian aerosols has revealed their dominant role in shaping climatic trends in East Asia. Additionally, Dr. Qian has pioneered research into the impacts of snow and ice impurities on climate and water resources, providing new insights into changes in snowpacks in the western United States and the Himalayas. Dr. Qian is also a leading expert in uncertainty quantification in climate modeling and in understanding how atmosphere-land-water interactions modulate the influence of human activities on the environment. His recent research has focused on modeling urban and coastal environments.

Dr. Qian has published over 200 peer-reviewed articles and have 20,000 citations with an h-index of 74. His work has also garnered significant media attention, with features in top-tier scientific publications such as Nature and Science, as well as major news outlets like the Associated Press, New York Times, Washington Post, BBC, NBC, and NPR. He has been invited to present his research at numerous prestigious universities and institutes around the world, as well as being an invited speaker at important conferences like AMS, AGU, AOGS, and EGU.

Dr. Qian currently serves as the chair of the AMS Coastal Environment Committee and as Program Chair for the Annual AMS Coastal Environment Symposium. Dr. Qian is also a member of the Scientific Steering Committee for the IPCC CMIP6 Global Monsoons Modeling Inter-comparison Project and was a contributing author to the IPCC report. Additionally, he directed the international workshops on “Uncertainty Quantification in Climate Modeling and Projection” and “Analysis of PPEs in Atmospheric Research”. Dr. Qian has reviewed articles for approximately 40 international scientific journals. He also serves as an editor for three prestigious journals: AGU’s “JGR-Atmospheres”, EGU’s "Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics” and “Advances in Atmospheric Sciences".

Research Interest

  • Regional and global climate modeling
  • Aerosol-climate interaction
  • Snow and glacier impurities and climatic impact
  • Land-atmosphere-water interactions
  • Urban and coastal environment modeling
  • Uncertainty Quantification in climate modeling


  • Ph.D., Atmospheric Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing, China
  • B.S., Atmospheric Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing, China

Affiliations and Professional Service

  • American Meteorological Society
  • American Geophysical Union
  • European Geosciences Union
  • Asia Oceania Geosciences Society

Awards and Recognitions

  • Fellow of American Meteorology Society
  • Chair of AMS Coastal Environment Committee
  • Program Chair for Annual AMS Coastal Environment Symposium
  • Editor of Journal “JGR-Atmospheres”
  • Editor of Journal "Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics"
  • Editor of Journal "Advances in Atmospheric Sciences"
  • PNNL Lab Fellows Advisory Committee (FAC)
  • PNNL Scientific and Engineering Achievement Awards Committee
  • Director of international workshop on Uncertainty Quantification in Climate Modeling and Projection, ICTP, Italy
  • Co-Director of international workshop on Analysis of PPEs in Atmospheric Research, Leeds, UK
  • Member of Scientific Steering Committee for IPCC CMIP6 Global Monsoons Modeling Inter-comparison Project (GMMIP)
  • Member of AGU’s GEC canvassing committee
  • NSR 2020 Best Paper
  • AAS Esteemed Review Paper Award
  • PNNL Exceptional Contribution Program Award
  • PNNL EBSD Mentor of the Year
  • Editors' Citation for Excellence in Refereeing at AGU (2015, 2019)
  • Contributing Author of IPCC Assessment Report
  • Fellowship Award of International Council for Science (ICSU), 1997
  • Xue-Du-Feng-Zheng Award in Chinese Academy of Sciences, 1998



  • Berg L.K., Y. Liu, B. Yang, Y. Qian, R. Krishnamurthy, L.M. Sheridan, and J.B. Olson. 2021. "Time Evolution and Diurnal Variability of the Parametric Sensitivity of Turbine-Height Winds in the MYNN-EDMF Parameterization." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 126, no. 11:e2020JD034000. PNNL-SA-156917. doi:10.1029/2020JD034000
  • Li J., Z. Feng, Y. Qian, and L. Leung. 2021. "A high-resolution unified observational data product of mesoscale convective systems and isolated deep convection in the United States for 2004 - 2017." Earth System Science Data 13, no. 2:827-856. PNNL-SA-153640. doi:10.5194/essd-13-827-2021
  • Xue D., J. Lu, Y. Qian, and y. zhang. 2021. "Evidence for coupling between the subseasonal oscillations in the Southern Hemisphere midlatitude ocean and atmosphere." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 126, no. 4:e2020JD033872. PNNL-SA-152548. doi:10.1029/2020JD033872
  • Yan H., Z. Zhu, B. Wang, K. Zhang, J. Luo, Y. Qian, and Y. Jiang. 2021. "Tropical African wildfire aerosols Trigger Teleconnections over mid-to-high latitudes of Northern Hemisphere in January." Environmental Research Letters 16, no. 3:034025. PNNL-SA-156713. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/abe433


  • Devanand A., M. Huang, D.M. Lawrence, C. Zarzucki, Z. Feng, P. Lawrence, and Y. Qian, et al. 2020. "Land use and land cover change strongly modulates land-atmosphere coupling and warm-season precipitation over the Central United States in CESM2-VR." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 12, no. 9:e2019MS001925. PNNL-SA-148842. doi:10.1029/2019MS001925
  • Gutowski W., P. Ullrich, A. Hall, L. Leung, T.A. O'Brien, C. Patricola, and R. Arritt, et al. 2020. "The ongoing need for high-resolution regional climate models: Process understanding and stakeholder information." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 101, no. 5:E664-E683. PNNL-SA-147322. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-19-0113.1
  • Jiang J., T. Zhou, H. Wang, Y. Qian, D.C. Noone, and W. Man. 2020. "Tracking moisture sources of precipitation over Central Asia: A study based on the water-source-tagging method." Journal of Climate 33, no. 23:10339-10355. PNNL-SA-154140. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-20-0169.1
  • Jiang Y., X. Yang, X. Liu, Y. Qian, K. Zhang, M. Wang, and F. Li, et al. 2020. "Impacts of wildfire aerosols on global energy budget and climate: the role of climate feedbacks." Journal of Climate 33, no. 8:3351-3366. PNNL-SA-150737. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-19-0572.1
  • Kang S., Y. Zhang, Y. Qian, and H. Wang. 2020. "A review of black carbon in snow and ice and its impact on the cryosphere." Earth - Science Reviews 210. PNNL-SA-154137. doi:10.1016/j.earscirev.2020.103346
  • Qian Y., Z. Yang, Z. Feng, Y. Liu, W.I. Gustafson, L.K. Berg, and M. Huang, et al. 2020. "Neglecting Irrigation Contributes to the Simulated Summertime Warm-and-Dry Bias in the Central United States." npj Climate and Atmospheric Science 3. PNNL-SA-154322. doi:10.1038/s41612-020-00135-w
  • Sarangi C., Y. Qian, K. Rittger, L. Leung, D. Chand, K.J. Bormann, and T.H. Painter. 2020. "Dust dominates high-altitude snow darkening and melt over high-mountain Asia." Nature Climate Change 10. PNNL-SA-154621. doi:10.1038/s41558-020-00909-3
  • Wang C., Y. Qian, Q. Duan, M. Huang, L.K. Berg, H. Shin, and Z. Feng, et al. 2020. "Assessing the sensitivity of land-atmosphere coupling strength to boundary and surface layer parameters in the WRF model over Amazon." Atmospheric Research 234. PNNL-SA-149230. doi:10.1016/j.atmosres.2019.104738
  • Wang H., R.C. Easter, R. Zhang, P. Ma, B. Singh, K. Zhang, and D. Ganguly, et al. 2020. "Aerosols in the E3SM Version 1: New Developments and Their Impacts on Radiative Forcing." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 12, no. 1:Article No. e2019MS001851. PNNL-SA-146124. doi:10.1029/2019MS001851
  • Yang B., Y. Zhang, Z. Guo, Y. Qian, A. Huang, and Y. Zhou. 2020. "Investigating the linkage between simulated precipitation climatology and ENSO-related precipitation anomaly based on multi-model and perturbed parameter ensembles." Theoretical and Applied Climatology 139, no. 1-2:533-547. PNNL-SA-147298. doi:10.1007/s00704-019-02990-x
  • Yang Z., Y. Qian, Y. Liu, L.K. Berg, W.I. Gustafson, Z. Feng, and K. Sakaguchi, et al. 2020. "Understanding Irrigation Impacts on Low-Level Jets over the Great Plains." Climate Dynamics 55, no. 3-4:925-943. PNNL-SA-146743. doi:10.1007/s00382-020-05301-7
  • Zou Y., Y. Wang, Y. Qian, H. Tian, J. Yang, and E. Alvarado. 2020. "Using CESM-RESFire to Understand Climate-Fire-Ecosystem Interactions and the Implications for Decadal Climate Variability." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 20, no. 2:995-1020. PNNL-SA-150222. doi:10.5194/acp-20-995-2020


  • Berg L.K., Y. Liu, B. Yang, Y. Qian, J. Olson, M.S. Pekour, and P. Ma, et al. 2019. "Sensitivity of Turbine-Height Wind Speeds to Parameters in Planetary Boundary-Layer Parametrization Used in the Weather Research and Forecasting Model: Extension to Wintertime Conditions." Boundary-Layer Meteorology 170, no. 3:507-518. PNNL-SA-132420. doi:10.1007/s10546-018-0406-y
  • Caldwell P.M., A. Mametjanov, Q. Tang, L. Van Roekel, J. Golaz, W. Lin, and D. Bader, et al. 2019. "The DOE E3SM Coupled Model Version 1: Description and Results at High Resolution." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 11, no. 12:4095- 4146. PNNL-SA-147364. doi:10.1029/2019MS001870
  • Golaz J., P.M. Caldwell, L. Van Roekel, M.R. Petersen, Q. Tang, J. Wolfe, and G.W. Abeshu, et al. 2019. "The DOE E3SM coupled model version 1: Overview and evaluation at standard resolution." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 11, no. 7:2089-2129. PNNL-SA-141816. doi:10.1029/2018MS001603
  • Harrop B.E., P. Ma, P.J. Rasch, Y. Qian, G. Lin, and C. Hannay. 2019. "Understanding Monsoonal Water Cycle Changes in a Warmer Climate in E3SMv1 Using a Normalized Gross Moist Stability Framework." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 124, no. 20:10,826-10,843. PNNL-SA-141744. doi:10.1029/2019JD031443
  • Hu Z., J. Huang, C. Zhao, J. Bi, Q. Jin, Y. Qian, and L. Leung, et al. 2019. "Modeling the contributions of Northern Hemisphere dust sources to dust outflow from East Asia." Atmospheric Environment 202. PNNL-SA-142175. doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2019.01.022
  • Hu Z., J. Huang, C. Zhao, Y. Ma, Q. Jin, Y. Qian, and L. Leung, et al. 2019. "Trans-Pacific transport and evolution of aerosols: spatiotemporal characteristics and source contributions." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 19, no. 19:12709-12730. PNNL-SA-148835. doi:10.5194/acp-19-12709-2019
  • Kang S., Q. Zhang, Y. Qian, Z. Ji, C. Li, Z. Cong, and Y. Zhang, et al. 2019. "Linking atmospheric pollution to cryospheric change in the Third Pole region: current progress and future prospects." National Science Review 6, no. 4:796-809. PNNL-SA-149229. doi:10.1093/nsr/nwz031
  • Li Z., Y. Wang, J. Guo, C. Zhao, M. Cribb, X. Dong, and J. Fan, et al. 2019. "East Asian Study of Tropospheric Aerosols and their Impact on Regional Clouds, Precipitation, and Climate (EAST-AIRCPC)." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 124, no. 23:13026-13054. PNNL-SA-148782. doi:10.1029/2019JD030758
  • Lou S., Y. Yang, H. Wang, S.J. Smith, Y. Qian, and P.J. Rasch. 2019. "Black carbon amplifies haze over the North China Plain by weakening the East Asian winter monsoon." Geophysical Research Letters 46, no. 1:452-460. PNNL-SA-140350. doi:10.1029/2018GL080941
  • Rahimi S., X. Liu, C. Wu, W.K. Lau, H. Brown, M. Wu, and Y. Qian. 2019. "Quantifying snow darkening and atmospheric radiative effects of black carbon and dust on the South Asian monsoon and hydrological cycle: experiments using variable-resolution CESM." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 19, no. 18:12025-12049. PNNL-SA-148781. doi:10.5194/acp-19-12025-2019
  • Rasch P.J., S. Xie, P. Ma, W. Lin, H. Wang, Q. Tang, and S.M. Burrows, et al. 2019. "An Overview of the Atmospheric Component of the Energy Exascale Earth System Model." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 11, no. 8:2377-2411. PNNL-SA-144927. doi:10.1029/2019MS001629
  • Rutz J.J., C.A. Shields, J.M. Lora, A.E. Payne, B. Guan, P. Ullrich, and T. O'Brien, et al. 2019. "The Atmospheric River Tracking Method Intercomparison Project (ARTMIP): Quantifying Uncertainties in Atmospheric River Climatology." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 124, no. 24:13777-13802. PNNL-SA-150854. doi:10.1029/2019JD030936
  • Sarangi C.N., Y. Qian, K. Rittger, K.J. Bormann, Y. Liu, H. Wang, and H. Wan, et al. 2019. "Impact of light-absorbing particles on snow albedo darkening and associated radiative forcing over high-mountain Asia: high-resolution WRF-Chem modeling and new satellite observations." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 19, no. 10:7105-7128. PNNL-SA-146241. doi:10.5194/acp-19-7105-2019
  • Tang Q., S.A. Klein, S. Xie, W. Lin, J. Golaz, E.L. Roesler, and M. Taylor, et al. 2019. "Regionally refined test bed in E3SM Atmosphere Model Version 1 (EAMv1) and applications for high-resolution modelling." Geoscientific Model Development 12, no. 7:2679-2706. PNNL-SA-141325. doi:10.5194/gmd-12-2679-2019
  • Yang B., L.K. Berg, Y. Qian, C. Wang, Z. Hou, Y. Liu, and H. Shin, et al. 2019. "Parametric and structural sensitivities of turbine-height wind speeds in the boundary-layer parameterizations in the Weather Research and Forecasting model." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 124, no. 12:5951-5969. PNNL-SA-142837. doi:10.1029/2018JD029691
  • Yang B., X. Yang, L. Leung, S. Zhong, Y. Qian, C. Zhao, and F. Chen, et al. 2019. "Modeling the Impacts of Urbanization on Summer Thermal Comfort: The Role of Urban Land Use and Anthropogenic Heat." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 124, no. 13:6681-6697. PNNL-SA-147485. doi:10.1029/2018JD029829
  • Yang B., Y. Zhang, Y. Qian, F. Song, L. Leung, P. Wu, and Z. Guo, et al. 2019. "Better monsoon precipitation in coupled climate models due to bias compensation." npj Climate and Atmospheric Science 2, no. 1:43. PNNL-SA-151925. doi:10.1038/s41612-019-0100-x
  • Yang Z., Y. Qian, Y. Liu, L.K. Berg, H. Hu, F. Dominguez, and B. Yang, et al. 2019. "Irrigation Impact on Water and Energy Cycle During Dry Years over the United States using Convection-permitting WRF and Dynamical Recycling Model." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 124, no. 21:11220-11241. PNNL-SA-141462. doi:10.1029/2019JD030524
  • Yao T., Y. Xue, D. Chen, F. Chen, L. Thompson, P. Cui, and T. Koike, et al. 2019. "Recent Third Pole's rapid warming accompanies cryospheric melt and water cycle intensification and interactions between monsoon and environment: Multidisciplinary approach with observation, modeling and analysis." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 100, no. 3:423-444. PNNL-SA-138202. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-17-0057.1
  • Yoon Y., S.V. Kumar, B. Forman, B.F. Zaitchik, Y. Kwon, Y. Qian, and S. Rupper, et al. 2019. "Evaluating the Uncertainty of Terrestrial Water Budget Components Over High Mountain Asia." Frontiers in Earth Science 7. PNNL-SA-146243. doi:10.3389/feart.2019.00120
  • Zhang Y., S. Xie, W. Lin, S.A. Klein, M. Zelinka, P. Ma, and P.J. Rasch, et al. 2019. "Evaluation of Clouds in Version 1 of E3SM Atmosphere Model with Satellite and Simulators." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 11, no. 5:1253-1268. PNNL-SA-139643. doi:10.1029/2018MS001562


  • Burrows S.M., A. Dasgupta, S.M. Reehl, L.M. Bramer, P. Ma, P.J. Rasch, and Y. Qian. 2018. "Characterizing the relative importance assigned to physical variables by climate scientists when assessing atmospheric climate model fidelity." Advances in Atmospheric Sciences 35, no. 9:1101-1113. PNNL-SA-129346. doi:10.1007/s00376-018-7300-x
  • Gong P., X. Wang, J. Shen, H. Wang, X. Yuan, Y. He, and Y. Qian, et al. 2018. "Seasonal variations and sources of atmospheric polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and organochlorine compounds in a high-altitude city: evidence from four-year observations." Environmental Pollution 233. PNNL-SA-130133. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2017.10.064
  • He C., M.G. Flanner, F. Chen, M. Barlage, K. Liao, S. Kang, and J. Ming, et al. 2018. "Black carbon-induced snow albedo reduction over the Tibetan Plateau: uncertainties from snow grain shape and aerosol-snow mixing state based on an updated SNICAR model." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 18, no. 15:11507-11527. PNNL-SA-137623. doi:10.5194/acp-18-11507-2018
  • Lin G., S.J. Ghan, M. Wang, P. Ma, R.C. Easter, M. Ovchinnikov, and J. Fan, et al. 2018. "Development and evaluation of an explicit treatment of aerosol processes at cloud scale within a multi-scale modeling framework (MMF)." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 10, no. 7:1663-1679. PNNL-SA-136107. doi:10.1029/2018MS001287
  • Liu D., B. Yang, Y. Zhang, Y. Qian, A. Huang, Y. Zhou, and L. Zhang. 2018. "Combined impacts of convection and microphysics parameterizations on the simulations of precipitation and cloud properties over Asia." Atmospheric Research 212. PNNL-SA-134686. doi:10.1016/j.atmosres.2018.05.017
  • Liu Y., K. Zhang, Y. Qian, Y. Wang, Y. Zou, Y. Song, and H. Wan, et al. 2018. "Investigation of short-term effective radiative forcing of fire aerosols over North America using nudged hindcast ensembles." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 18, no. 1:31-47. PNNL-SA-131476. doi:10.5194/acp-18-31-2018
  • Ma H., S.A. Klein, S. Xie, C. Zhang, S. Tang, Q. Tang, and C.J. Morcrette, et al. 2018. "CAUSES: On the role of surface energy budget errors to the warm surface air temperature error over the Central United States." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 123, no. 5:2888-2909. PNNL-SA-126060. doi:10.1002/2017JD027194
  • Morcrette C.J., K. Van Weverberg, H. Ma, M. Ahlgrimm, E. Bazile, L.K. Berg, and A. Cheng, et al. 2018. "Introduction to CAUSES: Description of weather and climate models and their near-surface temperature errors in 5-day hindcasts near the Southern Great Plains." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 123, no. 5:2655-2683. PNNL-SA-126058. doi:10.1002/2017JD027199
  • Niu H., S. Kang, H. Wang, R. Zhang, X. Lu, Y. Qian, and R. Paudyal, et al. 2018. "Seasonal variation and light absorption property of carbonaceous aerosol in a typical glacieri region of the southeastern Tibetan Plateau." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 18, no. 9:6441-6460. PNNL-SA-129665. doi:10.5194/acp-18-6441-2018
  • Qian Y., H. Wan, B. Yang, J. Golaz, B.E. Harrop, Z. Hou, and V.E. Larson, et al. 2018. "Parametric Sensitivity and Uncertainty Quantification in the Version 1 of E3SM Atmosphere Model Based on Short Perturbed Parameter Ensemble Simulations." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 123, no. 23:13046-13073. PNNL-SA-138521. doi:10.1029/2018JD028927
  • Sarangi C.N., S.N. Tripathi, Y. Qian, S. Kumar, and L. Leung. 2018. "Aerosol and urban land use effect on rainfall around cities in Indo-Gangetic Basin from observations and cloud resolving model simulations." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 123, no. 7:3645-3667. PNNL-SA-130595. doi:10.1002/2017JD028004
  • Shields C.A., J.J. Rutz, L. Leung, F.M. Ralph, M.F. Wehner, B. Kawzenuk, and J.M. Lora, et al. 2018. "Atmospheric River Tracking Method Intercomparison Project (ARTMIP): project goals and experimental design." Geoscientific Model Development 11, no. 6:2455-2474. PNNL-SA-136055. doi:10.5194/gmd-11-2455-2018
  • Van Weverberg K., C.J. Morcrette, J.C. Petch, S.A. Klein, H. Ma, C. Zhang, and S. Xie, et al. 2018. "CAUSES: Attribution of Surface Radiation Biases in NWP and Climate Models near the U.S. Southern Great Plains." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 123, no. 7:3612-3644. PNNL-SA-126059. doi:10.1002/2017JD027188
  • Wu L., Y. Gu, J. Jiang, H. Su, N. Yu, C. Zhao, and Y. Qian, et al. 2018. "Impacts of aerosols on seasonal precipitation and snowpack in California based on convection-permitting WRF-Chem simulations." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 18, no. 8:5529-5547. PNNL-SA-134486. doi:10.5194/acp-18-5529-2018
  • Xie S., W. Lin, P.J. Rasch, P. Ma, R. Neale, V. Larson, and Y. Qian, et al. 2018. "Understanding Cloud and Convective Characteristics in Version 1 of the E3SM Atmosphere Model." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 10, no. 10:2618-2644. PNNL-SA-135860. doi:10.1029/2018MS001350
  • Xing L., M.B. Shrivastava, T. Fu, P. Roldin, Y. Qian, L. Xu, and N.L. Ng, et al. 2018. "Parameterized yields of semivolatile products from isoprene oxidation under different NOx levels: impacts of chemical aging and wall-loss of reactive gases." Environment Science and Technology 52, no. 16:9225-9234. PNNL-SA-131795. doi:10.1021/acs.est.8b00373
  • Yang Y., H. Wang, S.J. Smith, R. Zhang, S. Lou, Y. Qian, and P. Ma, et al. 2018. "Recent intensification of winter haze in China linked to foreign emissions and meteorology." Scientific Reports 8, no. 1:Article No. 2107. PNNL-SA-128267. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-20437-7
  • Zhang H., M. Wang, Z. Guo, C. Zhou, T. Zhou, Y. Qian, and V.E. Larson, et al. 2018. "Low-cloud feedback in CAM5-CLUBB: physical mechanisms and parameter sensitivity analysis." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 10, no. 11:2844-2864. PNNL-SA-139280. doi:10.1029/2018MS001423
  • Zhang J., D. Gong, R. Mao, J. Yang, Z. Zhang, and Y. Qian. 2018. "Anomalous holiday precipitation over southern China." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 18, no. 22:16775-16791. PNNL-SA-140996. doi:10.5194/acp-18-16775-2018
  • Zhang K., P.J. Rasch, M. Taylor, H. Wan, L. Leung, P. Ma, and J. Golaz, et al. 2018. "Impact of numerical choices on water conservation in the E3SM Atmosphere Model Version 1 (EAM V1)." Geoscientific Model Development 11, no. 5:1971-1988. PNNL-SA-129738. doi:10.5194/gmd-11-1971-2018
  • Zhong S., Y. Qian, C.N. Sarangi, C. Zhao, L. Leung, H. Wang, and H. Yan, et al. 2018. "Urbanization effect on winter haze in the Yangtze River Delta Region of China." Geophysical Research Letters 45, no. 13:6710-6718. PNNL-SA-135418. doi:10.1029/2018GL077239


  • Chen S., J. Huang, Y. Qian, C. Zhao, L. Kang, B. Yang, and Y. Wang, et al. 2017. "An Overview of Mineral Dust Modeling over East Asia." Journal of Meteorological Research 31, no. 4:633-653. PNNL-SA-101225. doi:10.1007/s13351-017-6142-2
  • Lin G., Y. Qian, H. Yan, C. Zhao, S.J. Ghan, R.C. Easter, and K. Zhang. 2017. "Quantification of marine aerosol subgrid variability and its correlation with clouds based on high-resolution regional modeling." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 122, no. 12:6329-6346. PNNL-SA-126774. doi:10.1002/2017JD026567
  • Ma S., T. Zhou, D. Stone, D. Polson, A. Dai, P. Stott, and H. Von Storch, et al. 2017. "Detectable anthropogenic shift toward heavy precipitation over eastern China." Journal of Climate 30, no. 4:1381-1396. PNNL-SA-122151. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0311.1
  • Wu F., C. Fu, Y. Qian, Y. Gao, and S. Wang. 2017. "High-frequency daily temperature variability in China and its relationship to large-scale circulation." International Journal of Climatology 37, no. 2:570-582. PNNL-SA-122040. doi:10.1002/joc.4722
  • Yang B., Y. Qian, L.K. Berg, P. Ma, S. Wharton, V. Bulaevskaya, and H. Yan, et al. 2017. "Sensitivity of Turbine-Height Wind Speeds to Parameters in Planetary Boundary-Layer and Surface-Layer Schemes in the Weather Research and Forecasting Model." Boundary-Layer Meteorology 162, no. 1:117-142. PNNL-SA-112272. doi:10.1007/s10546-016-0185-2
  • Yang Y., H. Wang, S.J. Smith, R.C. Easter, P. Ma, Y. Qian, and H. Yu, et al. 2017. "Global source attribution of sulfate concentration and direct and indirect radiative forcing." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 17, no. 14:8903-8922. PNNL-SA-125012. doi:10.5194/acp-17-8903-2017


  • Jiang Y., Z. Lu, X. Liu, Y. Qian, K. Zhang, Y. Wang, and X. Yang. 2016. "Impacts of Global open-fire Aerosols on Direct Radiative, Cloud and Surface-Albedo effects Simulated with CAM5." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 16, no. 23:14805-14824. PNNL-SA-117410. doi:10.5194/acp-16-14805-2016
  • Li Z., W. Lau, V. Ramanathan, G. Wu, Y. Ding, M. Manoj, and J. Liu, et al. 2016. "Aerosol and Monsoon Climate Interactions over Asia." Reviews of Geophysics 54, no. 4:866-929. PNNL-SA-122179. doi:10.1002/2015RG000500
  • Lin G., H. Wan, K. Zhang, Y. Qian, and S.J. Ghan. 2016. "Can nudging be used to quantify model sensitivities in precipitation and cloud forcing?." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 8, no. 3:1073-1091. PNNL-SA-116402. doi:10.1002/2016MS000659
  • Qian Y., C.S. Jackson, F. Giorgi, B. Booth, Q. Duan, C. Forest, and D. Higdon, et al. 2016. "Uncertainty Quantification in Climate Modeling and Projection." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 97, no. 5:821-824. PNNL-SA-115173. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-15-00297.1
  • Qian Y., H. Yan, L.K. Berg, S.M. Hagos, Z. Feng, B. Yang, and M. Huang. 2016. "Assessing impacts of PBL and surface layer schemes in simulating the surface-atmosphere interactions and precipitation over the tropical ocean using observations from AMIE/DYNAMO." Journal of Climate 29, no. 22:8191-8210. PNNL-SA-114620. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0040.1
  • Shrivastava M.B., C. Zhao, R.C. Easter, Y. Qian, A. Zelenyuk, J.D. Fast, and Y. Liu, et al. 2016. "Sensitivity Analysis of simulated SOA loadings using a Variance-Based Statistical Approach." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 8, no. 2:499-519. PNNL-SA-113017. doi:10.1002/2015MS000554
  • Yang B., Y. Zhang, Y. Qian, J. Tang, and D. Liu. 2016. "Climatic effects of irrigation over the Huang-Huai-Hai plain in China simulated by the weather research and forecasting model." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 121, no. 5:2246-2264. PNNL-SA-111145. doi:10.1002/2015JD023736
  • Zhang K., C. Zhao, H. Wan, Y. Qian, R.C. Easter, S.J. Ghan, and K. Sakaguchi, et al. 2016. "Quantifying the impact of sub-grid surface wind variability on sea salt and dust emissions in CAM5." Geoscientific Model Development 9, no. 2:607-632. PNNL-SA-111502. doi:10.5194/gmd-9-607-2016
  • Zhao C., M. Huang, J.D. Fast, L.K. Berg, Y. Qian, A. Guenther, and D. Gu, et al. 2016. "Sensitivity of biogenic volatile organic compounds to land surface parameterizations and vegetation distributions in California." Geoscientific Model Development 9, no. 5:1959-1976. PNNL-SA-114880. doi:10.5194/gmd-9-1959-2016
  • Zhou T., A. Turner, J. Kinter, B. Wang, Y. Qian, X. Chen, and B. Wu, et al. 2016. "GMMIP (v1.0) Contribution to CMIP6: Global Monsoons Model Inter-comparison Project." Geoscientific Model Development 9, no. 10:3589-3604. PNNL-SA-121201. doi:10.5194/gmd-9-3589-2016


  • Berg L.K., L.D. Riihimaki, Y. Qian, H. Yan, and M. Huang. 2015. "The Low-Level Jet over the Southern Great Plains Determined from Observations and Reanalyses and Its Impact on Moisture Transport." Journal of Climate 28, no. 17:6682-6706. PNNL-SA-105597. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00719.1
  • Guo Z., M. Wang, Y. Qian, V.E. Larson, S.J. Ghan, M. Ovchinnikov, and P. Bogenschutz, et al. 2015. "Parametric Behaviors of CLUBB in Simulations of Low Clouds in the Community Atmosphere Model (CAM)." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 7, no. 3:1005-1025. PNNL-SA-106629. doi:10.1002/2014MS000405
  • Guo Z., T. Zhou, M. Wang, and Y. Qian. 2015. "Impact of Cloud Radiative Heating on East Asian Summer Monsoon Circulation." Environmental Research Letters 10, no. 7:Article No. 074014. PNNL-SA-110320. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/10/7/074014
  • Qian Y., H. Yan, Z. Hou, G. Johannesson, S.A. Klein, D. Lucas, and R. Neale, et al. 2015. "Parametric Sensitivity Analysis of Precipitation at Global and Local Scales in the Community Atmosphere Model CAM5." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 7, no. 2:382-411. PNNL-SA-103688. doi:10.1002/2014MS000354
  • Qian Y., T.J. Yasunari, S.J. Doherty, M.G. Flanner, W.K. Lau, J. Ming, and H. Wang, et al. 2015. "Light-absorbing Particles in Snow and Ice: Measurement and Modeling of Climatic and Hydrological Impact." Advances in Atmospheric Sciences 32, no. 1:64-91. PNNL-SA-105035. doi:10.1007/s00376-014-0010-0
  • Wang M., B. Xu, J. Cao, X. Tie, H. Wang, R. Zhang, and Y. Qian, et al. 2015. "Carbonaceous Aerosols Recorded in a Southeastern Tibetan Glacier: Analysis of Temporal Variations and Model Estimates of Sources and Radiative Forcing." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 15. PNNL-SA-103290. doi:10.5194/acp-15-1191-2015
  • Wang S., C. Fu, H. Wei, Y. Qian, Z. Xiong, J. Feng, and D. Zhao, et al. 2015. "Regional integrated environmental modeling system: development and application." Climatic Change 129, no. 3:499-510. PNNL-SA-111146. doi:10.1007/s10584-013-0973-3
  • Yan H., Y. Qian, C. Zhao, H. Wang, M. Wang, B. Yang, and X. Liu, et al. 2015. "A New Approach to Modeling Aerosol Effects on East Asian Climate: Parametric Uncertainties Associated with Emissions, Cloud Microphysics and their Interactions." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 120, no. 17:8905-8924. PNNL-SA-109382. doi:10.1002/2015JD023442
  • Yang B., Y. Zhang, Y. Qian, A. Huang, and H. Yan. 2015. "Calibration of a Convective Parameterization Scheme in the WRF Model and its Impact on the Simulation of East Asian Summer Monsoon Precipitation." Climate Dynamics 44, no. 5-6:1661-1684. PNNL-SA-101192. doi:10.1007/s00382-014-2118-4
  • Yang B., Y. Zhang, Y. Qian, T. Wu, A. Huang, and Y. Fang. 2015. "Parametric Sensitivity Analysis for the Asian Summer Monsoon Precipitation Simulation in the Beijing Climate Center AGCM Version 2.1." Journal of Climate 28, no. 14:5622-5644. PNNL-SA-108378. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00655.1
  • Zhang R., H. Wang, D.A. Hegg, Y. Qian, S.J. Doherty, C. Dang, and P. Ma, et al. 2015. "Quantifying sources of black carbon in Western North America using observationally based analysis and an emission tagging technique in the Community Atmosphere Model." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 15, no. 22:12805-12822. PNNL-SA-108978. doi:10.5194/acp-15-12805-2015
  • Zhang R., H. Wang, Y. Qian, P.J. Rasch, R.C. Easter, P. Ma, and B. Singh, et al. 2015. "Quantifying sources, transport, deposition, and radiative forcing of black carbon over the Himalayas and Tibetan Plateau." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 15, no. 11:6205-6223. PNNL-SA-106208. doi:10.5194/acp-15-6205-2015


  • Chen S., J. Huang, Y. Qian, J. Ge, and J. Su. 2014. "Effects of Aerosols on Autumn Precipitation over Mid-Eastern China." Journal of Tropical Meteorology 20, no. 3:242-250. PNNL-SA-95765.
  • Gong D., W. Wang, Y. Qian, W. Bai, Y. Guo, and R. Mao. 2014. "Observed Holiday Aerosol Reduction and Temperature Cooling over East Asia." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 119, no. 11:6306-6324. PNNL-SA-95239. doi:10.1002/2014JD021464
  • Guo Z., M. Wang, Y. Qian, V.E. Larson, S.J. Ghan, M. Ovchinnikov, and P. Bogenschutz, et al. 2014. "A Sensitivity Analysis of Cloud Properties to CLUBB Parameters in the Single-Column Community Atmosphere Model (SCAM5)." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 6, no. 3:829-858. PNNL-SA-101254. doi:10.1002/2014MS000315
  • Lin R., T. Zhou, and Y. Qian. 2014. "Evaluation of Global Monsoon Precipitation Changes based on Five Reanalysis Datasets." Journal of Climate 27, no. 3:1271-1289. PNNL-SA-95237. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00215.1
  • Qian Y., H. Wang, R. Zhang, M.G. Flanner, and P.J. Rasch. 2014. "A Sensitivity Study on Modeling Black Carbon in Snow and its Radiative Forcing over the Arctic and Northern China." Environmental Research Letters 9, no. 6:Article No. 064001. PNNL-SA-98928. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/9/6/064001
  • Song F., T. Zhou, and Y. Qian. 2014. "Responses of East Asian Summer Monsoon to Natural and Anthropogenic Forcings in the 17 Latest CMIP5 Models." Geophysical Research Letters 41, no. 2:596-603. PNNL-SA-100187. doi:10.1002/2013GL058705
  • Wan H., P.J. Rasch, K. Zhang, Y. Qian, H. Yan, and C. Zhao. 2014. "Short ensembles: An Efficient Method for Discerning Climate-relevant Sensitivities in Atmospheric General Circulation Models." Geoscientific Model Development 7, no. 5:1961-1977. PNNL-SA-101468. doi:10.5194/gmd-7-1961-2014
  • Wang H., P.J. Rasch, R.C. Easter, B. Singh, R. Zhang, P. Ma, and Y. Qian, et al. 2014. "Using an Explicit Emission Tagging Method in Global Modeling of Source-Receptor Relationships for Black Carbon in the Arctic: Variations, Sources and Transport Pathways." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 119, no. 12:12,888-12,909. PNNL-SA-103903. doi:10.1002/2014JD022297
  • Zou L., Y. Qian, T. Zhou, and B. Yang. 2014. "Parameter Tuning and Calibration of RegCM3 with MIT-Emanuel Cumulus Parameterization Scheme over CORDEX East Asian Domain." Journal of Climate 27, no. 20:7687-7701. PNNL-SA-103314. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00229.1


  • Qian Y., M. Huang, B. Yang, and L.K. Berg. 2013. "A Modeling Study of Irrigation Effects on Surface Fluxes and Land-Air-Cloud Interactions in the Southern Great Plains." Journal of Hydrometeorology 14, no. 3:700-721. PNNL-SA-90494. doi:10.1175/JHM-D-12-0134.1
  • Wang H., R.C. Easter, P.J. Rasch, M. Wang, X. Liu, S.J. Ghan, and Y. Qian, et al. 2013. "Sensitivity of Remote Aerosol Distributions to Representation of Cloud-Aerosol Interactions in a Global Climate Model." Geoscientific Model Development 6, no. 3:765-782. PNNL-SA-87038. doi:10.5194/gmd-6-765-2013
  • Zhao C., X. Liu, Y. Qian, J. Yoon, Z. Hou, G. Lin, and S.A. McFarlane, et al. 2013. "A Sensitivity Study of Radiative Fluxes at the Top of Atmosphere to Cloud-Microphysics and Aerosol Parameters in the Community Atmosphere Model CAM5." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 13. PNNL-SA-94914. doi:10.5194/acp-13-10969-2013


  • Qian Y., C.N. Long, H. Wang, J.M. Comstock, S.A. McFarlane, and S. Xie. 2012. "Evaluation of cloud fraction and its radiative effect simulated by IPCC AR4 global models against ARM surface observations." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 12, no. 4:1785-1810. PNNL-SA-79336. doi:10.5194/acp-12-1785-2012
  • Wang M., S.J. Ghan, X. Liu, T.L. Ecuyer, K. Zhang, H. Morrison, and M. Ovchinnikov, et al. 2012. "Constraining cloud lifetime effects of aerosols using A-Train satellite observations." Geophysical Research Letters 39. PNNL-SA-87618. doi:10.1029/2012GL052204
  • Yang B., Y. Zhang, and Y. Qian. 2012. "Simulation of Urban Climate with High-Resolution WRF Model: A Case Study in Nanjing, China." Asia-Pacific Journal of Atmospheric Sciences 48, no. 3:227-241. PNNL-SA-85458. doi:10.1007/s13143-012-0023-5


  • Gustafson W.I., Y. Qian, and J.D. Fast. 2011. "Downscaling Aerosols and the Impact of Neglected Subgrid Processes on Direct Aerosol Radiative Forcing for a Representative Global Climate Model Grid Spacing." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 116. PNNL-SA-76845. doi:10.1029/2010JD015480
  • Li Z., C. Li, H. Chen, S.C. Tsay, B.N. Holben, J. Huang, and B. Li, et al. 2011. "East Asian Studies of Tropospheric Aerosols and their Impact on Regional Climate (EAST-AIRC): An Overview." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 116. PNNL-SA-77249. doi:10.1029/2010JD015257
  • Wang M., S.J. Ghan, M. Ovchinnikov, X. Liu, R.C. Easter, E.I. Kassianov, and Y. Qian, et al. 2011. "Aerosol Indirect effects in a multi-scale aerosol-climate model PNNL-MMF." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 11, no. 11:5431-5455. PNWD-SA-9448. doi:10.5194/acp-11-5431-2011
  • Wang M., S.J. Ghan, R.C. Easter, M. Ovchinnikov, X. Liu, E.I. Kassianov, and Y. Qian, et al. 2011. "The multi-scale aerosol-climate model PNNL-MMF: model description and evaluation." Geoscientific Model Development 4, no. 1:137-168. PNWD-SA-9245. doi:10.5194/gmd-4-137-2011


  • Qian Y., W.I. Gustafson, and J.D. Fast. 2010. "An investigation of the sub-grid variability of trace gases and aerosols for global climate modeling." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 10. PNNL-SA-70891. doi:10.5194/acp-10-6917-2010


  • Qian Y., S.J. Ghan, and L. Leung. 2009. "Downscaling hydroclimatic changes over the Western U.S. Based on CAM subgrid scheme and WRF regional climate simulations." International Journal of Climatology 30, no. 5:675-693. PNWD-SA-8304. doi:10.1002/joc.1928
  • Zhang Y., R. Fu, H. Yu, Y. Qian, R. Dickinson, M.F. Silva Dias, and P.L. da Silva Dias, et al. 2009. "Impact of biomass burning aerosol on the monsoon circulation transition over Amazonia." Geophysical Research Letters 36, no. L10814. PNNL-SA-64749. doi:10.1029/2009GL037180


  • Adhikary B., s. Kulkarni, A. Dallura, Y. Tang, T. Chai, L. Leung, and Y. Qian, et al. 2008. "A regional scale chemical transport modeling of Asian aerosols with data assimilation of AOD observations using optimal interpolation technique." Atmospheric Environment 42, no. 37:8600-8615. PNWD-SA-8119. doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2008.08.031


  • Gong D., C. Ho, D. Chen, Y. Qian, Y. Choi, and J. Kim. 2007. "Weekly cycle of aerosol-meteorology interaction over China." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 112, no. D22:Art. No. D22202. PNNL-SA-56377.


  • Leung L., Y. Qian, X. Bian, W.M. Washington, J. Han, and J.O. Roads. 2004. "Mid-Century Ensemble Regional Climate Change Scenarios for the Western United States." Climatic Change 62, no. 1-3:75-113. PNNL-SA-37362.


  • Giorgi F., X. Bi, and Y. Qian. 2003. "Indirect vs. Direct Effects of Anthropogenic Sulfate on the Climate of East Asia as Simulated with a Regional Coupled Climate-Chemistry/Aerosol Model." Climatic Change 58, no. 3:345-376. PNNL-SA-37386.
  • Leung L., and Y. Qian. 2003. "Changes in Seasonal and Extreme Hydrologic Conditions of the Georgia Basin/Puget Sound in an Ensemble Regional Climate Simulation for the Mid-Century." Canadian Water Resources Journal 28, no. 4:605-631. PNNL-SA-41326.
  • Leung L., and Y. Qian. 2003. "The Sensitivity of Precipitation and Snowpack Simulations to Model Resolution via Nesting in Regions of Complex Terrain." Journal of Hydrometeorology 4, no. 6:1025-1043. PNNL-SA-37337.
  • Leung L., Y. Qian, and X. Bian. 2003. "Hydroclimate of the Western United States Based on Observations and Regional Climate Simulations of 1981-2000. Part I: Seasonal Statistics." Journal of Climate 16, no. 12:1892-1911. PNNL-SA-35915.
  • Leung L., Y. Qian, J. Han, and J.O. Roads. 2003. "Intercomparison of Global Reanalyses and Regional Simulations of Cold Season Water Budgets in the Western United States." Journal of Hydrometeorology 4, no. 6:1067-1087. PNNL-SA-37355.
  • Qian Y., L. Leung, S.J. Ghan, and F. Giorgi. 2003. "Regional Climate Effects of Aerosols Over China: Modeling and Observation." Tellus Series B, Chemical and Physical Meteorology 55, no. 4:914-934. PNNL-SA-37550.


  • Giorgi F., X. Bi, and Y. Qian. 2002. "Direct Radiative Forcing and Regional Climatic Effects of Anthropogenic Aerosols Over East Asia: A Regional Coupled Climate-Chemistry/Aerosol Model Study." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 107, no. PNNL-SA-37385.
  • Kaiser D.P., and Y. Qian. 2002. "Decreasing Trends in Sunshine Duration Over China for 1954-1998: Indication of Increased Haze Pollution?." Geophysical Research Letters 29, no. 21:2042. PNNL-SA-37376. doi:10.1029/2002/GL016057
  • Leung L., X. Bian, and Y. Qian. 2002. "Long-Term Regional Climate Simulations Driven by Two Global Reanalyses and a GCM for the Western United States." In 4th International Scientific Conference on Global Energy and Water Cycle, 13th Symposium on Global Change and Climate Variations, 65-67. Boston, Massachusetts:American Meteorological Society. PNNL-SA-34823.

Selected Publications


  • Qian Y, F Giorgi, Y Huang, WL Chameides, and C Luo.  2001.  "Regional Simulation of Anthropogenic Sulfur over East Asia and its Sensitivity to Model Parameters."  TelluS B 53(2):171-191.  DOI:10.1034/j.1600-0889.2001.d01-14.x.


  • Qian Y and F Giorgi.  2000.  "Regional Climatic Effects of Anthropogenic Aerosols? The Case of Southwestern China."  Geophysical Research Letters 27(21):3521-352. DOI:10.1029/2000GL011942.


  • Qian Y and F Giorgi.  1999.  "Interactive Coupling of Regional Climate and Sulfate Aerosol Models Over East Asia."  Journal of Geophysical Research 104:6477-6499.


  • Qian Y, HQ Wang, CB Fu, and ZF Wang.  1998.  "Seasonal and Spatial Variations of Radiative Forcing of Anthropogenic Sulfate Aerosol Over East Asia."  Advances in Atmospheric Sciences 15(3):380-392.


  • Qian Y and YF Qian.  1995.  "Sensitivity Experiments on Influences of Uplift of Tibetan Plateau on the General Circulation in Summer."  ACTA Meteorologica Sinica 9(3):267-277.


  • Qian YF, Y. Qian, and QQ Wang.  1994.  "Numerical Modeling of Properties of the Summer Quasi-Stationary Circulation Systems and their Monthly Variations."  Advances in Atmospheric Sciences 11(4): 399-407.