AbstractCritical energy infrastructures are increasingly relying on advanced sensing and control technologies for efficient and optimal utilization of flexible energy resources. Algorithmic procedures are needed to ensure that such systems are designed to be resilient to a wide range of cyber-physical adversarial events. This paper provides a robust optimization framework to quantify the largest adversarial perturbation that a system can accommodate without violating pre-specified resiliency metrics. We formulate the maximal adversarial set characterization as a bi-level optimization problem which is solved via Lagrangian relaxations.We illustrate the proposed algorithm on an islanded microgrid example: a modified IEEE 123-node feeder with distributed energy resources. Simulations are carried out to characterize the tolerable adversarial perturbations for varying levels of available flexibility (energy reserves).
Published: October 28, 2022