July 22, 2020
Journal Article

High-throughput serum proteomics for the identification of protein biomarkers of mortality in older men

Erin Baker
Eric Orwoll
Jack Wiedrick
Yuqian Gao
Jon Jacobs
Douglas Bauer
Tujin Shi
Steven Cummings
Carrie Nielson
Jodi Lapidus

Abstract

The biological perturbations associated with incident mortality are not well elucidated, and there are limited biomarkers for the prediction of mortality. We used a novel high throughput proteomics approach to identify serum peptides and proteins associated with 5 year mortality in community dwelling men age >65 years who participated in a longitudinal observational study of musculoskeletal aging (Osteoporotic Fractures in Men: MrOS). In a discovery phase, serum specimens collected at baseline in 2473 men were analyzed using liquid chromatography-ion mobility-mass spectrometry, and incident mortality in the subsequent 5 years was ascertained by tri-annual questionnaire. Rigorous statistical methods were utilized to identify 56 peptides (31 proteins) that were associated with 5-year mortality. In an independent replication phase, selected reaction monitoring was used to examine 21 of those peptides in baseline serum from 750 additional men; 81% of those peptides remained significantly associated with mortality. Mortality-associated proteins included a variety involved in inflammation or complement activation; several have been previously linked to mortality (e.g. C reactive protein, alpha 1-antichymotrypsin) and others are not previously known to be associated with mortality. Other novel proteins of interest included pregnancy-associated plasma protein, VE cadherin, leucine-rich a-2 glycoprotein 1, vinculin, vitronectin, mast/stem cell growth factor receptor and Saa4. A panel of peptides improved the predictive value of a commonly used clinical predictor of mortality. Overall, these results suggest that complex inflammatory pathways, and proteins in other pathways, are linked to 5-year mortality risk. This work may serve to identify novel biomarkers for near term mortality.

Revised: July 22, 2020 | Published: April 1, 2018

Citation

Orwoll E.S., J. Wiedrick, J.M. Jacobs, E.M. Baker, P.D. Piehowski, V.A. Petyuk, and Y. Gao, et al. 2018. "High-throughput serum proteomics for the identification of protein biomarkers of mortality in older men." Aging Cell 17, no. 2:Article No. e12717. PNNL-SA-131443. doi:10.1111/acel.12717