October 8, 2021
Journal Article

Graph Convolutional Network-Based Topology Embedded Deep Reinforcement Learning for Voltage Stability Control

Abstract

Topological variations in power system is a common phenomenon and can impose significant challenges to traditional controllers of power system. Recent study revealed the strength of deep reinforcement learning (DRL) based approaches in power system preventive and corrective control. But topological variations are difficult to capture using classical fully connected neural network (FCN) model and has not been explicitly modeled in previous work. Hence, we develop a Graph Convolutional Network (GCN) based DRL framework to tackle topology changes in control design of power system. The GCN model exploits the graph structure of the power network and helps the DRL agent to embed the topology information during learning process. Our GCN based approach is evaluated using the IEEE-39 bus system and it outperforms the FCN-based DRL scheme in terms of training convergence and control performance considering grid topology changes.

Published: October 8, 2021

Citation

Hossain R., Q. Huang, and R. Huang. 2021. "Graph Convolutional Network-Based Topology Embedded Deep Reinforcement Learning for Voltage Stability Control." IEEE Transactions on Power Systems 36, no. 5:4848 - 4851. PNNL-SA-156599. doi:10.1109/TPWRS.2021.3084469