January 13, 2023
A Current Limiting Control Strategy for Single-Loop Droop-Controlled Grid-Forming Inverters Under Balanced and Unbalanced Faults
AbstractExisting studies reporting current limiting control strategies for grid-forming inverters primarily focus on grid-forming inverters that use a multi-loop control structure. This study reports a current limiting control for grid-forming inverters that uses a single-loop control structure. The proposed current limiting control was implemented at the pulse width modulation (PWM) control layer to guarantee a rapid response. Once an overcurrent caused by severe faults is detected, the proposed control strategy immediately blocks relevant insulated-gate bipolar transistors (IGBTs) using a hysteresis loop, ensuring that the overcurrent is limited within a few PWM cycles. After the fault is cleared, the inverter seamlessly transfers back to droop control mode to maintain stability. The current limiting control has been tested in a microgrid environment operating in the OPAL-RT platform. Study results show that the control strategy can effectively limit the overcurrent under both balanced and unbalanced faults and can maintain system transient stability after the fault is cleared.
Published: January 13, 2023