AbstractDuctile-phase toughened tungsten (DPT W) composites have demonstrated a great potential for plasma facing components in fusion power systems. These materials can retain the outstanding thermomechanical properties of W while significantly enhancing the fracture toughness. The DPT W composite in this study consists of W particles (88 wt.%) embedded in a ductile NiFeW (12 wt.%) solution matrix. Irradiation of the composite was performed with 90 keV He+ ions to 1.0E17 He+/cm2 at 973 K. The He cavities formed in both W and NiFeW phases are examined using convergent-beam scanning transmission electron microscopy (CB-STEM) at an atomic-level resolution. Full-range depth profiles of the He cavity diameters and number densities are analyzed. The results show that the average cavity diameter in NiFeW is ~2.7 times that in W, while the number density is an order of magnitude lower. A quantitative analysis of the He density and pressure in the cavities is also achieved using STEM electron energy loss spectroscopy (STEM-EELS) mapping. The He atoms in the cavities in NiFeW are found to be under-pressurized, while those in similar-sized cavities in W are not detectable. The He energy-loss shift exhibits a linear relationship with the He density in cavities in NiFeW with the slope comparable to that for martensitic steel.
Published: June 11, 2023