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We are attaining a molecular-level understanding of complex multi-phase systems and phenomena vital to the nation's energy and environmental resources.

Artistic merging of images of the material before (left) and after (right) exposoure to air

The Intricate Dance of Ions Results in a New Material

If nature builds material from ions-such as the salt crust at the edge of the Dead Sea-negative and positive ions work together. What happens if negative ions alone accumulate on surfaces? A team from Pacific Northwest National Lab found that the ions produce a unique liquid-like material.

sequence defined peptoids

Coral-shaped nanoparticles built by design using engineered peptoids

Researchers have long worked to address a grand challenge in materials science: to design and synthesize functional materials that rival those found in biology. Unfortunately, proteins—the molecules that enable organisms to make complex organic-inorganic materials—adopt structures and produce morphologies that are beyond our ability to predict.

Diagram showing water interact with surface and microscopy image

Wet Aluminum Hydroxide and Oxyhydroxide Particles Release Hydrogen When Irradiated

Vitrifying nuclear waste for final storage is complicated by aluminum. Knowing how aluminum particles behave is vital. New research suggests that upon radiolysis, the bulk properties of humid aluminum particles do not change substantially but hydrogen is formed.

Portraits of Bob Weber and John Holladay

Weber and Holladay Review Chemistry and Costs of Converting Waste to Fuel

In an invited article, Bob Weber and John Holladay drew upon their expertise, recent advances at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, and a pantheon of research to review a possible process for turning waste into fuels. The article is available in a special issue of Engineering, the flagship journal of the Chinese Academy of Engineering.

Sneha Akhade

Science, Society, and Your Career: Learn More in the Current Issue of Transformations

As the strains of that famous graduation march echo around the country, a new group of scientists are joining the ranks of institutions around the country. In honor of them, the latest issue of Transformations offers advice to early career scientists and their mentors.

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