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Fundamental and Computational Sciences Directorate

Staff information

Nate McDowell

Watershed & Ecosystem Science
Earth Scientist

PNNL Publications


  • Ely K.S., A. Rogers, D.A. Agarwal, E.A. Ainsworth, L. Albert, A. Ali, and J. Anderson, et al. 2021. "A reporting format for leaf-level gas exchange data and metadata." Ecological Informatics 61. PNNL-SA-156753. doi:10.1016/j.ecoinf.2021.101232
  • Norwood M.J., N.D. Ward, N.G. McDowell, A.N. Myers-Pigg, B. Bond-Lamberty, J.L. Indivero, and S.C. Pennington, et al. 2021. "Coastal forest seawater exposure increases stem methane concentration." Journal of Geophysical Research. Biogeosciences 126, no. 2:e2020JG005915. PNNL-SA-151190. doi:10.1029/2020JG005915
  • Wang W., N.B. English, C. Grossiord, A. Gessler, A.J. Das, N.L. Stephenson, and C.H. Baisan, et al. 2021. "Mortality predispositions of conifers across Western USA." New Phytologist 229, no. 2:831-844. PNNL-SA-153578. doi:10.1111/nph.16864
  • Wu G., K. Guan, Y. Li, K.A. Novick, X. Feng, N.G. McDowell, and A.G. Konings, et al. 2021. "Interannual variability of ecosystem iso/anisohydry is regulated by environmental dryness." New Phytologist 229, no. 5:2562-2575. PNNL-SA-156537. doi:10.1111/nph.17040
  • Zhang P., N.G. McDowell, X. Zhou, W. Wang, R.T. Leff, A.L. Pivovaroff, and H. Zhang, et al. 2021. "Declining carbohydrate content of Sitka-spruce trees dying from seawater exposure." Plant Physiology 185, no. 4:1682-1696. PNNL-SA-156500. doi:10.1093/plphys/kiab002


  • Grossiord C., T.N. Buckley, L. Cernusak, K.A. Novick, B. Poulter, R.T. Siegwolf, and J.S. Sperry, et al. 2020. "Plant responses to rising vapor pressure deficit." New Phytologist 226, no. 6:1550-1566. PNNL-SA-152569. doi:10.1111/nph.16485
  • Guerin M., G. Von Arx, D. Martin-Benito, L. Andreu-Hayles, K.L. Griffin, N.G. McDowell, and W.T. Pockman, et al. 2020. "Distinct xylem responses to acute vs prolonged drought in pine trees." Tree Physiology 40, no. 5:605-620. PNNL-SA-152557. doi:10.1093/treephys/tpz144
  • Halbritter A.H., H.J. De Boeck, A.E. Eycott, S. Reinsch, D.A. Robinson, S. Vicca, and B. Berauer, et al. 2020. "The handbook for standardized field and laboratory measurements in terrestrial climate change experiments and observational studies (ClimEx)." Methods in Ecology and Evolution 11, no. 1:22-37. PNNL-SA-153160. doi:10.1111/2041-210X.13331
  • Koven C.D., R. Knox, R.A. Fisher, J.Q. Chambers, B.O. Christoffersen, S. Davies, and M. Detto, et al. 2020. "Benchmarking and Parameter Sensitivity of Physiological and Vegetation Dynamics using the Functionally Assembled Terrestrial Ecosystem Simulator (FATES) at Barro Colorado Island, Panama." Biogeosciences 17, no. 11:3017-3044. PNNL-SA-149515. doi:10.5194/bg-17-3017-2020
  • Li W., H. Zhang, G. Huang, R. Liu, H. Wu, C. Zhao, and N.G. McDowell. 2020. "Effects of nitrogen enrichment on tree carbon allocation: A global synthesis." Global Ecology and Biogeography 29, no. 3:573-589. PNNL-SA-152913. doi:10.1111/geb.13042
  • Mackay D., P. Savoy, C. Grossiord, X. Tai, J.R. Pleban, D.R. Wang, and N.G. McDowell, et al. 2020. "Conifers depend on established roots during drought: results from a coupled model of carbon allocation and hydraulics." New Phytologist 225, no. 2:679-692. PNNL-SA-150339. doi:10.1111/nph.16043
  • McDowell N.G., C. Allen, K.J. Anderson-Teixeira, B.H. Aukema, B. Bond-Lamberty, L.M. Chini, and J.S. Clark, et al. 2020. "Pervasive shifts in forest dynamics in a changing world." Science 368, no. 6494:eaaz9463. PNNL-SA-144291. doi:10.1126/science.aaz9463
  • Pennington S.C., N.G. McDowell, P. Megonigal, J.C. Stegen, and B. Bond-Lamberty. 2020. "Localized basal area affects soil respiration temperature sensitivity in a coastal deciduous forest." Biogeosciences 17, no. 3:771-780. PNNL-SA-143158. doi:10.5194/bg-17-771-2020
  • Solander K., B.D. Newman, A.C. Araujo, H.R. Barnard, Z.C. Berry, D. Bonal, and M. Bretfeld, et al. 2020. "The pantropical response of soil moisture to El Niño." Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 24, no. 5:2303-2322. PNNL-SA-152945. doi:10.5194/hess-24-2303-2020
  • Wang W., N.G. McDowell, S.C. Pennington, C. Grossiord, R.T. Leff, A. Sengupta, and N.D. Ward, et al. 2020. "Tree growth, transpiration, and water-use efficiency between shoreline and upland red maple (Acer rubrum) trees in a coastal forest." Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 295. PNNL-SA-153708. doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2020.108163
  • Ward N.D., J.L. Indivero, C.M. Gunn, W. Wang, V.L. Bailey, and N.G. McDowell. 2020. Longitudinal gradients in tree stem greenhouse gas concentrations across six Pacific Northwest coastal forests. PNNL-30257. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Longitudinal gradients in tree stem greenhouse gas concentrations across six Pacific Northwest coastal forests
  • Ward N.D., P. Megonigal, B. Bond-Lamberty, V.L. Bailey, D. Butman, E. Canuel, and H.L. Diefenderfer, et al. 2020. "Representing the Function and Sensitivity of Coastal Interfaces in Earth System Models." Nature Communications 11. PNNL-SA-147328. doi:10.1038/s41467-020-16236-2
  • Wu J., S. Serbin, K.S. Ely, B. Wolfe, L.T. Dickman, C. Grossiord, and S. Michaletz, et al. 2020. "The response of stomatal conductance to seasonal drought in tropical forests." Global Change Biology 26, no. 2:823-839. PNNL-SA-147720. doi:10.1111/gcb.14820
  • Zhang H., N.G. McDowell, H.D. Adams, A. Wang, J. Wu, C. Jin, and J. Tian, et al. 2020. "Divergences in hydraulic conductance and anatomical traits of stems and leaves in three temperate tree species coping with drought, N addition and their interactions." Tree Physiology 40, no. 2:230-244. PNNL-SA-149619. doi:10.1093/treephys/tpz135
  • Zhang P., X. Zhou, Y. Fu, J. Shao, L. Zhou, S. Li, and G. Zhou, et al. 2020. "Differential effects of drought on nonstructural carbohydrate storage in seedlings and mature trees of four species in a subtropical forest." Forest Ecology and Management 469. PNNL-SA-156357. doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2020.118159


  • Ahkami A., W. Wang, T.W. Wietsma, T.E. Winkler, I. Lange, G.C. Jansson, and M.D. Lange, et al. 2019. "Metabolic shifts associated with drought-induced senescence in Brachypodium." Plant Science 289. PNNL-SA-145496. doi:10.1016/j.plantsci.2019.110278
  • Dickman L.T., N.G. McDowell, C. Grossiord, A.D. Collins, B. Wolfe, M. Detto, and J. Wright, et al. 2019. "Homeostatic maintenance of nonstructural carbohydrates during the 2015-2016 El Niño drought across a tropical forest precipitation gradient." Plant, Cell & Environment 42, no. 5:1705-1714. PNNL-SA-140513. doi:10.1111/pce.13501
  • Gimenez B., K. Jardine, N. Higuchi, R. Negron-Juarez, I. Sampaio-Filho, L.O. Cobello, and C.G. Fontes, et al. 2019. "Species-Specific Shifts in Diurnal Sap Velocity Dynamics and Hysteretic Behavior of Ecophysiological Variables During the 2015-2016 El Nino Event in the Amazon Forest." Frontiers in Plant Science 10. PNNL-SA-147536. doi:10.3389/fpls.2019.00830
  • Grossiord C., B.O. Christoffersen, A.M. Alonso-Rodriguez, K.J. Anderson-Teixeira, H. Asbjornsen, L.T. Aparecido, and Z. Berry, et al. 2019. "Precipitation mediates sap flux sensitivity to evaporative demand in the neotropics." Oecologia 191, no. 3:519-530. PNNL-SA-147480. doi:10.1007/s00442-019-04513-x
  • Grossiord C., S. Sevanto, D. Bonal, I. Borrego, T.E. Dawson, M. Ryan, and W. Wang, et al. 2019. "Prolonged warming and drought modify belowground interactions for water among coexisting plants." Tree Physiology 39, no. 1:55-63. PNNL-SA-134753. doi:10.1093/treephys/tpy080
  • Hewins D.B., H. Lee, P.W. Barnes, N.G. McDowell, W.T. Pockman, T.A. Rahn, and H.L. Throop. 2019. "Early exposure to UV radiation overshadowed by precipitation and litter quality as drivers of decomposition in the northern Chihuahuan Desert." PLoS One 14, no. 2:Article number e0210470. PNNL-SA-140950. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0210470
  • Marshall L.A., D.A. Falk, and N.G. McDowell. 2019. "NITROGEN CAN LIMIT OVERSTORY TREE GROWTH FOLLOWING EXTREME STAND DENSITY INCREASE IN A PONDEROSA PINE FOREST." Tree Ring Research 75, no. 1:49-60. PNNL-SA-147767. doi:10.3959/1536-1098-75.1.49
  • Massoud E.C., C. Xu, R.A. Fisher, R. Knox, A.P. Walker, S. Serbin, and B.O. Christoffersen, et al. 2019. "Identification of key parameters controlling demographically structured vegetation dynamics in a land surface model: CLM4.5(FATES)." Geoscientific Model Development 12, no. 9:4133-4164. PNNL-SA-149983. doi:10.5194/gmd-12-4133-2019
  • Mcbranch N., C. Grossiord, H.D. Adams, I. Borrego, A.D. Collins, L.T. Dickman, and M. Ryan, et al. 2019. "Lack of acclimation of leaf area:sapwood area ratios in piñon pine and juniper in response to precipitation reduction and warming." Tree Physiology 39, no. 1:135-142. PNNL-SA-139888. doi:10.1093/treephys/tpy066
  • McDowell N.G., C. Grossiord, H.D. Adams, S. Pinzón-Navarro, D. Mackay, D.D. Breshears, and C. Allen, et al. 2019. "Mechanisms of a Coniferous Woodland Persistence Under Drought and Heat." Environmental Research Letters 14, no. 4:045014. PNNL-SA-142059. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/ab0921
  • McDowell N.G., T.J. Brodribb, and A. Nardini. 2019. "Hydraulics in the 21st century." New Phytologist 224, no. 2:537-542. PNNL-SA-147698. doi:10.1111/nph.16151
  • Wang W., N.G. McDowell, N.D. Ward, J.L. Indivero, C.M. Gunn, and V.L. Bailey. 2019. "Constrained tree growth and gas-exchange of seawater-exposed forests in the Pacific Northwest, USA." Journal of Ecology 107, no. 6:2541-2552. PNNL-SA-144278. doi:10.1111/1365-2745.13225
  • Wang W., X. Liu, G. Xu, K. Treydte, X. Shao, D. Qin, and G. Wang, et al. 2019. "CO2 fertilization confounds tree ring records of regional hydroclimate at Northeastern Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau." Earth and Space Science 6, no. 5:730-740. PNNL-SA-134734. doi:10.1029/2018EA000529
  • Ward N.D., J.L. Indivero, C.M. Gunn, W. Wang, V.L. Bailey, and N.G. McDowell. 2019. "Longitudinal gradients in tree stem greenhouse gas concentrations across six Pacific Northwest coastal forests." Journal of Geophysical Research. Biogeosciences 124, no. 6:1401-1412. PNNL-SA-138892. doi:10.1029/2019JG005064
  • Wei L., C. Xu, S. Jansen, H. Zhou, B. Christoffersen, W.T. Pockman, and R. Middleton, et al. 2019. "A heuristic classification of woody plants based on contrasting shade and drought strategies." Tree Physiology 39, no. 5:767-781. PNNL-SA-147538. doi:10.1093/treephys/tpy146
  • Xu C., N.G. McDowell, R.A. Fisher, L. Wei, S. Sevanto, B.O. Christoffersen, and E. Weng, et al. 2019. "Increasing impacts of extreme droughts on vegetation productivity under climate change." Nature Climate Change 9, no. 12:948-953. PNNL-SA-149270. doi:10.1038/s41558-019-0630-6
  • Yan B., J. Mao, X. Shi, F.M. Hoffman, M. Notaro, T. Zhou, and N.G. McDowell, et al. 2019. "Predictability of tropical vegetation greenness using sea surface temperatures." Environmental Research Communications 1, no. 3:Article No. 031003. PNNL-SA-142768. doi:10.1088/2515-7620/ab178a


  • Asbjornsen H., J.L. Campbell, K.A. Jennings, M. Vadeboncoeur, C. McIntire, P.H. Templer, and R. Phillips, et al. 2018. "Guidelines and considerations for designing field experiments simulating precipitation extremes in forest ecosystems." Methods in Ecology and Evolution 9, no. 12:2310-2325. PNNL-SA-144418. doi:10.1111/2041-210X.13094
  • Bennett K.E., T. Bohn, K. Solander, N.G. McDowell, C. Xu, E. Vivoni, and R. Middleton. 2018. "Climate-driven disturbances in the San Juan River sub-basin of the Colorado River." Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 22, no. 1:709-725. PNNL-SA-129830. doi:10.5194/hess-22-709-2018
  • Bennett K.E., T. Bohn, K. Solander, N.G. McDowell, C. Xu, E. Vivoni, and R. Middleton. 2018. "Climate-driven disturbances in the San Juan River sub-basin of the Colorado River." Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 22, no. 1:709-725. PNNL-SA-131421. doi:10.5194/hess-22-709-2018
  • Fontes C.G., T.E. Dawson, K. Jardine, N.G. McDowell, B. Gimenez, L. Anderegg, and R. Negron-Juarez, et al. 2018. "Dry and hot: the hydraulic consequences of a climate change-type drought for Amazonian trees." Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B, Biological Sciences 373, no. 1760:Article Number 20180209. PNNL-SA-137675. doi:10.1098/rstb.2018.0209
  • Goodsman D.W., B.H. Aukema, N.G. McDowell, R. Middleton, and C. Xu. 2018. "Incorporating variability in simulations of seasonally forced phenology using integral projection models." Ecology and Evolution 8, no. 1:162-175. PNNL-SA-129909. doi:10.1002/ece3.3590
  • Goodsman D.W., G. Grosklos, B.H. Aukema, C. Whitehouse, K. Bleiker, N.G. McDowell, and R. Middleton, et al. 2018. "The effect of warmer winters on the demography of an outbreak insect is hidden by intraspecific competition." Global Change Biology 24, no. 8:3620-3628. PNNL-SA-133988. doi:10.1111/gcb.14284
  • Grossiord C., A. Gessler, S. Reed, I. Borrego, A.D. Collins, L.T. Dickman, and M. Ryan, et al. 2018. "Reductions in tree performance during hotter droughts are mitigated by shifts in nitrogen cycling." Plant, Cell & Environment 41, no. 11:2627-2637. PNNL-SA-141411. doi:10.1111/pce.13389
  • Grossiord C., S. Sevanto, J. Limousin, P. Meir, M. Mencuccini, R. Pangle, and W.T. Pockman, et al. 2018. "Manipulative experiments demonstrate how long-term soil moisture changes alter controls of plant water use." Environmental and Experimental Botany 152. PNNL-SA-131418. doi:10.1016/j.envexpbot.2017.12.010
  • Guerin M., D. Martin-Benito, G. Von Arx, L. Andreu-Hayles, K.L. Griffin, R. Hamdan, and N.G. McDowell, et al. 2018. "Interannual variations in needle and sapwood traits of Pinus edulis branches under an experimental drought." Ecology and Evolution 8, no. 3:1655-1672. PNNL-SA-132681. doi:10.1002/ece3.3743
  • Hu Z., S. Michaletz, D.J. Johnson, N.G. McDowell, Z. Huang, X. Zhou, and C. Xu. 2018. "Traits drive global wood decomposition rates more than climate." Global Change Biology 24, no. 11:5259-5269. PNNL-SA-147723. doi:10.1111/gcb.14357
  • Johnson D.J., J. Needham, C. Xu, E.C. Massoud, S. Davies, K.J. Anderson-Teixeira, and S. Bunyavejchewin, et al. 2018. "Climate sensitive size-dependent survival in tropical trees." Nature Ecology & Evolution 2. PNNL-SA-140898. doi:10.1038/s41559-018-0626-z
  • Johnson D.M., J. Domec, Z. Berry, A.M. Schwantes, K.A. Mcculloh, D.R. Woodruff, and W. Polley, et al. 2018. "Co-occurring woody species have diverse hydraulic strategies and mortality rates during an extreme drought." Plant, Cell & Environment 41, no. 3:576-588. PNNL-SA-131417. doi:10.1111/pce.13121
  • Landhausser S.M., P.S. Chow, L.T. Dickman, M. Furze, I. Kuhlman, S. Schmid, and J. Wiesenbauer, et al. 2018. "Standardized protocols and procedures can precisely and accurately quantify non-structrual carbohydrates." Tree Physiology 38, no. 12:1764-1778. PNNL-SA-134735. doi:10.1093/treephys/tpy118
  • McDowell N.G. 2018. "Deriving pattern from complexity in the processes underlying tropical forest drought impacts." New Phytologist 219, no. 3:841-844. PNNL-SA-147721. doi:10.1111/nph.15341
  • McDowell N.G., C. Allen, K.J. Anderson-Teixeira, P. Brando, R. Brienen, J.Q. Chambers, and B. Christoffersen, et al. 2018. "Drivers and mechanisms of tree mortality in moist tropical forests." New Phytologist 219, no. 3:851-869. PNNL-SA-132031. doi:10.1111/nph.15027
  • Munson S.M., S. Reed, J. Penuelas, N.G. McDowell, and O.E. Sala. 2018. "Ecosystem thresholds, tipping points, and critical transitions." New Phytologist 218, no. 4:1315-1317. PNNL-SA-133660. doi:10.1111/nph.15145
  • Peters-Lidard C.D., F. Hossain, L. Leung, N.G. McDowell, M. Rodell, F.J. Tapiador, and F.J. Turk, et al. 2018. "100 Years of Progress in Hydrology." In A Century of Progress in Atmospheric and Related Sciences: Celebrating the American Meteorological Society Centennial. Meteorological Monographs. 25.1-25.51. Boston, Massachusetts:American Meteorological Society. PNNL-SA-138125. doi:10.1175/AMSMONOGRAPHS-D-18-0019.1
  • Powell T., C.D. Koven, D.J. Johnson, B. Faybishenko, R.A. Fisher, R. Knox, and N.G. McDowell, et al. 2018. "Variation in hydroclimate sustains tropical forest biomass and promotes functional diversity." New Phytologist 219, no. 3:932-946. PNNL-SA-147549. doi:10.1111/nph.15271
  • Schonbeck L., A. Gessler, G. Hoch, N.G. McDowell, A. Rigling, M. Schaub, and M. Li. 2018. "Homeostatic levels of nonstructural carbohydrates after 13 yr of drought and irrigation in Pinus sylvestris." New Phytologist 219, no. 4:1314-1324. PNNL-SA-135183. doi:10.1111/nph.15224


  • Adams H.D., G. Barron-Gafford, R.L. Minor, A.A. Gardea, L. Bentley, D.J. Law, and D.D. Breshears, et al. 2017. "Temperature response surfaces for mortality risk of tree species with future drought." Environmental Research Letters 12, no. 11:Article No. 115014. PNNL-SA-130379. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/aa93be
  • Adams H.D., M. Zeppel, W. Anderegg, H. Hartmann, S.M. Landhausser, D.T. Tissue, and T.E. Huxman, et al. 2017. "A multi-species synthesis of physiological mechanisms in drought-induced tree mortality." Nature Ecology & Evolution 1, no. 9:1285-1291. PNNL-SA-130231. doi:10.1038/s41559-017-0248-x
  • Christoffersen B., P. Meir, and N.G. McDowell. 2017. "Linking plant hydraulics and beta diversity in tropical forests." New Phytologist 215, no. 1:12-14. PNNL-SA-126171. doi:10.1111/nph.14601
  • Grossiord C., S. Sevanto, I. Borrego, A.M. Chan, A.D. Collins, L.T. Dickman, and P.J. Hudson, et al. 2017. "Tree water dynamics in a drying and warming world." Plant, Cell & Environment 40, no. 9:1861-1873. PNNL-SA-129758. doi:10.1111/pce.12991
  • McDowell N.G., and C. Xu. 2017. "Using traits to uncover tropical forest function." New Phytologist 214, no. 3:903-904. PNNL-SA-125593. doi:10.1111/nph.14576
  • McDowell N.G., S. Michaletz, K.E. Bennett, K. Solander, C. Xu, R.M. Maxwell, and R. Middleton. 2017. "Predicting chronic climate-driven disturbances and their mitigation." Ecology and Evolution 33, no. 1:15-27. PNNL-SA-129507. doi:10.1016/j.tree.2017.10.002
  • Morillas L., R. Pangle, G.E. Maurer, W.T. Pockman, N.G. McDowell, C. Huang, and D. Krofcheck, et al. 2017. "Tree mortality decreases water availability and ecosystem resilience to drought in pinon-juniper woodlands in the southwestern USA." Journal of Geophysical Research. Biogeosciences 122, no. 12:3343-3361. PNNL-SA-129831. doi:10.1002/2017JG004095
  • Popovic M., M. Gregori, D. Vodnik, M. Ferlan, T. Mrak, I. Straus, and N.G. McDowell, et al. 2017. "Identification of stress biomarkers for drought and increased soil temperature in seedlings of European beech (Fagus sylvatica)." Canadian Journal of Forest Research 47, no. 11:1517-1526. PNNL-SA-132844. doi:10.1139/cjfr-2016-0530
  • Wang W., M. Jia, G. Wang, W. Zhu, and N.G. McDowell. 2017. "Rapid warming forces contrasting growth trends of subalpine fir (Abies fabri) at higher- and lower-elevations in the eastern Tibetan Plateau." Forest Ecology and Management 402. PNNL-SA-130381. doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2017.07.043


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