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Staff information


Duli Chand

Earth Systems Analysis & Modeling
Earth Scientist
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
MSIN: K9-24
Richland, WA 99352


Duli Chand has conducted research on atmospheric and earth sciences over various land and oceanic environments. Dr. Chand research includes (a) Instrumentation, observation and participation in field campaigns for research on Atmosphere and Earth Sciences, (b) development of new satellite algorithms and image processing, (c) Radar, Lidar, and satellite data analysis and data assimilation from Surface, Aircraft, and Orbital platforms, (d) use of observations for research on Earth Sciences, Energy and Extreme Weather Events, and (e) validating the Earth System Models.

Research Interests

  • Observations, instrumentation and modeling on Earth Sciences
  • Aerosol-Cloud interactions
  • Large Scale Data Assimilation
  • Satellite and Ground Remote Sensing
  • Image Processing and Geoinformatics
  • Vegetation Mapping and Monitoring using remote sensing methods
  • Use of satellite data for land-surface and underground water
  • Satellite bathymetry and flood analysis

Education and Credentials

  • Ph.D, Atmospheric Science: Physical Research Laboratory and Mohanlal Sukhadia University (Ahmedabad/Udaipur)
  • M.S. Physics: Jamia Millia University, New Delhi
  • B.S. Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics: Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak

Affiliations and Professional Service

  • American Geophysical Union, Jan 2005-present
  • American Meteorological Society Jan 2019-Present

PNNL Publications


  • Adachi K., A.J. Sedlacek, L.I. Kleinman, S.R. Springston, J. Wang, D. Chand, and J.M. Hubbe, et al. 2019. "Spherical tarball particles form through rapid chemical and physical changes of organic matter in biomass-burning smoke." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS). 116, no. 39:201900129. PNNL-SA-140926. doi:10.1073/pnas.1900129116
  • Wilczak J.M., M. Stoelinga, L.K. Berg, J. Sharp, C. Draxl, K.L. McCaffrey, and R.M. Banta, et al. 2019. "The Second Wind Forecast Improvement Project (WFIP2): Observational Field Campaign." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. PNNL-SA-139211. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-18-0035.1


  • Kassianov E.I., L.K. Berg, M.S. Pekour, J.C. Barnard, D. Chand, J.M. Comstock, and C.M. Flynn, et al. 2018. "A Closure Study of Total Scattering Using Airborne In Situ Measurements from the Winter Phase of TCAP." Atmosphere 9, no. 6:228. PNNL-SA-136397. doi:10.3390/atmos9060228
  • Lin G., S.J. Ghan, M. Wang, P. Ma, R.C. Easter, M. Ovchinnikov, and J. Fan, et al. 2018. "Development and evaluation of an explicit treatment of aerosol processes at cloud scale within a multi-scale modeling framework (MMF)." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 10, no. 7:1663-1679. PNNL-SA-136107. doi:10.1029/2018MS001287


  • Adachi K., A. Sedlacek, L.I. Kleinman, D. Chand, J.M. Hubbe, and P.R. Buseck. 2017. "Volume changes upon heating of aerosol particles from biomass burning using transmission electron microscopy." Aerosol Science and Technology 52, no. 1:1-11. PNNL-SA-127241. doi:10.1080/02786826.2017.1373181
  • Martin S.T., S.T. Martin, P. Artaxo, L. Machado, A. Manzi, R. Augusto Ferreira de Souza, and C. Schumacher, et al. 2017. "The Green Ocean Amazon Experiement (GoAmazon2014/5) Observes Pollution Affecting Gases, Aerosols, Clouds and Rainfall over the Rain Forest." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 98, no. 5:981-980. PNNL-SA-121695. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-15-00221.1
  • Presser C., A. Nazarian, J. Conny, D. Chand, A. Sedlacek, and J.M. Hubbe. 2017. "Absorption/Transmission Measurements of PSAP Particle-Laden Filters from the Biomass Burning Observation Project (BBOP) Field Campaign." Aerosol Science and Technology 51, no. 4:451-466. PNNL-SA-120853. doi:10.1080/02786826.2016.1267856


  • Berg L.K., J.D. Fast, J.C. Barnard, S. Burton, B. Cairns, D. Chand, and J.M. Comstock, et al. 2016. "The Two-Column Aerosol Project: Phase I - Overview and Impact of Elevated Aerosol Layers on Aerosol Optical Depth." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 121, no. 1:336-361. PNNL-SA-102905. doi:10.1002/2015JD023848
  • Collier S., S. Zhou, T.B. Onasch, D. Jaffe, L.I. Kleinman, A. Sedlacek, and N. Briggs, et al. 2016. "Regional Influence of Aerosol Emissions from Wildfires Driven by Combustion Efficiency: Insights from the BBOP Campaign." Environmental Science & Technology 50, no. 16:8613-8622. PNNL-SA-117435. doi:10.1021/acs.est.6b01617
  • Kulkarni G.R., S. China, S. Liu, M.I. Nandasiri, N. Sharma, J.M. Wilson, and A.C. Aiken, et al. 2016. "Ice nucleation activity of diesel soot particles at Cirrus relevant conditions: Effects of hydration, secondary organics coating, hydration, soot morphology, and coagulation." Geophysical Research Letters 43, no. 7:3580-3588. PNNL-SA-113363. doi:10.1002/2016GL068707


  • China S., G.R. Kulkarni, B. Scarnatio, N. Sharma, M.S. Pekour, J.E. Shilling, and J.M. Wilson, et al. 2015. "Morphology Of Diesel Soot Residuals From Supercooled Water Droplets And Ice Crystals: Implications For Optical Properties." Environmental Research Letters 10. PNNL-SA-112661. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/10/11/114010
  • Kassianov E.I., L.K. Berg, M.S. Pekour, C.J. Flynn, J.M. Tomlinson, D. Chand, and J.E. Shilling, et al. 2015. "Airborne Aerosol In situ Measurements during TCAP: A Closure Study of Total Scattering." Atmosphere 6, no. 8:1069-1101. PNNL-SA-110601. doi:10.3390/atmos6081069
  • Shrivastava M.B., R.C. Easter, X. Liu, A. Zelenyuk, B. Singh, K. Zhang, and P. Ma, et al. 2015. "Global transformation and fate of SOA: Implications of Low Volatility SOA and Gas-Phase Fragmentation Reactions." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 120, no. 9:4169-4195. PNNL-SA-105095. doi:10.1002/2014JD022563


  • Jethva H.T., O. Torres, F. Waquet, D. Chand, and Y.X. Hu. 2014. "How do A-train Sensors Intercompare in the Retrieval of Above-Cloud Aerosol Optical Depth? A Case Study-based Assessment." Geophysical Research Letters 41, no. 1:186-192. PNNL-SA-99513. doi:10.1002/2013GL058405
  • Schmid B., J.M. Tomlinson, J.M. Hubbe, J.M. Comstock, F. Mei, D. Chand, and M.S. Pekour, et al. 2014. "The DOE ARM Aerial Facility." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 95, no. 5:723-742. PNNL-SA-94604. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-13-00040.1
  • Shinozuka Y., R.R. Johnson, C.J. Flynn, P.B. Russell, B. Schmid, J. Redemann, and S. Dunagan, et al. 2014. "Correction to “Hyperspectral Aerosol Optical Depths from TCAP Flights”." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 119, no. 3:1692-1693. PNNL-SA-102146. doi:10.1002/jgrd.51089


  • Cazorla A., R. Bahadur, K. Suski, J.F. Cahill, D. Chand, B. Schmid, and V. Ramanathan, et al. 2013. "Relating Aerosol Absorption due to Soot, Organic Carbon, and Dust to Emission Sources Determined from In-situ Chemical Measurements." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 13, no. 18:9337-9350. PNNL-SA-89877. doi:10.5194/acp-13-9337-2013
  • Mallik C., S. Lal, M. Naja, D. Chand, S. Venkataramani, H. Joshi, and P. Pant. 2013. "Enhanced SO2 Concentrations Observed over Northern India: Role of Long-range Transport." International Journal of Remote Sensing 34, no. 8:2749-2762. PNNL-SA-85300. doi:10.1080/01431161.2012.750773
  • Shinozuka Y., R.R. Johnson, C.J. Flynn, P.B. Russell, B. Schmid, J. Redemann, and S. Dunagan, et al. 2013. "Hyperspectral Aerosol Optical Depths from TCAP Flights." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 118, no. 21:12180-12194. PNNL-SA-97236. doi:10.1002/2013JD020596


  • Chand D., R. Wood, S.J. Ghan, M. Wang, M. Ovchinnikov, P.J. Rasch, and S.D. Miller, et al. 2012. "Aerosol optical depth increase in partly cloudy conditions." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 117. PNNL-SA-86974. doi:10.1029/2012JD017894
  • Kassianov E.I., D. Chand, L.K. Berg, J.D. Fast, J.M. Tomlinson, R. Ferrare, and C.A. Hostetler, et al. 2012. "Multi-year Satellite and Surface Observations of AOD in support of Two-Column Aerosol Project (TCAP) Field Campaign." In Remote Sensing of Clouds and the Atmosphere XVII; and Lidar Technologies, Techniques, and Measurements for Atmospheric Remote Sensing VIII, September 24-27, 2012, Edinburgh, United Kingdom. Proceedings of the SPIE, edited by EI Kassianov, et al, 8534, Paper No. 853407. Bellingham, Washington:SPIE Publishing. PNNL-SA-90427. doi:10.1117/12.977862
  • Pekour M.S., B. Schmid, D. Chand, J.M. Hubbe, C.D. Kluzek, D.A. Nelson, and J.M. Tomlinson, et al. 2012. "Development of a new airborne humidigraph system." Aerosol Science and Technology 47, no. 2:201-207. PNNL-SA-89309. doi:10.1080/02786826.2012.741274
  • Wang M., S.J. Ghan, X. Liu, T.L. Ecuyer, K. Zhang, H. Morrison, and M. Ovchinnikov, et al. 2012. "Constraining cloud lifetime effects of aerosols using A-Train satellite observations." Geophysical Research Letters 39. PNNL-SA-87618. doi:10.1029/2012GL052204
  • Zaveri R.A., W.J. Shaw, D.J. Cziczo, B. Schmid, R. Ferrare, M.L. Alexander, and M. Alexandrov, et al. 2012. "Overview of the 2010 Carbonaceous Aerosols and Radiative Effects Study (CARES)." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 12, no. 16:7647-7687. PNNL-SA-84648. doi:10.5194/acp-12-7647-2012


  • Allen G., H. Coe, A.D. Clarke, A.D. Clarke, C.S. Bretherton, R. Wood, and S.J. Abel, et al. 2011. "South East Pacific Atmospheric Composition and Variability Sampled along 20 degrees S during VOCALS-REx." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 11, no. 11:5237-5262. PNWD-SA-9414. doi:10.5194/acp-11-5237-2011
  • Kassianov E.I., D. Chand, and M. Wang. 2011. "Assessment of MODIS Aerosol Optical Depth over Oceans using One-year Data from Maritime Aerosol Network." In Proceedings of the SPIE: Remote Sensing of Clouds and the Atmosphere XVI, September 21, 2011, Prague, Czech Republic, edited by EI Kassianov, et al, 8177, Paper No. 81770K. Bellingham, Washington:SPIE. PNWD-SA-9610. doi:10.1117/12.897410
  • Miller S.D., C. Combs, D. Chand, M. Sengupta, and A.K. Heidinger. 2011. "TOWARD EVALUATING SHORT-TERM PREDICTIONS OF SOLAR IRRADIANCE AT THE SURFACE: PERSISTENCE, SATELLITE-BASED TRAJECTORY, AND NUMERICAL WEATHER PREDICTION MODELS." In Proceedings of the 40th ASES National Solar Conference 2011 (Solar 2011), May 17-20, 2011, Raleigh, North Carolina, 285-292; NREL Report No. CP-5500-55. Boulder, Colorado:American Solar Energy Society (ASES). PNWD-SA-9328.
  • Wood R., C. Mechoso, C.S. Bretherton, R.A. Weller, B. Huebert, F. Straneo, and B.A. Albrecht, et al. 2011. "The VAMOS Ocean-Cloud-Atmosphere-Land Study Regional Experiment (VOCALS-REx): goals, platforms, and field." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 11, no. 2:627-654. PNWD-SA-9216. doi:10.5194/acp-11-627-2011

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