Skip to Main Content U.S. Department of Energy
Fundamental and Computational Sciences Directorate

Staff information


Balwinder Singh

Earth Systems Analysis & Modeling
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
MSIN: K9-30
Richland, WA 99352

Education and Credentials

  • PhD Mechanical Engineering, University of Utah, UT
  • MS Mechanical Engineering, University of Utah, UT
  • BE Mechanical Engineering, Punjab Technical University, Punjab, India

PNNL Publications


  • Chen Y, H Wang, B Singh, PL Ma, PJ Rasch, and TC Bond. 2018. "Investigating the linear dependence of direct and indirect radiative forcing on emission of carbonaceous aerosols in a global climate model." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 123(3):1657-1672.  doi:10.1002/2017JD027244
  • Zhang K, PJ Rasch, M Taylor, H Wan, LY Leung, PL Ma, JC Golaz, J Wolfe, W Lin, B Singh, SM Burrows, JH Yoon, H Wang, Y Qian, Q Tang, PM Caldwell, and S Xie. 2018. "Impact of numerical choices on water conservation in the E3SM Atmosphere Model Version 1 (EAM V1)." Geoscientific Model Development 11(5):1971-1988.  doi:10.5194/gmd-2017-293


  • Wan H, K Zhang, PJ Rasch, B Singh, X Chen, and J Edwards. 2017. "A new and inexpensive non-bit-for-bit solution reproducibility test based on time step convergence (TSC1.0)." Geoscientific Model Development 10(2):537-552.  doi:10.5194/gmd-10-537-2017
  • Yang Y, LM Russell, S Lou, H Liao, J Guo, Y Liu, B Singh, and SJ Ghan. 2017. "Dust-wind interactions can intensify aerosol pollution over eastern China." Nature Communications 8:Article No. 15333.  doi:10.1038/ncomms15333
  • Lou S, LM Russell, Y Yang, Y Liu, B Singh, and SJ Ghan. 2017. "Impacts of Interactive Dust and its Direct Radiative Forcing on Interannual Variations of Temperature and Precipitation in Winter over East Asia." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 122(16):8761-8780.  doi:10.1002/2017JD027267


  • Yang Y, LM Russell, S Lou, MA Lamjiri, Y Liu, B Singh, and SJ Ghan. 2016. "Changes in sea salt emissions enhance ENSO variability." Journal of Climate 29(23):8575-8588.  doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0237.1
  • DeFlorio M, ID Goodwin, D Cayan, AJ Miller, SJ Ghan, D Pierce, LM Russell, and B Singh. 2016. "Interannual Modulation of Subtropical Atlantic Boreal Summer Dust Variability by ENSO." Climate Dynamics 46(1):585-599.  doi:10.1007/s00382-015-2600-7
  • Liu X, PL Ma, H Wang, S Tilmes, B Singh, RC Easter, Jr, SJ Ghan, and PJ Rasch. 2016. "Description and Evaluation of a New Four-Mode Version of the Modal Aerosol Module (MAM4) within Version 5.3 of the Community Atmosphere Model." Geoscientific Model Development 9(2):505-522.  doi:10.5194/gmd-9-505-2016
  • Lou S, LM Russell, Y Yang, L Xu, MA Lamjiri, M DeFlorio, AJ Miller, SJ Ghan, Y Liu, and B Singh. 2016. "Impacts of the East Asian Monsoon on springtime dust concentrations over China." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 121(13):8137-8152.  doi:10.1002/2016JD024758
  • Yang Y, LM Russell, L Xu, S Lou, MA Lamjiri, RC Somerville, AJ Miller, D Cayan, M DeFlorio, SJ Ghan, Y Liu, B Singh, H Wang, JH Yoon, and PJ Rasch. 2016. "Impacts of ENSO events on cloud radiative effects in preindustrial conditions: Changes in cloud fraction and their dependence on interactive aerosol emissions and concentrations." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 121(11):6321-6335.  doi:10.1002/2015JD024503
  • Yang Y, LM Russell, S Lou, Y Liu, B Singh, and SJ Ghan. 2016. "Rain-aerosol relationships influenced by wind speed." Geophysical Research Letters 43(5):2267-2274.  doi:10.1002/2016GL067770


  • Gustafson WI, Jr, PL Ma, and B Singh. 2015. "Precipitation characteristics of CAM5 physics at mesoscale resolution during MC3E and the impact of convective timescale choice." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 6(4):1271-1287.  doi:10.1002/2014ms000334
  • Shrivastava MKB, RC Easter, Jr, X Liu, A Zelenyuk, B Singh, K Zhang, PL Ma, D Chand, SJ Ghan, JL Jiminez, Q Zhang, JD Fast, PJ Rasch, and P Tiitta. 2015. "Global transformation and fate of SOA: Implications of Low Volatility SOA and Gas-Phase Fragmentation Reactions ." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 120(9):4169-4195.  doi:10.1002/2014JD022563
  • Xu L, D Pierce, L Russell, AJ Miller, RC Somerville, CH Twohy, SJ Ghan, B Singh, JH Yoon, and PJ Rasch. 2015. "Interannual to decadal climate variability of sea salt aerosols in the coupled climate model CESM1.0." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 120(4):1502-1519.  doi:10.1002/2014JD022888
  • Yang Q, RC Easter, Jr, P Campuzano-Jost, JL Jimenez, JD Fast, SJ Ghan, H Wang, LK Berg, M Barth, Y Liu, MKB Shrivastava, B Singh, H Morrison, J Fan, CL Ziegler, M Bela, E Apel, GS Diskin, T Mikoviny, and A Wisthaler. 2015. "Aerosol transport and wet scavenging in deep convective clouds: a case study and model evaluation using a multiple passive tracer analysis approach." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 120(16):8448-8468.  doi:10.1002/2015JD023647
  • Zhang R, H Wang, Y Qian, PJ Rasch, RC Easter, Jr, PL Ma, B Singh, J Huang, and Q Fu. 2015. "Quantifying sources, transport, deposition, and radiative forcing of black carbon over the Himalayas and Tibetan Plateau." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 15(11):6205-6223.  doi:10.5194/acp-15-6205-2015


  • Lim KS, J Fan, LYR Leung, PL Ma, B Singh, C Zhao, Y Zhang, G Zhang, and X Song. 2014. "Investigation of Aerosol Indirect Effects using a Cumulus Microphysics Parameterization in a Regional Climate Model." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 119(2):906-926.  doi:10.1002/2013JD020958
  • Vinoj V, PJ Rasch, H Wang, JH Yoon, PL Ma, K Landu, and B Singh. 2014. "Short-term modulation of Indian summer monsoon rainfall by West Asian dust." Nature Geoscience 7 :308-313.  doi:10.1038/NGEO2107
  • DeFlorio M, SJ Ghan, B Singh, AJ Miller, D Cayan, LM Russell, and RC Somerville. 2014. "Semidirect Dynamical and Radiative Impact of North African Dust Transport on Lower Tropospheric Clouds over the Subtropical North Atlantic in CESM 1.0." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 119(13):8284-8303.  doi:10.1002/2013JD020997
  • Fan J, LYR Leung, PJ DeMott, JM Comstock, B Singh, D Rosenfeld, JM Tomlinson, A White, K Prather, P Minnis, JK Ayers, and Q Min. 2014. "Corrigendum to Aerosol impacts on California winter clouds and precipitation during CalWater 2011: local pollution versus long-range transported dust published in Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 81-101, 2014." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 14:3063-3064.  doi:10.5194/acp-14-3063-2014
  • Fan J, LYR Leung, PJ DeMott, JM Comstock, B Singh, D Rosenfeld, JM Tomlinson, AB White, K Prather, P Minnis, JK Ayers, and Q Min. 2014. "Aerosol Impacts on California Winter Clouds and Precipitation during CalWater 2011: Local Pollution versus Long-Range Transported Dust." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 14(1):81-101.  doi:10.5194/acp-14-81-2014
  • Hagos SM, LYR Leung, WI Gustafson, Jr, and B Singh. 2014. "Eddy Fluxes and Sensitivity of the Water Cycle to Spatial Resolution in Idealized Regional Aquaplanet Model Simulations." Climate Dynamics 42(3-4):931-940.  doi:10.1007/s00382-013-1857-y
  • Huneeus N, O Boucher, K Alterskjaer, JN Cole, CL Curry, D Ji, A Jones, BS Kravitz, JE Kristjansson, J Moore, HO Muri, U Niemeier, PJ Rasch, A Robock, B Singh, H Schmidt, M Schulz, S Tilmes, S Watanabe, and JH Yoon. 2014. "Forcings and Feedbacks in the GeoMIP Ensemble for a Reduction in Solar Irradiance and Increase in CO2." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 119(9):5226-5239.  doi:10.1002/2013JD021110
  • Irvine P, O Boucher, BS Kravitz, K Alterskjaer, JN Cole, D Ji, A Jones, D Lunt, J Moore, HO Muri, U Niemeier, A Robock, B Singh, S Tilmes, S Watanabe, S Yang, and JH Yoon. 2014. "Key Factors Governing Uncertainty in the Response to Sunshade Geoengineering from a Comparison of the GeoMIP Ensemble and a Perturbed Parameter Ensemble." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 119(13):7946-7962.  doi:10.1002/2013JD020716
  • Kravitz BS, D MacMartin, A Robock, PJ Rasch, KL Ricke, JN Cole, CL Curry, P Irvine, D Ji, D Keith, JE Kristjansson, J Moore, HO Muri, B Singh, S Tilmes, S Watanabe, S Yang, and JH Yoon. 2014. "A Multi-Model Assessment of Regional Climate Disparities Caused by Solar Geoengineering." Environmental Research Letters 9(7):Article No. 074013.  doi:10.1088/1748-9326/9/7/074013
  • Ma PL, PJ Rasch, JD Fast, RC Easter, Jr, WI Gustafson, Jr, X Liu, SJ Ghan, and B Singh. 2014. "Assessing the CAM5 Physics Suite in the WRF-Chem Model: Implementation, Resolution Sensitivity, and a First Evaluation for a Regional Case Study." Geoscientific Model Development 7(3):755-778.  doi:10.5194/gmd-7-755-2014
  • Wang H, PJ Rasch, RC Easter, Jr, B Singh, R Zhang, PL Ma, Y Qian, SJ Ghan, and N Beagley. 2014. "Using an Explicit Emission Tagging Method in Global Modeling of Source-Receptor Relationships for Black Carbon in the Arctic: Variations, Sources and Transport Pathways." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 119(12):12,888-12,909.  doi:10.1002/2014JD022297
  • Xia L, A Robock, JN Cole, CL Curry, D Ji, A Jones, BS Kravitz, J Moore, HO Muri, U Niemeier, B Singh, S Tilmes, S Watanabe, and JH Yoon. 2014. "Solar Radiation Management Impacts on Agriculture in China: A Case Study in the Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project (GeoMIP)." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 119(14):8695-8711.  doi:10.1002/2013JD020630


  • Gustafson WI, Jr, PL Ma, H Xiao, B Singh, PJ Rasch, and JD Fast. 2013. "The Separate Physics and Dynamics Experiment (SPADE) framework for determining resolution awareness: A case study of microphysics." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 118(16):9258-9276.  doi:10.1002/jgrd.50711
  • Jones A, J Haywood, K Alterskjaer, O Boucher, JN Cole, CL Curry, P Irvine, D Ji, BS Kravitz, JE Kristjansson, J Moore, U Niemeier, A Robock, H Schmidt, B Singh, S Tilmes, S Watanabe, and JH Yoon. 2013. "The Impact of Abrupt Suspension of Solar Radiation Management (Termination Effect) in Experiment G2 of the Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project (GeoMIP)." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 118(17):9743-9752.  doi:10.1002/jgrd.50762
  • Kravitz BS, K Caldeira, O Boucher, A Robock, PJ Rasch, K Alterskjaer, D Bou Karam, JN Cole, CL Curry, J Haywood, P Irvine, D Ji, A Jones, JE Kristjansson, D Lunt, J Moore, U Niemeier, H Schmidt, M Schulz, B Singh, S Tilmes, S Watanabe, S Yang, and JH Yoon. 2013. "Climate Model Response from the Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project (GeoMIP)." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 118(15):8320-8332.  doi:10.1002/jgrd.50646
  • Kravitz BS, PJ Rasch, P Forster, T Andrews, JN Cole, P Irvine, D Ji, JE Kristjansson, J Moore, HO Muri, U Niemeier, A Robock, B Singh, S Tilmes, S Watanabe, and JH Yoon. 2013. "An Energetic Perspective on Hydrologic Cycle Changes in the Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 118(23):13,087-13,102.  doi:10.1002/2013JD020502
  • Tilmes S, J Fasullo, JF Lamarque, D Marsh, M Mills, K Alterskjaer, HO Muri, JE Kristjansson, O Boucher, M Schulz, JN Cole, CL Curry, A Jones, J Haywood, P Irvine, D Ji, J Moore, D Bou Karam, BS Kravitz, PJ Rasch, B Singh, JH Yoon, U Niemeier, H Schmidt, A Robock, S Yang, and S Watanabe. 2013. "The Hydrological Impact of Geoengineering in the Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project (GeoMIP)." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 118(19):11,036-11,058.  doi:10.1002/jgrd.50868

Science at PNNL

Core Research Areas

User Facilities

Centers & Institutes

Research Highlights

View All Research Highlights & Staff Accomplishments

RSS Feed