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Fundamental and Computational Sciences Directorate

Staff information

Page Kyle

Integrated Human-Earth SS Team
Earth Scientist

Biography

Page Kyle is a Research Scientist at the Joint Global Change Research Institute, where he has been employed since September 2006. His research generally addresses technology and mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions, from an integrated assessment framework. Specific areas of research have included development of representations of renewable energy resources, secondary energy production, final energy demand, non-CO2 greenhouse gas emissions, agriculture and land use, and water demand. He received a B.A. from Dartmouth College in Earth Sciences and Economics, and a M.S. in ecology from Utah State University.

Education and Credentials

  • Dartmouth College, B.A.
  • Utah State University, M.S.

PNNL Publications

2017

  • Alexander P., R. Prestele, P.H. Verburg, A. Arneth, C. Baranzelli, F. Batista e Silva, and C. Brown, et al. 2017. "Assessing uncertainties in land cover projections." Global Change Biology 23, no. 2:767-781. PNNL-SA-119609. doi:10.1063/1.4974492
  • Bauer N., K.V. Calvin, J. Emmerling, O. Fricko, S. Fujimori, J. Hilaire, and J. Eom, et al. 2017. "Shared Socio-Economic Pathways of the Energy Sector - Quantifying the Narratives." Global Environmental Change 42. PNNL-SA-115383. doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2016.07.006
  • Calvin K.V., B. Bond-Lamberty, L.E. Clarke, J.A. Edmonds, J. Eom, C.A. Hartin, and S.H. Kim, et al. 2017. "The SSP4: A World of Deepening Inequality." Global Environmental Change 42. PNNL-SA-115202. doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2016.06.010
  • Edelenbosch O.Y., K. Kermeli, W. Crijns-Graus, E. Worrell, R. Bibas, B. Fais, and S. Fujimori, et al. 2017. "Comparing projections of industrial energy demand and greenhouse gas emissions in long-term energy models." Energy 122. PNNL-SA-113207. doi:10.1016/j.energy.2017.01.017
  • Iyer G.C., C.M. Ledna, L.E. Clarke, J.A. Edmonds, H.C. McJeon, G.P. Kyle, and J. Williams. 2017. "Measuring Progress from Nationally Determined Contributions to Mid-Century Strategies." Nature Climate Change 7. PNNL-ACT-SA-10269. doi:10.1038/s41558-017-0005-9
  • Iyer G.C., L.E. Clarke, J.A. Edmonds, G.P. Kyle, C.M. Ledna, H.C. McJeon, and M.A. Wise. 2017. GCAM-USA Analysis of U.S. Electric Power Sector Transitions. PNNL-26174. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Muratori M., C.M. Ledna, H.C. McJeon, G.P. Kyle, P.L. Patel, S.H. Kim, and M.A. Wise, et al. 2017. "Cost of Power or Power of Cost: a U.S. Modeling Perspective." Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews 77. PNNL-ACT-SA-10131. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2017.04.055
  • Muratori M., S.J. Smith, G.P. Kyle, R.P. Link, B.K. Mignone, and H. Kheshgi. 2017. "Role of the Freight Sector in Future Climate Change Mitigation Scenarios." Environmental Science & Technology 51, no. 6:3526-3533. PNNL-ACT-SA-10153. doi:10.1021/acs.est.6b04515
  • Popp A., K.V. Calvin, S. Fujimori, P. Havlik, F. Humpenoder, E. Stehfest, and B. Bodirsky, et al. 2017. "Land use futures in the Shared Socio-Economic Pathways." Global Environmental Change 42. PNNL-SA-120882. doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2016.10.002
  • Wise M.A., M. Muratori, and G.P. Kyle. 2017. "Biojet Fuels and Emissions Mitigation in Aviation: an Integrated Assessment Modeling Analysis." Transportation Research. Part D. Transport and Environment 52, no. Part A:244 - 253. PNNL-SA-120807. doi:10.1016/j.trd.2017.03.006
  • Yeh S., G.S. Mishra, L.M. Fulton, G.P. Kyle, D. McCollum, J. Miller, and P. Cazzola, et al. 2017. "Detailed assessment of global transport-energy models’ structures and projections." Transportation Research. Part D. Transport and Environment 55. PNNL-SA-117294. doi:10.1016/j.trd.2016.11.001
  • Yu S., Q. Tan, M. Evans, G.P. Kyle, L.D. Vu, and P.L. Patel. 2017. "Improving Building Energy Efficiency in India: State-level Analysis of Building Energy Efficiency Policies." Energy Policy 110. PNNL-SA-120611. doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2017.07.013

2016

  • Calvin K.V., M.A. Wise, P. Luckow, G.P. Kyle, L.E. Clarke, and J.A. Edmonds. 2016. "Implications of uncertain future fossil energy resources on bioenergy use and terrestrial carbon emissions." Climatic Change 136, no. 1:57-68. PNWD-SA-10003. doi:10.1007/s10584-013-0923-0
  • Di Vittorio A., G.P. Kyle, and W.D. Collins. 2016. "What are the effects of Agro-Ecological Zones and land use region boundaries on land resource projection using the Global Change Assessment Model?." Environmental Modelling & Software 85. PNNL-SA-110763. doi:10.1016/j.envsoft.2016.08.016
  • Gao J., A. Zhang, S. Lam, X. Zhang, A.M. Thomson, E. Lin, and K. Jiang, et al. 2016. "An integrated assessment of the potential of agricultural and forestry residues for energy production in China." Global Change Biology Bioenergy 8, no. 5:880-893. PNNL-SA-121186. doi:10.1111/gcbb.12305
  • Kim S.H., M.I. Hejazi, L. Liu, K.V. Calvin, L.E. Clarke, J.A. Edmonds, and G.P. Kyle, et al. 2016. "Balancing Global Water Availability and Use at Basin Scale in an Integrated Assessment Model." Climatic Change 136, no. 2:217-231. PNNL-SA-112666. doi:10.1007/s10584-016-1604-6
  • Liu Y., M.I. Hejazi, G.P. Kyle, S.H. Kim, E. Davies, D. Miralles, and A. Teuling, et al. 2016. "Global and regional evaluation of energy for water." Environmental Science & Technology 50, no. 17:9736-9745. PNNL-SA-116425. doi:10.1021/acs.est.6b01065
  • Prestele R., P. Alexander, M. Rounsevell, A. Arneth, K.V. Calvin, J. Doelman, and D. Eitelberg, et al. 2016. "Hotspots of uncertainty in land use and land cover change projections: a global scale model comparison." Global Change Biology 22, no. 12:3967-3983. PNNL-SA-115917. doi:10.1111/gcb.13337
  • Schafer A., G.P. Kyle, and R. Pietzcker. 2016. "Exploring the use of dynamic linear panel data models for evaluating energy/economy/environment models - an application for the transportation sector." Climatic Change 136, no. 1:141-154. PNWD-SA-10100. doi:10.1007/s10584-014-1293-y
  • Scott M.J., D.S. Daly, M.I. Hejazi, G.P. Kyle, L. Liu, H.C. McJeon, and A. Mundra, et al. 2016. "Sensitivity of Future U.S. Water Shortages to Socioeconomic and Climate Drivers: A Case Study in Georgia Using an Integrated Human-Earth System Modeling Framework." Climatic Change 136, no. 2:233-246. PNNL-SA-105762. doi:10.1007/s10584-016-1602-8
  • Smith S.J., S. Rao, K. Riahi, D. van Vuuren, K.V. Calvin, and G.P. Kyle. 2016. "Future Aerosol Emissions: A Multi-Model Comparison." Climatic Change 138, no. 1:13-24. PNNL-SA-97434. doi:10.1007/s10584-016-1733-y
  • Talati S.K., H. Zhai, G.P. Kyle, M. Morgan, P.L. Patel, and L. Liu. 2016. "Consumptive Water Use from Electricity Generation in the Southwest under Alternative Climate, Technology and Policy Futures." Environmental Science & Technology 50, no. 22:12095-12104. PNNL-SA-114539. doi:10.1021/acs.est.6b01389

2015

  • Chaturvedi V., M.I. Hejazi, J.A. Edmonds, L.E. Clarke, G.P. Kyle, E. Davies, and M.A. Wise. 2015. "Climate Mitigation Policy Implications for Global Irrigation Water Demand." Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 20, no. 3:389-407. PNNL-SA-91741. doi:10.1007/s11027-013-9497-4
  • Hejazi M.I., N. Voisin, L. Liu, L.M. Bramer, D.C. Fortin, J.E. Hathaway, and M. Huang, et al. 2015. "21st Century United States Emissions Mitigation Could Increase Water Stress more than the Climate Change it is Mitigating." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 112, no. 34:10635-10640. PNNL-SA-105956. doi:10.1073/pnas.1421675112
  • Kyle G.P., A.M. Thomson, M.A. Wise, and X. Zhang. 2015. "Assessment of the importance of spatial scale in long-term land use modelling of the Midwestern United States." Environmental Modelling & Software 72. PNNL-SA-106492. doi:10.1016/j.envsoft.2015.06.006
  • Liu L., M.I. Hejazi, P.L. Patel, G.P. Kyle, E. Davies, Y. Zhou, and L.E. Clarke, et al. 2015. "Water demands for electricity generation in the U.S.: Modeling different scenarios for the water-energy nexus." Technological Forecasting and Social Change 94. PNNL-SA-100516. doi:10.1016/j.techfore.2014.11.004
  • McFarland J., Y. Zhou, L.E. Clarke, P. Sullivan, J. Colman, W. Jaglom, and M. Colley, et al. 2015. "Erratum to: Impacts of rising air temperatures and emissions mitigation on electricity demand and supply in the United States: a multi-model comparison." Climatic Change 132, no. 4:739. PNNL-SA-115273. doi:10.1007/s10584-015-1452-9
  • McFarland J., Y. Zhou, L.E. Clarke, P. Sullivan, J. Colman, W. Jaglom, and M. Colley, et al. 2015. "Impacts of rising air temperatures and emissions mitigation on electricity demand and supply in the United States: a multi-model comparison." Climatic Change 131, no. 1:111-125. PNNL-SA-111360. doi:10.1007/s10584-015-1380-8
  • Smith S.J., Y. Zhou, G.P. Kyle, H. Wang, and H. Yu. 2015. "A Community Emissions Data System (CEDS) for Historical Emissions." In 2015 International Emission Inventory Conference: Air Quality Challenges: Tackling the Changing Face of Emissions, April 13-16, 2015, San Diego, California. Washington, District Of Columbia:US EPA. PNNL-SA-109670.
  • Wolf J., T.O. West, Y. Le Page, G.P. Kyle, X. Zhang, G. Collatz, and M.L. Imhoff. 2015. "Biogenic carbon fluxes from global agricultural production and consumption." Global Biogeochemical Cycles 29, no. 10:1617-1639. PNNL-SA-108532. doi:10.1002/2015GB005119
  • Yin X., W. Chen, J. Eom, L.E. Clarke, S.H. Kim, P.L. Patel, and S. Yu, et al. 2015. "China's transportation energy consumption and CO2 emissions from a global perspective." Energy Policy 82. PNNL-SA-112651. doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2015.03.021

2014

  • Calvin K.V., M.A. Wise, G.P. Kyle, P.L. Patel, L.E. Clarke, and J.A. Edmonds. 2014. "Trade-offs of different land and bioenergy policies on the path to achieving climate targets." Climatic Change 123, no. 3-4:691-704. PNNL-SA-91566. doi:10.1007/s10584-013-0897-y
  • Chaturvedi V., L.E. Clarke, J.A. Edmonds, K.V. Calvin, and G.P. Kyle. 2014. "Capital investment requirements for greenhouse gas emissions mitigation in power generation on near term to century time scales and global to regional spatial scales." Energy Economics 46. PNNL-SA-94964. doi:10.1016/j.eneco.2014.09.008
  • Hejazi M.I., J.A. Edmonds, L.E. Clarke, G.P. Kyle, E. Davies, V. Chaturvedi, and M.A. Wise, et al. 2014. "Integrated assessment of global water scarcity over the 21st century - Part 2: Climate change mitigation policies." Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 18, no. 8:2859-2883. PNNL-SA-90338. doi:10.5194/hessd-10-3383-2013
  • Hejazi M.I., J.A. Edmonds, L.E. Clarke, G.P. Kyle, E. Davies, V. Chaturvedi, and M.A. Wise, et al. 2014. "Integrated Assessment of Global Water Scarcity over the 21st Century under Multiple Climate Change Mitigation Policies." Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 18, no. 8:2859-2883. PNNL-SA-90339. doi:10.5194/hess-18-2859-2014
  • Hejazi M.I., J.A. Edmonds, L.E. Clarke, G.P. Kyle, E. Davies, V. Chaturvedi, and M.A. Wise, et al. 2014. "Integrated assessment of global water scarcity over the 21st century under multiple climate change mitigation policies." Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 18, no. 8:2859-2883. PNNL-SA-103668. doi:10.5194/hess-18-2859-2014
  • Hejazi M.I., J.A. Edmonds, L.E. Clarke, G.P. Kyle, E. Davies, V. Chaturvedi, and M.A. Wise, et al. 2014. "LONG-TERM GLOBAL WATER USE PROJECTIONS USING SIX SOCIOECONOMIC SCENARIOS IN AN INTEGRATED ASSESSMENT MODELING FRAMEWORK." Technological Forecasting and Social Change 81. PNNL-SA-89288. doi:10.1016/j.techfore.2013.05.006
  • Kyle G.P., C. Mueller, K.V. Calvin, and A.M. Thomson. 2014. "Meeting the Radiative Forcing Targets of the Representative Concentration Pathways in a World with Agricultural Climate Impacts." Earths Future 2, no. 2:83-98. PNNL-SA-98532. doi:10.1002/2013EF000199
  • Lotze-Campen H., M. von Lampe, G.P. Kyle, S. Fujimori, P. Havlik, H. van Meijl, and T. Hasegawa, et al. 2014. "Impacts of increased bioenergy demand on global food markets: an AgMIP economic model intercomparison." Agricultural Economics 45, no. 1:103-116. PNNL-SA-96186. doi:10.1111/agec.12092
  • Nelson G., D. van der Mensbrugghe, H. Ahammad, E. Blanc, K.V. Calvin, T. Hasegawa, and P. Havlik, et al. 2014. "Agriculture and Climate Change in Global Scenarios: Why Don't the Models Agree." Agricultural Economics 45, no. 1:85-101. PNNL-SA-96188. doi:10.1111/agec.12091
  • Pietzcker R., T. Longden, W. Chen, S. Fu, E. Kriegler, G.P. Kyle, and G. Luderer. 2014. "Long-term transport energy demand and climate policy: Alternative visions on transport decarbonization in energy-economy models." Energy 64. PNWD-SA-10099. doi:10.1016/j.energy.2013.08.059
  • Popp A., S.K. Rose, K.V. Calvin, D. Van Vuuren, J.P. Dietrich, M.A. Wise, and E. Stehfest, et al. 2014. "Land-use transition for bioenergy and climate stabilization: model comparison of drivers, impacts and interactions with other land use based mitigation options." Climatic Change 123, no. 3-4:495-509. PNNL-SA-92464. doi:10.1007/s10584-013-0926-x
  • Schmitz C., H. van Meijl, G.P. Kyle, G.C. Nelson, S. Fujimori, A. Gurgel, and P. Havlik, et al. 2014. "Land-use change trajectories up to 2050: insights from a global agro-economic model comparison." Agricultural Economics 45, no. 1:69-84. PNNL-SA-96183. doi:10.1111/agec.12090
  • Scott M.J., D.S. Daly, Y. Zhou, J.S. Rice, P.L. Patel, H.C. McJeon, and G.P. Kyle, et al. 2014. "Evaluating sub-national building-energy efficiency policy options under uncertainty: Efficient sensitivity testing of alternative climate, technolgical, and socioeconomic futures in a regional intergrated-assessment model." Energy Economics 43, no. 2014:22-33. PNNL-SA-92108. doi:10.1016/j.eneco.2014.01.012
  • Thomson A.M., G.P. Kyle, X. Zhang, V. Bandaru, T.O. West, M.A. Wise, and R.C. Izaurralde, et al. 2014. "The contribution of future agricultural trends in the US Midwest to global climate change mitigation." Global Environmental Change 24. PNNL-SA-96190. doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2013.11.019
  • Valin H., H. Valin, R. Sands, D. van der Mensbrugghe, G. Nelson, H. Ahammad, and E. Blanc, et al. 2014. "The Future of Food Demand: Understanding Differences in Global Economic Models." Agricultural Economics 45, no. 1:51-67. PNNL-SA-96181. doi:10.1111/agec.12089
  • von Lampe M., D. Willenbockel, H. Ahammad, E. Blanc, Y. Cai, K.V. Calvin, and S. Fujimori, et al. 2014. "Why Do Global Long-term Scenarios for Agriculture Differ? An overview of the AgMIP Global Economic Model Intercomparison." Agricultural Economics 45, no. 1:3-20. PNNL-SA-96185. doi:10.1111/agec.12086
  • Wise M.A., H.C. McJeon, K.V. Calvin, L.E. Clarke, and G.P. Kyle. 2014. "Assessing the interactions among U.S. climate policy, biomass energy, and agricultural trade." The Energy Journal 35, no. Special Issue. PNNL-SA-92917. doi:10.5547/01956574.35.si1.9
  • Wise M.A., J.J. Dooley, P. Luckow, K.V. Calvin, and G.P. Kyle. 2014. "Agriculture, Land Use, Energy and Carbon Emission Impacts of Global Biofuel Mandates to Mid-Century." Applied Energy 114. PNNL-SA-94047. doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2013.08.042
  • Wise M.A., K.V. Calvin, G.P. Kyle, P. Luckow, and J.A. Edmonds. 2014. "Economic and Physical Modeling of Land Use in GCAM 3.0 and an Application to Agricultural Productivity, Land, and Terrestrial Carbon." Climate Change Economics 5, no. 2:Article No. 14500. PNNL-SA-89885. doi:10.1142/S2010007814500031
  • Zhou Y., L.E. Clarke, J. Eom, G.P. Kyle, P.L. Patel, S.H. Kim, and J.A. Dirks, et al. 2014. "Modeling the effect of climate change on U.S. state-level buildings energy demands in an integrated assessment framework." Applied Energy 113. PNNL-SA-94232. doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2013.08.034

2013

  • Calvin K.V., M.A. Wise, L.E. Clarke, J.A. Edmonds, G.P. Kyle, P.W. Luckow, and A.M. Thomson. 2013. "Implications of simultaneously mitigating and adapting to climate change: Initial experiments using GCAM." Climatic Change 117, no. 3:545-560. PNNL-SA-83453. doi:10.1007/s10584-012-0650-y
  • Chaturvedi V., M.I. Hejazi, J.A. Edmonds, L.E. Clarke, G.P. Kyle, E. Davies, and M.A. Wise, et al. 2013. Climate policy implications for agricultural water demand. PNNL-22356. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Chaturvedi V., S.H. Kim, S.J. Smith, L.E. Clarke, Y. Zhou, G.P. Kyle, and P.L. Patel. 2013. "Model Evaluation and Hindcasting: An Experiment with an Integrated Assessment Model." Energy 61. PNNL-SA-94641. doi:10.1016/j.energy.2013.08.061
  • Davies E., G.P. Kyle, and J.A. Edmonds. 2013. "An integrated assessment of global and regional water demands for electricity generation to 2095." Advances in Water Resources 52. PNNL-SA-84034. doi:10.1016/j.advwatres.2012.11.020
  • Dooley J.J., G.P. Kyle, and E. Davies. 2013. "Climate mitigation’s impact on global and regional electric power sector water use in the 21st Century." Energy Procedia 37. PNNL-SA-91265. doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2013.06.128
  • Edmonds J.A., P.W. Luckow, K.V. Calvin, M.A. Wise, J.J. Dooley, G.P. Kyle, and S.H. Kim, et al. 2013. "Can Radiative Forcing Be Limited to 2.6 Wm-2 Without Negative Emissions From Bioenergy AND CO2 Capture and Storage?." Climatic Change 118, no. 1:29-43. PNNL-SA-85858. doi:10.1007/s10584-012-0678-z
  • Eom J., R.H. Moss, J.A. Edmonds, K.V. Calvin, L.E. Clarke, J.J. Dooley, and S.H. Kim, et al. 2013. "Scenarios of Future Socio-Economics, Energy, Land Use, and Radiative Forcing." In Engineering Response to Climate Change, 2nd Ed., edited by RG Watts. 81-138. Boca Raton, Florida:CRC Press Inc. PNNL-SA-89563.
  • Girod B., D. Van Vuuren, M. Grahn, A. Kitous, S.H. Kim, and G.P. Kyle. 2013. "Climate Impact of Transportation A Model Comparison." Climatic Change 118, no. 3-4:595-608. PNNL-SA-90199. doi:10.1007/s10584-012-0663-6
  • Kyle G.P., E. Davies, J.J. Dooley, S.J. Smith, L.E. Clarke, J.A. Edmonds, and M.I. Hejazi. 2013. "Corrigendum to "Influence of climate change mitigation technology on global demands of water for electricity generation"." International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 17. PNNL-SA-94269. doi:10.1016/j.ijggc.2013.03.017
  • Kyle G.P., E. Davies, J.J. Dooley, S.J. Smith, L.E. Clarke, J.A. Edmonds, and M.I. Hejazi. 2013. "Influence of Climate Change Mitigation Technology on Global Demands of Water for Electricity Generation." International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 13. PNNL-SA-90205. doi:10.1016/j.ijggc.2012.12.006
  • Le Page Y., G. Hurtt, A.M. Thomson, B. Bond-Lamberty, P.L. Patel, M.A. Wise, and K.V. Calvin, et al. 2013. "Sensitivity of climate mitigation strategies to natural disturbances." Environmental Research Letters 8, no. 1:Article No. 015018. PNNL-SA-93321. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/8/1/015018
  • Le Page Y., G. Hurtt, A.M. Thomson, B. Bond-Lamberty, P.L. Patel, M.A. Wise, and K.V. Calvin, et al. 2013. "Sensitivity of climate mitigation strategies to natural disturbances." Environmental Research Letters 8, no. 1:Article No. 015018. PNWD-SA-9809. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/8/1/015018
  • Nelson G., H. Valin, H. Valin, R. Sands, P. Havlik, H. Ahammad, and D. Deryng, et al. 2013. "Climate change effects on agriculture: Economic responses to biophysical shocks." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 111, no. 9:3274-3279. PNNL-SA-97997. doi:10.1073/pnas.1222465110
  • Zhou S., G.P. Kyle, S. Yu, L.E. Clarke, J. Eom, P.W. Luckow, and V. Chaturvedi, et al. 2013. "Energy use and CO2 emissions of China’s industrial sector from a global perspective." Energy Policy 58. PNNL-SA-91359. doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2013.03.014

2012

  • Edmonds J.A., K.V. Calvin, L.E. Clarke, G.P. Kyle, and M.A. Wise. 2012. "Energy and technology lessons since Rio." Energy Economics 34, no. Supplement 1:S7-S14. PNNL-SA-86516. doi:10.1016/j.eneco.2012.08.037
  • Eom J., K.V. Calvin, L.E. Clarke, J.A. Edmonds, S.H. Kim, R. Kopp, and G.P. Kyle, et al. 2012. "Exploring the Future Role of Asia Utilizing A Scenario Matrix Architecture and Shared Socio-Ecosystem Pathways." Energy Economics 34, no. Supplement 3:S325-S338. PNNL-SA-83863. doi:10.1016/j.eneco.2012.03.012
  • Eom J., L.E. Clarke, S.H. Kim, G.P. Kyle, and P.L. Patel. 2012. "China's Building Energy Demand: Long-Term Implications from a Detailed Assessment." Energy 46, no. 1:405-419. PNNL-SA-83864. doi:10.1016/j.energy.2012.08.009
  • Eom J., L.E. Clarke, S.H. Kim, G.P. Kyle, and P.L. Patel. 2012. China's Building Energy Use: A Long-Term Perspective based on a Detailed Assessment. PNNL-21073. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.

2011

  • Kyle G.P., and S.H. Kim. 2011. "Long-Term Implications of Alternative Light-Duty Vehicle Technologies for Global Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Primary Energy Demands." Energy Policy 39, no. 5:3012 - 3024. PNWD-SA-9309. doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2011.03.016
  • Kyle G.P., L.E. Clarke, S.J. Smith, S.H. Kim, M. Nathan, and M.A. Wise. 2011. "The Value of Advanced End-Use Energy Technologies in Meeting U.S. Climate Policy Goals." The Energy Journal 32, no. Special Issue:Article No. 5. PNWD-SA-9019.
  • Kyle G.P., P. Luckow, K.V. Calvin, W.R. Emanuel, M. Nathan, and Y. Zhou. 2011. GCAM 3.0 Agriculture and Land Use: Data Sources and Methods. PNNL-21025. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Lamarque J., G.P. Kyle, M. Meinshausen, K. Riahi, S.J. Smith, D. Van Vuuren, and A. Conley, et al. 2011. "Global and regional evolution of short-lived radiatively-active gases and aerosols in the Representative Concentration Pathways." Climatic Change 109, no. 1-2:191-212. PNNL-SA-75023. doi:10.1007/s10584-011-0155-0
  • McJeon H.C., L.E. Clarke, G.P. Kyle, M.A. Wise, A. Hackbarth, B. Bryant, and R. Lempert. 2011. "Technology Interactions among Low Carbon Energy Technologies: What Can We Learn from a Large Number of Scenarios?." Energy Economics 33, no. 4:619-631. PNNL-SA-69801. doi:10.1016/j.eneco.2010.10.007
  • Pugh G., L.E. Clarke, R. Marlay, G.P. Kyle, M.A. Wise, H.C. McJeon, and G. Chan. 2011. "Energy R&D portfolio analysis based on climate change mitigation." Energy Economics 33, no. 4:634-643. PNNL-SA-84909. doi:10.1016/j.eneco.2010.11.007
  • Smith S.J., J. West, and G.P. Kyle. 2011. "Economically consistent long-term scenarios for air pollutant emissions." Climatic Change 108, no. 3:619-627. PNNL-SA-76569. doi:10.1007/s10584-011-0219-1
  • Thomson A.M., K.V. Calvin, S.J. Smith, G.P. Kyle, A.C. Volke, P.L. Patel, and S. Delgado Arias, et al. 2011. "RCP4.5: A Pathway for Stabilization of Radiative Forcing by 2100." Climatic Change 109, no. 1-2:77-94. PNNL-SA-75003. doi:10.1007/s10584-011-0151-4

2010

  • Kyle G.P., L.E. Clarke, F. Rong, and S.J. Smith. 2010. "Climate Policy and the Long-Term Evolution of the U.S. Buildings Sector." The Energy Journal Vol. 31, no. 2:145-172. PNNL-SA-68696.
  • Wise M.A., G.P. Kyle, J.J. Dooley, and S.H. Kim. 2010. "The Impact of Electric Passenger Transport Technology under an Economy-Wide Climate Policy in the United States: Carbon Dioxide Emissions, Coal Use, and Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage." International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 4, no. 2:301-308. PNNL-SA-65888. doi:10.1016/j.ijggc.2009.09.003
  • Zhang Y., S.J. Smith, G.P. Kyle, and P.W. Stackhouse, Jr. 2010. "Modeling The Potential For Thermal Concentrating Solar Power Technologies." Energy Policy 38, no. 12:7884-7897. PNNL-SA-69443. doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2010.09.008

2009

  • Calvin K.V., J.A. Edmonds, B. Bond-Lamberty, L.E. Clarke, S.H. Kim, G.P. Kyle, and S.J. Smith, et al. 2009. "2.6: Limiting Climate Change to 450 ppm CO2 Equivalent in the 21st Century." Energy Economics 31, no. 2:S107-S120. PNNL-SA-66911.
  • Calvin K.V., J.A. Edmonds, L.E. Clarke, B. Bond-Lamberty, S.H. Kim, M.A. Wise, and A.M. Thomson, et al. 2009. Land-use Leakage. PNNL-18585. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Hannam P., G.P. Kyle, and S.J. Smith. 2009. Global Deployment of Geothermal Energy Using a New Characterization in GCAM 1.0. PNNL-19231. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Kyle G.P., L.E. Clarke, G. Pugh, M.A. Wise, K.V. Calvin, J.A. Edmonds, and S.H. Kim. 2009. "The Value of Advanced Technology in Meeting 2050 Greenhouse Gas Emissions Targets in the United States." Energy Economics 31, no. 2:S254-S267. PNNL-SA-68592.

2008

  • Kyle G.P., L.E. Clarke, and S.J. Smith. 2008. "The Value of Advanced Technologies in the U.S. Buildings Sector in Climate Change Mitigation." In Scaling Up: Building Tomorrow's Solutions : Proceedings from the 2008 ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings, 267. Washington Dc:ACEEE. PNNL-SA-59585.
  • Wise M.A., G.P. Kyle, J.J. Dooley, and S.H. Kim. 2008. "The Impact of Electric Passenger Transport Technology on the Demand for Coal-fired Power with CCS under a Climate Policy." In Energy Procedia: 9th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Contorol Technologies (GHGT9), 1, 4355-4362. London:Elsevier. PNNL-SA-62666. doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2009.02.249

2007

  • Kyle G.P., S.J. Smith, L.E. Clarke, S.H. Kim, and M.A. Wise. 2007. The Value of End-Use Energy Efficiency in Mitigation of U.S. Carbon Emissions. PNNL-17039. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Kyle G.P., S.J. Smith, M.A. Wise, J.P. Lurz, and D. Barrie. 2007. Long-Term Modeling of Wind Energy in the United States. PNNL-16316. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Smith S.J., and G.P. Kyle. 2007. Impact of Light-Duty Vehicle Emissions on 21st Century Carbon Dioxide Concentrations. PNNL-16769. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.

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