Skip to Main Content U.S. Department of Energy
Fundamental and Computational Sciences Directorate

Staff information


James Edmonds

Lab Fellow, Economist


Jae Edmonds is a Chief Scientist and Battelle Fellow at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory's (PNNL) Joint Global Change Research Institute, and Adjunct Professor of Public Policy at the University of Maryland at College Park. Dr. Edmonds is the principal investigator for the Global Energy Technology Strategy Program to Address Climate Change, an international, public-private research collaboration. His research in the areas of long-term, global, energy, economy, and climate change spans three decades, during which time he published several books, numerous scientific papers and made countless presentations. His most recent book, Global Energy Technology Strategy, Addressing Climate Change, distills more than a decade of research on the role of technology in addressing climate change. Dr. Edmonds has served in the capacity of Lead Author on every major IPCC assessment to date and presently serves on the IPCC Steering Committee on "New Integrated Scenarios," He serves on numerous panels and advisory boards related to energy, technology, the economy and climate change.

Education and Credentials

  • Ph.D., Economics, Duke University
  • M.A., Ecomonics, Duke University
  • B.A., Economics, Kalamazoo College

Awards and Recognitions

  • Cosmos Club Member, 2003-present
  • Chester L. Cooper Award for Mentoring, PNNL, 2006.
  • Fellow, American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
  • Director's Award for Outstanding Performance, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, 2002
  • Distinguished Service Award, U.S. State Department, 2001
  • BER50 Award in recognition of his research accomplishments, United States Department of Energy, 1997
  • Director's Award for Research Group Performance, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, 1993
  • Scientific Book Of The Year, for A Primer on Greenhouse Gases with Don Wuebbles, (Lewis Publishing), 1991, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

PNNL Publications


  • Mignone B., L.E. Clarke, J.A. Edmonds, A. Gurgel, H.J. Herzog, J.X. Johnson, and D. Mallapragada, et al. 2024. "Drivers and implications of alternative routes to fuels decarbonization in net-zero energy systems." Nature Communications 15. PNNL-ACT-SA-10768. doi:10.1038/s41467-024-47059-0
  • Zhang Y., S. Msangi, J.A. Edmonds, and S.T. Waldhoff. 2024. "Limited increases in Arctic offshore oil and gas production with climate change and the implications for energy markets." Scientific Reports 14. PNNL-SA-182718. doi:10.1038/s41598-024-54007-x


  • Browning M., J. McFarland, J. Bistline, G. Boyd, M. Muratori, M.T. Binsted, and C. Harris, et al. 2023. "Net-Zero CO2 by 2050 Scenarios for the United States in the Energy Modeling Forum 37 Study." Energy and Climate Change 4. PNNL-SA-183751. doi:10.1016/j.egycc.2023.100104
  • Speizer S.A., S. Durga, N.A. Blahut, M.M. Charles, J. Lehne, J.A. Edmonds, and S. Yu. 2023. "Rapid implementation of mitigation measures can facilitate decarbonization of the global steel sector in 1.5°C-consistent pathways." One Earth 6, no. 11:1494-1509. PNNL-SA-185966. doi:10.1016/j.oneear.2023.10.016
  • Zhang Y., S.T. Waldhoff, M.A. Wise, J.A. Edmonds, and P.L. Patel. 2023. "Agriculture, bioenergy, and water implications of constrained cereal trade and climate change impacts." PLoS One 18, no. 9:Art. No. e0291577. PNNL-SA-167220. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0291577


  • Iyer G.C., Y. Ou, J.A. Edmonds, A.A. Fawcett, N. Hultman, J. McFarland, and J.G. Fuhrman, et al. 2022. "Ratcheting of climate pledges needed to limit peak global warming." Nature Climate Change 12, no. 12:1129 - 1135. PNNL-SA-172425. doi:10.1038/s41558-022-01508-0
  • Iyer G.C., Y. Ou, J.A. Edmonds, A.A. Fawcett, N. Hultman, J. McFarland, and J.G. Fuhrman, et al. 2022. "The path to 1.5 °C requires ratcheting of climate pledges." Nature Climate Change 12, no. 12:1092-1093. PNNL-SA-177898. doi:10.1038/s41558-022-01517-z
  • Ou Y., G.C. Iyer, A.A. Fawcett, N.E. Hultman, H.C. McJeon, S. Ragnauth, and S.J. Smith, et al. 2022. "Role of non-CO2 greenhouse gas emissions in limiting global warming." One Earth 5, no. 12:1312-1315. PNNL-ACT-SA-10703. doi:10.1016/j.oneear.2022.11.012
  • Ou Y., G.C. Iyer, J.A. Edmonds, A. Fawcett, A. Fawcett, N. Hultman, and J. McFarland, et al. 2022. "Transparency crucial to Paris climate scenarios-Response." Science 375, no. 6583:828 - 828. PNNL-SA-169866. doi:10.1126/science.abn9667
  • Sampedro Martinez de Estivariz J., G.C. Iyer, S.M. Msangi, S.T. Waldhoff, M.I. Hejazi, and J.A. Edmonds. 2022. "Implications of Different Income Distributions for Future Residential Energy Demand in the U.S." Environmental Research Letters 17, no. 1:Art. No. 014031. PNNL-SA-157121. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/ac43df


  • Dolan F., J.R. Lamontagne, R.P. Link, M.I. Hejazi, P. Reed, and J.A. Edmonds. 2021. "Evaluating the economic impact of water scarcity in a changing world." Nature Communications 12, no. 1:1915. PNNL-SA-153247. doi:10.1038/s41467-021-22194-0
  • Duan H., S. Zhou, K. Jiang, C. Bertram, M. Harmsen, E. Kriegler, and D. Van Vuuren, et al. 2021. "Assessing China’s efforts to pursue the 1.5 degrees C warming limit." Science 372, no. 6540:378-385. PNNL-ACT-SA-10543. doi:10.1126/science.aba8767
  • Edmonds J.A., S. Yu, H.C. McJeon, D. Forrister, J. Aldy, N. Hultman, and R. Cui, et al. 2021. "How much could Article 6 enhance Nationally Determined Contribution ambition toward Paris Agreement goals through economic efficiency?." Climate Change Economics 12, no. 2:2150007. PNNL-SA-162547. doi:10.1142/S201000782150007X
  • Fuhrman J., A.F. Clarens, K.V. Calvin, S. Doney, J.A. Edmonds, P. O'Rourke, and P.L. Patel, et al. 2021. "The Role of Direct Air Capture and Negative Emissions Technologies in the Shared Socioeconomic Pathways towards +1.5°C and +2°C Futures." Environmental Research Letters 16, no. 11:Art. No. 114012. PNNL-ACT-SA-10539. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/ac2db0
  • Lamb R., L. Ma, R. Sahajpal, J.A. Edmonds, N.E. Hultman, R. Dubayah, and J. Kennedy, et al. 2021. "Geospatial Assessment of the Economic Opportunity for Reforestation in Maryland, USA." Environmental Research Letters 16, no. 8:084012. PNNL-ACT-SA-10577. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/ac109a
  • McJeon H.C., B. Mignone, P. O'Rourke, R. Horowitz, H. Kheshgi, L.E. Clarke, and P. Kyle, et al. 2021. "Fossil energy deployment through midcentury consistent with 2°C climate stabilization." Energy and Climate Change 2. PNNL-ACT-SA-10418. doi:10.1016/j.egycc.2021.100034
  • Narayan K., C.R. Vernon, S.T. Waldhoff, J.A. Edmonds, and R. Cui. 2021. "ambrosia: An R package for calculating and analyzing food demand that is responsive to changing incomes and prices." Journal of Open Source Software 6, no. 59:2890. PNNL-SA-157944. doi:10.21105/joss.02890
  • Ou Y., C.W. Roney, J. Alsalam, K.V. Calvin, J. Creason, J.A. Edmonds, and A.A. Fawcett, et al. 2021. "Deep mitigation of CO2 and non-CO2 greenhouse gases toward 1.5°C and 2°C futures." Nature Communications 12, no. 1:Art. No. 6245. PNNL-SA-158423. doi:10.1038/s41467-021-26509-z
  • Ou Y., G.C. Iyer, L. Clarke, J.A. Edmonds, A.A. Fawcett, N. Hultman, and J. McFarland, et al. 2021. "Can updated climate pledges limit warming well below 2°C? Increased ambition and implementation are essential." Science 374, no. 6568:693-695. PNNL-SA-163608. doi:10.1126/science.abl8976
  • Peng W., G.C. Iyer, M.T. Binsted, J. Marlon, L.E. Clarke, J.A. Edmonds, and D. Victor. 2021. "The surprisingly inexpensive cost of state-driven emission control strategies." Nature Climate Change 11, no. 9:738-756. PNNL-ACT-SA-10452. doi:10.1038/s41558-021-01128-0
  • Zhao X., K.V. Calvin, M.A. Wise, P.L. Patel, A.C. Snyder, S.T. Waldhoff, and M.I. Hejazi, et al. 2021. "Global agricultural responses to interannual climate and biophysical variability." Environmental Research Letters 16, no. 10:104037. PNNL-SA-150812. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/ac2965


  • Calvin K.V., B. Mignone, H. Kheshgi, A.C. Snyder, P.L. Patel, M.A. Wise, and L.E. Clarke, et al. 2020. "Global market and economic welfare implications of changes in agricultural yields due to climate change." Climate Change Economics 11, no. 1:Article No. 2050005. PNNL-ACT-SA-10398. doi:10.1142/S2010007820500050
  • Edmonds J.A., C. Nichols, M. Adamantiades, J. Bistline, J.E. Huster, G.C. Iyer, and N. Johnson, et al. 2020. "Could congressionally mandated incentives lead to deployment of large-scale CO2 capture, facilities for enhanced oil recovery CO2 markets and geologic CO2 storage?." Energy Policy 146. PNNL-SA-154457. doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2020.111775
  • Feijoo F., G.C. Iyer, M.T. Binsted, and J.A. Edmonds. 2020. "US energy system transitions under cumulative emissions budgets." Climatic Change 162. PNNL-ACT-SA-10320. doi:10.1007/s10584-020-02670-0
  • Graham N.T., M.I. Hejazi, M. Chen, E. Davies, J.A. Edmonds, S.H. Kim, and S. Turner, et al. 2020. "Humans drive future water scarcity changes across all Shared Socioeconomic Pathways." Environmental Research Letters 15, no. 1:Article No. 014007. PNNL-SA-151297. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/ab639b
  • Graham N.T., M.I. Hejazi, S.H. Kim, E. Davies, J.A. Edmonds, and F.R. Miralles-Wilhelm. 2020. "Future changes in the trading of virtual water." Nature Communications 11, no. 1:Article No. 3632. PNNL-SA-153692. doi:10.1038/s41467-020-17400-4
  • Khan Z., T.B. Wild, M. Silva Carrazzone, R. Gaudioso, M. Mascari, F. Bianchi, and F. Weinstein, et al. 2020. "Integrated energy-water-land nexus planning to guide national policy: an example from Uruguay." Environmental Research Letters 15, no. 9. PNNL-SA-150376. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/ab9389
  • Roelfsema M., H. van Soest, M. Harmsen, D. Van Vuuren, C. Bertram, M. den Elzen, and N. Hohne, et al. 2020. "Taking stock of national climate policies to evaluate implementation of the Paris Agreement." Nature Communications 11, no. 1:Article No. 2096. PNNL-ACT-SA-10488. doi:10.1038/s41467-020-15414-6
  • Snyder A.C., K.V. Calvin, L.E. Clarke, J.A. Edmonds, P. Kyle, K. Narayan, and A. Di Vittorio, et al. 2020. "The domestic and international implications of future climate for U.S. agriculture in GCAM." PLOS ONE 15, no. 8:e0237918. PNNL-SA-134943. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0237918
  • Waldhoff S.T., I. Sue Wing, J.A. Edmonds, G. Leng, and X. Zhang. 2020. "Future climate impacts on global agricultural yields over the 21st century." Environmental Research Letters 15, no. 11:114010. PNNL-SA-138477. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/abadcb
  • Zhao X., K.V. Calvin, P.L. Patel, A.C. Snyder, M.A. Wise, S.T. Waldhoff, and M.I. Hejazi, et al. 2020. "Impacts of climate and biophysical variability on global agriculture markets." In Proceedings of the 23rd Annual Conference on Global Economic Analysis (GTAP 2020), June 17-19, 2020, Virtual, Online. West Lafayette, Indiana:Center for Global Trade Analysis. PNNL-SA-153062.


  • Calvin K.V., P.L. Patel, L.E. Clarke, G.R. Asrar, B. Bond-Lamberty, R. Cui, and A. Di Vittorio, et al. 2019. "GCAM v5.1: Representing the linkages between energy, water, land, climate, and economic systems." Geoscientific Model Development 12, no. 2:677-698. PNNL-SA-137098. doi:10.5194/gmd-12-677-2019
  • Feijoo F., B. Mignone, H. Kheshgi, C.A. Hartin, H.C. McJeon, and J.A. Edmonds. 2019. "Climate and carbon budget implications of linked future changes in CO2 and non-CO2 forcing." Environmental Research Letters 14, no. 4:044007. PNNL-ACT-SA-10335. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/ab08a9
  • Hilaire J., J. Minx, M. Callaghan, J.A. Edmonds, G. Luderer, G. Nemet, and J. Rogelj, et al. 2019. "Negative emissions and international climate goals-learning from and about mitigation scenarios." Climatic Change 157, no. 2:189-219. PNNL-ACT-SA-10357. doi:10.1007/s10584-019-02516-4
  • Krey V., F. Guo, P. Kolp, W. Zhou, R. Schaeffer, A. Awasthy, and C. Bertram, et al. 2019. "Looking under the hood: A comparison of techno-economic assumptions across national and global integrated assessment models." Energy 172. PNNL-ACT-SA-10389. doi:10.1016/
  • Santos Da Silva S., F.R. Miralles-Wilhelm, R. Muņoz Castillo, L.E. Clarke, C.J. Braun, A. Delgado, and J.A. Edmonds, et al. 2019. "The Paris pledges and the energy-water-land nexus in Latin America: Exploring implications of greenhouse gas emission reductions." PLoS One 14, no. 4:e0215013. PNNL-SA-136697. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0215013
  • Yu S., J.D. Horing, Q. Liu, R.T. Dahowski, C.L. Davidson, J.A. Edmonds, and B. Liu, et al. 2019. "CCUS in China’s Mitigation Strategy: Insights from Integrated Assessment Modeling." International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 84. PNNL-SA-128974. doi:10.1016/j.ijggc.2019.03.004


  • Davis S.J., N.S. Lewis, M. Shaner, S. Aggarwal, D. Arent, I.M. Lima De Azevedo, and S.M. Benson, et al. 2018. "Net-zero emissions energy systems." Science 360, no. 6396:Article No. eaas9793. PNNL-ACT-SA-10296. doi:10.1126/science.aas9793
  • Iyer G.C., and J.A. Edmonds. 2018. "Energy modeling: Interpreting energy scenarios." Nature Energy 3. PNNL-ACT-SA-10305. doi:10.1038/s41560-018-0145-9
  • Iyer G.C., K.V. Calvin, L.E. Clarke, J.A. Edmonds, N. Hultman, C.A. Hartin, and H.C. McJeon, et al. 2018. "Implications of sustainable development considerations for comparability across nationally determined contributions." Nature Climate Change 8. PNNL-SA-121202. doi:10.1038/s41558-017-0039-z
  • Lamontagne J.R., P. Reed, R.P. Link, K.V. Calvin, L.E. Clarke, and J.A. Edmonds. 2018. "Large Ensemble Analytic Framework for Consequence-Driven Discovery of Climate Change Scenarios." Earth's Future 6, no. 3:488-504. PNNL-ACT-SA-10362. doi:10.1002/2017EF000701
  • Rogelj J., A. Popp, K.V. Calvin, G. Luderer, J. Emmerling, D. Gernaat, and S. Fujimori, et al. 2018. "Scenarios towards limiting global mean temperature increase below 1.5 °C." Nature Climate Change 8. PNNL-ACT-SA-10229. doi:10.1038/s41558-018-0091-3
  • Weber C., D. McCollum, J.A. Edmonds, P. Faria, A. Pyanet, J. Rogelj, and M. Tavoni, et al. 2018. "Mitigation scenarios must cater to new users." Nature Climate Change 8, no. 10:845-848. PNNL-ACT-SA-10346. doi:10.1038/s41558-018-0293-8
  • Zhou S., Y. Wang, Y. Zhou, L.E. Clarke, and J.A. Edmonds. 2018. "Roles of wind and solar energy in China's power sector: Implications of intermittency constraints." Applied Energy 213. PNNL-ACT-SA-10328. doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2018.01.025


  • Bauer N., K.V. Calvin, J. Emmerling, O. Fricko, S. Fujimori, J. Hilaire, and J. Eom, et al. 2017. "Shared Socio-Economic Pathways of the Energy Sector - Quantifying the Narratives." Global Environmental Change 42. PNNL-SA-115383. doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2016.07.006
  • Calvin K.V., B. Bond-Lamberty, L.E. Clarke, J.A. Edmonds, J. Eom, C.A. Hartin, and S.H. Kim, et al. 2017. "The SSP4: A World of Deepening Inequality." Global Environmental Change 42. PNNL-SA-115202. doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2016.06.010
  • Calvin K.V., M.A. Wise, P. Kyle, L.E. Clarke, and J.A. Edmonds. 2017. "A Hindcast Experiment Using the GCAM 3.0 Agriculture and Land-Use Module." Climate Change Economics 8, no. 1:Article No. 1750005. PNNL-SA-121098. doi:10.1142/s2010007817500051
  • Edmonds J.A., R.P. Link, S.T. Waldhoff, and Y. Cui. 2017. "A Global Food Demand Model for the Assessment of Complex Human-Earth Systems." Climate Change Economics 8, no. 4:Article No. 1750012. PNNL-SA-121534. doi:10.1142/S2010007817500129
  • Iyer G.C., and J.A. Edmonds. 2017. "Emission scenarios: Explaining differences." Nature Climate Change 7. PNNL-ACT-SA-10208. doi:10.1038/nclimate3200
  • Iyer G.C., C.M. Ledna, L.E. Clarke, J.A. Edmonds, H.C. McJeon, P. Kyle, and J. Williams. 2017. "Measuring Progress from Nationally Determined Contributions to Mid-Century Strategies." Nature Climate Change 7. PNNL-ACT-SA-10269. doi:10.1038/s41558-017-0005-9
  • Muratori M., C.M. Ledna, H.C. McJeon, P. Kyle, P.L. Patel, S.H. Kim, and M.A. Wise, et al. 2017. "Cost of Power or Power of Cost: a U.S. Modeling Perspective." Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews 77. PNNL-ACT-SA-10131. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2017.04.055
  • Muratori M., H. Kheshgi, B.K. Mignone, L.E. Clarke, H.C. McJeon, and J.A. Edmonds. 2017. "Carbon Capture and Storage across Fuels and Sectors in Energy System Transformation Pathways." International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 57. PNNL-ACT-SA-10144. doi:10.1016/j.ijggc.2016.11.026
  • Riahi K., D. Van Vuuren, E. Kriegler, J.A. Edmonds, B. O'Neill, S. Fujimori, and N. Bauer, et al. 2017. "The Shared Socioeconomic Pathways and their Energy, Land Use, and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Implications: An Overview." Global Environmental Change 42. PNNL-SA-115333. doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2016.05.009
  • Thornton P.E., K.V. Calvin, A.D. Jones, A. Di Vittorio, B. Bond-Lamberty, L.M. Chini, and X. Shi, et al. 2017. "Biospheric feedback effects in a synchronously coupled model of human and Earth systems." Nature Climate Change 7. PNNL-SA-111042. doi:10.1038/nclimate3310
  • Turner S., M.I. Hejazi, S.H. Kim, L.E. Clarke, and J.A. Edmonds. 2017. "Climate impacts on hydropower and consequences for global electricity supply investment needs." Energy 141. PNNL-SA-125443. doi:10.1016/


  • Aldy J., W. Pizer, M. Tavoni, L. Reis, K. Akimoto, G.J. Blanford, and C. Carraro, et al. 2016. "Economic Tools to Promote Transparency and Comparability in the Paris Agreement." Nature Climate Change 6. PNNL-ACT-SA-10174. doi:10.1038/nclimate3106
  • Bauer N., J. Hilaire, R.J. Brecha, J.A. Edmonds, K. Jiang, E. Kriegler, and H. Rogner, et al. 2016. "Assessing global fossil fuel availability in a scenario framework." Energy 111. PNNL-SA-117127. doi:10.1016/
  • Calvin K.V., M.A. Wise, P. Luckow, P. Kyle, L.E. Clarke, and J.A. Edmonds. 2016. "Implications of uncertain future fossil energy resources on bioenergy use and terrestrial carbon emissions." Climatic Change 136, no. 1:57-68. PNWD-SA-10003. doi:10.1007/s10584-013-0923-0
  • Gao J., A. Zhang, S. Lam, X. Zhang, A.M. Thomson, E. Lin, and K. Jiang, et al. 2016. "An integrated assessment of the potential of agricultural and forestry residues for energy production in China." Global Change Biology Bioenergy 8, no. 5:880-893. PNNL-SA-121186. doi:10.1111/gcbb.12305
  • Iyer G.C., L.E. Clarke, J.A. Edmonds, and N. Hultman. 2016. "Do national-level policies to promote low-carbon technology deployment pay off for the investor countries?." Energy Policy 98. PNNL-ACT-SA-10178. doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2016.08.017
  • Kim S.H., M.I. Hejazi, L. Liu, K.V. Calvin, L.E. Clarke, J.A. Edmonds, and P. Kyle, et al. 2016. "Balancing Global Water Availability and Use at Basin Scale in an Integrated Assessment Model." Climatic Change 136, no. 2:217-231. PNNL-SA-112666. doi:10.1007/s10584-016-1604-6
  • Kriegler E., I. Mouratiadou, G. Luderer, J.A. Edmonds, and O. Edenhofer. 2016. "Introduction to the RoSE special issue on the impact of economic growth and fossil fuel availability on climate protection." Climatic Change 136, no. 1:1-6. PNWD-SA-10548. doi:10.1007/s10584-016-1667-4
  • Kriegler E., I. Mouratiadou, G. Luderer, N. Bauer, R.J. Brecha, K.V. Calvin, and E. DeCian, et al. 2016. "Will economic growth and fossil fuel scarcity help or hinder climate stabilization? Overview of the RoSE multi-model study." Climatic Change 136, no. 1:7-22. PNNL-ACT-SA-10148. doi:10.1007/s10584-016-1668-3
  • Muratori M., K.V. Calvin, M.A. Wise, P. Kyle, and J.A. Edmonds. 2016. "Global Economic Consequences of Deploying Bioenergy with Carbon Capture and Storage (BECCS)." Environmental Research Letters 11, no. 9:095004. PNNL-ACT-SA-10154. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/11/9/095004


  • Arent D., J. Logan, J. Macknick, W. Boyd, K. Medlock, F. O'Sullivan, and J.A. Edmonds, et al. 2015. "A review of water and greenhouse gas impacts of unconventional natural gas development in the United States." MRS Energy and Sustainability 2. PNNL-SA-111479. doi:10.1557/mre.2015.5
  • Calvin K.V., B. Bond-Lamberty, J.A. Edmonds, M.I. Hejazi, S.T. Waldhoff, M.A. Wise, and Y. Zhou. 2015. "The Effects of Climate Sensitivity and Carbon Cycle Interactions on Mitigation Policy Stringency." Climatic Change 131, no. 1:35-50. PNNL-SA-94788. doi:10.1007/s10584-013-1026-7
  • Calvin K.V., S. Rose, M.A. Wise, H.C. McJeon, L.E. Clarke, and J.A. Edmonds. 2015. "Global Climate, Energy, and Economic Implications of International Energy Offsets Programs." Climatic Change 133, no. 4:583-596. PNWD-SA-10499. doi:10.1007/s10584-015-1482-3
  • Chaturvedi V., M.I. Hejazi, J.A. Edmonds, L.E. Clarke, P. Kyle, E. Davies, and M.A. Wise. 2015. "Climate Mitigation Policy Implications for Global Irrigation Water Demand." Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 20, no. 3:389-407. PNNL-SA-91741. doi:10.1007/s11027-013-9497-4
  • Collins W.D., A.P. Craig, J.E. Truesdale, A. Di Vittorio, A.D. Jones, B. Bond-Lamberty, and K.V. Calvin, et al. 2015. "The integrated Earth System Model Version 1: formulation and functionality." Biogeosciences 8. PNNL-SA-110647. doi:10.5194/gmd-8-2203-2015
  • Eom J., J.A. Edmonds, V. Krey, N. Johnson, T. Longden, G. Luderer, and K. Riahi, et al. 2015. "The Impact of Near-term Climate Policy Choices on Technology and Emissions Transition Pathways." Technological Forecasting and Social Change 90, no. A:73-88. PNNL-SA-93448. doi:10.1016/j.techfore.2013.09.017
  • Fawcett A., G.C. Iyer, L.E. Clarke, J.A. Edmonds, N. Hultman, H.C. McJeon, and J. Rogelj, et al. 2015. "Can Paris pledges avert severe climate change?." Science 350, no. 6265:1168-1169. PNNL-ACT-SA-10111. doi:10.1126/science.aad5761
  • Iyer G.C., J.A. Edmonds, A.A. Fawcett, N. Hultman, J. Alsalam, G.R. Asrar, and K.V. Calvin, et al. 2015. "The contribution of Paris to limit global warming to 2 °C." Environmental Research Letters 10, no. 12:Article No. 125002. PNNL-SA-111720. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/10/12/125002
  • Iyer G.C., L.E. Clarke, J.A. Edmonds, B.P. Flannery, N. Hultman, H.C. McJeon, and D. Victor. 2015. "Improved Representation of Investment Decisions in Assessments of CO2 Mitigation." Nature Climate Change 5, no. 5:436-440. PNNL-ACT-SA-10042. doi:10.1038/nclimate2553
  • Iyer G.C., L.E. Clarke, J.A. Edmonds, N. Hultman, and H.C. McJeon. 2015. "Long-term payoffs of near-term low-carbon deployment policies." Energy Policy 86. PNNL-ACT-SA-10084. doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2015.08.004
  • Jones A.D., K.V. Calvin, W.D. Collins, and J.A. Edmonds. 2015. "Accounting for radiative forcing from albedo change in future global land-use scenarios." Climatic Change 131, no. 4:691-703. PNNL-SA-109922. doi:10.1007/s10584-015-1411-5
  • Liu L., M.I. Hejazi, P.L. Patel, P. Kyle, E. Davies, Y. Zhou, and L.E. Clarke, et al. 2015. "Water demands for electricity generation in the U.S.: Modeling different scenarios for the water-energy nexus." Technological Forecasting and Social Change 94. PNNL-SA-100516. doi:10.1016/j.techfore.2014.11.004
  • Riahi K., E. Kriegler, N. Johnson, C. Bertram, M. den Elzen, J. Eom, and M. Schaeffer, et al. 2015. "Locked into Copenhagen pledges - Implications of short-term emission targets for the cost and feasibility of long-term climate goals." Technological Forecasting and Social Change 90, no. Part A:8-23. PNNL-SA-93395. doi:10.1016/j.techfore.2013.09.016
  • Smith P., S.J. Davis, F. Creutzig, S. Fuss, J. Minx, B. Gabrielle, and E. Kato, et al. 2015. "Biophysical and economic limits to negative CO2 emissions." Nature Climate Change 6, no. 1:42-50. PNNL-ACT-SA-10114. doi:10.1038/NCLIMATE2870
  • Smith S.J., J.A. Edmonds, C.A. Hartin, A. Mundra, and K.V. Calvin. 2015. "Near-Term Acceleration In The Rate of Temperature Change." Nature Climate Change 5, no. 4:333-336. PNNL-SA-93187. doi:10.1038/nclimate2552
  • Smith S.J., L.E. Clarke, J.A. Edmonds, J. Kejun, E. Kriegler, T. Masui, and K. Riahi, et al. 2015. "Long History of IAM Comparisons." Nature Climate Change 5, no. 5:391. PNNL-SA-108156. doi:10.1038/nclimate2576
  • Zhou Y., M.I. Hejazi, S.J. Smith, J.A. Edmonds, H. Li, L.E. Clarke, and K.V. Calvin, et al. 2015. "A Comprehensive View of Global Potential for Hydro-generated Electricity." Energy and Environmental Science 8, no. 9:2622-2633. PNNL-SA-109269. doi:10.1039/c5ee00888c


  • Calvin K.V., J.A. Edmonds, B. Bakken, M.A. Wise, S.H. Kim, P. Luckow, and I. Graabak. 2014. "EU 20-20-20 energy policy as a model for global climate mitigation." Climate Policy 14, no. 5:581-598. PNWD-SA-10138. doi:10.1080/14693062.2013.879794
  • Calvin K.V., M.A. Wise, L.E. Clarke, J.A. Edmonds, A.D. Jones, and A.M. Thomson. 2014. "Near-term limits to mitigation: challenges arising from contrary mitigation effects from indirect land-use change and sulfur emissions." Energy Economics 42. PNNL-SA-92596. doi:10.1016/j.eneco.2013.09.026
  • Calvin K.V., M.A. Wise, P. Kyle, P.L. Patel, L.E. Clarke, and J.A. Edmonds. 2014. "Trade-offs of different land and bioenergy policies on the path to achieving climate targets." Climatic Change 123, no. 3-4:691-704. PNNL-SA-91566. doi:10.1007/s10584-013-0897-y
  • Chaturvedi V., L.E. Clarke, J.A. Edmonds, K.V. Calvin, and P. Kyle. 2014. "Capital investment requirements for greenhouse gas emissions mitigation in power generation on near term to century time scales and global to regional spatial scales." Energy Economics 46. PNNL-SA-94964. doi:10.1016/j.eneco.2014.09.008
  • Di Vittorio A., L.M. Chini, B. Bond-Lamberty, J. Mao, X. Shi, J.E. Truesdale, and A.P. Craig, et al. 2014. "From land use to land cover: Restoring the afforestation signal in a coupled integrated assessment - earth system model and the implications for CMIP5 RCP simulations." Biogeosciences 11, no. 23:6435-6450. PNNL-SA-101139. doi:10.5194/bg-11-6435-2014
  • Ebi K.L., S. Hallegatte, T. Kram, N. Arnell, T. Carter, T. Carter, and J.A. Edmonds, et al. 2014. "A new scenario framework for climate change research: background, process, and future directions." Climatic Change 122, no. 3:363-372. PNNL-SA-93893. doi:10.1007/s10584-013-0912-3
  • Hejazi M.I., J.A. Edmonds, L.E. Clarke, P. Kyle, E. Davies, V. Chaturvedi, and M.A. Wise, et al. 2014. "Integrated assessment of global water scarcity over the 21st century - Part 2: Climate change mitigation policies." Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 18, no. 8:2859-2883. PNNL-SA-90338. doi:10.5194/hessd-10-3383-2013
  • Hejazi M.I., J.A. Edmonds, L.E. Clarke, P. Kyle, E. Davies, V. Chaturvedi, and M.A. Wise, et al. 2014. "Integrated Assessment of Global Water Scarcity over the 21st Century under Multiple Climate Change Mitigation Policies." Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 18, no. 8:2859-2883. PNNL-SA-90339. doi:10.5194/hess-18-2859-2014
  • Hejazi M.I., J.A. Edmonds, L.E. Clarke, P. Kyle, E. Davies, V. Chaturvedi, and M.A. Wise, et al. 2014. "Integrated assessment of global water scarcity over the 21st century under multiple climate change mitigation policies." Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 18, no. 8:2859-2883. PNNL-SA-103668. doi:10.5194/hess-18-2859-2014
  • Hejazi M.I., J.A. Edmonds, L.E. Clarke, P. Kyle, E. Davies, V. Chaturvedi, and M.A. Wise, et al. 2014. "LONG-TERM GLOBAL WATER USE PROJECTIONS USING SIX SOCIOECONOMIC SCENARIOS IN AN INTEGRATED ASSESSMENT MODELING FRAMEWORK." Technological Forecasting and Social Change 81. PNNL-SA-89288. doi:10.1016/j.techfore.2013.05.006
  • Kriegler E., J. Weyant, G.J. Blanford, V. Krey, L.E. Clarke, J.A. Edmonds, and A.A. Fawcett, et al. 2014. "The Role of Technology for Achieving Climate Policy Objectives: Overview of the EMF 27 Study on Technology Strategies and Climate Policy Scenarios." Climatic Change 123, no. 3-4:353-367. PNNL-SA-93355. doi:10.1007/s10584-013-0953-7
  • Kriegler E., J.A. Edmonds, S. Hallegatte, K.L. Ebi, T. Kram, K. Riahi, and H. Winkler, et al. 2014. "A new scenario framework for climate change research: The concept of Shared Climate Policy Assumptions." Climatic Change 122, no. 3:401-414. PNNL-SA-94168. doi:10.1007/s10584-013-0971-5
  • McJeon H.C., J.A. Edmonds, N. Bauer, L.E. Clarke, B. Fisher, B.P. Flannery, and J. Hilaire, et al. 2014. "Limited impact on decadal-scale climate change from increased use of natural gas." Nature 514, no. 7523:482-485. PNNL-ACT-SA-10016. doi:10.1038/nature13837
  • Van Vuuren D., E. Kriegler, B. O'Neill, K.L. Ebi, K. Riahi, T. Carter, and T. Carter, et al. 2014. "A new scenario framework for Climate Change Research: Scenario matrix architecture." Climatic Change 122, no. 3:373-386. PNNL-SA-93764. doi:10.1007/s10584-013-0906-1
  • Wise M.A., K.V. Calvin, P. Kyle, P. Luckow, and J.A. Edmonds. 2014. "Economic and Physical Modeling of Land Use in GCAM 3.0 and an Application to Agricultural Productivity, Land, and Terrestrial Carbon." Climate Change Economics 5, no. 2:Article No. 14500. PNNL-SA-89885. doi:10.1142/S2010007814500031


  • Hejazi M.I., J.A. Edmonds, V. Chaturvedi, E. Davies, and J. Eom. 2013. "Scenarios of Global Municipal Water-Use Demand Projections over the 21st Century." Hydrological Sciences Journal 58, no. 3:1-20. PNNL-SA-85862. doi:10.1080/02626667.2013.772301
  • Jones A.D., W.D. Collins, J.A. Edmonds, M.S. Torn, A.C. Janetos, K.V. Calvin, and A.M. Thomson, et al. 2013. "Greenhouse gas policy influences climate via direct effects of land-use change." Journal of Climate 26, no. 11:3657-3670. PNNL-SA-92027. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00377.1
  • Moss R.H., G. Meehl, M. Lemos, J.B. Smith, J.R. Arnold, J.C. Arnott, and D. Behar, et al. 2013. "Hell and High Water: Practice-Relevant Adaptation Science." Science 342, no. 6159:696-698. PNNL-SA-97765. doi:10.1126/science.1239569
  • Smith S.J., J.F. Karas, J.A. Edmonds, J. Eom, and A.H. Mizrahi. 2013. "Sensitivity of Multi-gas Climate Policy to Emission Metrics." Climatic Change 117, no. 4:663-675. PNNL-SA-81588. doi:10.1007/s10584-012-0565-7


  • Hejazi M.I., J.A. Edmonds, and V. Chaturvedi. 2012. "Global irrigation demand - A holistic approach." Irrigation & Drainage Systems Engineering 1, no. 2:Article No. e106. PNNL-SA-89360.
  • Van Vuuren D., K. Riahi, R.H. Moss, J.A. Edmonds, A.M. Thomson, N. Nakicenovic, and T. Kram, et al. 2012. "A proposal for a new scenario framework to support research and assessment in different climate research communities." Global Environmental Change. Part A, Human and Policy Dimensions 22, no. 1:21-35. PNNL-SA-81140. doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2011.08.002


  • Van Vuuren D., J.A. Edmonds, M. Kainuma, K. Riahi, A.M. Thomson, K.A. Hibbard, and G. Hurtt, et al. 2011. "The Representative Concentration Pathways: An Overview." Climatic Change 109, no. 1-2:5-31. PNNL-SA-79134. doi:10.1007/s10584-011-0148-z
  • Van Vuuren D., J.A. Edmonds, M. Kainuma, K. Riahi, and J. Weyant. 2011. "A special issue on the RCPs." Climatic Change 109, no. 1-2 SP ISS:1-4. PNNL-SA-84998. doi:10.1007/s10584-011-0157-y


  • Manning M., J.A. Edmonds, S. Emori, A. Grubler, K.A. Hibbard, F. Joos, and M. Kainuma, et al. 2010. "Misrepresentation of the IPCC CO2 emission scenarios." Nature Geoscience 3, no. 6:376-377. PNNL-SA-70040.
  • Moss R.H., J.A. Edmonds, K. Hibbard, K. Hibbard, M. Manning, S.K. Rose, and D. Van Vuuren, et al. 2010. "The Next Generation of Scenarios for Climate Change Research and Assessment." Nature 463, no. 7282:747-756. PNNL-SA-70018. doi:10.1038/nature08823
  • Thomson A.M., K.V. Calvin, L. Chini, L. Chini, G. Hurtt, J.A. Edmonds, and B. Bond-Lamberty, et al. 2010. "Climate mitigation and the future of tropical landscapes." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 107, no. 46:19633-19638. PNNL-SA-68407.
  • Van Vuuren D., J.A. Edmonds, S.J. Smith, K.V. Calvin, J.F. Karas, M. Kainuma, and N. Nakicenovic, et al. 2010. "What do near-term observations tell us about long-term developments in greenhouse gas emissions?." Climatic Change 103, no. 3-4:635-642. PNNL-SA-74743. doi:10.1007/s10584-010-9940-4


  • Calvin K.V., J.A. Edmonds, B. Bond-Lamberty, L.E. Clarke, S.H. Kim, P. Kyle, and S.J. Smith, et al. 2009. "2.6: Limiting Climate Change to 450 ppm CO2 Equivalent in the 21st Century." Energy Economics 31, no. 2:S107-S120. PNNL-SA-66911.
  • Clarke L.E., J.A. Edmonds, V. Krey, R.G. Richels, S. Rose, and M. Tavoni. 2009. "International Climate Policy Architectures: Overview of the EMF 22 International Scenarios." Energy Economics 31, no. 2:S64-S81. PNWD-SA-8776.
  • Wigley T.M., L.E. Clarke, J.A. Edmonds, H.D. Jacoby, H.D. Jacoby, S. Paltsev, and H.M. Pitcher, et al. 2009. "Uncertainties in climate stabilization." Journal of Climate 97, no. 1-2:85-121. PNNL-SA-55498.
  • Wise M.A., K.V. Calvin, A.M. Thomson, L.E. Clarke, B. Bond-Lamberty, R.D. Sands, and S.J. Smith, et al. 2009. "Implications of Limiting CO2 Concentrations for Land Use and Energy." Science 324, no. 5931:1183-1186. PNNL-SA-63505.


  • Clarke L.E., J. Weyant, and J.A. Edmonds. 2008. "On the sources of technological change: What do the models assume." Energy Economics 30, no. 2:409-424. PNNL-SA-62947.
  • Edmonds J.A., L.E. Clarke, J.P. Lurz, and M.A. Wise. 2008. "Stabilizing CO2 Concentrations with Incomplete International Cooperation." Climate Policy 8, no. 4:355-376. PNNL-SA-57554.
  • Edmonds J.A., L.E. Clarke, M.A. Wise, H.M. Pitcher, and S.J. Smith. 2008. "Implications for the USA of stabilization of radiative forcing at 3.4 W/m2." Climate Policy 8. PNNL-SA-57662.
  • Moss R.H., M. Babiker, S. Brinkman, E. Calvo, T. Carter, T. Carter, and J.A. Edmonds, et al. 2008. "Towards New Scenarios for Analysis of Emissions, Climate Change, Impacts, and Response Strategies." In IPCC Expert Meeting Report: Towards New Scenarios, 132. Geneva:Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. PNNL-SA-63186.


  • Edmonds J.A., and L.E. Clarke. 2007. "Forum." Issues in Science and Technology 23, no. 2:16-17. PNNL-SA-52455.
  • Edmonds J.A., M.A. Wise, J.J. Dooley, S.H. Kim, S.J. Smith, P.J. Runci, and L.E. Clarke, et al. 2007. Global Energy Technology Strategy: Addressing Climate Change Phase 2 Findings from an international Public-Private Sponsored Research Program. College Park, Maryland:Battetlle Memorial Institute. PNNL-SA-51712.


  • Edmonds J., T. Wilson, M. Wise, and J. Weyant. 2006. "Electrification of the Economy and CO2 Emissions Mitigation." Environmental Economics and Policy Studies 7, no. 3:175-203. PNWD-SA-6997.
  • Edmonds J.A., and S.J. Smith. 2006. "The Technology of Two Degrees." In Avoiding Dangerous Climate Change. 385-392. Cambridge:Cambridge University Press. PNNL-SA-45609.
  • Smith S.J., and J.A. Edmonds. 2006. "The Economic Implications of Carbon Cycle Uncertainty." Tellus Series B, Chemical and Physical Meteorology 58, no. 5:586-590. PNWD-SA-7242. doi:10.1111/j.1600-0889.2006.00217.x


  • Edmonds J.A. 2005. "Unanticipated Consequences: Thinking About Ancillary Benefits and Costs of Greenhouse Gas Emissions Mitigation." In The Global Carbon Cycle: Integrating Humans, Climate, and the Natural World (SCOPE Series), edited by Chris Field and Michael Raupach. 419-430. Washington, District Of Columbia:Island Press. PNNL-SA-37864.
  • Edmonds J.A., F. Joos, N. Nakicenovic, R.G. Richels, and J.L. Sarmiento. 2005. "Scenarios, targets, gaps, and costs." In The Global Carbon Cycle: Integrating Humans, Climate, and the Natural World (SCOPE Series), edited by Chris Field and Michael Raupach. 77-102. Washington, District Of Columbia:Island Press. PNNL-SA-44768.
  • Kheshgi H., S.J. Smith, and J.A. Edmonds. 2005. "Emissions and Atmospheric CO2 Stabilization: Long-Term Limits and Paths." Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 10, no. 2:213-220. PNNL-SA-38439.
  • Manne A.W., R.G. Richels, and J.A. Edmonds. 2005. "Market Exchange Rates or Purchasing Power Parity: Does the Choice Make a Difference to the Climate Debate?." Climatic Change 71, no. 1:1-8. PNNL-SA-43413.
  • Rosenberg N.J., and J.A. Edmonds. 2005. "Climate Change Impacts for the Conterminous USA: An Integrated Assessment: From MINK to the ‘Lower 48': an introductory editorial." Climatic Change 69, no. 1:1-6. PNNL-SA-41865. doi:10.1007/s10584-005-3608-5
  • Sands R.D., and J.A. Edmonds. 2005. "Climate Change Impacts for the Conterminous USA: An Integrated Assessment Part 7. Economic Analysis of Field Crops and Land Use with Climate Change." Climatic Change 69, no. 1:127-150. PNNL-SA-36639. doi:10.1007/s10584-005-3616-5


  • Dilling L., S. Doney, J.A. Edmonds, K.R. Gurney, R. Harriss, D. Schimel, and B. Stephens, et al. 2003. "The Role of Carbon Cycle Observations and Knowledge in Carbon Management." In Annual Reviews of Environment and Resources. 521-58. Pablo Alto, California:Annual Reviews. PNNL-SA-39112.
  • Dooley J.J., J.A. Edmonds, R.T. Dahowski, and M.A. Wise. 2003. "Modeling Carbon Capture and Storage Technologies in Energy and Economic Models." In Proceedings of the IPCC Workshop for Carbon Capture and Storage, 161-172. Petten:ECN. PNWD-SA-5848.
  • Edmonds J.A., and G.M. Stokes. 2003. "Launching a Technology Revolution." In Climate Policy for the 21st Century: Meeting the Long-Term Challenge of Global Warming, edited by David Michel. 153-186. Washington, District Of Columbia:Center for Transatlantic Relations. PNNL-SA-40846.
  • Edmonds J.A., and R.D. Sands. 2003. "What are the costs of limiting CO2 concentrations?." In Global Climate Change: The Science, Economics, and Politics, edited by James M. Griffin. 140-186. Cheltenham:Edward Elgar Publishing. PNNL-SA-36836.


  • Dooley J.J., C.A. Geffen, and J.A. Edmonds. 2002. "Global Climate Change and the Unique Challenges Posed by the Transportation Sector." In Proceedings of the 8th Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction Conference, San Diego, CA, August 26, 2002. San Diego, California:8th Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction Conference. PNNL-SA-128247.
  • Edmonds J.A., P.F. Freund, and J.J. Dooley. 2002. "The Role of Carbon Management Technologies in Addressing Atmospheric Stabilization of Greenhouse Gases." In Greenhouse Gas Control. Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies, GHCT-5, edited by David Williams, Bob Durie, et. al., 46-51. Collingwood:CSIRO Publishing. PNWD-SA-5131.


  • Edmonds J.A., J.M. Roop, and M.J. Scott. 2001. "Technological Change and Its Effects on Mitigation Costs." In Climate Change: Science, Strategies, & Solutions, edited by Eileen Claussen, Vicki Arroyo Cochran, Debra P. Davis. 209-226. Boston, Massachusetts:Brill. PNNL-SA-38233.


  • Scott M.J., R.D. Sands, J.A. Edmonds, A.M. Liebetrau, and D.W. Engel. 2000. "Uncertainty in Integrated Assessment Models: Modeling with MiniCAM 1.0." Energy Policy 27, no. 14:855-879. PNNL-SA-29505.
  • Smith S.J., T.L. Wigley, and J.A. Edmonds. 2000. "A new route toward limiting climate change?." Science 290, no. 5494:1109-1110. PNWD-SA-5157.

Science at PNNL

Core Research Areas

User Facilities

Centers & Institutes

Research Highlights

View All Research Highlights & Staff Accomplishments

RSS Feed