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Staff information


Jennifer M. Comstock

Computational & Data Eng Group
Earth Scientist
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
MSIN: K7-90
Richland, WA 99352


Dr. Jennifer Comstock's research interests are understanding the physical processes that influence cloud lifecycle using remote sensing and modeling techniques, with a focus on ice and mixed phase clouds. She joined Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in 2000 and has served in several roles, including Science Translator for the Department of Energy Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) program, and Deputy Director of the ARM Aerial Facility. Jennifer currently serves as the Engineering and Science Products Manager for the DOE ARM Program, which involves coordinating development activities and setting priorities for the program.

Dr. Comstock has participated in 12 major field campaigns covering a wide range of topics related to cirrus cloud lifecycle, orographic mixed-phase and convective clouds, shallow cumulus clouds, deep convective clouds, and aerosol radiative effects from anthropogenic sources, as well as wildfires and agricultural burns. She is also active in the community and has served on the Committee for Laser Atmospheric Studies for the American Meteorological Society (AMS), organized various symposia and conference sessions for AMS and the American Geophysical Union (AGU), and currently serves on the AGU Fall Meeting Organizing Committee for the Atmospheric Sciences Section. She also engages in various outreach activities in the Mid-Columbia region of Washington to promote science careers and young women in science, and has mentored several Post-Doctoral scientists at PNNL, and undergraduate and graduate students through the PNNL Work-Based Learning Program.

Research Interests

  • Remote Sensing
  • Ice and mixed phase cloud processes
  • Cloud radiative forcing

Education and Credentials

  • Ph.D. Meteorology, University of Utah
  • B.A. Physics, University of Colorado

Affiliations and Professional Service

Awards and Recognitions

  • Recipient of the Peter B. Wagner Memorial Award for Women in Atmospheric Sciences, 1998
  • AMS Committee for Laser Atmospheric Studies
  • Steering Committee for the Cloud Lifecycle Working Group (DOE ASR Program)
  • Co-chair Vertical Velocity Focus Group (DOE ASR Program)
  • AGU Fall Meeting Organizing Committee - Atmospheric Sciences Section
  • Distinguished Alumni Award - University of Utah Department of Atmospheric Sciences

PNNL Publications


  • Glienke S., N. Allwayin, F. Mei, J.M. Comstock, R.A. Shaw, J.M. Tomlinson, and B. Schmid. 2023. "Performance of optical sensors for cloud measurements deployed by the ARM Aerial Facility during ACE-ENA." Applied Optics 62, no. 19:5282-5293. PNNL-SA-174589. doi:10.1364/AO.491401


  • Geerts B., S. Giangrande, G. Mcfarquhar, L. Xue, S.J. Abel, J.M. Comstock, and S. Crewell, et al. 2022. "The COMBLE campaign: a study of marine boundary-layer clouds in Arctic cold-air outbreaks." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 103, no. 5:E1371-E1389. PNNL-SA-170594. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-21-0044.1
  • Lin Y., J. Fan, P. Li, L. Leung, P.J. DeMott, L.A. Goldberger, and J.M. Comstock, et al. 2022. "Modeling Impacts of ice-nucleating particles from marine aerosols on mixed-phase orographic clouds during 2015 ACAPEX field campaign." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 22, no. 10:6749-6771. PNNL-SA-166295. doi:10.5194/acp-22-6749-2022
  • Zaveri R.A., J. Wang, J. Fan, Y. Zhang, J.E. Shilling, A. Zelenyuk-Imre, and F. Mei, et al. 2022. "Rapid growth of anthropogenic organic nanoparticles greatly alters cloud life cycle in the Amazon rainforest." Science Advances 8, no. 2:Art. No. eabj0329. PNNL-SA-155974. doi:10.1126/sciadv.abj0329
  • Zhang D., J.M. Comstock, and V.R. Morris. 2022. "Comparison of Planetary Boundary Layer Height from Ceilometer with ARM Radiosonde Data." Atmospheric Measurement Techniques 15, no. 16:4735-4749. PNNL-SA-168399. doi:10.5194/amt-15-4735-2022
  • Zhang D., J.M. Comstock, H. Xie, and Z. Wang. 2022. "Polar Aerosol Vertical Structures and Characteristics Observed with a High Spectral Resolution Lidar at the ARM NSA Observatory." Remote Sensing 14, no. 18:Art. No. 4638. PNNL-SA-177340. doi:10.3390/rs14184638


  • Kassianov E.I., E. Cromwell, J. Monroe, L. Riihimaki, C.J. Flynn, J.C. Barnard, and J. Michalsky, et al. 2021. "Harmonized and high-quality datasets of aerosol optical depth at a US continental site, 1997-2018." Scientific Data 8, no. 1:82. PNNL-SA-156161. doi:10.1038/s41597-021-00866-2


  • Kollias P., N. Bharadwaj, E.E. Clothiaux, K. Lamer, M. Oue, J.C. Hardin, and B.M. Isom, et al. 2020. "The ARM Radar Network: At the Leading-edge of Cloud and Precipitation Observations." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 101, no. 5:E588-E607. PNNL-SA-150306. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-18-0288.1
  • Maahn M., D.D. Turner, U. Lohnert, D.J. Posselt, K. Ebell, G.G. Mace, and J.M. Comstock. 2020. "Optimal Estimation Retrievals and Their Uncertainties: What Every Atmospheric Scientist Should Know." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 101, no. 9:E1512-E1523. PNNL-SA-151207. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-19-0027.1
  • Mei F., J. Wang, J.M. Comstock, R. Weigel, M. Kramer, C. Mahnke, and J.E. Shilling, et al. 2020. "Comparison of aircraft measurements during GoAmazon2014/5 and ACRIDICON-CHUVA." Atmospheric Measurement Techniques 13, no. 2:661-684. PNNL-SA-151169. doi:10.5194/amt-13-661-2020


  • Yeom J., S. Yum, F. Mei, B. Schmid, J.M. Comstock, L.T. Machado, and M.A. Cecchini. 2019. "Impact of secondary droplet activation on the contrasting cloud microphysical relationships during the wet and dry seasons in the Amazon." Atmospheric Research 230. PNNL-SA-141857. doi:10.1016/j.atmosres.2019.104648


  • Fan J., D. Rosenfeld, Y. Zhang, S. Giangrande, Z. Li, L. Machado, and S.T. Martin, et al. 2018. "Substantial Convection and Precipitation Enhancements by Ultrafine Aerosol Particles." Science 359, no. 6374:411-418. PNNL-SA-126490. doi:10.1126/science.aan8461
  • Kassianov E.I., L.K. Berg, M.S. Pekour, J.C. Barnard, D. Chand, J.M. Comstock, and C.M. Flynn, et al. 2018. "A Closure Study of Total Scattering Using Airborne In Situ Measurements from the Winter Phase of TCAP." Atmosphere 9, no. 6:228. PNNL-SA-136397. doi:10.3390/atmos9060228


  • Giangrande S., Z. Feng, M. Jensen, J.M. Comstock, K. Johnson, T. Toto, and M. Wang, et al. 2017. "Cloud Characteristics, Thermodynamic Controls and Radiative Impacts During the Observations and Modeling of the Green Ocean Amazon (GoAmazon2014/5) Experiment." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 17, no. 23:14519-14541. PNNL-SA-129543. doi:10.5194/acp-17-14519-2017
  • Martin S.T., S.T. Martin, P. Artaxo, L. Machado, A. Manzi, R. Augusto Ferreira de Souza, and C. Schumacher, et al. 2017. "The Green Ocean Amazon Experiement (GoAmazon2014/5) Observes Pollution Affecting Gases, Aerosols, Clouds and Rainfall over the Rain Forest." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 98, no. 5:981-980. PNNL-SA-121695. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-15-00221.1
  • Riihimaki L.D., J.M. Comstock, E. Luke, T.J. Thorsen, and Q. Fu. 2017. "A case study of microphysical structures and hydrometeor phase in convection using radar Doppler spectra at Darwin, Australia." Geophysical Research Letters 44, no. 14:7519-7527. PNNL-SA-125513. doi:10.1002/2017GL074187


  • Berg L.K., J.D. Fast, J.C. Barnard, S. Burton, B. Cairns, D. Chand, and J.M. Comstock, et al. 2016. "The Two-Column Aerosol Project: Phase I - Overview and Impact of Elevated Aerosol Layers on Aerosol Optical Depth." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 121, no. 1:336-361. PNNL-SA-102905. doi:10.1002/2015JD023848
  • Cecchini M.A., L.T. Machado, J.M. Comstock, F. Mei, J. Wang, J. Fan, and J.M. Tomlinson, et al. 2016. "Impacts of the Manaus pollution plume on the microphysical properties of Amazonian warm-phase clouds in the wet season." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 16, no. 11:7029-7041. PNNL-SA-119093. doi:10.5194/acp-16-7029-2016
  • Lim K., L.D. Riihimaki, J.M. Comstock, B. Schmid, C. Sivaraman, Y. Shi, and G. McFarquhar. 2016. "Evalution of long-term surface-retrieved cloud-droplet number concentration with in situ aircraft observations." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 121, no. 5:2318-2331. PNNL-SA-111765. doi:10.1002/2015JD024082
  • Riihimaki L.D., J.M. Comstock, K.K. Anderson, A.E. Holmes, and E. Luke. 2016. "A Path towards uncertainty assignment in an operational cloud phase algorithm from ARM vertically pointing active sensors." Advances in Statistical Climatology Meteorology and Oceanography 2, no. 1:49-62. PNNL-SA-112801. doi:10.5194/ascmo-2-49-2016
  • Wang J., R. Krejci, S. Giangrande, C. Kuang, H. Barbosa, J. Brito, and S. Carbone, et al. 2016. "Amazon boundary layer aerosol concentration sustained by vertical transport during rainfall." Nature 539, no. 7629:416-419. PNNL-SA-117828. doi:10.1038/nature19819


  • Burleyson C.D., C.N. Long, and J.M. Comstock. 2015. "Quantifying Diurnal Cloud Radiative Effects by Cloud Type in the Tropical Western Pacific." Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology 54, no. 6:1297-1312. PNNL-SA-106270. doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-14-0288.1
  • Thorsen T.J., Q. Fu, R.K. Newsom, D.D. Turner, and J.M. Comstock. 2015. "Automated retrieval of cloud and aerosol properties from the ARM Raman lidar, part 1: feature detection." Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 32, no. 11:1977-1998. PNNL-SA-112638. doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-14-00150.1
  • Wang S., A.H. Sobel, A.M. Fridlind, Z. Feng, J.M. Comstock, P. Minnis, and M.L. Nordeen. 2015. "Simulations of cloud-radiation interaction using large-scale forcing derived from the CINDY/DYNAMO northern sounding array." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 7, no. 3:1472-1498. PNNL-SA-109635. doi:10.1002/2015MS000461


  • Fan J., L. Leung, P.J. DeMott, J.M. Comstock, B. Singh, D. Rosenfeld, and J.M. Tomlinson, et al. 2014. "Corrigendum to Aerosol impacts on California winter clouds and precipitation during CalWater 2011: local pollution versus long-range transported dust published in Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 81-101, 2014." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 14. PNNL-SA-102971. doi:10.5194/acp-14-3063-2014
  • Feng Z., S.A. McFarlane, C. Schumacher, S. Ellis, J.M. Comstock, and N. Bharadwaj. 2014. "Constructing a Merged Cloud-Precipitation Radar Dataset for Tropical Convective Clouds during the DYNAMO/AMIE Experiment at Addu Atoll." Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 31, no. 5:1021-1042. PNNL-SA-92803. doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-13-00132.1
  • Muhlbauer A., E. Berry, J.M. Comstock, and G.G. Mace. 2014. "Perturbed Physics Ensemble Simulations of Cirrus on the Cloud System-resolving Scale." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 119, no. 8:4709-4735. PNNL-SA-97932. doi:10.1002/2013JD020709
  • Muhlbauer A., T.P. Ackerman, J.M. Comstock, G.S. Diskin, S. Evans, P. Lawson, and R. Marchand. 2014. "Impact of large-scale dynamics on the microphysical properties of midlatitude cirrus." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 119, no. 7:3976-3996. PNNL-SA-95358. doi:10.1002/2013JD020035
  • Protat A., S. Young, S.A. McFarlane, T. L'Ecuyer, G.G. Mace, J.M. Comstock, and C.N. Long, et al. 2014. "Reconciling Ground-Based and Space-Based Estimates of the Frequency of Occurrence and Radiative Effect of Clouds around Darwin, Australia." Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology 53, no. 2:456-478. PNNL-SA-93996. doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-13-072.1
  • Rosenfeld D., R. Chemke, K. Prather, K. Suski, J.M. Comstock, B. Schmid, and J.M. Tomlinson, et al. 2014. "Polluting of Winter Convective Clouds upon Transition from Ocean Inland Over Central California: Contrasting Case Studies." Atmospheric Research 135-136. PNNL-SA-98027. doi:10.1016/j.atmosres.2013.09.006
  • Schmid B., J.M. Tomlinson, J.M. Hubbe, J.M. Comstock, F. Mei, D. Chand, and M.S. Pekour, et al. 2014. "The DOE ARM Aerial Facility." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 95, no. 5:723-742. PNNL-SA-94604. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-13-00040.1
  • Segal Rozenhaimer M., P.B. Russell, B. Schmid, J. Redemann, J.M. Livingston, C.J. Flynn, and R.R. Johnson, et al. 2014. "Tracking Elevated Pollution Layers with a Newly Developed Hyperspectral Sun/Sky Spectrometer (4STAR): Results from the TCAP 2012 and 2013 Campaigns." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 119, no. 5:2611-2628. PNNL-SA-97430. doi:10.1002/2013JD020884
  • Wang M., X. Liu, K. Zhang, and J.M. Comstock. 2014. "Aerosol Effects on Cirrus through Ice Nucleation in the Community Atmosphere Model CAM5 with a Statistical Cirrus Scheme." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 6, no. 3:756-776. PNNL-SA-102193. doi:10.1002/2014MS000339


  • Comstock J.M., A. Protat, S.A. McFarlane, J. Delanoe, and M. Deng. 2013. "Assessment of Uncertainty in Cloud Radiative Effects and Heating Rates through Retrieval Algorithm Differences: Analysis using 3-years of ARM data at Darwin, Australia." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 118, no. 10:4549-4571. PNNL-SA-90696. doi:10.1002/jgrd.50404
  • Creamean J., K. Suski, D. Rosenfeld, A. Cazorla, P.J. DeMott, R.C. Sullivan, and A.B. White, et al. 2013. "Dust and Biological Aerosols from the Sahara and Asia Influence Precipitation in the Western US." Science 339, no. 6127:1572-1578. PNNL-SA-92177. doi:10.1126/science.1227279
  • Long C.N., S.A. McFarlane, A.D. Del Genio, P. Minnis, T.P. Ackerman, J.H. Mather, and J.M. Comstock, et al. 2013. "ARM Research in the Equatorial Western Pacific: A Decade and Counting." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 94, no. 5:695-708. PNNL-SA-86010. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00137.1
  • Rosenfeld D., R. Chemke, P.J. DeMott, R.C. Sullivan, R.M. Rasmussen, F. McDonough, and J.M. Comstock, et al. 2013. "The Common Occurrence of Highly Supercooled Drizzle and Rain near the Coastal Regions of the Western United States." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 118, no. 17:9819-9833. PNNL-SA-89667. doi:10.1002/jgrd.50529
  • Thorsen T.J., Q. Fu, and J.M. Comstock. 2013. "Cloud Effects on Radiative Heating Rate Profiles over Darwin using ARM and A-train Radar/Lidar Observations." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 118, no. 11:5637-5654. PNNL-SA-91500. doi:10.1002/jgrd.50476
  • Thorsen T.J., Q. Fu, J.M. Comstock, C. Sivaraman, M.A. Vaughan, D. Winker, and D.D. Turner. 2013. "Macrophysical Properties of Tropical Cirrus Clouds from the CALIPSO Satellite and from Ground-based Micropulse and Raman Lidars." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 118, no. 16:9209-9220. PNNL-SA-95509. doi:10.1002/jgrd.50691
  • Zhang K., X. Liu, M. Wang, J.M. Comstock, D. Mitchell, S. Mishra, and G.G. Mace. 2013. "Evaluating and Constraining Ice Cloud Parameterizations in CAM5 using Aircraft Measurements from the SPARTICUS Campaign." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 13, no. 9:4963-4982. PNNL-SA-92147. doi:10.5194/acp-13-4963-2013


  • Kulkarni G.R., J. Fan, J.M. Comstock, X. Liu, and M. Ovchinnikov. 2012. "Laboratory Measurements and Model Sensitivity Studies of Dust Deposition Ice Nucleation." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 12, no. 16:7295-7308. PNNL-SA-83107. doi:10.5194/acp-12-7295-2012
  • Qian Y., C.N. Long, H. Wang, J.M. Comstock, S.A. McFarlane, and S. Xie. 2012. "Evaluation of cloud fraction and its radiative effect simulated by IPCC AR4 global models against ARM surface observations." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 12, no. 4:1785-1810. PNNL-SA-79336. doi:10.5194/acp-12-1785-2012
  • Riihimaki L.D., S.A. McFarlane, and J.M. Comstock. 2012. "Climatology and Formation of Tropical Midlevel Clouds at the Darwin ARM Site." Journal of Climate 25, no. 19:6835-6850. PNNL-SA-82527. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00599.1
  • Zaveri R.A., W.J. Shaw, D.J. Cziczo, B. Schmid, R. Ferrare, M.L. Alexander, and M. Alexandrov, et al. 2012. "Overview of the 2010 Carbonaceous Aerosols and Radiative Effects Study (CARES)." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 12, no. 16:7647-7687. PNNL-SA-84648. doi:10.5194/acp-12-7647-2012
  • Zhao C., S. Xie, S.A. Klein, A. Protat, M.D. Shupe, S.A. McFarlane, and J.M. Comstock, et al. 2012. "Toward Understanding of Differences in Current Cloud Retrievals of ARM Ground-based Measurements." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 117. PNNL-SA-82710. doi:10.1029/2011JD016792


  • Dupont J., M. Haeffelin, Y. Morille, J.M. Comstock, C.J. Flynn, C.N. Long, and C. Sivaraman, et al. 2011. "Cloud properties derived from two lidars over the ARM SGP site." Geophysical Research Letters 38. PNNL-SA-76764. doi:10.1029/2010GL046274
  • Thorsen T.J., Q. Fu, and J.M. Comstock. 2011. "Comparison of the CALIPSO satellite and ground-based observations of cirrus clouds at the ARM TWP sites." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 116. PNNL-SA-84616. doi:10.1029/2011JD015970
  • Zhao Y., G.G. Mace, and J.M. Comstock. 2011. "The Occurrence of Particle Size Distribution Bimodality in Midlatitude Cirrus as Inferred from Ground-Based Remote Sensing Data." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 68, no. 6:1162-1177. PNNL-SA-68941. doi:10.1175/2010JAS3354.1


  • Dupont J., M. Haeffelin, Y. Morille, V. Noel, P. Keckhut, D. Winker, and J.M. Comstock, et al. 2010. "Macrophysical and optical properties of midlatitude cirrus clouds from four ground-based lidars and collocated CALIOP observations." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 115. PNNL-SA-66498. doi:10.1029/2009JD011943
  • Fan J., J.M. Comstock, and M. Ovchinnikov. 2010. "The cloud condensation nuclei and ice nuclei effects on tropical anvil characteristics and water vapor of the tropical tropopause layer." Environmental Research Letters 5, no. 4:Article No. 044005. PNNL-SA-73529. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/5/4/044005
  • Fan J., J.M. Comstock, M. Ovchinnikov, S.A. McFarlane, G. McFarquhar, and G. Allen. 2010. "Tropical anvil characteristics and water vapor of the tropical tropopause layer: Impact of heterogeneous and homogeneous freezing parameterizations." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 115. PNNL-SA-67055. doi:10.1029/2009JD012696
  • Naud C.M., A.D. Del Genio, M. Haeffelin, Y. Morille, V. Noel, J. Dupont, and D.D. Turner, et al. 2010. "Thermodynamic phase profiles of optically thin midlatitude cloud and their relation to temperature." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 115, no. D11202. PNNL-SA-68005.
  • Pierce J.R., R. Kahn, M.R. Davis, and J.M. Comstock. 2010. "Detecting thin cirrus in Multiangle Imaging Spectroradiometer aerosol retrievals." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 115, no. D08201. PNWD-SA-8918. doi:10.1029/2009JD013019
  • Zhang Z., S. Platnick, P. Yang, A.K. Heidinger, and J.M. Comstock. 2010. "Effects of ice particle size vertical inhomogeneity on the passive remote sensing of ice clouds." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 115. PNNL-SA-70348. doi:10.1029/2010JD013835


  • Fan J., M. Ovtchinnikov, J.M. Comstock, S.A. McFarlane, and A. Khain. 2009. "Ice Formation in Arctic Mixed-Phase Clouds: Insights from a 3-D Cloud-Resolving Model with Size-Resolved Aerosol and Cloud Microphysics." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 114, no. D04205. PNNL-SA-60423. doi:10.1029/2008JD010782


  • Barnard J.C., C.N. Long, E.I. Kassianov, S.A. McFarlane, J.M. Comstock, M. Freer, and G. McFarquhar. 2008. "Development and Evaluation of a Simple Algorithm to Find Cloud Optical Depth with Emphasis on Thin Ice Clouds." Open Atmospheric Science Journal 2. PNNL-SA-58232. doi:10.2174/1874282300802010046
  • Comstock J.M., R. Lin, D.O. Starr, and P. Yang. 2008. "Understanding Ice Supersaturation, Particle Growth, and Number Concentration in Cirrus Clouds." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 113. PNNL-SA-58255. doi:10.1029/2008JD010332


  • Comstock J.M., R. d'Entremont, D. DeSlover, G.G. Mace, S.Y. Matrosov, S.A. McFarlane, and P. Minnis, et al. 2007. "An Intercomparison of Microphysical Retrieval Algorithms for Upper-Tropospheric Ice Clouds." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 88, no. 2:191-204. PNNL-SA-48156.
  • Sassen K., L. Wang, D.O. Starr, J.M. Comstock, and M. Quante. 2007. "A Midlatitude Cirrus Cloud Climatology from the Facility for Atmospheric Remote Sensing: Part V. Cloud Structural Properties." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 64, no. 7:2483-2501. PNNL-SA-45995.


  • Comstock J.M., and C. Jakob. 2004. "Evaluation of Tropical Cirrus Cloud Properties Derived from ECMWF Model Output and Ground Based Measurements over Nauru Island." Geophysical Research Letters 31, no. 10:L10106. PNNL-SA-40490.
  • Comstock J.M., T.P. Ackerman, and D.D. Turner. 2004. "ARM Raman Lidar Measurements of High Ice Supersaturation in Cirrus Clouds." In 22nd International Laser Radar Conference (ILRC 2004): Matera, Italy 12-16 July 2004. European Space Agency, (Special Publication) ESA SP, 1, 301-303. Noordwijk:European Space Agency. PNNL-SA-41819.
  • Comstock J.M., T.P. Ackerman, and D.D. Turner. 2004. "Evidence of High Ice Supersaturation in Cirrus Clouds Using ARM Raman Lidar Measurements." Geophysical Research Letters 31, no. 11:L11106. PNNL-SA-41309.
  • Hollars S., Q. Fu, J.M. Comstock, and T.P. Ackerman. 2004. "Comparisons of Cloud-Top Height Retrievals from Ground-Based 35 GHz MMCR and GMS-5 Satellite Observations at ARM TWP Manus Site." Atmospheric Research 72, no. 1-4:169-186. PNNL-SA-41315.


  • Sassen K., Z. Wang, C. Platt, and J.M. Comstock. 2003. "Parameterization of Infrared Absorption in Midlatitude Cirrus Clouds." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 60, no. 2:428-433. PNNL-SA-37356.


  • Carlin B., Q. Fu, U. Lohmann, G.G. Mace, K. Sassen, and J.M. Comstock. 2002. "High-Cloud Horizontal Inhomogeneity and Solar Albedo Bias." Journal of Climate 15, no. 17:2321-2339. PNNL-SA-37198.
  • Comstock J.M., T.P. Ackerman, and G.G. Mace. 2002. "Ground-Based Lidar and Radar Remote Sensing of Tropical Cirrus Clouds at Nauru Island: Cloud Statistics and Radiative Impacts." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 107, no. D23:4714. PNNL-SA-37296. doi:10.1029/2002JD002203


  • Comstock J.M., and K. Sassen. 2001. "Retrieval of Cirrus Cloud Radiative and Backscattering Properties Using Combined Lidar and Infrared Radiometer (LIRAD) Measurements." Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 18, no. 10:1658-1673. PNNL-SA-37357.
  • Sassen K., and J.M. Comstock. 2001. "A Midlatitude Cirrus Cloud Climatology from the Facility for Atmospheric Remote Sensing. Part III: Radiative Properties." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 58, no. 15:2113-2127. PNNL-SA-41324.
  • Sassen K., J.M. Comstock, and Z. Wang. 2001. "Parameterization of the Radiative Properties of Midlatitude High and Middle Level Clouds." Geophysical Research Letters 28, no. 4:729-732. PNNL-SA-41310.

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