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Fundamental and Computational Sciences Directorate

Staff information

Yongsoon Shin

Hierarchial Materials Team
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
MSIN: J7-10
Richland, WA 99352

PNNL Publications


  • Qiao Y., Y. Shin, M. Pallaka, E.K. Nickerson, D.R. Merkel, R.J. Seffens, and A. Ortiz, et al. 2023. "Plasma Surface Modification Coupled with Thermal and Step-over Distance Effects on Significant Fracture Improvement of Adhesively-bonded Metal-CFRTP Dissimilar Materials." Composites Science and Technology 232. PNNL-SA-174296. doi:10.1016/j.compscitech.2022.109833
  • Taylor S.D., J. Tao, Y. Shin, G.W. Buchko, A. Dohnalkova, J.R. Grimm, and B.J. Tarasevich, et al. 2023. "Resolving protein-mineral interfacial interactions during in vitro mineralization by atom probe tomography." Materials Today Advances 18. PNNL-SA-174054. doi:10.1016/j.mtadv.2023.100378


  • Han K., S.D. Burton, E.D. Walter, Y. Shin, W. Kuang, and K.L. Simmons. 2022. "Microsized Pore Structure Determination in EPDM Rubbers Using High-Pressure Xe-129 NMR Techniques." Journal of Physical Chemistry B 126, no. 16:3135-3142. PNNL-SA-167432. doi:10.1021/acs.jpcb.1c09189
  • Lim H., S. Chae, L. Yan, G. Li, R. Feng, Y. Shin, and Z. Nie, et al. 2022. "Crosslinked Polyethyleneimine Gel Polymer Interface to Improve Cycling Stability of RFBs." Energy Material Advances 2022. PNNL-SA-160359. doi:10.34133/2022/9863679
  • Qiao Y., D.R. Merkel, E.K. Nickerson, R.J. Seffens, Y. Shin, M. Pallaka, and J.L. Ramos, et al. 2022. "The Roles of Interface, Adherend, and Adhesive in Plasma- and Other-treated Joints of Metals and FRP Materials Under Shear Deformation." In Proceedings of the American Society for Composites - 37th Technical Conference, (ASC 2022), September 19-21, 2022, Tucson, AZ, edited by O. Zhupanska and E. Madenci. Lancaster, Pennsylvania:DEStech Publications, Inc. PNNL-SA-174097. doi:10.12783/asc37/36378
  • Qiao Y., D.R. Merkel, E.K. Nickerson, Y. Shin, R.J. Seffens, A. Ortiz, and K.L. Simmons. 2022. "Mode I Tensile Fracture Behavior of Adhesively-bonded Metal-Metal, Metal-CFRP, and CFRP-CFRP Bi-material Combinations Analyzed by Size Effect Method." Composites. Part A, Applied science and manufacturing 160. PNNL-SA-170430. doi:10.1016/j.compositesa.2022.107025
  • Qiao Y., Y. Shin, E.K. Nickerson, D.R. Merkel, A. Ortiz, and K.L. Simmons. 2022. "Adhesively-bonded Metal-CFRTP Bi-materials: Enhanced Crack Growth Resistance via Plasma and Quantified Fracture via Size Effect Method." In Proceedings of the American Society for Composites - 37th Technical Conference, (ASC 2022), September 19-21, 2022, Tucson, AZ, edited by O. Zhupanska and E. Madenci. Lancaster, Pennsylvania:DEStech Publications, Inc. PNNL-SA-173713. doi:10.12783/asc37/36496
  • Shin Y., Y. Qiao, N.L. Canfield, Z. Yu, H. Meyer, D.R. Merkel, and E.K. Nickerson, et al. 2022. "Significant slowdown of plasma-optimized surface energy deactivation by vacuum sealing for efficient adhesive bonding." Composites Part B: Engineering 240. PNNL-SA-170346. doi:10.1016/j.compositesb.2022.110001
  • Simmons K.L., L.D. Fring, W. Kuang, Y. Shin, Y. Chou, Y. Ni, and Y. Qiao, et al. 2022. Gap Analysis on the Impacts of Hydrogen Addition to the North American Natural Gas Infrastructure Polyethylene Pipelines. PNNL-33736. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Gap Analysis on the Impacts of Hydrogen Addition to the North American Natural Gas Infrastructure Polyethylene Pipelines


  • Simmons K.L., W. Kuang, S.D. Burton, B.W. Arey, Y. Shin, N.C. Menon, and B. Smith. 2021. "H-Mat Hydrogen Compatibility of Polymers and Elastomers." International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 46, no. 23:12300-12310. PNNL-SA-153003. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2020.06.218
  • Zang Y., A. Peek, Y. Shin, D.W. Gotthold, and B. Hinds. 2021. "Catalytic reduction of graphene oxide membranes and water selective channel formation in water-alcohol separations." Membranes 11, no. 5:317. PNNL-SA-157058. doi:10.3390/membranes11050317


  • Lee M., K. Han, J. Lee, Y. Shin, T.C. Kaspar, Y. Chen, and M.H. Engelhard, et al. 2020. "Defect-induced anisotropic surface reactivity and ion transfer procresses of anatase nanparticles." Materials Today Chemistry 17. PNNL-SA-150217. doi:10.1016/j.mtchem.2020.100290
  • Shin Y., K. Han, B.W. Arey, and G.T. Bonheyo. 2020. "Cotton fiber-based sorbents for treating crude oil spills." ACS Omega 5, no. 23:13894-13901. PNNL-SA-150455. doi:10.1021/acsomega.0c01290
  • Tao J., M. Lee, M.L. Sushko, J.J. De Yoreo, J. Liu, Z. Zhang, and D. Banerjee, et al. 2020. "Controlling Metal-Organic Framework/ZnO heterostructure kinetics through selective ligand binding to ZnO surface steps." Chemistry of Materials 32, no. 15:6666-6675. PNNL-SA-153263. doi:10.1021/acs.chemmater.0c02123


  • Shin Y., E.M. Winder, K. Han, H. Lee, and G.T. Bonheyo. 2019. "Enhanced capacities of mixed fatty acid-modified sawdust aggregators for remediation of crude oil spill." ACS Omega 4, no. 1:412-420. PNNL-SA-135555. doi:10.1021/acsomega.8b02293
  • Shin Y., M.N. Taufique, R. Devanathan, E.C. Cutsforth, J. Lee, W. Liu, and L.S. Fifield, et al. 2019. "Highly Selective Supported Graphene Oxide Membranes for Water-Ethanol Separation." Scientific Reports 9, no. 1:Article No. 2251. PNNL-SA-130472. doi:10.1038/s41598-019-38485-y
  • Tao J., Y. Shin, R.M. Jayasinha Arachchige, G.W. Buchko, S.D. Burton, A. Dohnalkova, and Z. Wang, et al. 2019. "The energetic basis for hydroxyapatite mineralization by amelogenin variants provides insights into the origin of amelogenesis imperfecta." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) 116, no. 28:13867-13872. PNNL-SA-143391. doi:10.1073/pnas.1815654116


  • Fifield L.S., M. Correa, Y. Shin, and A. Zwoster. 2018. "Insight into Thermal Aging of Jacket-bonded Ethylene-propylene Rubber Cable Insulation." In Transactions of the American Nuclear Society, 118, 583-586. La Grange Park, Illinois:American Nuclear Society. PNNL-SA-132107.
  • Sharma B., S.A. Kijewski, L.S. Fifield, Y. Shin, C.L. Tucker III, and M.D. Sangid. 2018. "Reliability in the Characterization of Fiber Length Distributions of Injection Molded Long Carbon Fiber Composites." Polymer Composites 39, no. 12:4594-4604. PNNL-SA-122679. doi:10.1002/pc.24571


  • Estevez L., V. Prabhakaran, A.L. Garcia, Y. Shin, J. Tao, A.M. Schwarz, and J.T. Darsell, et al. 2017. "Hierarchically Porous Graphitic Carbon with Simultaneously High Surface Area and Colossal Pore Volume Engineered via Ice Templating." ACS Nano 11, no. 11:11047-11066. PNNL-SA-126443. doi:10.1021/acsnano.7b05085
  • Fifield L.S., and Y. Shin. 2017. "Tracking Aging in Nuclear Electrical Cable Polymers." In Transactions of the American Nuclear Society, 117, 631-633. La Grange Park, Illinois:American Nuclear Society. PNNL-SA-127269.
  • Fifield L.S., Y. Shin, and K.L. Simmons. 2017. "Non-Destructive Evaluation of Polyolefin Thermal Aging Using Infrared Spectroscopy." In Nondestructive Characterization and Monitoring of Advanced Materials, Aerospace, and Civil Infrastructure 2017. Proceedings of the SPIE, edited by H. Felix Wu; Andrew L. Gyekenyesi; Peter J. Shull; Tzu-Yang Yu, 10169, 101690U. Bellingham, Washington:SPIE. PNNL-SA-125251. doi:10.1117/12.2261983


  • Devanathan R., D.G. Chase-Woods, Y. Shin, and D.W. Gotthold. 2016. "Molecular Dynamics Simulations Reveal that Water Diffusion between Graphene Oxide Layers is Slow." Scientific Reports 6. PNNL-SA-117768. doi:10.1038/srep29484
  • Fifield L.S., Y. Shin, W. Liu, and D.W. Gotthold. 2016. "Scalable Production Method for Graphene Oxide Water Vapor Separation Membranes." MRS Advances 1, no. 28:2091-2098. PNNL-SA-117497. doi:10.1557/adv.2016.485
  • Schwenzer B., T.C. Kaspar, Y. Shin, and D.W. Gotthold. 2016. "Spectroscopic study of graphene oxide membranes exposed to ultraviolet light." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 120, no. 23:12559-12567. PNNL-SA-116704. doi:10.1021/acs.jpcc.6b03033
  • Shin Y., J. Tao, B.W. Arey, C. Wang, G.J. Exarhos, J.J. De Yoreo, and M.L. Sushko, et al. 2016. "Double epitaxy as a paradigm for templated growth of highly ordered three-dimensional mesophase crystals." ACS Nano 10, no. 9:8670-8675. PNNL-SA-119957. doi:10.1021/acsnano.6b03999
  • Shin Y., W. Liu, B. Schwenzer, S. Manandhar, D.G. Chase-Woods, M.H. Engelhard, and R. Devanathan, et al. 2016. "Graphene oxide membranes with high permeability and selectivity for dehumidification of air." Carbon 106. PNNL-SA-112915. doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2016.05.023


  • Grate J.W., K. Mo, Y. Shin, A. Vasdekis, M.G. Warner, R.T. Kelly, and G. Orr, et al. 2015. "Alexa Fluor-labeled Fluorescent Cellulose Nanocrystals for Bioimaging Solid Cellulose in Spatially Structured Microenvironments." Bioconjugate Chemistry 26, no. 3:593-601. PNNL-SA-88815. doi:10.1021/acs.bioconjchem.5b00048
  • Sun J., A.M. Karim, X.S. Li, J.E. Rainbolt, L. Kovarik, Y. Shin, and Y. Wang. 2015. "Hierarchically structured catalysts for cascade and selective steam reforming/hydrodeoxygenation reactions." Chemical Communications 51, no. 93:16617-16620. PNNL-SA-114345. doi:10.1039/C5CC07244A


  • Henager C.H., R.J. Kurtz, N.L. Canfield, Y. Shin, W.G. Luscher, J. Mansurov, and T.J. Roosendaal, et al. 2014. "Low Activation Joining of SiC/SiC Composites for Fusion Applications: Tape Casting TiC+Si Powders." In Fusion Materials Semiannual Progress Report for the Period Ending December 31, 2013. 23-28. Oak Ridge, Tennessee:Oak Ridge National Laboratory. PNNL-SA-101240.


  • Moon G., Y. Shin, D. Choi, B.W. Arey, G.J. Exarhos, C.M. Wang, and W. Choi, et al. 2013. "Catalytic Templating Approaches for Three-Dimensional Hollow Carbon/Graphene Oxide Nano-Architectures." Nanoscale 5, no. 14:6291-6296. PNNL-SA-93702. doi:10.1039/C3NR01387A


  • Chen A., Y. Bao, X. Ge, Y. Shin, D. Du, and Y. Lin. 2012. "Magnetic Particle-Based Immunoassay of Phosphorylated p53 Using Protein-Cage Templated Lead Phosphate and Carbon Nanospheres for Signal Amplification." RSC Advances 2, no. 29:11029-11034. PNNL-SA-82054. doi:10.1039/C2RA20994B
  • Moon G., H. kim, Y. Shin, and W. Choi. 2012. "Chemicals-free growth of metal nanoparticles on graphene oxide sheets under visible light irradiation." RSC Advances 2, no. 6:2205-2207. PNWD-SA-9702. doi:10.1039/c2ra00875k
  • Moon G., Y. Shin, B.W. Arey, C.M. Wang, G.J. Exarhos, W. Choi, and J. Liu. 2012. "Carbon dioxide-assisted fabrication of highly uniform submicron-sized colloidal carbon spheres via hydrothermal carbonization using soft drink." Colloid and Polymer Science 290, no. 15:1567-1573. PNNL-SA-84746. doi:10.1007/s00396-012-2729-4
  • Yu Y., B. Chen, W.N. Qi, X. Li, Y. Shin, C. Lei, and J. Liu. 2012. "Enzymatic Conversion of CO2 to Bicarbonate in Functionalized Mesoporous Silica." Microporous and Mesoporous Materials 153. PNNL-SA-73485. doi:10.1016/j.micromeso.2011.12.005


  • Chen B., S.S. Shah, Y. Shin, C. Lei, and J. Liu. 2011. "In vitro release of organophosphorus acid anhydrolase from functionalized mesoporous silica against nerve agents." Analytical Biochemistry 421, no. 2:477-81. PNNL-SA-73487. doi:10.1016/j.ab.2011.09.024
  • Kim J.Y., T. Oh, Y. Shin, J.F. Bonnett, and K.S. Weil. 2011. "A Novel Non-Platinum Group Electrocatalyst for PEM Fuel Cell Application." International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 36, no. 7:4557-4564. PNNL-SA-68791.
  • Oh T., J.Y. Kim, Y. Shin, M.H. Engelhard, and K.S. Weil. 2011. "Effects of Tungsten Oxide Addition on the Electrochemical Performance of Nanoscale Tantalum Oxide-Based Electrocatalysts for Proton Exchange Membrane PEM Fuel Cells." Journal of Power Sources 196, no. 15:6099-6103. PNNL-SA-75104. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2011.03.058


  • Chouyyok W., Y. Shin, J.D. Davidson, W.D. Samuels, N.H. LaFemina, R.D. Rutledge, and G.E. Fryxell, et al. 2010. "Selective removal of copper (II) from natural waters by nanoporous sorbents functionalized with chelating diamines." Environmental Science & Technology 44, no. 16:6390-6395. PNNL-SA-72129.
  • Du D., Z. Zou, Y. Shin, J. Wang, H. Wu, M.H. Engelhard, and J. Liu, et al. 2010. "Sensitive Immunosensor for Cancer Biomarker Based on Dual Signal Amplification Strategy of Graphene Sheets and Multi-Enzyme Functionalized Carbon Nanospheres." Analytical Chemistry 82, no. 7:2989-2995. PNNL-SA-70864. doi:10.1021/ac100036p
  • Lei C., P. Liu, B. Chen, Y. Mao, H.E. Engelmann, Y. Shin, and J. Jaffar, et al. 2010. "Local Release of Highly Loaded Antibodies from Functionalized Nanoporous Support for Cancer Immunotherapy." Journal of the American Chemical Society 132, no. 20:6906-6907. PNNL-SA-71656.
  • Shin Y., A. Dohnalkova, and Y. Lin. 2010. "Preparation of homogeneous gold-silver alloy nanoparticles using the apoferritin cavity as a nanoreactor." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 114, no. 13:5985-5989. PNNL-SA-69685. doi:10.1021/jp911004a


  • Bhatnagar A., Y. Choi, Y. Yoon, Y. Shin, B. Jeon, and J. Kang. 2009. "Bromate Removal From Water By Granular Ferric Hydroxide (GFH)." Journal of Hazardous Materials 170, no. 1:134-140. PNWD-SA-8749. doi:10.1016/j.jhazmat.2009.04.123
  • Chen B., C. Lei, Y. Shin, and J. Liu. 2009. "Probing Mechanisms for Enzymatic Activity Enhancement of Organophosphorus Hydrolase in Functionalized Mesoporous Silica." Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 390, no. 4:1177-1181. PNNL-SA-69963. doi:10.1016/j.bbrc.2009.10.112
  • Chouyyok W., W. Yantasee, Y. Shin, R.M. Grudzien, and G.E. Fryxell. 2009. "Transition metal ion capture using functional mesoporous carbon made with 1,10-phenanthroline." Inorganic Chemistry Communications 12, no. 11:1099-1103. PNNL-SA-69875.
  • Shin Y., and G.J. Exarhos. 2009. "Template Synthesis of Nanostructured Metals using Cellulose Nanocrystal." In The Nanoscience and Technology of Renewable Biomaterials, edited by L.A. Lucia and O.J. Rojas. 315-335. Hoboken, New Jersey:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing. PNNL-SA-60127.
  • Shin Y., C.M. Wang, M.H. Engelhard, and G.E. Fryxell. 2009. "A novel low-temperature dendritic cyclotrimerization of 2,6-diacetyl pyridine leading to mesoporous carbon containing pyridine rings." Microporous and Mesoporous Materials 123, no. 1-3:345-348. PNNL-SA-63113. doi:10.1016/j.micromeso.2009.03.033
  • Shin Y., I. Bae, and G.J. Exarhos. 2009. "“Green" approach for self-assembly of platinum nanoparticles into nanowires in aqueous glucose solutions." Colloids and Surfaces. A, Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects 348, no. 1-3:191-195. PNNL-SA-62286.
  • Shin Y., J.Y. Kim, C.M. Wang, J.F. Bonnett, and K.S. Weil. 2009. "Controlled deposition of covalently bonded tantalum oxide on carbon supports by solvent evaporation sol-gel process." Surface Science 603, no. 15:2290-2293. PNNL-SA-62586. doi:10.1016/j.susc.2009.05.006


  • Lei C., T.A. Soares, Y. Shin, J. Liu, and E.J. Ackerman. 2008. "Enzyme Specific Activity in Functionalized Nanoporous Supports." Nanotechnology 19, no. 12:Art. No. 125102. PNNL-SA-51298. doi:10.1088/0957-4484/19/12/125102
  • Shin Y., G.A. Baker, L.Q. Wang, and G.J. Exarhos. 2008. "Investigation of the hygroscopic growth of self-assembled layers of N-alkyl-N-methylpyrrolidinium bromides at the interface between air and organic salt." Colloids and Surfaces. A, Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects 318, no. 1-3:254-258. PNNL-SA-51884. doi:10.1016/j.colsurfa.2007.12.045
  • Shin Y., G.E. Fryxell, C. Johnson, and M.M. Haley. 2008. "Templated synthesis of pyridine functionalized mesoporous carbons through the cyclotrimerization of diethynylpyridines." Chemistry of Materials 20, no. 3:981-986. PNNL-SA-54865. doi:10.1021/cm070979o
  • Shin Y., I. Bae, B.W. Arey, and G.J. Exarhos. 2008. "Facile stabilization of gold-silver alloy nanoparticles on cellulose nanocrystal." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 112, no. 13:4844-4848. PNNL-SA-58613. doi:10.1021/jp710767w
  • Shin Y., L.Q. Wang, I. Bae, B.W. Arey, and G.J. Exarhos. 2008. "Hydrothermal Syntheses of Colloidal Carbon Spheres from Cyclodextrins." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 112, no. 37:14236-14240. PNNL-SA-59363. doi:10.1021/jp801343y


  • Chang J.H., M.E. Park, Y. Shin, G.J. Exarhos, K.J. Kim, S. Lee, and K. Oh. 2007. "Functional Scaffolds of Bicontinuous, Thermoresponsive L3-phase Silica/Hydroxyapatite Nanocomposites." Journal of Materials Chemistry 17, no. 3:238-242. PNNL-SA-53767. doi:10.1039/b609409k
  • Henager C.H., Y. Shin, Y. Blum, L. Giannuzzi, B. Kempshall, and S.M. Schwarz. 2007. "Coatings and joining for SiC and SiC-composites for Nuclear Energy Systems." Journal of Nuclear Materials 367-370, no. Pt. B:1139-1143. PNNL-SA-54798. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2007.03.189
  • Lei C., Y. Shin, J. Liu, and E.J. Ackerman. 2007. "Synergetic Effects of Nanoporous Support and Urea on Enzyme Activity." Nano Letters 7, no. 4:1050-53. PNNL-SA-51299. doi:10.1021/nl070255b
  • Shin Y., and G.J. Exarhos. 2007. "Conversion of cellulose materials into nanostructured ceramics by biomineralization." Cellulose 14, no. 3:269-279. PNNL-SA-51848. doi:10.1007/s10570-006-9101-0
  • Shin Y., and G.J. Exarhos. 2007. "Template synthesis of porous titania using cellulose nanocrystals." Materials Letters 61, no. 11-12:2594-2597. PNNL-SA-51881. doi:10.1016/j.matlet.2006.10.005
  • Shin Y., B.W. Arey, C.M. Wang, X.S. Li, M.H. Engelhard, and G.E. Fryxell. 2007. "Synthesis and Characterization of Phosphate-coated Mesoporous Titania and Cd-doping of Same via Ion-Exchange." Inorganic Chemistry Communications 10, no. 6:642-645. PNNL-SA-53272. doi:10.1016/j.inoche.2007.02.016
  • Shin Y., C.M. Wang, W.D. Samuels, and G.J. Exarhos. 2007. "Synthesis of SiC nanorods from bleached wood pulp." Materials Letters 61, no. 13:2814-2817. PNNL-SA-51882. doi:10.1016/j.matlet.2006.10.035
  • Shin Y., G.E. Fryxell, M.H. Engelhard, and G.J. Exarhos. 2007. "Functional Mesoporous Carbon Built from the 1,10-Phenathroline Building Block: A New Class of Catalyst Support." Inorganic Chemistry Communications 10, no. 12:1541-1544. PNNL-SA-55682. doi:10.1016/J.INOCHE.2007.09.021
  • Shin Y., G.E. Fryxell, W. Um, K.E. Parker, S.V. Mattigod, and R. Skaggs. 2007. "Sulfur-Functionalized Mesoporous Carbon." Advanced Functional Materials 17, no. 15:2897-2901. PNNL-SA-53271. doi:10.1002/adfm.200601230
  • Shin Y., I. Bae, B.W. Arey, and G.J. Exarhos. 2007. "Simple Preparation and Stabilization of Nickel Nanocrystals on Cellulose Nanocrystal." Materials Letters 64, no. 14-15:3215-3217. PNNL-SA-52051. doi:10.1016/j.matlet.2006.11.036
  • Shin Y., J.M. Blackwood, I. Bae, B.W. Arey, and G.J. Exarhos. 2007. "Synthesis and stabilization of selenium nanoparticles on cellulose nanocrystal." Materials Letters 61, no. 21:4297-4300. PNNL-SA-51883. doi:10.1016/j.matlet.2007.01.091
  • Yao C., Y. Shin, L.Q. Wang, C.F. Windisch, W.D. Samuels, B.W. Arey, and C.M. Wang, et al. 2007. "Hydrothermal Dehydration of Aqueous Fructose Solutions in a Closed System." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 111, no. 42:15141-15145. PNNL-SA-48561. doi:10.1021/jp074188l


  • Kim J., H. Jia, C. Lee, S. Chung, J. Kwak, Y. Shin, and A. Dohnalkova, et al. 2006. "Single Enzyme Nanoparticles in Nanoporous Silica: A Heirachical Approach to Enzyme Stabilization and Immobilization." Enzyme and Microbial Technology 39. PNNL-SA-42088.
  • Lei C., Y. Shin, J.K. Magnuson, G.E. Fryxell, L.L. Lasure, D.C. Elliott, and J. Liu, et al. 2006. "Characterization of Functionalized Nanoporous Supports for Protein Confinement." Nanotechnology 17, no. 22:5531-5538. PNNL-SA-51297. doi:10.1088/0957-4484/17/22/001
  • Torrey J.D., R.K. Bordia, C.H. Henager, Y. Blum, Y. Shin, and W.D. Samuels. 2006. "Composite Polymer Derived Ceramic System for Oxidizing Environments." Journal of Materials Science 41, no. 14:4617-4622. PNNL-SA-48430.


  • Chang J.H., C.H. Shim, B.J. Kim, Y. Shin, G.J. Exarhos, and K.J. Kim. 2005. "Bicontinuous, Thermoresponsive, L-3-phase Silica Nanocomposites and their Smart Drug-Delivery Applications." Advanced Materials 17, no. 5:634-637. PNNL-SA-44757.
  • Shin Y., C.M. Wang, and G.J. Exarhos. 2005. "Synthesis of SiC ceramics by the carbothermal reduction of mineralized wood with silica." Advanced Materials 17, no. 1:73-77. PNNL-SA-42678.
  • Shin Y., C.M. Wang, X.S. Li, and G.J. Exarhos. 2005. "Synthesis of supported carbon nanotubes in mineralized silica-wood composites." Carbon 43, no. 5:1096-1098. PNNL-SA-39765.
  • Shin Y., L.Q. Wang, G.E. Fryxell, and G.J. Exarhos. 2005. "Hygroscopic Growth of Self-Assembled Layered Surfactant Molecules at the Interface between Air and Organic Salts." Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 284, no. 1:278-281. PNNL-SA-42677.


  • Shin Y., X.S. Li, C.M. Wang, J.E. Coleman, and G.J. Exarhos. 2004. "Synthesis of Hierarchical Titanium Carbide from Titania-Coated Cellulose Paper." Advanced Materials 16, no. 14:1212-1215. PNNL-SA-41057.
  • Windisch C.F., Y. Shin, and G.J. Exarhos. 2004. "Chemical and Biological Point Sensors for Homeland Defense." In Chemical and Biological Standoff Detection II. Proceedings of the SPIE, 5585, 79-87. Bellingham, Washington:International Society for Optical Engineering. PNNL-SA-42631.


  • Shin Y., L.Q. Wang, G.E. Fryxell, and G.J. Exarhos. 2003. "Hygroscopic Growth of Self-Assembled Layered Surfactant Molecules at the Interface between Air and Organic Salts." In Self-Assembled Nanostructured Materials: Symposium held April 22-25, 2003, San Francisco, California, U.S.A. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, edited by Lu, Yunfeng, 775, 141-145. Warrendale, Pennsylvania:Materials Research Society. PNNL-SA-38544.
  • Shin Y., L.Q. Wang, J. Liu, and G.J. Exarhos. 2003. "pH-Controlled Synthesis of Hierarchically Ordered Ceramics with Wood Cellular Structures by Surfactant-Directed Sol-Gel Procedure." Journal of Industrial & Engineering Chemistry 9, no. 1:76-82. PNNL-SA-37122.
  • Wang L.Q., Y. Shin, W.D. Samuels, G.J. Exarhos, I.L. Moudrakovski, V.V. Terskikh, and J.A. Ripmeester. 2003. "Magnetic Resonance Studies of Hierarchically Ordered Replicas of Wood Cellular Structures Prepared by Surfactant-Mediated Mineralization." Journal of Physical Chemistry B 107, no. 50:13793-13802. PNNL-SA-37827.


  • Chang J.H., L.Q. Wang, Y. Shin, B. Jeong, J.C. Birnbaum, and G.J. Exarhos. 2002. "The Core-Shell Approach to Formation of Ordered Nanoporous Materials." Advanced Materials 14, no. 5:378-382. PNNL-SA-35349.
  • Lei C., Y. Shin, J. Liu, and E.J. Ackerman. 2002. "Entrapping Enzyme in a Functionalized Nanoporous Support." Journal of the American Chemical Society 124, no. 38:11242-3. PNWD-SA-5704.
  • Moudrakovski I.L., V.V. Terskikh, C.I. Ratcliffe, J.A. Ripmeester, L.Q. Wang, Y. Shin, and G.J. Exarhos. 2002. "A Xe-129 NMR Study of Functionalized Ordered Mesoporous Silica." Journal of Physical Chemistry B 106, no. 23:5938-5946. PNNL-SA-35917.
  • Shin Y., J. Liu, J.H. Chang, and G.J. Exarhos. 2002. "Sustained Drug Release on Temperature-Responsive Poly(N-isopropylacrylamide)-Integrated Hydroxyapatite." Chemical Communications 16. PNNL-SA-36662.


  • Shin Y., J. Liu, J.H. Chang, Z. Nie, and G.J. Exarhos. 2001. "Hierarchically Ordered Ceramics through Surfactant-Templated Sol-Gel Mineralization of Biological Cellular Structures." Advanced Materials 13, no. 10:728-732. PNNL-SA-34092.
  • Shin Y., J.H. Chang, J. Liu, R.E. Williford, Y. Shin, and G.J. Exarhos. 2001. "Hybrid Nanogels for Sustainable Positive Thermosensitive Drug Release." Journal of Controlled Release 73, no. 2001:1-6. PNNL-SA-34146.
  • Shin Y., J.H. Chang, J. Liu, R.E. Williford, Y. Shin, and G.J. Exarhos. 2001. "Hybrid Nanogels for Sustainable Positive Thermosensitive Drug Release." Journal of Controlled Release. PNNL-SA-34063.
  • Zemanian T.S., G.E. Fryxell, J. Liu, S.V. Mattigod, Y. Shin, J.A. Franz, and O.A. Ustyugov, et al. 2001. "Chemical Functionalization of Nanostructured Materials Using Supercritical Reaction Media." In IEEE-NANO 2001 : proceedings of the 2001 1st IEEE Conference on Nanotechnology, October, 28-30, 2001, Maui, Hawaii /, 288-292. New York, New York:IEEE. PNNL-SA-35244.


  • Liu J., G.E. Fryxell, S.V. Mattigod, T.S. Zemanian, Y. Shin, and L.Q. Wang. 2000. "Synthesis and Applications of Functionalized Nanoporous Materials for Specific Adsorption." In Nanoporoous Materials II, Studies in Surface Science and Catalysis, 129, 729-738. Amsterdam, :Elsevier. PNNL-13049.
  • Liu J., Y. Shin, Z. Nie, J.H. Chang, L.Q. Wang, G.E. Fryxell, and W.D. Samuels, et al. 2000. "Molecular Assembly in Ordered Mesoporosity: A New Class of Highly Functional Nanoscale Materials." Journal of Physical Chemistry A 104, no. 36:8328-8339. PNNL-SA-32914.
  • Shin Y., J. Liu, L.Q. Wang, Z. Nie, W.D. Samuels, G.E. Fryxell, and G.J. Exarhos. 2000. "Ordered Hierarchical Porous Materials: Towards Tunable Size- and Shape-Selective Microcavities in Nanoporous Channels." Angewandte Chemie International Edition 39, no. 15:2702-2707. PNNL-SA-33975.
  • Shin Y., T.S. Zemanian, G.E. Fryxell, L.Q. Wang, and J. Liu. 2000. "Supercritical Processing of Functionalized Size Selective Microporous Materials." Microporous and Mesoporous Materials 37, no. 1-2:49-56. PNNL-SA-32195.

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