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Atmospheric Science & Global Change

Staff information

Nate McDowell

Watershed & Ecosystem Science
Earth Scientist

PNNL Publications


  • Bachofen C., S.J. Tumber-Davila, D. Mackay, N.G. McDowell, A. Carminati, T. Klein, and B. Stocker, et al. 2024. "Tree Water Uptake Patterns across the Globe." New Phytologist 242, no. 5:1891-1910. PNNL-SA-200160. doi:10.1111/nph.19762
  • Gimenez B., D.C. Souza, N. Higuchi, R. Negron-Juarez, I. Sampaio-Filho, A.C. Araujo, and A. Lima, et al. 2024. "Hysteresis Area at the Canopy Level During and after a Drought Event in the Central Amazon." Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 353. PNNL-SA-200156. doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2024.110052
  • Patel K.F., K.A. Rod, J. Zheng, P.J. Regier, F. Machado-Silva, B. Bond-Lamberty, and X. Chen, et al. 2024. "Time to anoxia: Observations and predictions of oxygen drawdown following coastal flood events." Geoderma 444. PNNL-SA-190684. doi:10.1016/j.geoderma.2024.116854
  • Zhang P., J. Ding, Q. Wang, N.G. McDowell, D. Kong, Y. Tong, and H. Yin. 2024. "Contrasting coordination of non-structural carbohydrates with leaf and root economics strategies of alpine coniferous forests." New Phytologist 243, no. 2:580-590. PNNL-SA-195475. doi:10.1111/nph.19678


  • Davidson K.J., J. Lamour, A. Rogers, K.S. Ely, Q. Li, N.G. McDowell, and A. Pivovaroff, et al. 2023. "Short-term variation in leaf-level water use efficiency in a tropical forest." New Phytologist 237, no. 6:2069-2087. PNNL-SA-183000. doi:10.1111/nph.18684
  • Ding J., N.G. McDowell, Y. Fang, N.D. Ward, M. Kirwan, P.J. Regier, and P. Megonigal, et al. 2023. "Modeling the mechanisms of conifer mortality under seawater exposure." New Phytologist 239, no. 5:1679-1691. PNNL-SA-186478. doi:10.1111/nph.19076
  • Fernandez De Una L., J. Martinez-Vilalta, R. Poyatos, M. Mencuccini, and N.G. McDowell. 2023. "The role of height-driven constraints and compensations on tree vulnerability to drought." New Phytologist 239, no. 6:2083-2098. PNNL-SA-189694. doi:10.1111/nph.19130
  • Hopple A.M., K. Doro, V.L. Bailey, B. Bond-Lamberty, N.G. McDowell, K.A. Morris, and A.N. Myers-Pigg, et al. 2023. "Attaining freshwater and estuarine-water soil saturation in an ecosystem-scale coastal flooding experiment." Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 195, no. 3:Art. No. 425. PNNL-SA-173432. doi:10.1007/s10661-022-10807-0
  • Jardine K., and N.G. McDowell. 2023. "Fermentation-mediated growth, signaling, and defense in plants." New Phytologist 239, no. 3:839-851. PNNL-SA-183144. doi:10.1111/nph.19015
  • Li L., Y. Fang, Z. Zheng, M. Shi, M. Longo, C.D. Koven, and J.A. Holm, et al. 2023. "A machine learning approach targeting parameter estimation for plant functional type coexistence modeling using ELM-FATES (V2.0)." Geoscientific Model Development 16, no. 14:4017-4040. PNNL-SA-180863. doi:10.5194/gmd-16-4017-2023
  • Liu Q., C. Peng, R. Schneider, D. Cyr, N.G. McDowell, and D. Kneeshaw. 2023. "Drought-induced increase in tree mortality and corresponding decrease in the carbon sink capacity of Canada’s boreal forests from 1970 to 2020." Global Change Biology 29, no. 8:2274-2285. PNNL-SA-182985. doi:10.1111/gcb.16599
  • Liu Q., C. Peng, R. Schneider, D. Cyr, Z. Liu, X. Zhou, and M. Du, et al. 2023. "Vegetation browning: global drivers, impacts, and feedbacks." Trends in Plant Science 28, no. 9:1014-1032. PNNL-SA-183058. doi:10.1016/j.tplants.2023.03.024
  • McDowell N.G. 2023. Understanding the impacts of elevated CO2 and vapor pressure deficit on tree mortality - CRADA 599 (Abstract). PNNL-35898. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Understanding the impacts of elevated CO2 and vapor pressure deficit on tree mortality - CRADA 599 (Abstract)
  • McDowell N.G., K.J. Anderson-Teixeira, J.A. Biederman, D.D. Breshears, Y. Fang, L. Fernandez De Una, and E.B. Graham, et al. 2023. "Ecohydrological Decoupling under Changing Disturbances and Climate." One Earth 6, no. 3:251-266. PNNL-SA-189590. doi:10.1016/j.oneear.2023.02.007
  • Peltier D., M.S. Carbone, C. Mcintire, N. Robertson, R.A. Thompson, S. Malone, and J. LeMoine, et al. 2023. "Carbon starvation following a decade of experimental drought consumes old reserves in Pinus edulis." New Phytologist 240, no. 1:92-104. PNNL-SA-192434. doi:10.1111/nph.19119
  • Shao J., X. Zhou, P. Zhang, D. Zhai, T. Yuan, Z. Li, and Y. He, et al. 2023. "Embolism resistance explains mortality and recovery of five subtropical evergreen broadleaf trees to persistent drought." Ecology 104, no. 2:Art. No. e3877. PNNL-SA-181482. doi:10.1002/ecy.3877
  • Thompson R.A., H. Adams, D.D. Breshears, A.D. Collins, L.T. Dickman, C. Grossiord, and A. Manrique-Alba, et al. 2023. "No carbon storage in growth-limited trees in a semi-arid woodland." Nature Communications 14. PNNL-SA-186781. doi:10.1038/s41467-023-37577-8
  • Wolfe B., M. Detto, Y. Zhang, K.J. Anderson-Teixeira, T.J. Brodribb, A.D. Collins, and C. Crawford, et al. 2023. "Leaves as bottlenecks: The contribution of tree leaves to hydraulic resistance within the soil-plant-atmosphere continuum." Plant, Cell & Environment 46, no. 3:736-746. PNNL-SA-180879. doi:10.1111/pce.14524
  • Xu C., B.O. Christoffersen, Z. Robbins, R. Knox, R.A. Fisher, R. Chitra-Tarak, and M. Slot, et al. 2023. "Quantification of hydraulic trait control on plant hydrodynamics and risk of hydraulic failure within a demographic structured vegetation model in a tropical forest (FATES-HYDRO V1.0)." Geoscientific Model Development 16, no. 21:6267-6283. PNNL-SA-193790. doi:10.5194/gmd-16-6267-2023
  • Zhang H., N.G. McDowell, X. Li, J. Huo, Y. Li, and Z. Wang. 2023. "Hydraulic Safety and Growth Rather Than Climate of Origin Influence Survival in Desert Shrubs and Trees." Forest Ecology and Management 543. PNNL-SA-189585. doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2023.121130


  • Fang Y., L. Leung, C.D. Koven, G. Bisht, M. Detto, Y. Cheng, and N.G. McDowell, et al. 2022. "Modeling the topographic influence on aboveground biomass using a coupled model of hillslope hydrology and ecosystem dynamics." Geoscientific Model Development 15, no. 20:7879-7901. PNNL-SA-168572. doi:10.5194/gmd-15-7879-2022
  • Forzieri G., V. Dakos, N.G. McDowell, A. Ramdee, and A. Cescatti. 2022. "Emerging signals of declining forest resilience under climate change." Nature 608, no. 7923:534-539. PNNL-SA-178330. doi:10.1038/s41586-022-04959-9
  • Forzieri G., V. Dakos, N.G. McDowell, R. Alkama, and A. Cescati. 2022. "Emerging signals of declining forest resilience under climate change." Nature 608, no. 7923:534-539. PNNL-SA-177011. doi:10.1038/s41586-022-04959-9
  • Hartmann H., A. Bastos, A.J. Das, A. Esquivel-Muelbert, W.M. Hammond, J. Martinez-Vilalta, and N.G. McDowell, et al. 2022. "Climate Change Risks to Global Forest Health: Emergence of Unexpected Events of Elevated Tree Mortality Worldwide." Annual Review of Plant Biology 73. PNNL-SA-169943. doi:10.1146/annurev-arplant-102820-012804
  • Jardine K., L.O. Cobello, L.M. Teixeira, M.S. East, S. Levine, B.O. Gimenez, and E.A. Robles, et al. 2022. "Stem respiration and growth in a central Amazon rainforest." Trees 36. PNNL-SA-169614. doi:10.1007/s00468-022-02265-5
  • Li W., N.G. McDowell, H. Zhang, W. Wang, D. Mackay, R.T. Leff, and P. Zhang, et al. 2022. "The influence of increasing atmospheric CO2, temperature, and vapor pressure deficit on seawater-induced tree mortality." New Phytologist 235, no. 5:1767-1779. PNNL-SA-174321. doi:10.1111/nph.18275
  • McDowell N.G., G. Sapes, A.L. Pivovaroff, H. Adams, C. Allen, W. Anderegg, and M. Arend, et al. 2022. "Mechanisms of woody-plant mortality under rising drought, CO2, and vapour pressure deficit." Nature Reviews. Earth and Environment 3. PNNL-SA-168502. doi:10.1038/s43017-022-00272-1
  • McDowell N.G., M. Ball, B. Bond-Lamberty, M. Kirwan, K.W. Krauss, P. Megonigal, and M. Mencuccini, et al. 2022. "Processes and mechanisms of coastal woody-plant mortality." Global Change Biology 28, no. 20:5881-5900. PNNL-SA-174071. doi:10.1111/gcb.16297
  • Meng L., J.Q. Chambers, C. Koven, G.Z. Pastorello, B. Gimenez, K. Jardine, and Y. Tang, et al. 2022. "Soil moisture thresholds explain a shift from light-limited to water-limited sap velocity in the Central Amazon during the 2015-16 El Niño drought." Environmental Research Letters 17, no. 6:Art. No. 064023. PNNL-SA-173580. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/ac6f6d
  • Meng L., J.Q. Chambers, C.D. Koven, G.Z. Pastorello, B. Gimenez, K. Jardine, and Y. Tang, et al. 2022. "Soil moisture thresholds explain a shift from light-limited to water-limited sap velocity in the Central Amazon during the 2015-16 El Niño drought." Environmental Research Letters 17, no. 6:Art. No. 064023. PNNL-SA-180396. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/ac6f6d
  • Vicente-Serrano S.M., D. Miralles, N.G. McDowell, T.J. Brodribb, F. Dominguez-Castro, L. Leung, and A. Koppa. 2022. "The uncertain role of rising atmospheric CO2 on global plant transpiration." Earth-Science Reviews 230. PNNL-SA-173537. doi:10.1016/j.earscirev.2022.104055
  • Wang M., C. Xu, D. Johnson, C.D. Allen, M. Anderson, G. Wang, and G. Qie, et al. 2022. "Multi-scale quantification of anthropogenic, fire, and drought-associated forest disturbances across the continental US, 2000-2014." Frontiers in Forests and Global Change 5. PNNL-SA-178527. doi:10.3389/ffgc.2022.693418
  • Wang W., P. Zhang, H. Zhang, C. Grossiord, S.C. Pennington, M.J. Norwood, and W. Li, et al. 2022. "Severe declines in hydraulic capacity and associated carbon starvation drive mortality in seawater exposed Sitka-spruce (Picea sitchensis) trees." Environmental Research Communications 4, no. 3:Art. No. 035005. PNNL-SA-171334. doi:10.1088/2515-7620/ac5f7d
  • Wu D., G. Vargas G., J.S. Powers, N.G. McDowell, J. Becknell, D. Perez-Aviles, and D. Medvigy, et al. 2022. "Reduced ecosystem resilience quantifies fine-scale heterogeneity in tropical forest mortality responses to drought." Global Change Biology 28, no. 6:2081-2094. PNNL-SA-169613. doi:10.1111/gcb.16046
  • Yi C., G. Hendrey, S. Niu, N.G. McDowell, and C.D. Allen. 2022. "Tree mortality in a warming world: causes, patterns, and impliations." Environmental Research Letters 17, no. 3:Art. No. 030201. PNNL-SA-178367. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/ac507b


  • Collins A.D., M.G. Ryan, H.D. Adams, L.T. Dickman, N. Garcia-Forner, C. Grossiord, and H. Powers, et al. 2021. "Foliar respiration is related to photosynthetic, growth, and carbohydrate response to experimental drought and elevated temperature." Plant, Cell & Environment 44, no. 12:3853-3865. PNNL-SA-167412. doi:10.1111/pce.14183
  • Dewhirst R., P. Handakumbura, C.S. Clendinen, E.S. Arm, K.L. Tate, W. Wang, and N.M. Washton, et al. 2021. "High Temperature Acclimation of Leaf Gas Exchange, Photochemistry, and Metabolomic Profiles in Populus trichocarpa." ACS Earth and Space Chemistry 5, no. 8:1813-1828. PNNL-SA-163733. doi:10.1021/acsearthspacechem.0c00299
  • Ely K.S., A. Rogers, D.A. Agarwal, E.A. Ainsworth, L. Albert, A. Ali, and J. Anderson, et al. 2021. "A reporting format for leaf-level gas exchange data and metadata." Ecological Informatics 61. PNNL-SA-156753. doi:10.1016/j.ecoinf.2021.101232
  • Fang Y., L. Leung, B. Wolfe, M. Detto, R. Knox, N.G. McDowell, and C. Grossiord, et al. 2021. "Disentangling the effects of vapor pressure deficit and soil water availability on canopy conductance in a seasonal tropical forest during the 2015 EI Niiio drought." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 126, no. 10:e2021JD035004. PNNL-SA-146993. doi:10.1029/2021JD035004
  • Fang Y., L. Leung, B. Wolfe, M. Detto, R. Knox, N.G. McDowell, and C. Grossiord, et al. 2021. "Disentangling the Effects of Vapor Pressure Defificit and Soil Water Availability on Canopy Conductance in a Seasonal Tropical Forest During the 2015 El Niño Drought." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 126, no. 10:Art. No. e2021JD035004. PNNL-SA-167272. doi:10.1029/2021JD035004
  • Konings A.G., S. Saatchi, C. Frankenberg, M. Keller, V. Leshyk, W. Anderegg, and V. Humphrey, et al. 2021. "Detecting Forest Response to Droughts with Global Observations of Vegetation Water Content." Global Change Biology 27, no. 23:6005-6024. PNNL-SA-167467. doi:10.1111/gcb.15872
  • Li W., H. Zhang, W. Wang, P. Zhang, N.D. Ward, M.J. Norwood, and A.N. Myers-Pigg, et al. 2021. "Changes in carbon and nitrogen metabolism during seawater-induced mortality of Picea sitchensis trees." Tree Physiology 41, no. 12:2326-2340. PNNL-SA-156535. doi:10.1093/treephys/tpab073
  • McDowell N.G., Z. Tan, M.D. Hurteau, and R. Prasad. 2021. "Trade-offs of forest management scenarios on forest carbon exchange and threatened and endangered species habitat." Ecosphere 12, no. 10:Art. No. e03779. PNNL-SA-167413. doi:10.1002/ecs2.3779
  • Norwood M.J., N.D. Ward, N.G. McDowell, A.N. Myers-Pigg, B. Bond-Lamberty, J.L. Indivero, and S.C. Pennington, et al. 2021. "Coastal forest seawater exposure increases stem methane concentration." Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences 126, no. 2:e2020JG005915. PNNL-SA-151190. doi:10.1029/2020JG005915
  • Pivovaroff A.L., B. Wolfe, N.G. McDowell, B.O. Christoffersen, S. Davies, L.T. Dickman, and C. Grossiord, et al. 2021. "Hydraulic architecture explains species moisture dependency but not mortality rates across a tropical rainfall gradient." Biotropica 53, no. 4:1213-1225. PNNL-SA-161075. doi:10.1111/btp.12964
  • Souza D.C., K. Jardine, J.V. Rodrigues, B.O. Gimenez, A. Rogers, N.G. McDowell, and A. Walker, et al. 2021. "Canopy position influences the degree of light suppression of leaf respiration in abundant tree genera in the Amazon Forest." Frontiers in Forests and Global Change 4. PNNL-SA-167250. doi:10.3389/ffgc.2021.723539
  • Trowbridge A., H.D. Adams, A.D. Collins, L.T. Dickman, C. Grossiord, M. Hofland, and S. Malone, et al. 2021. "Hotter droughts alter resource allocation to chemical defenses in piñon pine." Oecologia 197, no. 4:921-938. PNNL-SA-167384. doi:10.1007/s00442-021-05058-8
  • Trowbridge A., H.D. Adams, A.D. Collins, L.T. Dickman, C. Grossiord, M. Hofland, and S. Malone, et al. 2021. "Hotter droughts increase resource allocation to chemical defenses in piñon pine." New Phytologist 197, no. 4:921-938. PNNL-SA-156752. doi:10.1007/s00442-021-05058-8
  • Wang W., N.B. English, C. Grossiord, A. Gessler, A.J. Das, N.L. Stephenson, and C.H. Baisan, et al. 2021. "Mortality predispositions of conifers across Western USA." New Phytologist 229, no. 2:831-844. PNNL-SA-153578. doi:10.1111/nph.16864
  • Wu G., K. Guan, Y. Li, K.A. Novick, X. Feng, N.G. McDowell, and A.G. Konings, et al. 2021. "Interannual variability of ecosystem iso/anisohydry is regulated by environmental dryness." New Phytologist 229, no. 5:2562-2575. PNNL-SA-156537. doi:10.1111/nph.17040
  • Zhang H., X. Li, W. Wang, A.L. Pivovaroff, W. Li, P. Zhang, and N.D. Ward, et al. 2021. "Seawater exposure causes hydraulic damage in dying Sitka-spruce trees." Plant Physiology 187, no. 2:873-885. PNNL-SA-156527. doi:10.1093/plphys/kiab295
  • Zhang P., N.G. McDowell, X. Zhou, W. Wang, R.T. Leff, A.L. Pivovaroff, and H. Zhang, et al. 2021. "Declining carbohydrate content of Sitka-spruce trees dying from seawater exposure." Plant Physiology 185, no. 4:1682-1696. PNNL-SA-156500. doi:10.1093/plphys/kiab002


  • Grossiord C., T.N. Buckley, L. Cernusak, K.A. Novick, B. Poulter, R.T. Siegwolf, and J.S. Sperry, et al. 2020. "Plant responses to rising vapor pressure deficit." New Phytologist 226, no. 6:1550-1566. PNNL-SA-152569. doi:10.1111/nph.16485
  • Guerin M., G. Von Arx, D. Martin-Benito, L. Andreu-Hayles, K.L. Griffin, N.G. McDowell, and W.T. Pockman, et al. 2020. "Distinct xylem responses to acute vs prolonged drought in pine trees." Tree Physiology 40, no. 5:605-620. PNNL-SA-152557. doi:10.1093/treephys/tpz144
  • Halbritter A.H., H.J. De Boeck, A.E. Eycott, S. Reinsch, D.A. Robinson, S. Vicca, and B. Berauer, et al. 2020. "The handbook for standardized field and laboratory measurements in terrestrial climate change experiments and observational studies (ClimEx)." Methods in Ecology and Evolution 11, no. 1:22-37. PNNL-SA-153160. doi:10.1111/2041-210X.13331
  • Koven C.D., R. Knox, R.A. Fisher, J.Q. Chambers, B.O. Christoffersen, S. Davies, and M. Detto, et al. 2020. "Benchmarking and Parameter Sensitivity of Physiological and Vegetation Dynamics using the Functionally Assembled Terrestrial Ecosystem Simulator (FATES) at Barro Colorado Island, Panama." Biogeosciences 17, no. 11:3017-3044. PNNL-SA-149515. doi:10.5194/bg-17-3017-2020
  • Li W., H. Zhang, G. Huang, R. Liu, H. Wu, C. Zhao, and N.G. McDowell. 2020. "Effects of nitrogen enrichment on tree carbon allocation: A global synthesis." Global Ecology and Biogeography 29, no. 3:573-589. PNNL-SA-152913. doi:10.1111/geb.13042
  • Mackay D., P. Savoy, C. Grossiord, X. Tai, J.R. Pleban, D.R. Wang, and N.G. McDowell, et al. 2020. "Conifers depend on established roots during drought: results from a coupled model of carbon allocation and hydraulics." New Phytologist 225, no. 2:679-692. PNNL-SA-150339. doi:10.1111/nph.16043
  • McDowell N.G., C. Allen, K.J. Anderson-Teixeira, B.H. Aukema, B. Bond-Lamberty, L.M. Chini, and J.S. Clark, et al. 2020. "Pervasive shifts in forest dynamics in a changing world." Science 368, no. 6494:eaaz9463. PNNL-SA-144291. doi:10.1126/science.aaz9463
  • Pennington S.C., N.G. McDowell, P. Megonigal, J.C. Stegen, and B. Bond-Lamberty. 2020. "Localized basal area affects soil respiration temperature sensitivity in a coastal deciduous forest." Biogeosciences 17, no. 3:771-780. PNNL-SA-143158. doi:10.5194/bg-17-771-2020
  • Rodrigues T.B., C. Baker, A.P. Walker, N.G. McDowell, A. Rogers, N. Higuchi, and J.Q. Chambers, et al. 2020. "Stimulation of isoprene emissions and electron transport rates are a key mechanism of thermal tolerance in the tropical species Vismia guianensis." Global Change Biology 26, no. 10:5928-5941. PNNL-SA-156475. doi:10.1111/gcb.15213
  • Solander K., B.D. Newman, A.C. Araujo, H.R. Barnard, Z.C. Berry, D. Bonal, and M. Bretfeld, et al. 2020. "The pantropical response of soil moisture to El Niño." Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 24, no. 5:2303-2322. PNNL-SA-152945. doi:10.5194/hess-24-2303-2020
  • Wang W., N.G. McDowell, S.C. Pennington, C. Grossiord, R.T. Leff, A. Sengupta, and N.D. Ward, et al. 2020. "Tree growth, transpiration, and water-use efficiency between shoreline and upland red maple (Acer rubrum) trees in a coastal forest." Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 295. PNNL-SA-153708. doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2020.108163
  • Ward N.D., P. Megonigal, B. Bond-Lamberty, V.L. Bailey, D. Butman, E. Canuel, and H.L. Diefenderfer, et al. 2020. "Representing the Function and Sensitivity of Coastal Interfaces in Earth System Models." Nature Communications 11. PNNL-SA-147328. doi:10.1038/s41467-020-16236-2
  • Wu J., S. Serbin, K.S. Ely, B. Wolfe, L.T. Dickman, C. Grossiord, and S. Michaletz, et al. 2020. "The response of stomatal conductance to seasonal drought in tropical forests." Global Change Biology 26, no. 2:823-839. PNNL-SA-147720. doi:10.1111/gcb.14820
  • Zhang H., N.G. McDowell, H.D. Adams, A. Wang, J. Wu, C. Jin, and J. Tian, et al. 2020. "Divergences in hydraulic conductance and anatomical traits of stems and leaves in three temperate tree species coping with drought, N addition and their interactions." Tree Physiology 40, no. 2:230-244. PNNL-SA-149619. doi:10.1093/treephys/tpz135
  • Zhang P., X. Zhou, Y. Fu, J. Shao, L. Zhou, S. Li, and G. Zhou, et al. 2020. "Differential effects of drought on nonstructural carbohydrate storage in seedlings and mature trees of four species in a subtropical forest." Forest Ecology and Management 469. PNNL-SA-156357. doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2020.118159


  • Ahkami A., W. Wang, T.W. Wietsma, T.E. Winkler, I. Lange, G.C. Jansson, and M.D. Lange, et al. 2019. "Metabolic shifts associated with drought-induced senescence in Brachypodium." Plant Science 289. PNNL-SA-145496. doi:10.1016/j.plantsci.2019.110278
  • Dickman L.T., N.G. McDowell, C. Grossiord, A.D. Collins, B. Wolfe, M. Detto, and J. Wright, et al. 2019. "Homeostatic maintenance of nonstructural carbohydrates during the 2015-2016 El Niño drought across a tropical forest precipitation gradient." Plant, Cell & Environment 42, no. 5:1705-1714. PNNL-SA-140513. doi:10.1111/pce.13501
  • Gimenez B., K. Jardine, N. Higuchi, R. Negron-Juarez, I. Sampaio-Filho, L.O. Cobello, and C.G. Fontes, et al. 2019. "Species-Specific Shifts in Diurnal Sap Velocity Dynamics and Hysteretic Behavior of Ecophysiological Variables During the 2015-2016 El Nino Event in the Amazon Forest." Frontiers in Plant Science 10. PNNL-SA-147536. doi:10.3389/fpls.2019.00830
  • Grossiord C., B.O. Christoffersen, A.M. Alonso-Rodriguez, K.J. Anderson-Teixeira, H. Asbjornsen, L.T. Aparecido, and Z. Berry, et al. 2019. "Precipitation mediates sap flux sensitivity to evaporative demand in the neotropics." Oecologia 191, no. 3:519-530. PNNL-SA-147480. doi:10.1007/s00442-019-04513-x
  • Grossiord C., S. Sevanto, D. Bonal, I. Borrego, T.E. Dawson, M. Ryan, and W. Wang, et al. 2019. "Prolonged warming and drought modify belowground interactions for water among coexisting plants." Tree Physiology 39, no. 1:55-63. PNNL-SA-134753. doi:10.1093/treephys/tpy080
  • Hewins D.B., H. Lee, P.W. Barnes, N.G. McDowell, W.T. Pockman, T.A. Rahn, and H.L. Throop. 2019. "Early exposure to UV radiation overshadowed by precipitation and litter quality as drivers of decomposition in the northern Chihuahuan Desert." PLoS One 14, no. 2:Article number e0210470. PNNL-SA-140950. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0210470
  • Manrique-Alba A., S. Sevanto, H.D. Adams, A.D. Collins, L.T. Dickman, and N.G. McDowell. 2019. "Stem radial growth and water storage responses to heat and drought vary between conifers with differing hydraulic strategies." Plant, Cell & Environment 41, no. 8:1926-1934. PNNL-SA-147572. doi:10.1111/pce.13340
  • Marshall L.A., D.A. Falk, and N.G. McDowell. 2019. "NITROGEN CAN LIMIT OVERSTORY TREE GROWTH FOLLOWING EXTREME STAND DENSITY INCREASE IN A PONDEROSA PINE FOREST." Tree Ring Research 75, no. 1:49-60. PNNL-SA-147767. doi:10.3959/1536-1098-75.1.49
  • Massoud E.C., C. Xu, R.A. Fisher, R. Knox, A.P. Walker, S. Serbin, and B.O. Christoffersen, et al. 2019. "Identification of key parameters controlling demographically structured vegetation dynamics in a land surface model: CLM4.5(FATES)." Geoscientific Model Development 12, no. 9:4133-4164. PNNL-SA-149983. doi:10.5194/gmd-12-4133-2019
  • Mcbranch N., C. Grossiord, H.D. Adams, I. Borrego, A.D. Collins, L.T. Dickman, and M. Ryan, et al. 2019. "Lack of acclimation of leaf area:sapwood area ratios in piñon pine and juniper in response to precipitation reduction and warming." Tree Physiology 39, no. 1:135-142. PNNL-SA-139888. doi:10.1093/treephys/tpy066
  • McDowell N.G., C. Grossiord, H.D. Adams, S. Pinzón-Navarro, D. Mackay, D.D. Breshears, and C. Allen, et al. 2019. "Mechanisms of a Coniferous Woodland Persistence Under Drought and Heat." Environmental Research Letters 14, no. 4:045014. PNNL-SA-142059. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/ab0921
  • McDowell N.G., T.J. Brodribb, and A. Nardini. 2019. "Hydraulics in the 21st century." New Phytologist 224, no. 2:537-542. PNNL-SA-147698. doi:10.1111/nph.16151
  • Wang W., N.G. McDowell, N.D. Ward, J.L. Indivero, C.M. Gunn, and V.L. Bailey. 2019. "Constrained tree growth and gas-exchange of seawater-exposed forests in the Pacific Northwest, USA." Journal of Ecology 107, no. 6:2541-2552. PNNL-SA-144278. doi:10.1111/1365-2745.13225
  • Wang W., X. Liu, G. Xu, K. Treydte, X. Shao, D. Qin, and G. Wang, et al. 2019. "CO2 fertilization confounds tree ring records of regional hydroclimate at Northeastern Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau." Earth and Space Science 6, no. 5:730-740. PNNL-SA-134734. doi:10.1029/2018EA000529
  • Ward N.D., J.L. Indivero, C.M. Gunn, W. Wang, V.L. Bailey, and N.G. McDowell. 2019. "Longitudinal gradients in tree stem greenhouse gas concentrations across six Pacific Northwest coastal forests." Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences 124, no. 6:1401-1412. PNNL-SA-138892. doi:10.1029/2019JG005064
  • Wei L., C. Xu, S. Jansen, H. Zhou, B. Christoffersen, W.T. Pockman, and R. Middleton, et al. 2019. "A heuristic classification of woody plants based on contrasting shade and drought strategies." Tree Physiology 39, no. 5:767-781. PNNL-SA-147538. doi:10.1093/treephys/tpy146
  • Xu C., N.G. McDowell, R.A. Fisher, L. Wei, S. Sevanto, B.O. Christoffersen, and E. Weng, et al. 2019. "Increasing impacts of extreme droughts on vegetation productivity under climate change." Nature Climate Change 9, no. 12:948-953. PNNL-SA-149270. doi:10.1038/s41558-019-0630-6
  • Yan B., J. Mao, X. Shi, F.M. Hoffman, M. Notaro, T. Zhou, and N.G. McDowell, et al. 2019. "Predictability of tropical vegetation greenness using sea surface temperatures." Environmental Research Communications 1, no. 3:Article No. 031003. PNNL-SA-142768. doi:10.1088/2515-7620/ab178a


  • Asbjornsen H., J.L. Campbell, K.A. Jennings, M. Vadeboncoeur, C. McIntire, P.H. Templer, and R. Phillips, et al. 2018. "Guidelines and considerations for designing field experiments simulating precipitation extremes in forest ecosystems." Methods in Ecology and Evolution 9, no. 12:2310-2325. PNNL-SA-144418. doi:10.1111/2041-210X.13094
  • Bennett K.E., T. Bohn, K. Solander, N.G. McDowell, C. Xu, E. Vivoni, and R. Middleton. 2018. "Climate-driven disturbances in the San Juan River sub-basin of the Colorado River." Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 22, no. 1:709-725. PNNL-SA-129830. doi:10.5194/hess-22-709-2018
  • Bennett K.E., T. Bohn, K. Solander, N.G. McDowell, C. Xu, E. Vivoni, and R. Middleton. 2018. "Climate-driven disturbances in the San Juan River sub-basin of the Colorado River." Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 22, no. 1:709-725. PNNL-SA-131421. doi:10.5194/hess-22-709-2018
  • Fontes C.G., T.E. Dawson, K. Jardine, N.G. McDowell, B. Gimenez, L. Anderegg, and R. Negron-Juarez, et al. 2018. "Dry and hot: the hydraulic consequences of a climate change-type drought for Amazonian trees." Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B, Biological Sciences 373, no. 1760:Article Number 20180209. PNNL-SA-137675. doi:10.1098/rstb.2018.0209
  • Goodsman D.W., B.H. Aukema, N.G. McDowell, R. Middleton, and C. Xu. 2018. "Incorporating variability in simulations of seasonally forced phenology using integral projection models." Ecology and Evolution 8, no. 1:162-175. PNNL-SA-129909. doi:10.1002/ece3.3590
  • Goodsman D.W., G. Grosklos, B.H. Aukema, C. Whitehouse, K. Bleiker, N.G. McDowell, and R. Middleton, et al. 2018. "The effect of warmer winters on the demography of an outbreak insect is hidden by intraspecific competition." Global Change Biology 24, no. 8:3620-3628. PNNL-SA-133988. doi:10.1111/gcb.14284
  • Grossiord C., A. Gessler, S. Reed, I. Borrego, A.D. Collins, L.T. Dickman, and M. Ryan, et al. 2018. "Reductions in tree performance during hotter droughts are mitigated by shifts in nitrogen cycling." Plant, Cell & Environment 41, no. 11:2627-2637. PNNL-SA-141411. doi:10.1111/pce.13389
  • Grossiord C., S. Sevanto, J. Limousin, P. Meir, M. Mencuccini, R. Pangle, and W.T. Pockman, et al. 2018. "Manipulative experiments demonstrate how long-term soil moisture changes alter controls of plant water use." Environmental and Experimental Botany 152. PNNL-SA-131418. doi:10.1016/j.envexpbot.2017.12.010
  • Guerin M., D. Martin-Benito, G. Von Arx, L. Andreu-Hayles, K.L. Griffin, R. Hamdan, and N.G. McDowell, et al. 2018. "Interannual variations in needle and sapwood traits of Pinus edulis branches under an experimental drought." Ecology and Evolution 8, no. 3:1655-1672. PNNL-SA-132681. doi:10.1002/ece3.3743
  • Hu Z., S. Michaletz, D.J. Johnson, N.G. McDowell, Z. Huang, X. Zhou, and C. Xu. 2018. "Traits drive global wood decomposition rates more than climate." Global Change Biology 24, no. 11:5259-5269. PNNL-SA-147723. doi:10.1111/gcb.14357
  • Johnson D.J., J. Needham, C. Xu, E.C. Massoud, S. Davies, K.J. Anderson-Teixeira, and S. Bunyavejchewin, et al. 2018. "Climate sensitive size-dependent survival in tropical trees." Nature Ecology & Evolution 2. PNNL-SA-140898. doi:10.1038/s41559-018-0626-z
  • Johnson D.M., J. Domec, Z. Berry, A.M. Schwantes, K.A. Mcculloh, D.R. Woodruff, and W. Polley, et al. 2018. "Co-occurring woody species have diverse hydraulic strategies and mortality rates during an extreme drought." Plant, Cell & Environment 41, no. 3:576-588. PNNL-SA-131417. doi:10.1111/pce.13121
  • Landhausser S.M., P.S. Chow, L.T. Dickman, M. Furze, I. Kuhlman, S. Schmid, and J. Wiesenbauer, et al. 2018. "Standardized protocols and procedures can precisely and accurately quantify non-structrual carbohydrates." Tree Physiology 38, no. 12:1764-1778. PNNL-SA-134735. doi:10.1093/treephys/tpy118
  • McDowell N.G. 2018. "Deriving pattern from complexity in the processes underlying tropical forest drought impacts." New Phytologist 219, no. 3:841-844. PNNL-SA-147721. doi:10.1111/nph.15341
  • McDowell N.G., C. Allen, K.J. Anderson-Teixeira, P. Brando, R. Brienen, J.Q. Chambers, and B. Christoffersen, et al. 2018. "Drivers and mechanisms of tree mortality in moist tropical forests." New Phytologist 219, no. 3:851-869. PNNL-SA-132031. doi:10.1111/nph.15027
  • Munson S.M., S. Reed, J. Penuelas, N.G. McDowell, and O.E. Sala. 2018. "Ecosystem thresholds, tipping points, and critical transitions." New Phytologist 218, no. 4:1315-1317. PNNL-SA-133660. doi:10.1111/nph.15145
  • Peters-Lidard C.D., F. Hossain, L. Leung, N.G. McDowell, M. Rodell, F.J. Tapiador, and F.J. Turk, et al. 2018. "100 Years of Progress in Hydrology." In A Century of Progress in Atmospheric and Related Sciences: Celebrating the American Meteorological Society Centennial. Meteorological Monographs. 25.1-25.51. Boston, Massachusetts:American Meteorological Society. PNNL-SA-138125. doi:10.1175/AMSMONOGRAPHS-D-18-0019.1
  • Powell T., C.D. Koven, D.J. Johnson, B. Faybishenko, R.A. Fisher, R. Knox, and N.G. McDowell, et al. 2018. "Variation in hydroclimate sustains tropical forest biomass and promotes functional diversity." New Phytologist 219, no. 3:932-946. PNNL-SA-147549. doi:10.1111/nph.15271
  • Schonbeck L., A. Gessler, G. Hoch, N.G. McDowell, A. Rigling, M. Schaub, and M. Li. 2018. "Homeostatic levels of nonstructural carbohydrates after 13 yr of drought and irrigation in Pinus sylvestris." New Phytologist 219, no. 4:1314-1324. PNNL-SA-135183. doi:10.1111/nph.15224


  • Adams H.D., G. Barron-Gafford, R.L. Minor, A.A. Gardea, L. Bentley, D.J. Law, and D.D. Breshears, et al. 2017. "Temperature response surfaces for mortality risk of tree species with future drought." Environmental Research Letters 12, no. 11:Article No. 115014. PNNL-SA-130379. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/aa93be
  • Adams H.D., M. Zeppel, W. Anderegg, H. Hartmann, S.M. Landhausser, D.T. Tissue, and T.E. Huxman, et al. 2017. "A multi-species synthesis of physiological mechanisms in drought-induced tree mortality." Nature Ecology & Evolution 1, no. 9:1285-1291. PNNL-SA-130231. doi:10.1038/s41559-017-0248-x
  • Christoffersen B., P. Meir, and N.G. McDowell. 2017. "Linking plant hydraulics and beta diversity in tropical forests." New Phytologist 215, no. 1:12-14. PNNL-SA-126171. doi:10.1111/nph.14601
  • Grossiord C., S. Sevanto, I. Borrego, A.M. Chan, A.D. Collins, L.T. Dickman, and P.J. Hudson, et al. 2017. "Tree water dynamics in a drying and warming world." Plant, Cell & Environment 40, no. 9:1861-1873. PNNL-SA-129758. doi:10.1111/pce.12991
  • McDowell N.G., and C. Xu. 2017. "Using traits to uncover tropical forest function." New Phytologist 214, no. 3:903-904. PNNL-SA-125593. doi:10.1111/nph.14576
  • McDowell N.G., S. Michaletz, K.E. Bennett, K. Solander, C. Xu, R.M. Maxwell, and R. Middleton. 2017. "Predicting chronic climate-driven disturbances and their mitigation." Ecology and Evolution 33, no. 1:15-27. PNNL-SA-129507. doi:10.1016/j.tree.2017.10.002
  • Momen M., J.D. Wood, K.A. Novick, R. Pangle, W.T. Pockman, N.G. McDowell, and A.G. Konings. 2017. "Interacting Effects of Leaf Water Potential and Biomass on Vegetation Optical Depth." Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences 122, no. 11:3031-3046. PNNL-SA-130914. doi:10.1002/2017JG004145
  • Morillas L., R. Pangle, G.E. Maurer, W.T. Pockman, N.G. McDowell, C. Huang, and D. Krofcheck, et al. 2017. "Tree mortality decreases water availability and ecosystem resilience to drought in pinon-juniper woodlands in the southwestern USA." Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences 122, no. 12:3343-3361. PNNL-SA-129831. doi:10.1002/2017JG004095
  • Popovic M., M. Gregori, D. Vodnik, M. Ferlan, T. Mrak, I. Straus, and N.G. McDowell, et al. 2017. "Identification of stress biomarkers for drought and increased soil temperature in seedlings of European beech (Fagus sylvatica)." Canadian Journal of Forest Research 47, no. 11:1517-1526. PNNL-SA-132844. doi:10.1139/cjfr-2016-0530
  • Wang W., M. Jia, G. Wang, W. Zhu, and N.G. McDowell. 2017. "Rapid warming forces contrasting growth trends of subalpine fir (Abies fabri) at higher- and lower-elevations in the eastern Tibetan Plateau." Forest Ecology and Management 402. PNNL-SA-130381. doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2017.07.043

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