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Atmospheric Science & Global Change

Staff information


Duli Chand

Land System Modeling
Earth Scientist
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
MSIN: K9-24
Richland, WA 99352


Duli Chand has conducted research on atmospheric and earth sciences over various land and oceanic environments. Dr. Chand research includes (a) Instrumentation, observation and participation in field campaigns for research on Atmosphere and Earth Sciences, (b) development of new satellite algorithms and image processing, (c) Radar, Lidar, satellites, and in-situ instrument data analysis/assimilation from Surface, Aircraft, and Orbital platforms (ARM, EPA, NASA, NOAA), (d) use of observations for research on Earth Sciences, Energy and Extreme Weather Events, and (e) validating the Earth System Models.

Research Interests

  • Observations, instrumentation and modeling on Earth Sciences
  • Aerosol-Cloud interactions
  • Large Scale Data Assimilation, Analysis, and Integration
  • Satellite and Ground Remote Sensing
  • Image Processing and Geoinformatics
  • Vegetation Mapping and Monitoring using remote sensing methods
  • Use of satellite data for land-surface research and underground resources

Education and Credentials

  • Ph.D, Atmospheric Physics: Physical Research Laboratory and Mohanlal Sukhadia University (Ahmedabad/Udaipur): 2002
  • M.S. Physics: Jamia Millia University, New Delhi: 1996
  • B.S. Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics: Maharshi Dayanand University Rohtak: 1994

Affiliations and Professional Service

  • American Geophysical Union, Jan 2005-present
  • American Meteorological Society Jan 2019-Present

PNNL Publications


  • Chand D., L.K. Berg, J.D. Tagestad, B. Putzenlechner, Z. Yang, S. Tai, and J.D. Fast. 2022. "Fine Scale Variability in Green Vegetation Fraction Over the Southern Great Plains Using Sentinel-2 Satellite: A Case Study." Remote Sensing Applications: Society and Environment 27. PNNL-SA-164656. doi:10.1016/j.rsase.2022.100799


  • Brown H., X. Liu, R. Pokhrel, S. Murphy, Z. Lu, R. Saleh, and T. Mielonen, et al. 2021. "Biomass burning aerosols in most climate models are too absorbing." Nature Communications 12, no. 1:277. PNNL-SA-153916. doi:10.1038/s41467-020-20482-9
  • Draxl C., R.P. Worsnop, G. Xia, Y.L. Pichugina, D. Chand, J.K. Lundquist, and J. Sharp, et al. 2021. "Mountain waves can impact wind power generation." Wind Energy Science 6, no. 1:45-60. PNNL-SA-152973. doi:10.5194/wes-6-45-2021


  • Berg L.K., C.N. Long, E.I. Kassianov, D. Chand, S. Tai, Z. Yang, and L.D. Riihimaki, et al. 2020. "Fine-Scale Variability of Observed and Simulated Surface Albedo Over the Southern Great Plains." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 125, no. 7:Article No. e2019JD030559. PNNL-SA-141429. doi:10.1029/2019JD030559
  • Mather J.H., S.M. Burrows, D. Chand, N.J. Hess, A. Laskin, A.C. Mccomiskey, and N. Sharma, et al. 2020. "An Atmospheric Aerosol Short Course for Early Career Scientists." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 101, no. 9:E1562-E1567. PNNL-SA-149235. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-19-0326.1
  • Presser C., A. Nazarian, D. Chand, J. Conny, A.J. Sedlacek, and J.M. Hubbe. 2020. "Simultaneous transmission/absorption photometry of particle-laden filters from wildland fires during the Biomass Burning Observation Project (BBOP) field campaign." Journal of Aerosol Science 150. PNNL-SA-141547. doi:10.1016/j.jaerosci.2020.105614
  • Sarangi C., Y. Qian, K. Rittger, L. Leung, D. Chand, K.J. Bormann, and T.H. Painter. 2020. "Dust dominates high-altitude snow darkening and melt over high-mountain Asia." Nature Climate Change 10. PNNL-SA-154621. doi:10.1038/s41558-020-00909-3
  • Tai S., J.D. Fast, W.I. Gustafson, D. Chand, B.J. Gaudet, Z. Feng, and R.K. Newsom. 2020. "Simulation of Continental Shallow Cumulus Populations using an Observation-Constrained Cloud-System Resolving Model." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 12, no. 9:e2020MS002091. PNNL-SA-151559. doi:10.1029/2020MS002091


  • Adachi K., A.J. Sedlacek, L.I. Kleinman, S.R. Springston, J. Wang, D. Chand, and J.M. Hubbe, et al. 2019. "Spherical tarball particles form through rapid chemical and physical changes of organic matter in biomass-burning smoke." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS). 116, no. 39:19336-19341. PNNL-SA-140926. doi:10.1073/pnas.1900129116
  • Wilczak J.M., M. Stoelinga, L.K. Berg, J. Sharp, C. Draxl, K.L. McCaffrey, and R.M. Banta, et al. 2019. "The Second Wind Forecast Improvement Project (WFIP2): Observational Field Campaign." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 100, no. 9:1701-1723. PNNL-SA-139211. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-18-0035.1


  • Atkinson D.B., M.S. Pekour, D. Chand, J.G. Radney, K.R. Kolesar, Q. Zhang, and A. Setyan, et al. 2018. "Using spectral methods to obtain particle size information from optical data: applications to measurements from CARES 2010." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 18, no. 8:5499-5514. PNNL-SA-134225. doi:10.5194/acp-18-5499-2018
  • Jethva H.T., D. Chand, O. Torres, P. Gupta, A. Lyapustin, and F. Patadia. 2018. "Agricultural Burning and Air Quality over Northern India: A Synergistic Analysis using NASA’s A-train Satellite Data and Ground Measurements." Aerosol and Air Quality Research 18, no. 7:1756-1773. PNNL-SA-125481. doi:10.4209/aaqr.2017.12.0583
  • Kassianov E.I., L.K. Berg, M.S. Pekour, J.C. Barnard, D. Chand, J.M. Comstock, and C.M. Flynn, et al. 2018. "A Closure Study of Total Scattering Using Airborne In Situ Measurements from the Winter Phase of TCAP." Atmosphere 9, no. 6:228. PNNL-SA-136397. doi:10.3390/atmos9060228
  • Lin G., S.J. Ghan, M. Wang, P. Ma, R.C. Easter, M. Ovchinnikov, and J. Fan, et al. 2018. "Development and evaluation of an explicit treatment of aerosol processes at cloud scale within a multi-scale modeling framework (MMF)." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 10, no. 7:1663-1679. PNNL-SA-136107. doi:10.1029/2018MS001287


  • Adachi K., A. Sedlacek, L.I. Kleinman, D. Chand, J.M. Hubbe, and P.R. Buseck. 2017. "Volume changes upon heating of aerosol particles from biomass burning using transmission electron microscopy." Aerosol Science and Technology 52, no. 1:1-11. PNNL-SA-127241. doi:10.1080/02786826.2017.1373181
  • Martin S.T., S.T. Martin, P. Artaxo, L. Machado, A. Manzi, R. Augusto Ferreira de Souza, and C. Schumacher, et al. 2017. "The Green Ocean Amazon Experiement (GoAmazon2014/5) Observes Pollution Affecting Gases, Aerosols, Clouds and Rainfall over the Rain Forest." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 98, no. 5:981-980. PNNL-SA-121695. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-15-00221.1
  • Presser C., A. Nazarian, J. Conny, D. Chand, A. Sedlacek, and J.M. Hubbe. 2017. "Absorption/Transmission Measurements of PSAP Particle-Laden Filters from the Biomass Burning Observation Project (BBOP) Field Campaign." Aerosol Science and Technology 51, no. 4:451-466. PNNL-SA-120853. doi:10.1080/02786826.2016.1267856


  • Berg L.K., J.D. Fast, J.C. Barnard, S. Burton, B. Cairns, D. Chand, and J.M. Comstock, et al. 2016. "The Two-Column Aerosol Project: Phase I - Overview and Impact of Elevated Aerosol Layers on Aerosol Optical Depth." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 121, no. 1:336-361. PNNL-SA-102905. doi:10.1002/2015JD023848
  • Collier S., S. Zhou, T.B. Onasch, D. Jaffe, L.I. Kleinman, A. Sedlacek, and N. Briggs, et al. 2016. "Regional Influence of Aerosol Emissions from Wildfires Driven by Combustion Efficiency: Insights from the BBOP Campaign." Environmental Science & Technology 50, no. 16:8613-8622. PNNL-SA-117435. doi:10.1021/acs.est.6b01617
  • Kulkarni G.R., S. China, S. Liu, M.I. Nandasiri, N. Sharma, J.M. Wilson, and A.C. Aiken, et al. 2016. "Ice nucleation activity of diesel soot particles at Cirrus relevant conditions: Effects of hydration, secondary organics coating, hydration, soot morphology, and coagulation." Geophysical Research Letters 43, no. 7:3580-3588. PNNL-SA-113363. doi:10.1002/2016GL068707


  • China S., G.R. Kulkarni, B. Scarnatio, N. Sharma, M.S. Pekour, J.E. Shilling, and J.M. Wilson, et al. 2015. "Morphology Of Diesel Soot Residuals From Supercooled Water Droplets And Ice Crystals: Implications For Optical Properties." Environmental Research Letters 10. PNNL-SA-112661. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/10/11/114010
  • Kassianov E.I., L.K. Berg, M.S. Pekour, C.J. Flynn, J.M. Tomlinson, D. Chand, and J.E. Shilling, et al. 2015. "Airborne Aerosol In situ Measurements during TCAP: A Closure Study of Total Scattering." Atmosphere 6, no. 8:1069-1101. PNNL-SA-110601. doi:10.3390/atmos6081069
  • Shrivastava M.B., R.C. Easter, X. Liu, A. Zelenyuk, B. Singh, K. Zhang, and P. Ma, et al. 2015. "Global transformation and fate of SOA: Implications of Low Volatility SOA and Gas-Phase Fragmentation Reactions." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 120, no. 9:4169-4195. PNNL-SA-105095. doi:10.1002/2014JD022563


  • Jethva H.T., O. Torres, F. Waquet, D. Chand, and Y.X. Hu. 2014. "How do A-train Sensors Intercompare in the Retrieval of Above-Cloud Aerosol Optical Depth? A Case Study-based Assessment." Geophysical Research Letters 41, no. 1:186-192. PNNL-SA-99513. doi:10.1002/2013GL058405
  • Schmid B., J.M. Tomlinson, J.M. Hubbe, J.M. Comstock, F. Mei, D. Chand, and M.S. Pekour, et al. 2014. "The DOE ARM Aerial Facility." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 95, no. 5:723-742. PNNL-SA-94604. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-13-00040.1
  • Shinozuka Y., R.R. Johnson, C.J. Flynn, P.B. Russell, B. Schmid, J. Redemann, and S. Dunagan, et al. 2014. "Correction to “Hyperspectral Aerosol Optical Depths from TCAP Flights”." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 119, no. 3:1692-1693. PNNL-SA-102146. doi:10.1002/jgrd.51089


  • Cazorla A., R. Bahadur, K. Suski, J.F. Cahill, D. Chand, B. Schmid, and V. Ramanathan, et al. 2013. "Relating Aerosol Absorption due to Soot, Organic Carbon, and Dust to Emission Sources Determined from In-situ Chemical Measurements." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 13, no. 18:9337-9350. PNNL-SA-89877. doi:10.5194/acp-13-9337-2013
  • Mallik C., S. Lal, M. Naja, D. Chand, S. Venkataramani, H. Joshi, and P. Pant. 2013. "Enhanced SO2 Concentrations Observed over Northern India: Role of Long-range Transport." International Journal of Remote Sensing 34, no. 8:2749-2762. PNNL-SA-85300. doi:10.1080/01431161.2012.750773
  • Shinozuka Y., R.R. Johnson, C.J. Flynn, P.B. Russell, B. Schmid, J. Redemann, and S. Dunagan, et al. 2013. "Hyperspectral Aerosol Optical Depths from TCAP Flights." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 118, no. 21:12180-12194. PNNL-SA-97236. doi:10.1002/2013JD020596


  • Chand D., R. Wood, S.J. Ghan, M. Wang, M. Ovchinnikov, P.J. Rasch, and S.D. Miller, et al. 2012. "Aerosol optical depth increase in partly cloudy conditions." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 117. PNNL-SA-86974. doi:10.1029/2012JD017894
  • Kassianov E.I., D. Chand, L.K. Berg, J.D. Fast, J.M. Tomlinson, R. Ferrare, and C.A. Hostetler, et al. 2012. "Multi-year Satellite and Surface Observations of AOD in support of Two-Column Aerosol Project (TCAP) Field Campaign." In Remote Sensing of Clouds and the Atmosphere XVII; and Lidar Technologies, Techniques, and Measurements for Atmospheric Remote Sensing VIII, September 24-27, 2012, Edinburgh, United Kingdom. Proceedings of the SPIE, edited by EI Kassianov, et al, 8534, Paper No. 853407. Bellingham, Washington:SPIE Publishing. PNNL-SA-90427. doi:10.1117/12.977862
  • Pekour M.S., B. Schmid, D. Chand, J.M. Hubbe, C.D. Kluzek, D.A. Nelson, and J.M. Tomlinson, et al. 2012. "Development of a new airborne humidigraph system." Aerosol Science and Technology 47, no. 2:201-207. PNNL-SA-89309. doi:10.1080/02786826.2012.741274
  • Wang M., S.J. Ghan, X. Liu, T.L. Ecuyer, K. Zhang, H. Morrison, and M. Ovchinnikov, et al. 2012. "Constraining cloud lifetime effects of aerosols using A-Train satellite observations." Geophysical Research Letters 39. PNNL-SA-87618. doi:10.1029/2012GL052204
  • Zaveri R.A., W.J. Shaw, D.J. Cziczo, B. Schmid, R. Ferrare, M.L. Alexander, and M. Alexandrov, et al. 2012. "Overview of the 2010 Carbonaceous Aerosols and Radiative Effects Study (CARES)." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 12, no. 16:7647-7687. PNNL-SA-84648. doi:10.5194/acp-12-7647-2012


  • Allen G., H. Coe, A.D. Clarke, A.D. Clarke, C.S. Bretherton, R. Wood, and S.J. Abel, et al. 2011. "South East Pacific Atmospheric Composition and Variability Sampled along 20 degrees S during VOCALS-REx." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 11, no. 11:5237-5262. PNWD-SA-9414. doi:10.5194/acp-11-5237-2011
  • Kassianov E.I., D. Chand, and M. Wang. 2011. "Assessment of MODIS Aerosol Optical Depth over Oceans using One-year Data from Maritime Aerosol Network." In Proceedings of the SPIE: Remote Sensing of Clouds and the Atmosphere XVI, September 21, 2011, Prague, Czech Republic, edited by EI Kassianov, et al, 8177, Paper No. 81770K. Bellingham, Washington:SPIE. PNWD-SA-9610. doi:10.1117/12.897410
  • Miller S.D., C. Combs, D. Chand, M. Sengupta, and A.K. Heidinger. 2011. "TOWARD EVALUATING SHORT-TERM PREDICTIONS OF SOLAR IRRADIANCE AT THE SURFACE: PERSISTENCE, SATELLITE-BASED TRAJECTORY, AND NUMERICAL WEATHER PREDICTION MODELS." In Proceedings of the 40th ASES National Solar Conference 2011 (Solar 2011), May 17-20, 2011, Raleigh, North Carolina, 285-292; NREL Report No. CP-5500-55. Boulder, Colorado:American Solar Energy Society (ASES). PNWD-SA-9328.
  • Wood R., C. Mechoso, C.S. Bretherton, R.A. Weller, B. Huebert, F. Straneo, and B.A. Albrecht, et al. 2011. "The VAMOS Ocean-Cloud-Atmosphere-Land Study Regional Experiment (VOCALS-REx): goals, platforms, and field." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 11, no. 2:627-654. PNWD-SA-9216. doi:10.5194/acp-11-627-2011

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