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Atmospheric Science & Global Change

Staff information

Page Kyle

Integrated Modeling & Energy

PNNL Publications


  • Chaturvedi V, MI Hejazi, JA Edmonds, LE Clarke, GP Kyle, E Davies, and MA Wise. 2015. "Climate Mitigation Policy Implications for Global Irrigation Water Demand." Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 20(3):389-407.  doi:10.1007/s11027-013-9497-4


  • Calvin KV, MA Wise, GP Kyle, PL Patel, LE Clarke, and JA Edmonds. 2014. "Trade-offs of different land and bioenergy policies on the path to achieving climate targets." Climatic Change 123(3-4):691-704.  doi:10.1007/s10584-013-0897-y
  • Chaturvedi V, LE Clarke, JA Edmonds, KV Calvin, and GP Kyle. 2014. "Capital investment requirements for greenhouse gas emissions mitigation in power generation on near term to century time scales and global to regional spatial scales." Energy Economics 46:267-278.  doi:10.1016/j.eneco.2014.09.008
  • Hejazi MI, JA Edmonds, LE Clarke, GP Kyle, E Davies, V Chaturvedi, MA Wise, PL Patel, J Eom, KV Calvin, RH Moss, and SH Kim. 2014. "LONG-TERM GLOBAL WATER USE PROJECTIONS USING SIX SOCIOECONOMIC SCENARIOS IN AN INTEGRATED ASSESSMENT MODELING FRAMEWORK." Technological Forecasting and Social Change 81:205-226.  doi:10.1016/j.techfore.2013.05.006
  • Hejazi MI, JA Edmonds, LE Clarke, GP Kyle, E Davies, V Chaturvedi, MA Wise, PL Patel, J Eom, and KV Calvin. 2014. "Integrated Assessment of Global Water Scarcity over the 21st Century under Multiple Climate Change Mitigation Policies." Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 18(8):2859-2883.  doi:10.5194/hess-18-2859-2014
  • Hejazi MI, JA Edmonds, LE Clarke, GP Kyle, E Davies, V Chaturvedi, MA Wise, PL Patel, J Eom, and KV Calvin. 2014. "Integrated assessment of global water scarcity over the 21st century under multiple climate change mitigation policies." Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 18(8):2859-2883.  doi:10.5194/hess-18-2859-2014
  • Kyle GP, C Mueller, KV Calvin, and AM Thomson. 2014. "Meeting the Radiative Forcing Targets of the Representative Concentration Pathways in a World with Agricultural Climate Impacts." Earths Future 2(2):83-98.  doi:10.1002/2013EF000199
  • Lotze-Campen H, M von Lampe, GP Kyle, S Fujimori, P Havlik, H van Meijl, T Hasegawa, A Popp, C Schmitz, A Tabeau, H Valin, D Willenbockel, and MA Wise. 2014. "Impacts of increased bioenergy demand on global food markets: an AgMIP economic model intercomparison." Agricultural Economics 45(1):103-116.  doi:10.1111/agec.12092
  • Nelson G, D van der Mensbrugghe, H Ahammad, E Blanc, KV Calvin, T Hasegawa, P Havlik, E Heyhoe, GP Kyle, H Lotze-Campen, M von Lampe, D Mason d'Croz, H van Meijl, C Mueller, JM Reilly, R Robertson, R Sands, C Schmitz, A Tabeau, K Takahashi, H Valin, and D Willenbockel. 2014. "Agriculture and Climate Change in Global Scenarios: Why Don't the Models Agree." Agricultural Economics 45(1):85-101.  doi:10.1111/agec.12091
  • Pietzcker R, T Longden, W Chen, S Fu, E Kriegler, GP Kyle, and G Luderer. 2014. "Long-term transport energy demand and climate policy: Alternative visions on transport decarbonization in energy-economy models." Energy 64:95-108.  doi:10.1016/
  • Popp A, SK Rose, KV Calvin, D Van Vuuren, JP Dietrich, MA Wise, E Stehfest, F Humpenoder, GP Kyle, J Van Vliet, N Bauer, H Lotze-Campen, D Klein, and E Kriegler. 2014. "Land-use transition for bioenergy and climate stabilization: model comparison of drivers, impacts and interactions with other land use based mitigation options." Climatic Change 123(3-4):495-509.  doi:10.1007/s10584-013-0926-x
  • Schmitz C, H van Meijl, GP Kyle, GC Nelson, S Fujimori, A Gurgel, P Havlik, E Heyhoe, D Mason d'Croz, A Popp, R Sands, A Tabeau, D van der Mensbrugghe, M von Lampe, MA Wise, E Blanc, T Hasegawa, A Kavallari, and H Valin. 2014. "Land-use change trajectories up to 2050: insights from a global agro-economic model comparison." Agricultural Economics 45(1):69-84.  doi:10.1111/agec.12090
  • Scott MJ, DS Daly, Y Zhou, JS Rice, PL Patel, HC McJeon, GP Kyle, SH Kim, J Eom, and LE Clarke. 2014. "Evaluating sub-national building-energy efficiency policy options under uncertainty: Efficient sensitivity testing of alternative climate, technolgical, and socioeconomic futures in a regional intergrated-assessment model. ." Energy Economics 43(2014):22-33.  doi:10.1016/j.eneco.2014.01.012
  • Thomson AM, GP Kyle, X Zhang, V Bandaru, TO West, MA Wise, RC Izaurralde, and KV Calvin. 2014. "The contribution of future agricultural trends in the US Midwest to global climate change mitigation." Global Environmental Change 24:143-154.  doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2013.11.019
  • Valin H, R Sands, D van der Mensbrugghe, G Nelson, H Ahammad, E Blanc, B Bodirsky, S Fujimori, T Hasegawa, P Havlik, E Heyhoe, GP Kyle, D Mason d'Croz, S Paltsev, S Rolinski, A Tabeau, H van Meijl, M von Lampe, and D Willenbockel. 2014. "The Future of Food Demand: Understanding Differences in Global Economic Models." Agricultural Economics 45(1):51-67.  doi:10.1111/agec.12089
  • von Lampe M, D Willenbockel, H Ahammad, E Blanc, Y Cai, KV Calvin, S Fujimori, T Hasegawa, P Havlik, GP Kyle, H Lotze-Campen, D Mason d'Croz, G Nelson, R Sands, C Schmitz, A Tabeau, H Valin, D van der Mensbrugghe, and H van Meijl. 2014. "Why Do Global Long-term Scenarios for Agriculture Differ? An overview of the AgMIP Global Economic Model Intercomparison." Agricultural Economics 45(1):3-20.  doi:10.1111/agec.12086
  • Wise MA, HC McJeon, KV Calvin, LE Clarke, and GP Kyle. 2014. "Assessing the interactions among U.S. climate policy, biomass energy, and agricultural trade." The Energy Journal 35(Special Issue):, doi:10.5547/01956574.35.si1.9
  • Wise MA, KV Calvin, GP Kyle, P Luckow, and JA Edmonds. 2014. "Economic and Physical Modeling of Land Use in GCAM 3.0 and an Application to Agricultural Productivity, Land, and Terrestrial Carbon." Climate Change Economics 5(2):Article No. 14500.  doi:10.1142/S2010007814500031
  • Wise MA, JJ Dooley, P Luckow, KV Calvin, and GP Kyle. 2014. "Agriculture, Land Use, Energy and Carbon Emission Impacts of Global Biofuel Mandates to Mid-Century." Applied Energy 114:763-773.  doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2013.08.042
  • Zhou Y, LE Clarke, J Eom, GP Kyle, PL Patel, SH Kim, JA Dirks, EA Jensen, Y Liu, JS Rice, LC Schmidt, and TE Seiple. 2014. "Modeling the effect of climate change on U.S. state-level buildings energy demands in an integrated assessment framework." Applied Energy 113:1077-1088.  doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2013.08.034


  • Calvin KV, MA Wise, LE Clarke, JA Edmonds, GP Kyle, PW Luckow, and AM Thomson. 2013. "Implications of simultaneously mitigating and adapting to climate change: Initial experiments using GCAM." Climatic Change 117(3):545-560.  doi:10.1007/s10584-012-0650-y
  • Chaturvedi V, MI Hejazi, JA Edmonds, LE Clarke, GP Kyle, E Davies, MA Wise, and KV Calvin. 2013. Climate policy implications for agricultural water demandPNNL-22356, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Chaturvedi V, SH Kim, SJ Smith, LE Clarke, Y Zhou, GP Kyle, and PL Patel. 2013. "Model Evaluation and Hindcasting: An Experiment with an Integrated Assessment Model." Energy 61:479-490.  doi:10.1016/
  • Davies E, GP Kyle, and JA Edmonds. 2013. "An integrated assessment of global and regional water demands for electricity generation to 2095." Advances in Water Resources 52:296-313.  doi:10.1016/j.advwatres.2012.11.020
  • Dooley JJ, GP Kyle, and E Davies. 2013. "Climate mitigation's impact on global and regional electric power sector water use in the 21st Century." Energy Procedia 37:2470-2478.  doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2013.06.128
  • Edmonds JA, PW Luckow, KV Calvin, MA Wise, JJ Dooley, GP Kyle, SH Kim, PL Patel, and LE Clarke. 2013. "Can Radiative Forcing Be Limited to 2.6 Wm-2 Without Negative Emissions From Bioenergy AND CO2 Capture and Storage?" Climatic Change 118(1):29-43.  doi:10.1007/s10584-012-0678-z
  • Eom J, RH Moss, JA Edmonds, KV Calvin, LE Clarke, JJ Dooley, SH Kim, R Kopp, GP Kyle, PW Luckow, PL Patel, AM Thomson, MA Wise, and Y Zhou. 2013. "Scenarios of Future Socio-Economics, Energy, Land Use, and Radiative Forcing." In Engineering Response to Climate Change, 2nd Ed., ed. RG Watts, pp. 81-138  CRC Press Inc, Boca Raton, FL. 
  • Girod B, D Van Vuuren, M Grahn, A Kitous, SH Kim, and GP Kyle. 2013. "Climate Impact of Transportation A Model Comparison ." Climatic Change 118(3-4):595-608.  doi:10.1007/s10584-012-0663-6
  • Kyle GP, E Davies, JJ Dooley, SJ Smith, LE Clarke, JA Edmonds, and MI Hejazi. 2013. "Corrigendum to "Influence of climate change mitigation technology on global demands of water for electricity generation"." International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 17:549-552.  doi:10.1016/j.ijggc.2013.03.017
  • Kyle GP, E Davies, JJ Dooley, SJ Smith, LE Clarke, JA Edmonds, and MI Hejazi. 2013. "Influence of Climate Change Mitigation Technology on Global Demands of Water for Electricity Generation." International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 13:112-123.  doi:10.1016/j.ijggc.2012.12.006
  • Le Page YLB, G Hurtt, AM Thomson, B Bond-Lamberty, PL Patel, MA Wise, KV Calvin, GP Kyle, LE Clarke, JA Edmonds, and AC Janetos. 2013. "Sensitivity of climate mitigation strategies to natural disturbances." Environmental Research Letters 8(1):Article No. 015018.  doi:10.1088/1748-9326/8/1/015018
  • Nelson G, H Valin, R Sands, P Havlik, H Ahammad, D Deryng, J Elliott, S Fujimori, T Hasegawa, E Heyhoe, GP Kyle, M von Lampe, H Lotze-Campen, D Mason d'Croz, H van Meijl, D van der Mensbrugghe, C Mueller, A Popp, R Robertson, S Robinson, E Schmid, C Schmitz, A Tabeau, and D Willenbockel. 2013. "Climate change effects on agriculture: Economic responses to biophysical shocks." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 111(9):3274-3279.  doi:10.1073/pnas.1222465110
  • Zhou S, GP Kyle, S Yu, LE Clarke, J Eom, PW Luckow, V Chaturvedi, X Zhang, and JA Edmonds. 2013. "Energy use and CO2 emissions of China's industrial sector from a global perspective." Energy Policy 58:284-294.  doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2013.03.014


  • Edmonds JA, KV Calvin, LE Clarke, GP Kyle, and MA Wise. 2012. "Energy and technology lessons since Rio." Energy Economics 34(Supplement 1):S7-S14.  doi:10.1016/j.eneco.2012.08.037
  • Eom J, KV Calvin, LE Clarke, JA Edmonds, SH Kim, R Kopp, GP Kyle, P Luckow, RH Moss, PL Patel, and MA Wise. 2012. "Exploring the Future Role of Asia Utilizing A Scenario Matrix Architecture and Shared Socio-Ecosystem Pathways." Energy Economics 34(Supplement 3):S325-S338.  doi:10.1016/j.eneco.2012.03.012
  • Eom J, LE Clarke, SH Kim, GP Kyle, and PL Patel. 2012. China's Building Energy Use: A Long-Term Perspective based on a Detailed AssessmentPNNL-21073, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Eom J, LE Clarke, SH Kim, GP Kyle, and PL Patel. 2012. "China's Building Energy Demand: Long-Term Implications from a Detailed Assessment." Energy 46(1):405-419.  doi:10.1016/


  • Kyle GP, and SH Kim. 2011. "Long-Term Implications of Alternative Light-Duty Vehicle Technologies for Global Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Primary Energy Demands." Energy Policy 39(5):3012 - 3024.  doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2011.03.016
  • McJeon HC, LE Clarke, GP Kyle, MA Wise, A Hackbarth, B Bryant, and R Lempert. 2011. "Technology Interactions among Low Carbon Energy Technologies: What Can We Learn from a Large Number of Scenarios?" Energy Economics 33(4):619-631.  doi:10.1016/j.eneco.2010.10.007
  • Smith SJ, J West, and GP Kyle. 2011. "Economically consistent long-term scenarios for air pollutant emissions." Climatic Change 108(3):619-627.  doi:10.1007/s10584-011-0219-1
  • Kyle GP, LE Clarke, SJ Smith, SH Kim, M Nathan, and MA Wise. 2011. "The Value of Advanced End-Use Energy Technologies in Meeting U.S. Climate Policy Goals." The Energy Journal 32(Special Issue):Article No. 5. 
  • Kyle GP, P Luckow, KV Calvin, WR Emanuel, M Nathan, and Y Zhou. 2011. GCAM 3.0 Agriculture and Land Use: Data Sources and MethodsPNNL-21025, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Lamarque JF, GP Kyle, M Meinshausen, K Riahi, SJ Smith, D Van Vuuren, A Conley, and F Vitt. 2011. "Global and regional evolution of short-lived radiatively-active gases and aerosols in the Representative Concentration Pathways." Climatic Change 109(1-2):191-212.  doi:10.1007/s10584-011-0155-0
  • Pugh G, LE Clarke, R Marlay, GP Kyle, MA Wise, HC McJeon, and G Chan. 2011. "Energy R&D portfolio analysis based on climate change mitigation." Energy Economics 33(4):634-643.  doi:10.1016/j.eneco.2010.11.007
  • Thomson AM, KV Calvin, SJ Smith, GP Kyle, AC Volke, PL Patel, S Delgado Arias, B Bond-Lamberty, MA Wise, LE Clarke, and JA Edmonds. 2011. "RCP4.5: A Pathway for Stabilization of Radiative Forcing by 2100." Climatic Change 109(1-2):77-94.  doi:10.1007/s10584-011-0151-4


  • Kyle GP, LE Clarke, F Rong, and SJ Smith. 2010. "Climate Policy and the Long-Term Evolution of the U.S. Buildings Sector." The Energy Journal Vol. 31(2):145-172. 
  • Wise MA, GP Kyle, JJ Dooley, and SH Kim. 2010. "The Impact of Electric Passenger Transport Technology under an Economy-Wide Climate Policy in the United States: Carbon Dioxide Emissions, Coal Use, and Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage ." International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 4(2):301-308.  doi:10.1016/j.ijggc.2009.09.003
  • Zhang Y, SJ Smith, GP Kyle, and PW Stackhouse, Jr.. 2010. "Modeling The Potential For Thermal Concentrating Solar Power Technologies ." Energy Policy 38(12):7884-7897.  doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2010.09.008


  • Calvin KV, JA Edmonds, B Bond-Lamberty, LE Clarke, SH Kim, GP Kyle, SJ Smith, AM Thomson, and MA Wise. 2009. "2.6: Limiting Climate Change to 450 ppm CO2 Equivalent in the 21st Century." Energy Economics 31(2):S107-S120. 
  • Calvin KV, JA Edmonds, LE Clarke, B Bond-Lamberty, SH Kim, MA Wise, AM Thomson, and GP Kyle. 2009. Land-use LeakagePNNL-18585, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Hannam P, GP Kyle, and SJ Smith. 2009. Global Deployment of Geothermal Energy Using a New Characterization in GCAM 1.0PNNL-19231, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Kyle GP, LE Clarke, G Pugh, MA Wise, KV Calvin, JA Edmonds, and SH Kim. 2009. "The Value of Advanced Technology in Meeting 2050 Greenhouse Gas Emissions Targets in the United States." Energy Economics 31(2):S254-S267. 


  • Kyle GP, LE Clarke, and SJ Smith. 2008. "The Value of Advanced Technologies in the U.S. Buildings Sector in Climate Change Mitigation." In Scaling Up: Building Tomorrow's Solutions : Proceedings from the 2008 ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings, p. 267.  ACEEE, Washington DC. 
  • Wise MA, GP Kyle, JJ Dooley, and SH Kim. 2008. "The Impact of Electric Passenger Transport Technology on the Demand for Coal-fired Power with CCS under a Climate Policy." In Energy Procedia: 9th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Contorol Technologies (GHGT9), vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 4355-4362.  Elsevier, London, United Kingdom.  doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2009.02.249


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