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Atmospheric Science & Global Change

Staff information

Jerome

Jerome Fast

Atmospheric Measurement & Data Sciences
Lab Fellow, Earth Sci
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
MSIN: K9-24
Richland, WA 99352

Biography

Jerome Fast has lead a team of PNNL scientists that have contributed a gas-phase chemistry mechanism, an sectional aerosol model, cloud chemistry, cloud-aerosol interactions, and radiative feedback processes into the chemistry version of Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF-chem) model. WRF is a state-of-the-science meteorological model that has been developed collaboratively by several government agencies and universities. His current research involves using WRF-chem as a tool to better understand the evolution of particulates and radiative forcing during recent DOE Atmospheric Sciences Program (ASP) field experiments. High-resolution simulations are being performed that resolve the local and regional variations of particulate characteristics to obtain a better understanding of important aerosol processes that need to be incorporated into larger-scale climate models. He was actively involved in the planning and execution of the forecasting/modeling component of the MILAGRO (Megacities Initiative: Local and Global Research Observations) field campaign that was held in central Mexico during March 2006. MILAGRO was designed to obtain measurements that quantify the effect of megacity anthropogenic emissions on local, regional, and large-scale climate.

Dr. Fast also has extensive experience in the use of mesoscale and Lagrangian particle dispersion models for boundary-layer, mesoscale, regional, complex terrain, and emergency response applications. He has simulated the atmospheric dynamics in complex terrain, the evolution of nocturnal and daytime boundary layers, and the interactions of boundary-layer processes and regional-scale circulations, and their effect on pollutant dispersion. He has employed four-dimensional data assimilation techniques to improve the diagnostic and predictive capabilities of mesoscale meteorological models. In addition to his modeling experience, Dr. Fast has also collected measurements during several field campaigns, including the 1997 IMADA-AVER field experiment in Mexico City, 2001 Phoenix Sunrise Experiment, and the 2000 VTMX field experiment in Salt Lake City. During the VTMX field experiment, he lead a perfluorocarbon tracer experiment designed to obtain information on how nocturnal canyon and valley flows interact and affect the transport and mixing of pollutants.

Research Interests

  • Trace Gas and Aerosol Modeling
  • Climate-Chemistry Interactions
  • Local and Regional Atmospheric Modeling
  • Boundary Layer and Mountain Meteorology
  • Atmospheric Dispersion
  • Data Assimilation

Education and Credentials

  • Ph.D, Meteorology, Iowa State University
  • M.S., Meteorology, Iowa State University
  • B.S., Meteorology and Mathematics, Iowa State University

Affiliations and Professional Service

Awards and Recognitions

  • Lead forecaster during the MILAGRO field campaign during March 2006
  • DOE Atmospheric Sciences Program modeling working group chair, June 2005 to present
  • Coordinator of operational modeling activities in support of MIRAGE-Mex, April 2005 to present
  • Committee member of Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) Model Working Group 11: Atmospheric Chemistry, September 2003 to present
  • Mega City Impact on the Regional and Global Environment (MIRAGE) steering committee member, National Center for Atmospheric Research, April 2002 to present
  • Served on American Meteorological Society Committees including: Committee on Boundary Layers and Turbulence, 1993-1996, Committee on Mountain Meteorology, 1998-2001, Committee on Atmospheric Chemistry, 2001-2004

PNNL Publications

2018

  • Kassianov E.I., L.K. Berg, M.S. Pekour, J.C. Barnard, D. Chand, J.M. Comstock, and C.M. Flynn, et al. 2018. "A Closure Study of Total Scattering Using Airborne In Situ Measurements from the Winter Phase of TCAP." Atmosphere 9, no. 6:228. PNNL-SA-136397. doi:10.3390/atmos9060228

2017

  • Ching P., J.D. Fast, M. West, and N. Riemer. 2017. "Metrics to quantify the importance of mixing state for CCN activity." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 17, no. 12:7445-7458. PNNL-SA-122612. doi:10.5194/acp-17-7445-2017
  • Kassianov E.I., M.S. Pekour, C.J. Flynn, L.K. Berg, J. Beranek, A. Zelenyuk, and C. Zhao, et al. 2017. "Large Contribution of Coarse Mode to Aerosol Microphysical and Optical Properties: Evidence from Ground-based Observations of a Transpacific Dust Outbreak at a High-Elevation North American Site." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 74, no. 5:1431-1443. PNNL-SA-118075. doi:10.1175/JAS-D-16-0256.1
  • Marelle L., J. Raut, K.S. Law, L.A. Berg, J.D. Fast, R.C. Easter, and M.B. Shrivastava, et al. 2017. "Improvements to the WRF-Chem 3.5.1 model for quasi-hemispheric simulations of aerosols and ozone in the Arctic." Geoscientific Model Development 10, no. 10:3661-3677. PNNL-SA-125184. doi:10.5194/gmd-10-3661-2017
  • Martin S.T., S.T. Martin, P. Artaxo, L. Machado, A. Manzi, R. Augusto Ferreira de Souza, and C. Schumacher, et al. 2017. "The Green Ocean Amazon Experiement (GoAmazon2014/5) Observes Pollution Affecting Gases, Aerosols, Clouds and Rainfall over the Rain Forest." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 98, no. 5:981-980. PNNL-SA-121695. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-15-00221.1
  • Raut J., L. Marelle, J.D. Fast, J.L. Thomas, B. Weinzierl, K.S. Law, and L.K. Berg, et al. 2017. "Cross-polar transport and scavenging of Siberian aerosols containing black carbon during the 2012 ACCESS summer campaign." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 17, no. 18:10969-10995. PNNL-SA-125182. doi:10.5194/acp-17-10969-2017
  • Shrivastava M.B., S. Lou, A. Zelenyuk-Imre, R.C. Easter, R.A. Corley, B.D. Thrall, and P.J. Rasch, et al. 2017. "Global Long-Range Transport and Lung Cancer Risk from Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Shielded by Coatings of Organic Aerosol." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 114, no. 6:1246-1251. PNNL-SA-121554. doi:10.1073/pnas.1618475114
  • Thomas J.L., C.M. Polashenski, A.J. Soja, L. Marelle, K.A. Casey, H. Choi, and J. Raut, et al. 2017. "Quantifying black carbon deposition over the Greenland ice sheet from forest fires in Canada." Geophysical Research Letters 44, no. 15:7965-7974. PNNL-SA-125266. doi:10.1002/2017GL073701

2016

  • Berg L.K., J.D. Fast, J.C. Barnard, S. Burton, B. Cairns, D. Chand, and J.M. Comstock, et al. 2016. "The Two-Column Aerosol Project: Phase I - Overview and Impact of Elevated Aerosol Layers on Aerosol Optical Depth." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 121, no. 1:336-361. PNNL-SA-102905. doi:10.1002/2015JD023848
  • Burleyson C.D., Z. Feng, S.M. Hagos, J.D. Fast, L. Machado, S.T. Martin, and S.T. Martin. 2016. "Spatial Variability of the Background Diurnal Cycle of Deep Convection around the GoAmazon2014/15 Field Campaign Sites." Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology 55, no. 7:1579-1598. PNNL-SA-111694. doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-15-0229.1
  • Chen D., Z. Liu, J.D. Fast, and J. Ban. 2016. "Simulations of Sulfate-Nitrate-Ammonium (SNA) aerosols during the extreme haze events over Northern China in 2014." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 16, no. 16:10707-10724. PNNL-SA-116728. doi:10.5194/acp-16-10707-2016
  • Ching P., R.A. Zaveri, R.C. Easter, N. Riemer, and J.D. Fast. 2016. "A three-dimensional sectional representation of aerosol mixing state for simulating optical properties and cloud condensation nuclei." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 121, no. 10:5912–5929. PNNL-SA-112961. doi:10.1002/2015JD024323
  • Fast J.D., L.K. Berg, K. Zhang, R.C. Easter, R.A. Ferrare, J. Hair, and C.A. Hostetler, et al. 2016. "Model Representations of Aerosol Layers Transported from North America over the Atlantic Ocean during the Two-Column Aerosol Project." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 121, no. 16:9814-9848. PNNL-SA-119932. doi:10.1002/2016JD025248
  • Kleinman L.I., C. Kuang, A. Sedlacek, G.I. Senum, S.R. Springston, J. Wang, and Q. Zhang, et al. 2016. "What do Correlations tell us about Anthropogenic – Biogenic Interactions and SOA Formation in the Sacramento Plume during CARES?." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 16, no. 3:1729-1746. PNNL-SA-110254. doi:10.5194/acp-16-1729-2016
  • Mirocha J.D., M.D. Simpson, J.D. Fast, L.K. Berg, and R. Baskett. 2016. "Investigation of boundary-layer wind predictions during nocturnal low-level jet events using the Weather Research and Forecasting model." Wind Energy 19, no. 4:739-762. PNNL-SA-97177. doi:10.1002/we.1862
  • Shrivastava M.B., C. Zhao, R.C. Easter, Y. Qian, A. Zelenyuk, J.D. Fast, and Y. Liu, et al. 2016. "Sensitivity Analysis of simulated SOA loadings using a Variance-Based Statistical Approach." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 8, no. 2:499-519. PNNL-SA-113017. doi:10.1002/2015MS000554
  • Zhao C., M. Huang, J.D. Fast, L.K. Berg, Y. Qian, A. Guenther, and D. Gu, et al. 2016. "Sensitivity of biogenic volatile organic compounds to land surface parameterizations and vegetation distributions in California." Geoscientific Model Development 9, no. 5:1959-1976. PNNL-SA-114880. doi:10.5194/gmd-9-1959-2016

2015

  • Berg L.K., M.B. Shrivastava, R.C. Easter, J.D. Fast, E.G. Chapman, and Y. Liu. 2015. "A New WRF-Chem Treatment for Studying Regional Scale Impacts of Cloud-Aerosol Interactions in Parameterized Cumuli." Geoscientific Model Development 8, no. 2:409-429. PNNL-SA-100862. doi:10.5194/gmd-8-409-2015
  • Kulkarni G.R., K. Zhang, C. Zhao, M.I. Nandasiri, V. Shutthanandan, X. Liu, and J.D. Fast, et al. 2015. "Ice formation on nitric acid coated dust particles: Laboratory and modeling studies." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 120, no. 15:7682-7698. PNNL-SA-105539. doi:10.1002/2014JD022637
  • Lupascu A., R.C. Easter, R.A. Zaveri, M.B. Shrivastava, M.S. Pekour, J.M. Tomlinson, and Q. Yang, et al. 2015. "Modeling particle nucleation and growth over northern California during the 2010 CARES campaign." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 15, no. 21:12283-12313. PNWD-SA-10502. doi:10.5194/acp-15-12283-2015
  • Marelle L., J. Raut, J.L. Thomas, K.S. Law, B. Quennehen, G. Ancellet, and J. Pelon, et al. 2015. "Transport of anthropogenic and biomass burning aerosols from Europe to the Arctic during spring 2008." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 15, no. 7:3831-3850. PNNL-SA-109564. doi:10.5194/acp-15-3831-2015
  • Parworth C., J.D. Fast, F. Mei, T.R. Shippert, C. Sivaraman, A. Tilp, and T. Watson, et al. 2015. "Long-term Measurements of Submicrometer Aerosol Chemistry at the Southern Great Plains (SGP) Using an Aerosol Chemical Speciation Monitor (ACSM)." Atmospheric Environment 106. PNNL-SA-106218. doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2015.01.060
  • Shrivastava M.B., R.C. Easter, X. Liu, A. Zelenyuk, B. Singh, K. Zhang, and P. Ma, et al. 2015. "Global transformation and fate of SOA: Implications of Low Volatility SOA and Gas-Phase Fragmentation Reactions." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 120, no. 9:4169-4195. PNNL-SA-105095. doi:10.1002/2014JD022563
  • Wyant M.C., C.S. Bretherton, R. Wood, G. Carmichael, A.D. Clarke, A.D. Clarke, and J.D. Fast, et al. 2015. "Global and regional modeling of clouds and aerosols in the marine boundary layer during VOCALS: The VOCA Intercomparison." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 15, no. 1:153-172. PNNL-SA-98998. doi:10.5194/acp-15-153-2015
  • Xiao H., S. Endo, M. Wong, W. Skamarock, J.B. Klemp, J.D. Fast, and W.I. Gustafson, et al. 2015. "Modifications to WRF’s dynamical core to improve the treatment of moisture for large--eddy simulations." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 7, no. 4:1627-1642. PNNL-SA-112067. doi:10.1002/2015MS000532
  • Yang Q., R.C. Easter, P. Campuzano-Jost, J.L. Jimenez, J.D. Fast, S.J. Ghan, and H. Wang, et al. 2015. "Aerosol transport and wet scavenging in deep convective clouds: a case study and model evaluation using a multiple passive tracer analysis approach." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 120, no. 16:8448-8468. PNNL-SA-109663. doi:10.1002/2015JD023647

2014

  • Almanza V.H., L.T. Molina, G. Li, J.D. Fast, and G. Sosa. 2014. "Impact of external industrial sources on the regional and local SO2 and O-3 levels of the Mexico megacity." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 14, no. 16:8483–8499. PNNL-SA-98999. doi:10.5194/acp-14-8483-2014
  • Archer-Nicholls S., D. Lowe, S. Utembe, J.D. Allan, R.A. Zaveri, J.D. Fast, and O. Hodnebrog, et al. 2014. "Gaseous Chemistry and Aerosol Mechanism Developments for Version 3.5.1 of the Online Regional Model, WRF-Chem." Geoscientific Model Development 7, no. 6:2557-2579. PNNL-SA-100202. doi:10.5194/gmd-7-2557-2014
  • Fast J.D., J.D. Allan, R. Bahreini, J.S. Craven, L. Emmons, R.A. Ferrare, and P.L. Hayes, et al. 2014. "Modeling regional aerosol and aerosol precursor variability over California and its sensitivity to emissions and long-range transport during the 2010 CalNex and CARES campaigns." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 14, no. 18:10013–10060. PNWD-SA-10309. doi:10.5194/acp-14-10013-2014
  • Knote C., A. Hodzic, J.L. Jimenez, R.M. Volkamer, J.J. Orlando, S. Baidar, and J. Brioude, et al. 2014. "Simulation of semi-explicit mechanisms of SOA formation from glyoxal in a 3D model." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 14, no. 12:6213-6239. PNWD-SA-10132. doi:10.5194/acp-14-6213-2014
  • Ma P., P.J. Rasch, J.D. Fast, R.C. Easter, W.I. Gustafson, X. Liu, and S.J. Ghan, et al. 2014. "Assessing the CAM5 Physics Suite in the WRF-Chem Model: Implementation, Resolution Sensitivity, and a First Evaluation for a Regional Case Study." Geoscientific Model Development 7, no. 3:755-778. PNNL-SA-98517. doi:10.5194/gmd-7-755-2014
  • Matsui H., M. Koike, Y. Kondo, A. Takami, J.D. Fast, Y. Kanaya, and M. Takigawa. 2014. "Volatility basis-set approach simulation of organic aerosol formation in East Asia: implications for anthropogenic-biogenic interaction and controllable amounts." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 14, no. 18:9513–9535. PNNL-SA-101126. doi:10.5194/acp-14-9513-2014
  • Matsui H., M. Koike, Y. Kondo, J.D. Fast, and M. Takigawa. 2014. "Development of an aerosol microphysical module: Aerosol Two-dimensional bin module for foRmation and Aging Simulation (ATRAS)." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 14, no. 18:10315-10331. PNNL-SA-101127. doi:10.5194/acp-14-10315-2014
  • Newsom R.K., L.K. Berg, M.S. Pekour, J.D. Fast, Q. Xu, P. Zhang, and Q. Yang, et al. 2014. "Evaluation of Single-Doppler Radar Wind Retrievals in Flat and Complex Terrain." Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology 53, no. 8:1920–1931. PNNL-SA-97861. doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-13-0297.1
  • Pfister G.G., S. Walters, J.F. Lamarque, J.D. Fast, M. Barth, J. Wong, and J. Done, et al. 2014. "Projections of Future Summertime Ozone over the U.S." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 119, no. 9:5559–5582. PNNL-SA-98570. doi:10.1002/2013JD020932
  • Pleim J., R. Mathur, S.T. Rao, J.D. Fast, and A. Backlanov. 2014. "Integrated Meteorology and Chemistry Modeling: Evaluation and Research Needs." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 95, no. 4:ES81–ES84. PNNL-SA-97321. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-13-00107.1
  • Scarino A., M. Obland, J.D. Fast, S.P. Burton, R.A. Ferrare, C.A. Hostetler, and L.K. Berg, et al. 2014. "Comparison of Mixed Layer Heights from Airborne High Spectral Resolution Lidar, Ground-based Measurements, and the WRP-Chem Model during CalNex and CARES." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 14, no. 11:5547-5560. PNNL-SA-94537. doi:10.5194/acp-14-5547-2014

2013

  • Brioude J., D. Arnold, A. Stohl, M. Cassiani, D. Morton, P. Seibert, and W.M. Angevine, et al. 2013. "The Lagrangian particle dispersion model FLEXPART-WRF VERSION 3.1." Geoscientific Model Development 6, no. 6:1889-1904. PNNL-SA-93677. doi:10.5194/gmd-6-1889-2013
  • Gustafson W.I., P. Ma, H. Xiao, B. Singh, P.J. Rasch, and J.D. Fast. 2013. "The Separate Physics and Dynamics Experiment (SPADE) framework for determining resolution awareness: A case study of microphysics." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 118, no. 16:9258-9276. PNNL-SA-92473. doi:10.1002/jgrd.50711
  • Kassianov E.I., J.C. Barnard, M.S. Pekour, L.K. Berg, J.D. Fast, J.J. Michalsky, and K. Lantz, et al. 2013. "Temporal Variability of Aerosol Properties during TCAP: Impact on Radiative Forcing." In Remote Sensing of Clouds and the Atmosphere XVIII; and Optics in Atmospheric Propagation and Adaptive Systems XVI, September 23, 2013, Dresden, Germany. Proceedings of the SPIE, edited by A Comeron, et. al., 8890, Paper No. 88900O. Bellingham, Washington:SPIE Publishing. PNNL-SA-97934. doi:10.1117/12.2029355
  • Ma P., P.J. Rasch, H. Wang, K. Zhang, R.C. Easter, S. Tilmes, and J.D. Fast, et al. 2013. "The Role of Circulation Features on Black Carbon Transport into the Arctic in the Community Atmosphere Model Version 5 (CAM5)." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 118, no. 10:4657-4669. PNNL-SA-88828. doi:10.1002/jgrd.50411
  • Matsui H., M. Koike, N. Takegawa, Y. Kondo, A. Takami, T. Takamura, and S. Yoon, et al. 2013. "Spatial and temporal variations of new particle formation in East Asia using an NPF-explicit WRF-chem model: North-south contrast in new particle formation frequency." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 118, no. 20:11647-11663. PNNL-SA-98571. doi:DOI:10.1002/jgrd.50821
  • Matsui H., M. Koike, Y. Kondo, N. Moteki, J.D. Fast, and R.A. Zaveri. 2013. "Development and validation of a black carbon mixing state resolved three-dimensional model: Aging processes and radiative impact." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 118, no. 5:2304-2326. PNNL-SA-89311. doi:10.1029/2012JD018446
  • Moffet R.C., T. Rodel, S.T. Kelly, X. Yu, G. Carroll, J.D. Fast, and R.A. Zaveri, et al. 2013. "Spectro-Microscopic Measurements of Carbonaceous Aerosol Aging in Central California." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 13, no. 20:10445-10459. PNNL-SA-93724. doi:10.5194/acp-13-10445-2013
  • Shilling J.E., R.A. Zaveri, J.D. Fast, L.I. Kleinman, M.L. Alexander, M.R. Canagaratna, and E. Fortner, et al. 2013. "Enhanced SOA formation from mixed anthropogenic and biogenic emissions during the CARES campaign." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 13, no. 4:2091-2113. PNNL-SA-91032. doi:10.5194/acp-13-2091-2013
  • Shrivastava M.B., A. Zelenyuk, D. Imre, R.C. Easter, J. Beranek, R.A. Zaveri, and J.D. Fast. 2013. "Implications of Low Volatility SOA and Gas-Phase Fragmentation Reactions on SOA Loadings and their Spatial and Temporal Evolution in the Atmosphere." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 118, no. 8:3328-3342. PNNL-SA-86882. doi:10.1002/jgrd.50160
  • Shrivastava M.B., L.K. Berg, J.D. Fast, R.C. Easter, A. Laskin, E.G. Chapman, and W.I. Gustafson, et al. 2013. "Modeling aerosols and their interactions with shallow cumuli during the 2007 CHAPS field study." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 118, no. 3:1343-1360. PNNL-SA-88271.
  • Thomas J.L., J. Raut, K.S. Law, L. Marelle, G. Ancellet, F. Ravetta, and J.D. Fast, et al. 2013. "Pollution transport from North America to Greenland during summer 2008." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 13, no. 7:3825-3848. PNNL-SA-87613. doi:10.5194/acp-13-3825-2013
  • Thomas J.L., J. Raut, K.S. Law, L. Marelle, G. Ancellet, F. Ravetta, and J.D. Fast, et al. 2013. "Pollution Transport From North America to Greenland During Summer 2008." Geophysical Research Letters 13, no. 7:3825-3848. PNNL-SA-87473. doi:10.5194/acp-13-3825-2013
  • Yang Q., L.K. Berg, M.S. Pekour, J.D. Fast, R.K. Newsom, M. Stoelinga, and C. Finley. 2013. "Evaluation of WRF predicted near hub-height winds and ramp events over a Pacific Northwest site with complex terrain." Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology 52, no. 8:1753–1763. PNNL-SA-91078. doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-12-0267.1

2012

  • Fast J.D., W.I. Gustafson, L.K. Berg, W.J. Shaw, M.S. Pekour, M.B. Shrivastava, and J.C. Barnard, et al. 2012. "Transport and Mixing Patterns over Central California during the Carbonaceous Aerosol and Radiative Effects Study (CARES)." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 12, no. 4:1759-1783. PNNL-SA-83353. doi:10.5194/acp-12-1759-2012
  • Kassianov E.I., D. Chand, L.K. Berg, J.D. Fast, J.M. Tomlinson, R. Ferrare, and C.A. Hostetler, et al. 2012. "Multi-year Satellite and Surface Observations of AOD in support of Two-Column Aerosol Project (TCAP) Field Campaign." In Remote Sensing of Clouds and the Atmosphere XVII; and Lidar Technologies, Techniques, and Measurements for Atmospheric Remote Sensing VIII, September 24-27, 2012, Edinburgh, United Kingdom. Proceedings of the SPIE, edited by EI Kassianov, et al, 8534, Paper No. 853407. Bellingham, Washington:SPIE Publishing. PNNL-SA-90427. doi:10.1117/12.977862
  • Laskin A., R.C. Moffet, M.K. Gilles, J.D. Fast, R.A. Zaveri, B. Wang, and P. Nigge, et al. 2012. "Tropospheric Chemistry of Internally Mixed Sea Salt and Organic Particles: Surprising Reactivity of NaCl with Weak Organic Acids." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 117. PNNL-SA-87414. doi:10.1029/2012JD017743
  • Ochoa C., D. Baumgardner, M. Grutter, J.D. Allan, J.D. Fast, and B. Rappengluck. 2012. "Physical and chemical properties of the regional mixed layer of Mexico's Megapolis – Part II: Evaluation of measured and modeled trace gases and particle size distributions." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 12, no. 21:10106-10179. PNNL-SA-87614. doi:10.5194/acp-12-10161-2012
  • Seethala C., G. Pandithurai, J.D. Fast, S.D. Polade, M.S. Reddy, and S.E. Peckham. 2012. "Evaluating WRF-Chem multi-scale model in simulating aerosol radiative properties over the tropics – A case study over India." MAPAN 26, no. 4:269-284. PNNL-SA-63695. doi:10.1007/s12647-011-0025-2
  • Setyan A., Q. Zhang, M. Merkel, W.B. Knighton, Y. Sun, C. Song, and J.E. Shilling, et al. 2012. "Characterization of submicron particles influenced by mixed biogenic and anthropogenic emissions using high-resolution aerosol mass spectrometry: results from CARES." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 12, no. 17:8131-8156. PNNL-SA-86147. doi:10.5194/acp-12-8131-2012
  • Yang Q., W.I. Gustafson, J.D. Fast, H. Wang, R.C. Easter, M. Wang, and S.J. Ghan, et al. 2012. "Impact of natural and anthropogenic aerosols on stratocumulus and precipitation in the Southeast Pacific: A regional modeling study using WRF-Chem." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 12, no. 18:8777-8796. PNNL-SA-87970. doi:10.5194/acp-12-8777-2012
  • Zaveri R.A., W.J. Shaw, D.J. Cziczo, B. Schmid, R. Ferrare, M.L. Alexander, and M. Alexandrov, et al. 2012. "Overview of the 2010 Carbonaceous Aerosols and Radiative Effects Study (CARES)." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 12, no. 16:7647-7687. PNNL-SA-84648. doi:10.5194/acp-12-7647-2012

2011

  • Brioude J., S.W. Kim, W.M. Angevine, G.J. Frost, S.H. Lee, S.A. McKeen, and M. Trainer, et al. 2011. "Top-down estimate of anthropogenic emission inventories and their interannual variability in Houston using a mesoscale inverse modeling technique." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 116. PNNL-SA-79749. doi:10.1029/2011JD016215
  • Fast J.D., W.I. Gustafson, E.G. Chapman, R.C. Easter, J.P. Rishel, R.A. Zaveri, and G. Grell, et al. 2011. "The Aerosol Modeling Testbed: A community tool to objectively evaluate aerosol process modules." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 92, no. 3:343-360. PNNL-SA-70296. doi:10.1175/2010BAMS2868.1
  • Grell G.A., S. Freitas, M. Stuefer, and J.D. Fast. 2011. "Inclusion of biomass burning in WRF-Chem: Impact of wildfires on weather forecasts." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 11, no. 11:5289-5303. PNNL-SA-75175. doi:10.5194/acp-11-5289-2011
  • Gustafson W.I., Y. Qian, and J.D. Fast. 2011. "Downscaling Aerosols and the Impact of Neglected Subgrid Processes on Direct Aerosol Radiative Forcing for a Representative Global Climate Model Grid Spacing." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 116. PNNL-SA-76845. doi:10.1029/2010JD015480
  • Matsui H., M. Koike, Y. Kondo, N. Takegawa, A. Wiedensohler, J.D. Fast, and R.A. Zaveri. 2011. "Impact of new particle formation on the concentrations of aerosol number and cloud condensation nuclei around Beijing." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 116. PNNL-SA-83352. doi:10.1029/2011JD016025
  • Shrivastava M.B., J.D. Fast, R.C. Easter, W.I. Gustafson, R.A. Zaveri, J.L. Jimenez, and P. Saide, et al. 2011. "Modeling Organic Aerosols in a Megacity: Comparison of Simple and Complex Representations of the Volatility Basis Set Approach." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 11, no. 13:6639-6662. PNNL-SA-75763. doi:10.5194/acp-11-6639-2011
  • Yang Q., W.I. Gustafson, J.D. Fast, H. Wang, R.C. Easter, H. Morrison, and Y.N. Lee, et al. 2011. "Assessing regional scale predictions of aerosols, marine stratocumulus, and their interactions during VOCALS-REx using WRF-Chem." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 11, no. 23:11951-11975. PNNL-SA-81515. doi:10.5194/acp-11-11951-2011

2010

  • Barnard J.C., J.D. Fast, G.L. Paredes-Miranda, W.P. Arnott, and A. Laskin. 2010. "Technical Note: Evaluation of the WRF-Chem "Aerosol Chemical to Aerosol Optical Properties" Module using data from the MILAGRO campaign." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 10, no. 15:7325-7340. PNNL-SA-70890. doi:10.5194/acp-10-7325-2010
  • Grell G., J.D. Fast, W.I. Gustafson, S.E. Peckham, S.A. McKeen, M. Salzmann, and S. Freitas. 2010. "On-line Chemistry within WRF: Description and Evaluation of a State-of-the-Art Multiscale Air Quality and Weather Prediction Model." In Integrated Systems of Meso-Meteorological and Chemical Transport Models, edited by A Baklanov, A Mahura and R Sokhi. 41-54. Heidelberg:Springer-Verlag. PNNL-SA-67565.
  • Hodzic A., J.L. Jimenez, A. Prevot, S. Szidat, J.D. Fast, and S. Madronich. 2010. "Can 3-D models explain the observed fractions of fossil and non-fossil carbon in and near Mexico City?." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 10, no. 22:10997 -11016. PNNL-SA-76927. doi:10.5194/acp-10-10997-2010
  • Hodzic A., J.L. Jimenez, S. Madronich, M.R. Canagaratna, P.F. DeCarlo, L.I. Kleinman, and J.D. Fast. 2010. "Modeling organic aerosols in a megacity: potential contribution of semi-volatile and intermediate volatility primary organic compounds to secondary organic aerosol formation." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 10, no. 12:5491-5514. PNNL-SA-70474. doi:10.5194/acp-10-5491-2010
  • Matsui H., M. Koike, Y. Kondo, N. Takegawa, J.D. Fast, U. Poschl, and R.M. Garland, et al. 2010. "Spatial and temporal variations of aerosols around Beijing in summer 2006: 2. Local and column aerosol optical properties." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 115. PNNL-SA-70475. doi:10.1029/2010JD013895
  • Moffet R.C., T.R. Henn, A.V. Tivanski, R.J. Hopkins, Y. Desyaterik, A.L. Kilcoyne, and T. Tyliszczak, et al. 2010. "Microscopic Characterization of Carbonaceous Aerosol Particle Aging in the Outflow from Mexico City." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 10, no. 3:961-976. PNNL-SA-67629.
  • Molina L.T., S. Madronich, J. Gaffney, E. Apel, B. de Foy, J.D. Fast, and R. Ferrare, et al. 2010. "An Overview of the MILAGRO 2006 Campaign: Mexico City Emissions and their Transport and Transformation." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 10, no. 18:8697-8760. PNNL-SA-70473. doi:10.5194/acp-10-8697-2010
  • Qian Y., W.I. Gustafson, and J.D. Fast. 2010. "An investigation of the sub-grid variability of trace gases and aerosols for global climate modeling." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 10. PNNL-SA-70891. doi:10.5194/acp-10-6917-2010
  • Wyant M.C., R. Wood, C.S. Bretherton, C. Mechoso, J. Bacmeister, M.A. Balmaseda, and B. Barrett, et al. 2010. "The PreVOCA experiment: Modeling the Lower Troposphere in the Southeast Pacific." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 10, no. 10:4757-4774. PNNL-SA-70479. doi:10.5194/acp-10-4757-2010
  • Zhang Y., Y. Pan, K. Wang, J.D. Fast, and G.A. Grell. 2010. "WRF/Chem-MADRID: Incorporation of an Improved Aerosol Module into WRF/Chem and Its Initial Application to the TexAQS2000 Episode." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 115. PNNL-SA-70480. doi:10.1029/2009JD013443
  • Zhao C., X. Liu, L.R. Leung, B. Johnson, S.A. McFarlane, W.I. Gustafson, and J.D. Fast, et al. 2010. "The spatial distribution of mineral dust and its shortwave radiative forcing over North Africa: Modeling sensitivities to dust emissions and aerosol size treatments." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 10, no. 18:8821-8838. PNNL-SA-71138. doi:10.5194/acp-10-8821-2010

2009

  • Chapman E.G., W.I. Gustafson, R.C. Easter, J.C. Barnard, S.J. Ghan, M.S. Pekour, and J.D. Fast. 2009. "Coupling Aerosol-Cloud-Radiative Processes in the WRF-Chem Model: Investigating the Radiative Impact of Elevated Point Sources." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 9, no. 3:945-964. PNNL-SA-60549.
  • Fast J.D., A. Aiken, J.D. Allan, M.L. Alexander, T. Campos, M.R. Canagaratna, and E.G. Chapman, et al. 2009. "Evaluating Simulated Primary Anthropogenic and Biomass Burning Organic Aerosols during MILAGRO: Implications for Assessing Treatments of Secondary Organic Aerosols." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 9, no. 16:6191-6215. PNNL-SA-63810.
  • Fast J.D., S.J. Ghan, and S.E. Schwartz. 2009. Modeling Activities in the Department of Energy’s Atmospheric Sciences Program. PNNL-18752. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Hodzic A., J.L. Jimenez, S. Madronich, A. Aiken, B. Bessagnet, G. Curci, and J.D. Fast, et al. 2009. "Modeling Organic Aerosols during MILAGRO: Application of the CHIMERE Model and Importance of Biogenic Secondary Organic Aerosols." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 9, no. 18:6949-6981. PNNL-SA-66066.
  • Matsui H., M. Koike, Y. Kondo, N. Takegawa, K. Kita, Y. Miyazaki, and M. Hu, et al. 2009. "Spatial and Temporal Variations of Aerosols Around Beijing in the Summer 2006: Model Evaluation and Source Apportionment." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 114. PNNL-SA-62131. doi:10.1029/2008JD010906
  • Ntelekos A.A., J.S. Smith, L.J. Donner, J.D. Fast, W.I. Gustafson, E.G. Chapman, and W.F. Krajewski. 2009. "The Effects of Aerosols on Intense Convective Precipitation in the Northeastern U.S." Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 135, no. 643:1367-1391. PNNL-SA-60916. doi:10.1002/qj.476

2008

  • de Foy B., J.D. Fast, S.J. Paech, D. Phillips, D. Phillips, J.T. Walters, and R.L. Coulter, et al. 2008. "Basin-Scale Wind Transport during the MILAGRO Field Campaign and Comparison to Climatology Using Cluster Analysis." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 8, no. 5:1209-1224. PNNL-SA-57158.
  • Doran J.C., J.D. Fast, J.C. Barnard, A. Laskin, Y. Desyaterik, M.K. Gilles, and R.J. Hopkins. 2008. "Applications of Lagrangian Dispersion Modeling to the Analysis of Changes in the Specific Absorption of Elemental Carbon." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 8, no. 5:1377-1389. PNNL-SA-57216.
  • Fast J.D., R.K. Newsom, K.J. Allwine, Q. Xu, P. Zhang, P. Zhang, and J.H. Copeland, et al. 2008. "An Evaluation of Two NEXRAD Wind Retrieval Methodologies and Their Use in Atmospheric Dispersion Models." Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology 47, no. 9:2351-2371. PNNL-SA-56373. doi:10.1175/2008JAMC1853.1
  • Grossman-Clarke S., Y. Liu, J.A. Zehnder, and J.D. Fast. 2008. "Simulations of the Urban Planetary Boundary Layer in an Arid Metropolitan Area." Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology 47, no. 3:752-768. PNNL-SA-51682.
  • Herndon S.C., T.B. Onasch, E.C. Wood, J.H. Kroll, M.R. Canagaratna, J.T. Jayne, and M.A. Zavala, et al. 2008. "Correlation of Secondary Organic Aerosol with Odd Oxygen in Mexico City." Geophysical Research Letters 35, no. 15:L15804. PNNL-SA-58157. doi:10.1029/2008GL034058
  • Zaveri R.A., R.C. Easter, J.D. Fast, and L.K. Peters. 2008. "Model for Simulating Aerosol Interactions and Chemistry (MOSAIC)." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 113, no. D13:Art. No. D13204. PNNL-SA-54778. doi:10.1029/2007JD008782

2007

  • Doran J.C., J.C. Barnard, W.P. Arnott, R. Cary, R.L. Coulter, J.D. Fast, and E.I. Kassianov, et al. 2007. "The T1-T2 Study: Evolution of Aerosol Properties Downwind of Mexico City." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 7, no. 6:1585-1598. PNNL-SA-53382.
  • Fast J.D., B. de Foy, F.A. Rosas, E. Caetano, G. Carmichael, L. Emmons, and D. McKenna, et al. 2007. "A Meteorological Overview of the MILAGRO Field Campaigns." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 7, no. 9:2233-2257. PNNL-SA-54469.
  • Fast J.D., R.K. Newsom, K.J. Allwine, Q. Xu, P. Zhang, P. Zhang, and J.H. Copeland, et al. 2007. Development of NEXRAD Wind Retrievals as Input to Atmospheric Dispersion Models. PNNL-16399. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Gustafson W.I., E.G. Chapman, S.J. Ghan, R.C. Easter, and J.D. Fast. 2007. "Impact on Modeled Cloud Characteristics Due to Simplified Treatment of Uniform Cloud Condensation Nuclei During NEAQS 2004." Geophysical Research Letters 34, no. 19:L19809. PNNL-SA-54354. doi:10.1029/2007GL030021

2006

  • Fast J.D., K.J. Allwine, R.N. Dietz, K.L. Clawson, and J.C. Torcolini. 2006. "Dispersion of Perfluorocarbon Tracers within the Salt Lake Valley during VTMX 2000." Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology 45, no. 6:793-812. PNNL-SA-44191.
  • Fast J.D., W.I. Gustafson, R.C. Easter, R.A. Zaveri, J.C. Barnard, E.G. Chapman, and G. Grell, et al. 2006. "Evolution of Ozone, Particulates, and Aerosol Direct Radiative Forcing in the Vicinity of Houston Using a Fully Coupled Meteorology-Chemistry-Aerosol Model." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 111, no. D21:D21305. PNNL-SA-46870. doi:10.1029/2005JD006721

2005

  • De Wekker S., D.G. Steyn, J.D. Fast, M.W. Rotach, and S. Zhong. 2005. "The Performance of RAMS in Representing the Convective Boundary Layer Structure in a Very Steep Valley." Environmental Fluid Mechanics 5, no. 1-2:35-62. PNNL-SA-40460.
  • Fast J.D., and W.E. Heilman. 2005. "Simulated Sensitivity of Seasonal Ozone Exposure in the Great Lakes Region to Changes in Anthropogenic Emissions in the Presence of Interannual Variability." Atmospheric Environment 39, no. 29:5291-5306. PNNL-SA-44062.
  • Fast J.D., J.C. Torcolini, and R. Redman. 2005. "Pseudovertical Temperature Profiles and the Urban Heat Island Measured by a Temperature Datalogger Network in Phoenix, Arizona." Journal of Applied Meteorology 44, no. 1:3-13. PNNL-SA-41027.
  • Gustafson W.I., E.G. Chapman, and J.D. Fast. 2005. "Effect of Clouds on Sulfate Production and Aerosol Optical Depths in Western Pennsylvania During August 2004." In American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, December 5-9, 2005, San Francisco, California. Washington, District Of Columbia:American Geophysical Union. PNNL-SA-46723.
  • Gustafson W.I., J.D. Fast, R.C. Easter, and S.J. Ghan. 2005. "Triumphs and Tribulations of WRF-Chem Development and Use." In 2005 Joint WRF/MM5 User's Workshop, June 27-30, 2005, Boulder, Colorado, Paper No. 8.4. Boulder, Colorado:National Center for Atmospheric Research. PNNL-SA-45508.
  • Zhang Y., X. Hu, G. Howell, E.D. Sills, J.D. Fast, W.I. Gustafson, and R.A. Zaveri, et al. 2005. "Modeling Atmospheric Aerosols in WRF/Chem." In 2005 Joint WRF/MM5 User's Workshop, June 27-30, 2005, Boulder, Colorado. Boulder, Colorado:National Center for Atmospheric Research. PNNL-SA-45539.

2004

  • Banta R.M., L.S. Darby, J.D. Fast, J.O. Pinto, C.D. Whiteman, W.J. Shaw, and B.W. Orr. 2004. "Nocturnal Low-Level Jet in a Mountain Basin Complex. I. Evolution and Effects on Local Flows." Journal of Applied Meteorology 43, no. 10:1348-1365. PNNL-SA-41276.
  • Barnard J.C., E.G. Chapman, J.D. Fast, J.R. Schmelzer, J.R. Schlusser, and R.E. Shetter. 2004. "An Evaluation of the FAST-J Photolysis algorithm for predicting nitrogen dioxide photolysis rates under clear and cloudy sky conditions." Atmospheric Environment 38, no. 21:3393-3403. PNNL-SA-40149.
  • Fast J.D., and L.S. Darby. 2004. "An Evaluation of Mesoscale Model Predictions of Down-Valley and Canyon Flows and Their Consequences Using Doppler Lidar Measurements During VTMX 2000." Journal of Applied Meteorology 43, no. 3:420-436. PNNL-SA-38925.
  • Jiang G., and J.D. Fast. 2004. "Modeling the Effects of VOC and NOx Emission Sources on Ozone Formation in Houston during the TexAQS 2000 Field Campaign." Atmospheric Environment 38, no. 30:5071-5085. PNNL-SA-40153.
  • Stutz J.P., B. Alicke, R. Ackerman, A. Geyer, S.H. Wang, A.B. White, and E.J. Williams, et al. 2004. "Relative Humidity Dependence of HONO Chemistry in Urban Areas." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 109, no. D3:D03307. PNNL-SA-41028. doi:10.1029/2003JD004135

2003

  • Fast J.D. 2003. "Forecasts of Valley Circulations Using the Terrain-Following and Step-Mountain Vertical Coordinates in the Meso Eta Model." Weather and Forecasting 18, no. 6:1192-1206. PNNL-SA-37297.
  • Fast J.D., and W.E. Heilman. 2003. "The Effect of Lake Temperatures and Emissions on Ozone Exposure in the Western Great Lakes Region." Journal of Applied Meteorology 42, no. 9:1197-1217. PNNL-SA-36855.
  • Kleinman L.I., P.H. Daum, Y.N. Lee, L.J. Nunnermacker, S.R. Springston, J. Weinstein-Lloyd, and P. Hyde, et al. 2003. "Photochemical Age Determinations in the Phoenix Metropolitan Area." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 108, no. D3:4096. PNNL-SA-37185. doi:10.1029/2002JD002621
  • Wang S.H., R. Ackermann, C.W. Spicer, J.D. Fast, M. Schmeling, and J. Stutz. 2003. "Atmospheric Observations of Enhanced NO2-HONO Conversion on Mineral Dust Particles." Geophysical Research Letters 30, no. 11:1595. PNNL-SA-39064. doi:10.1029/2003GL017014
  • Zhong S., and J.D. Fast. 2003. "An Evaluation of MM5, RAMS, and Meso-Eta Models at Subkilometer Resolution Using VTMX Field Campaign Data in the Salt Lake Valley." Monthly Weather Review 131, no. 7:1301-1322. PNNL-SA-37407.
  • Zhong S., and J.D. Fast. 2003. "An Evaluation of the MM5, RAMS, and Meso-Eta Models at Subkilometer Resolution Using VTMX Field Campaign Data in the Salt Lake Valley." Monthly Weather Review 131, no. 7:1301-1322.

2002

  • Berkowitz C.M., J. Stutz, C.W. Spicer, J.C. Doran, J.D. Fast, and S. Wang. 2002. "Vertical Mixing and Chemistry Over an Arid Urban Site: First Results from Skyscraper Observations Made During the Phoenix Sunrise Campaign." In Fourth Conference on Atmospheric Chemistry: Urban, Regional, and Global Scale Impacts of Air Pollutants, 35-38. Boston, Massachusetts:American Meteorological Society. PNNL-SA-35413.
  • Berkowitz C.M., S.R. Springston, J.C. Doran, and J.D. Fast. 2002. "Vertical Mixing and Chemistry Over an Arid Urban Site: First Results from Aircraft Observations Made During the Phoenix Sunrise Campaign." In Fourth Conference on Atmospheric Chemistry: Urban, Regional, and Global Scale Impacts of Air Pollutants, 165-168. Boston, Massachusetts:American Meteorological Society. PNNL-SA-35414.
  • Doran J.C., C.M. Berkowitz, and J.D. Fast. 2002. "The Phoenix 2001 Field Campaign: Evolution of Oxidants during the Morning Transition Period." In Fourth Conference on Atmospheric Chemistry: Urban, Regional, and Global-Scale Impacts of Air Pollutants, January 13-17, 2002, Orlando, Florida, 83-87. Boston, Massachusetts:American Meteorological Society. PNNL-SA-35427.
  • Doran J.C., J.D. Fast, and J.D. Horel. 2002. "The VTMX 2000 Campaign." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 83, no. 4:537-551. PNNL-SA-34879.
  • Fast J.D., and W.J. Shaw. 2002. "Observed and Simulated Turbulence Kinetic Energy and Dissipation Profiles in an Urban Valley During VTMX 2000." In 15th Symposium on Boundary Layers and Turbulence, 638-641. Boston, Massachusetts:American Meteorological Society. PNNL-SA-37698.
  • Fast J.D., R.A. Zaveri, R.X. Bian, E.G. Chapman, and R.C. Easter. 2002. "Effect of Regional-Scale Transport on Oxidants in the Vicinity of Philadelphia During the 1999 NE-OPS Field Campaign." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 107, no. D16. PNNL-SA-35004. doi:10.1029/2001JD000980
  • Stutz J., R. Ackerman, J.D. Fast, and L.A. Barrie. 2002. "Atmospheric Reactive Chlorine and Bromine at the Great Salt Lake, Utah." Geophysical Research Letters 29, no. 10:1380. PNNL-SA-37406. doi:10.1029/2002GL014812

2000

  • Berkowitz C.M., J.D. Fast, and R.C. Easter. 2000. "Boundary Layer Vertical Exchange Processes and the Mass Budget of Ozone: Observations and Model Results." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 105, no. D11:14,789-14,805. PNNL-SA-32582.
  • Fast J.D., and J.C. Doran. 2000. "Boundary Layer Characteristics in Phoenix and Their Effect on Vertical Transport and Mixing." In AMS 9th Conference on Mountain Meteorology, 292-297. Boston, Massachusetts:American Meteorological Society. PNNL-SA-33407.
  • Fast J.D., J.C. Doran, W.J. Shaw, R.L. Coulter, and T.J. Martin. 2000. "The Evolution of the Boundary Layer and Its Effect on Air Chemistry in the Phoenix Area." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 105, no. D18:22,833-22,848. PNNL-SA-33093.
  • Whiteman C.D., S. Zhong, X. Bian, J.D. Fast, and J.C. Doran. 2000. "Boundary Layer Evolution and Regional-Scale Diurnal Circulations over the Mexico Basin and Mexican Plateau." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 105, no. D8:10,081-10,102. PNNL-SA-31319.

1999

  • Edgerton S.A., X. Bian, J.C. Doran, J.D. Fast, J.M. Hubbe, E.L. Malone, and W.J. Shaw, et al. 1999. "Particulate Air Pollution in Mexico City: A Collaborative Research Project." Journal of the Air and Waste Management Association 49. PNNL-SA-30880.

1998

  • Doran J.C., X. Bian, S.A. Edgerton, J.D. Fast, J.M. Hubbe, W.J. Shaw, and C.D. Whiteman. 1998. "The IMADA-AVER Boundary-Layer Experiment in the Mexico City Area." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 79, no. 11:2497-2508. PNNL-SA-29760.
  • Spicer C.W., E.G. Chapman, B.J. Finlayson-Pitts, R.A. Plastridge, J.M. Hubbe, J.D. Fast, and C.M. Berkowitz. 1998. "First Observations of Molecular Halogens in the Marine Troposphere." Nature 394, no. 6691:353-356. PNNL-SA-29484.

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