Skip to Main Content U.S. Department of Energy
Atmospheric Science & Global Change

Staff information

Leon

Leon Clarke

Joint Global Change Research Institute
Engineer, TL

Biography

Dr. Clarke is an expert in the cross-disciplinary analysis of issues relating to energy, technology, policy, and climate change. Dr. Clarke is currently a Senior Scientist and leads the Integrated Modeling and Energy Group at the Joint Global Change Research Institute (JGCRI), a collaboration between the University of Maryland and the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). Dr. Clarke’s current activities focus on the evolution of national and international energy and agricultural systems, energy technology deployment and technological advance, scenario analysis, international climate policy, and integrated assessment of climate impacts. Dr. Clarke has served in a range of national and international leadership roles, including coordinating lead author for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), member of the National Academy Study on America’s Climate Choices, and coordinator of several multi-institution studies exploring energy, technology, policy, and climate change. Prior to joining PNNL, Dr. Clarke worked as a decision scientist at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, evaluated utility demand-side management programs at Pacific Gas & Electric Company, and worked in energy consulting. Dr. Clarke holds Ph.D. and M.S. degrees in Engineering Economic Systems and Operations Research from Stanford University and B.S. and M.S. degrees in Mechanical Engineering from U.C. Berkeley.

Research Interests

  • Integrated assessment research
  • Technology development deployment strategy
  • Scenario analysis
  • National and international climate and energy policy
  • Climate impacts

Education and Credentials

  • Ph.D., Engineering-Economic Systems and Operations Research, Stanford University
  • M.S., Engineering-Economic Systems and Operations Research, Stanford University
  • M.S., Mechanical Engineering, University of California at Berkeley
  • B.S., Mechanical Engineering, University of California at Berkeley

PNNL Publications

2018

  • Iyer GC, KV Calvin, LE Clarke, JA Edmonds, N Hultman, CA Hartin, HC McJeon, J Aldy, and W Pizer. 2018. "Implications of sustainable development considerations for comparability across nationally determined contributions." Nature Climate Change 8:124-129.  doi:10.1038/s41558-017-0039-z
  • Srinivasan S, N Kholod, V Chaturvedi, PP Ghosh, R Mathur, LE Clarke, M Evans, MI Hejazi, A Kanudia, P Nagar Koti, B Liu, K Parikh, MS Ali, and K Sharma. 2018. "Water for Electricity in India: A Multi-Model Study of Future Challenges and Linkages to Climate Change Mitigation." Applied Energy 210:673-684.  doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2017.04.079

2017

  • Calvin KV, B Bond-Lamberty, LE Clarke, JA Edmonds, J Eom, CA Hartin, SH Kim, GP Kyle, RP Link, RH Moss, HC McJeon, PL Patel, SJ Smith, ST Waldhoff, and MA Wise. 2017. "The SSP4: A World of Deepening Inequality." Global Environmental Change 42:284-296.  doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2016.06.010
  • Dahowski RT, CL Davidson, S Yu, JD Horing, N Wei, LE Clarke, and SR Bender. 2017. "The impact of CCS readiness on the evolution of China’s electric power sector." Energy Procedia 114:6631-6637.  doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2017.03.1817
  • Davidson CL, RT Dahowski, HC McJeon, LE Clarke, GC Iyer, and M Muratori. 2017. "The value of CCS under current policy scenarios: NDCs and beyond." Energy Procedia 114:7521-7527.  doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2017.03.1885
  • Iyer GC, LE Clarke, JA Edmonds, GP Kyle, CM Ledna, HC McJeon, and MA Wise. 2017. GCAM-USA Analysis of U.S. Electric Power Sector TransitionsPNNL-26174, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Iyer GC, CM Ledna, LE Clarke, JA Edmonds, HC McJeon, GP Kyle, and WILLIAMS. 2017. "Measuring Progress from Nationally Determined Contributions to Mid-Century Strategies." Nature Climate Change 7:871-874.  doi:10.1038/s41558-017-0005-9
  • Luo W, MT Steptoe, Z Chang, RP Link, LE Clarke, and R Maciejewski. 2017. "Impact of Spatial Scales on the Intercomparison of Climate Scenarios." IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications 37(5):40-49.  doi:10.1109/MCG.2017.3621222
  • Muratori M, CM Ledna, HC McJeon, GP Kyle, PL Patel, SH Kim, MA Wise, H Kheshgi, LE Clarke, and JA Edmonds. 2017. "Cost of Power or Power of Cost: a U.S. Modeling Perspective." Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews 77:861-874.  doi:10.1016/j.rser.2017.04.055
  • Muratori M, H Kheshgi, B Mignone, HC McJeon, and LE Clarke. 2017. "The future role of CCS in electricity and liquid fuel." Energy Procedia 114:7606-7614.  doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2017.03.1893
  • Muratori M, H Kheshgi, BK Mignone, LE Clarke, HC McJeon, and JA Edmonds. 2017. "Carbon Capture and Storage across Fuels and Sectors in Energy System Transformation Pathways." International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 57:34-41.  doi:10.1016/j.ijggc.2016.11.026
  • Muratori M, H Kheshgi, BK Mignone, HC McJeon, and LE Clarke. 2017. "The future role of CCS in electricity and liquid fuel supply." Energy Procedia 114:7606 - 7614.  doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2017.03.1893
  • Pan X, W Chen, LE Clarke, L Wang, and L Guannan. 2017. "China's energy system transformation towards the 2 °C goal: Implications of different effort-sharing principles." Energy Policy 103:116-126.  doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2017.01.020
  • Turner SWD, MI Hejazi, SH Kim, LE Clarke, and JA Edmonds. 2017. "Climate impacts on hydropower and consequences for global electricity supply investment needs." Energy 141:2081-2090.  doi:10.1016/j.energy.2017.11.089

2016

  • Clarke LE, J McFarland, C Octaviano, B van Ruijven, RH Beach, K Daenzer, S Herreras Martinez, A Lucena, A Kitous, M Labriet, AM Loboguerrero Rodriguez, A Mundra, and B van der Zwaan. 2016. "Long-Term Abatement Potential and Current Policy Trajectories in Latin American Countries." Energy Economics 56:513–525.  doi:10.1016/j.eneco.2016.01.011
  • Aldy J, W Pizer, M Tavoni, L Reis, K Akimoto, GJ Blanford, C Carraro, LE Clarke, JA Edmonds, GC Iyer, HC McJeon, RG Richels, S Rose, and F Sano. 2016. "Economic Tools to Promote Transparency and Comparability in the Paris Agreement." Nature Climate Change 6:1000 - 1006.  doi:10.1038/nclimate3106
  • Calvin KV, MA Wise, P Luckow, GP Kyle, LE Clarke, and JA Edmonds. 2016. "Implications of uncertain future fossil energy resources on bioenergy use and terrestrial carbon emissions." Climatic Change 136(1):57-68.  doi:10.1007/s10584-013-0923-0
  • Gao J, A Zhang, SK Lam, X Zhang, AM Thomson, E Lin, K Jiang, LE Clarke, JA Edmonds, GP Kyle, S Yu, Y Zhou, and S Zhou. 2016. "An integrated assessment of the potential of agricultural and forestry residues for energy production in China." Global Change Biology Bioenergy 8(5):880-893.  doi:10.1111/gcbb.12305
  • Hallegatte S, J Rogelj, M Allen, LE Clarke, O Edenhofer, CB Field, P Friedlingstein, L van Kesteren, R Knutti, K Mach, M Mastrandrea, A Michel, J Minx, M Oppenheimer, GK Plattner, K Riahi, M Schaeffer, T Stocker, and D Van Vuuren. 2016. "Mapping the climate change challenge." Nature Climate Change 6(7):663–668.  doi:10.1038/nclimate3057
  • Iyer GC, LE Clarke, JA Edmonds, and N Hultman. 2016. "Do National-Level Policies to Promote Low-Carbon Technology Deployment Pay Off for the Investor Countries?" Energy Policy 98:400–411.  doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2016.08.017
  • Iyer GC, LE Clarke, JA Edmonds, and N Hultman. 2016. "Do national-level policies to promote low-carbon technology deployment pay off for the investor countries?" Energy Policy 98:400–411.  doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2016.08.017
  • Kim SH, MI Hejazi, L Liu, KV Calvin, LE Clarke, JA Edmonds, GP Kyle, PL Patel, MA Wise, and E Davies. 2016. "Balancing Global Water Availability and Use at Basin Scale in an Integrated Assessment Model." Climatic Change 136(2):217-231.  doi:10.1007/s10584-016-1604-6
  • van der Zwaan B, KV Calvin, and LE Clarke. 2016. "Climate Mitigation in Latin America: Implications for Energy and Land Use: Preface to the Special Section on the findings of the CLIMACAP-LAMP Project." Energy Economics 56:495–498.  doi:10.1016/j.eneco.2016.05.005
  • van der Zwaan B, T Kober, S Calderon, LE Clarke, K Daenzer, A Kitous, M Labriet, A Lucena, C Octaviano, and N Di Sbroiavacca. 2016. "Energy technology roll-out for climate change mitigation: A multi-model study for Latin America." Energy Economics 56:526–542.  doi:10.1016/j.eneco.2015.11.019
  • vanVuuren D, H van Soest, K Riahi, LE Clarke, V Krey, E Kriegler, J Rogelj, M Schaeffer, and M Tavoni. 2016. "Carbon budgets and energy transition pathways." Environmental Research Letters 11(7):Article No. 075002.  doi:10.1088/1748-9326/11/7/075002
  • Wang L, PL Patel, S Yu, B Liu, JD Mcleod, LE Clarke, and W Chen. 2016. "Win-Win strategies to promote air pollutant control policies and non-fossil energy target regulation in China." Applied Energy 163:244-253.  doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2015.10.189

2015

  • Chaturvedi V, MI Hejazi, JA Edmonds, LE Clarke, GP Kyle, E Davies, and MA Wise. 2015. "Climate Mitigation Policy Implications for Global Irrigation Water Demand." Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 20(3):389-407.  doi:10.1007/s11027-013-9497-4
  • Zhou Y, MI Hejazi, SJ Smith, JA Edmonds, H Li, LE Clarke, KV Calvin, and AM Thomson. 2015. "A Comprehensive View of Global Potential for Hydro-generated Electricity." Energy and Environmental Science 8(9):2622-2633.  doi:10.1039/c5ee00888c
  • Arent D, J Logan, J Macknick, W Boyd, K Medlock , F O'Sullivan, JA Edmonds, LE Clarke, H Huntington, G Heath, PM Statwick, and M Bazilian. 2015. "A review of water and greenhouse gas impacts of unconventional natural gas development in the United States." MRS Energy and Sustainability 2:Article No. E4.  doi:10.1557/mre.2015.5
  • Calvin KV, S Rose, MA Wise, HC McJeon, LE Clarke, and JA Edmonds. 2015. "Global Climate, Energy, and Economic Implications of International Energy Offsets Programs." Climatic Change 133(4):583-596.  doi:10.1007/s10584-015-1482-3
  • Fawcett A, GC Iyer, LE Clarke, JA Edmonds, N Hultman, HC McJeon, J Rogelj, R Schuler, J Alsalam, GR Asrar, J Creason, M Jeong, J McFarland, A Mundra, and W Shi. 2015. "Can Paris pledges avert severe climate change?" Science 350(6265):1168-1169 .  doi:10.1126/science.aad5761
  • Iyer GC, LE Clarke, JA Edmonds, BP Flannery, N Hultman, HC McJeon, and D Victor. 2015. "Improved Representation of Investment Decisions in Assessments of CO2 Mitigation." Nature Climate Change 5(5):436-440.  doi:10.1038/nclimate2553
  • Iyer GC, LE Clarke, JA Edmonds, N Hultman, and HC McJeon. 2015. "Long-term payoffs of near-term low-carbon deployment policies." Energy Policy 86:493–505.  doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2015.08.004
  • Iyer GC, JA Edmonds, AA Fawcett, N Hultman, J Alsalam, GR Asrar, KV Calvin, LE Clarke, J Creason, M Jeong, J McFarland, A Mundra, PL Patel, W Shi, and HC McJeon. 2015. "The contribution of Paris to limit global warming to 2 °C." Environmental Research Letters 10(12):Article No. 125002.  doi:10.1088/1748-9326/10/12/125002
  • Iyer GC, N Hultman, J Eom, HC McJeon, PL Patel, and LE Clarke. 2015. "Diffusion of low-carbon technologies and the feasibility of long-term climate targets." Technological Forecasting and Social Change 90(Part A):103-118.  doi:10.1016/j.techfore.2013.08.025
  • Kraucunas IP, LE Clarke, JA Dirks, JE Hathaway, MI Hejazi, KA Hibbard, M Huang, C Jin, MCW Kintner-Meyer, K Kleese van Dam, LYR Leung, H Li, RH Moss, MJ Peterson, JS Rice, MJ Scott, AM Thomson, N Voisin, and TO West. 2015. "Investigating the Nexus of Climate, Energy, Water, and Land at Decision-Relevant Scales: The Platform for Regional Integrated Modeling and Analysis (PRIMA)." Climatic Change 129(3-4):573-588.  doi:10.1007/s10584-014-1064-9
  • Liu B, M Evans, LE Clarke, ST Waldhoff, and S Yu. 2015. Decarbonizing India’s Power Sector: Preliminary Synthesis of Project Results from the U.S.-India Model IntercomparisonPNNL-24736, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Liu L, MI Hejazi, PL Patel, GP Kyle, E Davies, Y Zhou, LE Clarke, and JA Edmonds. 2015. "Water demands for electricity generation in the U.S.: Modeling different scenarios for the water–energy nexus." Technological Forecasting and Social Change 94:318-334.  doi:10.1016/j.techfore.2014.11.004
  • McFarland J, Y Zhou, LE Clarke, P Sullivan, J Colman, W Jaglom, M Colley, PL Patel, J Eom, SH Kim, GP Kyle, P Schultz, B Venkatesh, J Haydel, C Mack, and J Creason. 2015. "Erratum to: Impacts of rising air temperatures and emissions mitigation on electricity demand and supply in the United States: a multi-model comparison." Climatic Change 132(4):739.  doi:10.1007/s10584-015-1452-9
  • McFarland J, Y Zhou, LE Clarke, P Sullivan, J Colman, W Jaglom, M Colley, PL Patel, J Eom, SH Kim, GP Kyle, P Schultz, B Venkatesh, J Haydel, C Mack, and J Creason. 2015. "Impacts of rising air temperatures and emissions mitigation on electricity demand and supply in the United States: a multi-model comparison." Climatic Change 131(1):111-125.  doi:10.1007/s10584-015-1380-8
  • Smith SJ, LE Clarke, JA Edmonds, J Kejun, E Kriegler, T Masui, K Riahi, PR Shukla, M Tavoni, D Van Vuuren, and J Weyant. 2015. "Long History of IAM Comparisons." Nature Climate Change 5(5):391.  doi:10.1038/nclimate2576
  • Yin X, W Chen, J Eom, LE Clarke, SH Kim, PL Patel, S Yu, and GP Kyle. 2015. "China's transportation energy consumption and CO2 emissions from a global perspective." Energy Policy 82:233-248.  doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2015.03.021

2014

  • Chaturvedi V, J Eom, LE Clarke, and PR Shukla. 2014. "Long term building energy demand for India: Disaggregating end use energy services in an integrated assessment modeling framework." Energy Policy (64):226-242.  doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2012.11.021
  • Chaturvedi V, LE Clarke, JA Edmonds, KV Calvin, and GP Kyle. 2014. "Capital investment requirements for greenhouse gas emissions mitigation in power generation on near term to century time scales and global to regional spatial scales." Energy Economics 46:267-278.  doi:10.1016/j.eneco.2014.09.008
  • Zhou Y, LE Clarke, J Eom, GP Kyle, PL Patel, SH Kim, JA Dirks, EA Jensen, Y Liu, JS Rice, LC Schmidt, and TE Seiple. 2014. "Modeling the effect of climate change on U.S. state-level buildings energy demands in an integrated assessment framework." Applied Energy 113:1077-1088.  doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2013.08.034
  • Calvin KV, MA Wise, GP Kyle, PL Patel, LE Clarke, and JA Edmonds. 2014. "Trade-offs of different land and bioenergy policies on the path to achieving climate targets." Climatic Change 123(3-4):691-704.  doi:10.1007/s10584-013-0897-y
  • Clarke LE, A Fawcett, J Weyant, J McFarland, V Chaturvedi, and Y Zhou. 2014. "Technology and U.S. Emissions Reductions Goals: Results of the EMF 24 Modeling Exercise." The Energy Journal 35(Special Issue):Article No. 2.  doi:10.5547/01956574.35.SI1.2
  • Hejazi MI, JA Edmonds, LE Clarke, GP Kyle, E Davies, V Chaturvedi, MA Wise, PL Patel, J Eom, and KV Calvin. 2014. "Integrated assessment of global water scarcity over the 21st century - Part 2: Climate change mitigation policies." Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 18(8):2859-2883.  doi:10.5194/hessd-10-3383-2013
  • Hejazi MI, JA Edmonds, LE Clarke, GP Kyle, E Davies, V Chaturvedi, MA Wise, PL Patel, J Eom, and KV Calvin. 2014. "Integrated Assessment of Global Water Scarcity over the 21st Century under Multiple Climate Change Mitigation Policies." Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 18(8):2859-2883.  doi:10.5194/hess-18-2859-2014
  • Hejazi MI, JA Edmonds, LE Clarke, GP Kyle, E Davies, V Chaturvedi, MA Wise, PL Patel, J Eom, and KV Calvin. 2014. "Integrated assessment of global water scarcity over the 21st century under multiple climate change mitigation policies." Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 18(8):2859–2883.  doi:10.5194/hess-18-2859-2014
  • Hejazi MI, JA Edmonds, LE Clarke, GP Kyle, E Davies, V Chaturvedi, MA Wise, PL Patel, J Eom, KV Calvin, RH Moss, and SH Kim. 2014. "LONG-TERM GLOBAL WATER USE PROJECTIONS USING SIX SOCIOECONOMIC SCENARIOS IN AN INTEGRATED ASSESSMENT MODELING FRAMEWORK." Technological Forecasting and Social Change 81:205-226.  doi:10.1016/j.techfore.2013.05.006
  • Krey V, G Luderer, LE Clarke, and E Kriegler. 2014. "Getting from here to there – energy technology transformation pathways in the EMF-27 scenarios." Climatic Change 123(3-4):369-382.  doi:10.1007/s10584-013-0947-5
  • Kriegler E, J Weyant, GJ Blanford, V Krey, LE Clarke, JA Edmonds, AA Fawcett, G Luderer, K Riahi, RG Richels, S Rose, M Tavoni, and D Van Vuuren. 2014. "The Role of Technology for Achieving Climate Policy Objectives: Overview of the EMF 27 Study on Technology Strategies and Climate Policy Scenarios." Climatic Change 123(3-4):353-367.  doi:10.1007/s10584-013-0953-7
  • McJeon HC, JA Edmonds, N Bauer, LE Clarke, B Fisher, BP Flannery, J Hilaire, V Krey, G Marangoni, R Mi, K Riahi, HH Rogner, and M Tavoni. 2014. "Limited impact on decadal-scale climate change from increased use of natural gas." Nature 514(7523):482-485.  doi:10.1038/nature13837
  • Scott MJ, DS Daly, Y Zhou, JS Rice, PL Patel, HC McJeon, GP Kyle, SH Kim, J Eom, and LE Clarke. 2014. "Evaluating sub-national building-energy efficiency policy options under uncertainty: Efficient sensitivity testing of alternative climate, technolgical, and socioeconomic futures in a regional intergrated-assessment model. ." Energy Economics 43(2014):22-33.  doi:10.1016/j.eneco.2014.01.012
  • Wise MA, HC McJeon, KV Calvin, LE Clarke, and GP Kyle. 2014. "Assessing the interactions among U.S. climate policy, biomass energy, and agricultural trade." The Energy Journal 35(Special Issue):, doi:10.5547/01956574.35.si1.9
  • Yu S, J Eom, Y Zhou, M Evans, and LE Clarke. 2014. "Scenarios of Building Energy Demand for China with a Detailed Regional Representation." Energy 67:284-297.  doi:10.1016/j.energy.2013.12.072
  • Yu S, J Eom, M Evans, and LE Clarke. 2014. "A long-term, integrated impact assessment of alternative building energy code scenarios in China." Energy Policy 67:626-639.  doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2013.11.009

2013

  • Chaturvedi V, MI Hejazi, JA Edmonds, LE Clarke, GP Kyle, E Davies, MA Wise, and KV Calvin. 2013. Climate policy implications for agricultural water demandPNNL-22356, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Zhou Y, J Eom, and LE Clarke. 2013. "The effect of climate change, population distribution, and climate mitigation on building energy use in the U.S. and China." Climatic Change 119(3-4):979-992.  doi:10.1007/s10584-013-0772-x
  • Calvin KV, MA Wise, LE Clarke, JA Edmonds, GP Kyle, PW Luckow, and AM Thomson. 2013. "Implications of simultaneously mitigating and adapting to climate change: Initial experiments using GCAM." Climatic Change 117(3):545-560.  doi:10.1007/s10584-012-0650-y
  • Chaturvedi V, SH Kim, SJ Smith, LE Clarke, Y Zhou, GP Kyle, and PL Patel. 2013. "Model Evaluation and Hindcasting: An Experiment with an Integrated Assessment Model." Energy 61:479-490.  doi:10.1016/j.energy.2013.08.061
  • Edmonds JA, PW Luckow, KV Calvin, MA Wise, JJ Dooley, GP Kyle, SH Kim, PL Patel, and LE Clarke. 2013. "Can Radiative Forcing Be Limited to 2.6 Wm-2 Without Negative Emissions From Bioenergy AND CO2 Capture and Storage?" Climatic Change 118(1):29-43.  doi:10.1007/s10584-012-0678-z
  • Eom J, RH Moss, JA Edmonds, KV Calvin, LE Clarke, JJ Dooley, SH Kim, R Kopp, GP Kyle, PW Luckow, PL Patel, AM Thomson, MA Wise, and Y Zhou. 2013. "Scenarios of Future Socio-Economics, Energy, Land Use, and Radiative Forcing." In Engineering Response to Climate Change, 2nd Ed., ed. RG Watts, pp. 81-138  CRC Press Inc, Boca Raton, FL. 
  • Kyle GP, E Davies, JJ Dooley, SJ Smith, LE Clarke, JA Edmonds, and MI Hejazi. 2013. "Corrigendum to "Influence of climate change mitigation technology on global demands of water for electricity generation"." International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 17:549-552.  doi:10.1016/j.ijggc.2013.03.017
  • Kyle GP, E Davies, JJ Dooley, SJ Smith, LE Clarke, JA Edmonds, and MI Hejazi. 2013. "Influence of Climate Change Mitigation Technology on Global Demands of Water for Electricity Generation." International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 13:112–123.  doi:10.1016/j.ijggc.2012.12.006
  • Le Page YLB, G Hurtt, AM Thomson, B Bond-Lamberty, PL Patel, MA Wise, KV Calvin, GP Kyle, LE Clarke, JA Edmonds, and AC Janetos. 2013. "Sensitivity of climate mitigation strategies to natural disturbances." Environmental Research Letters 8(1):Article No. 015018.  doi:10.1088/1748-9326/8/1/015018
  • Le Page YLB, G Hurtt, AM Thomson, B Bond-Lamberty, PL Patel, MA Wise, KV Calvin, GP Kyle, LE Clarke, JA Edmonds, and AC Janetos. 2013. "Sensitivity of climate mitigation strategies to natural disturbances." Environmental Research Letters 8(1):Article No. 015018.  doi:10.1088/1748-9326/8/1/015018
  • Zhou S, GP Kyle, S Yu, LE Clarke, J Eom, PW Luckow, V Chaturvedi, X Zhang, and JA Edmonds. 2013. "Energy use and CO2 emissions of China’s industrial sector from a global perspective." Energy Policy 58:284-294.  doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2013.03.014

2012

  • Chaturvedi V, S Waldhoff, LE Clarke, and S Fujimori. 2012. "What are the Starting Points? Evaluating Base-Year Assumptions in the Asian Modeling Exercise." Energy Economics 34(Supplement 3):S261-S271.  doi:10.1016/j.eneco.2012.05.004
  • Zhou Y, P Luckow, SJ Smith, and LE Clarke. 2012. "Evaluation of Global Onshore Wind Energy Potential and Generation Costs." Environmental Science & Technology 46(14):7857-7864.  doi:10.1021/es204706m
  • Calvin KV, LE Clarke, V Krey, GJ Blanford, K Jiang, M Kainuma, E Kriegler, G Luderer, and PR Shukla. 2012. "The Role of Asia in Mitigating Climate Change: Results from the Asia Modeling Exercise." Energy Economics 34(Supplement 3):S251–S260.  doi:10.1016/j.eneco.2012.09.003
  • Clarke LE, V Krey, J Weyant, and V Chaturvedi. 2012. "Regional energy system variations in global models: Results from the Asian Modeling Exercise." Energy Economics 34(Supplement 3):S293-S305.  doi:10.1016/j.eneco.2012.07.018
  • Edmonds JA, KV Calvin, LE Clarke, AC Janetos, SH Kim, MA Wise, and HC McJeon. 2012. "Integrated Assessment Modeling." In Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology, ed. RA Meyers, pp. 5398-5428.  Springer , New York, NY. 
  • Edmonds JA, KV Calvin, LE Clarke, GP Kyle, and MA Wise. 2012. "Energy and technology lessons since Rio." Energy Economics 34(Supplement 1):S7–S14.  doi:10.1016/j.eneco.2012.08.037
  • Eom J, KV Calvin, LE Clarke, JA Edmonds, SH Kim, R Kopp, GP Kyle, P Luckow, RH Moss, PL Patel, and MA Wise. 2012. "Exploring the Future Role of Asia Utilizing A Scenario Matrix Architecture and Shared Socio-Ecosystem Pathways." Energy Economics 34(Supplement 3):S325-S338.  doi:10.1016/j.eneco.2012.03.012
  • Eom J, LE Clarke, SH Kim, GP Kyle, and PL Patel. 2012. China's Building Energy Use: A Long-Term Perspective based on a Detailed AssessmentPNNL-21073, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Eom J, LE Clarke, SH Kim, GP Kyle, and PL Patel. 2012. "China's Building Energy Demand: Long-Term Implications from a Detailed Assessment." Energy 46(1):405-419.  doi:10.1016/j.energy.2012.08.009

2011

  • Kyle GP, LE Clarke, SJ Smith, SH Kim, M Nathan, and MA Wise. 2011. "The Value of Advanced End-Use Energy Technologies in Meeting U.S. Climate Policy Goals." The Energy Journal 32(Special Issue):Article No. 5. 
  • McJeon HC, LE Clarke, GP Kyle, MA Wise, A Hackbarth, B Bryant, and R Lempert. 2011. "Technology Interactions among Low Carbon Energy Technologies: What Can We Learn from a Large Number of Scenarios?" Energy Economics 33(4):619-631.  doi:10.1016/j.eneco.2010.10.007
  • Pugh G, LE Clarke, R Marlay, GP Kyle, MA Wise, HC McJeon, and G Chan. 2011. "Energy R&D portfolio analysis based on climate change mitigation." Energy Economics 33(4):634–643.  doi:10.1016/j.eneco.2010.11.007
  • Thomson AM, KV Calvin, SJ Smith, GP Kyle, AC Volke, PL Patel, S Delgado Arias, B Bond-Lamberty, MA Wise, LE Clarke, and JA Edmonds. 2011. "RCP4.5: A Pathway for Stabilization of Radiative Forcing by 2100." Climatic Change 109(1-2):77-94.  doi:10.1007/s10584-011-0151-4

2010

  • Kyle GP, LE Clarke, F Rong, and SJ Smith. 2010. "Climate Policy and the Long-Term Evolution of the U.S. Buildings Sector." The Energy Journal Vol. 31(2):145-172. 

2009

  • Clarke LE, and J Weyant. 2009. "Introduction to the EMF 22 special issue on climate change control scenarios." Energy Economics 31(2):63. 
  • Clarke LE, JA Edmonds, V Krey, RG Richels, S Rose, and M Tavoni. 2009. "International Climate Policy Architectures: Overview of the EMF 22 International Scenarios ." Energy Economics 31(2):S64-S81. 
  • Calvin KV, PL Patel, AA Fawcett, LE Clarke, K Fisher-Vanden, JA Edmonds, SH Kim, R Sands, and MA Wise. 2009. "The Distribution and Magnitude of Emissions Mitigation Costs in Climate Stabilization Under Less Than Perfect International Cooperation: SGM Results." Energy Economics 31(2):S187-S197 . 
  • Calvin KV, JA Edmonds, LE Clarke, B Bond-Lamberty, SH Kim, MA Wise, AM Thomson, and GP Kyle. 2009. Land-use LeakagePNNL-18585, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Calvin KV, JA Edmonds, B Bond-Lamberty, LE Clarke, SH Kim, GP Kyle, SJ Smith, AM Thomson, and MA Wise. 2009. "2.6: Limiting Climate Change to 450 ppm CO2 Equivalent in the 21st Century." Energy Economics 31(2):S107-S120. 
  • Kyle GP, LE Clarke, G Pugh, MA Wise, KV Calvin, JA Edmonds, and SH Kim. 2009. "The Value of Advanced Technology in Meeting 2050 Greenhouse Gas Emissions Targets in the United States." Energy Economics 31(2):S254-S267. 
  • Wigley TM, LE Clarke, JA Edmonds, HD Jacoby, S Paltsev, HM Pitcher, JM Reilly, RG Richels, MC Sarofim, and SJ Smith. 2009. "Uncertainties in climate stabilization." Journal of Climate 97(1-2):85-121 . 
  • Wise MA, KV Calvin, AM Thomson, LE Clarke, B Bond-Lamberty, RD Sands, SJ Smith, AC Janetos, and JA Edmonds. 2009. "Implications of Limiting CO2 Concentrations for Land Use and Energy." Science 324(5931):1183-1186 . 

2008

  • Clarke LE, J Weyant, and JA Edmonds. 2008. "On the sources of technological change: What do the models assume." Energy Economics 30(2):409–424. 
  • Baker ED, LE Clarke, and E Shittu. 2008. "Technical Change and the Marginal Cost of Abatement." Energy Economics 30(6):2799-2816.  doi:10.1016/j.eneco.2008.01.004
  • Edmonds JA, LE Clarke, JP Lurz, and MA Wise. 2008. "Stabilizing CO2 Concentrations with Incomplete International Cooperation." Climate Policy 8(4):355-376. 
  • Edmonds JA, LE Clarke, MA Wise, HM Pitcher, and SJ Smith. 2008. "Implications for the USA of stabilization of radiative forcing at 3.4 W/m2 ." Climate Policy 8:S76 - S92. 
  • Kyle GP, LE Clarke, and SJ Smith. 2008. "The Value of Advanced Technologies in the U.S. Buildings Sector in Climate Change Mitigation." In Scaling Up: Building Tomorrow's Solutions : Proceedings from the 2008 ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings, p. 267.  ACEEE, Washington DC. 
  • Thomson AM, RC Izaurralde, SJ Smith, and LE Clarke. 2008. "Integrated Estimates of Global Terrestrial Carbon Sequestration." Global Environmental Change. Part A, Human and Policy Dimensions 18(1):192-203. 

2007

2006

  • Clarke LE, J Weyant, and A Birky. 2006. "On the Sources of Technological Advance: Assessing the Evidence." Energy Economics 28(5-6):579-595. 
  • Clarke LE, MA Wise, M Placet, RC Izaurralde, JP Lurz, SH Kim, SJ Smith, and AM Thomson. 2006. Climate Change Mitigation: An Analysis of Advanced Technology ScenariosPNNL-16078, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Baker ED, LE Clarke, and J Weyant. 2006. "Optimal Technology R&D in the Face of Climate Uncertainty." Climatic Change 78(1):157-179 . 
  • Runci PJ, LE Clarke, and JJ Dooley. 2006. "Energy Research (Letter)." Issues in Science and Technology XXII(3):10-11. 

Atmospheric Sciences & Global Change

Science at PNNL

Research Highlights

View All ASGC Highlights

RSS Feed RSS feed logo

Contacts