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Atmospheric Science & Global Change

Staff information

Jin-Ho Yoon

Jin-Ho Yoon

Earth Systems Analysis & Modeling
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
MSIN: K9-30
Richland, WA 99352

Research Interests

  • Climate modeling with global and regional climate models
  • Diagnostic analysis of model output and observational data
  • Climate variability and change
  • Seasonal climate prediction
  • Climate change impact on human and hydro-ecosystems
  • Climate sensitivity and feedback processes

Education and Credentials

  • Ph.D., Meteorology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA
  • M.S., Meteorology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA
  • B.S., Meteorology, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea

Affiliations and Professional Service

  • American Geophysical Union
  • American Meteorological Society
  • American Association for the Advancement of Science

Awards and Recognitions

  • NASA Earth System Science (ESS) Fellowship for Ph.D. study
  • 2005 Amazon drought paper was selected as "best paper of 2008" by Envionrmental Research Letter

PNNL Publications


  • Yoon JH, and LYR Leung. 2015. "Assessing the relative influence of surface soil moisture and ENSO SST on precipitation predictability over the contiguous United States." Geophysical Research Letters 42(12):5005-5013.  doi:10.1002/2015GL064139
  • Yoon JH, SYS Wang, RR Gillies, BS Kravitz, L Hipps, and PJ Rasch. 2015. "Increasing water cycle extremes in California and relation to ENSO cycle under global warming." Nature Communications 6:Art. No. 8657.  doi:10.1038/ncomms9657
  • Adam JC, JC Stephens, S Chung, MP Brady, RD Evans, CE Kruger, BK Lamb, ML Liu, CO Stockle, JK Vaughan, K Rajagopalan, J Harrison, CL Tague, A Kalyanaraman, Y Chen, AB Guenther, FY Leung, LYR Leung, AB Perleberg, J Yoder, E Allen, S Anderson, B Chandrasekharan, K Malek, T Mullis, C Miller, T Nergui, J Poinsatte, J Reyes, J Zhu, JS Choate, X Jiang, R Nelson, JH Yoon, GG Yorgey, K Johnson, KJ Chinnayakanhalli, AF Hamlet, B Nijssen, and V Walden. 2015. "BioEarth: Envisioning and developing a new regional earth system model to inform natural and agricultural resource management." Climatic Change 129(3-4):555-571.  doi:10.1007/s10584-014-1115-2
  • Strzepek K, J Neumann, J Smith, J Martinich, B Boehlert, MI Hejazi, J Henderson, C Wobus, R Jones, KV Calvin, D Johnson, E Monier, J Strzepek, and JH Yoon. 2015. "Benefits of Greenhouse Gas Mitigation on the Supply, Management, and Use of Water Resources in the United States." Climatic Change 131(1):127-141.  doi:10.1007/s10584-014-1279-9
  • Yoo C, S Park, D Kim, JH Yoon, and HM Kim. 2015. "Boreal winter MJO teleconnection in the Community Atmosphere Model version 5 with the Unified Convection parameterization." Journal of Climate 28(20):8135-8150.  doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0022.1
  • Yu X, J Moore, X Cui, A Rinke, D Ji, BS Kravitz, and JH Yoon. 2015. "Impacts, Effectiveness and Regional Inequalities of the GeoMIP G1 to G4 Solar Radiation Management Scenarios." Global and Planetary Change 129:10-22.  doi:10.1016/j.gloplacha.2015.02.010


  • Vinoj V, PJ Rasch, H Wang, JH Yoon, PL Ma, K Landu, and B Singh. 2014. "Short-term modulation of Indian summer monsoon rainfall by West Asian dust." Nature Geoscience 7 :308-313.  doi:10.1038/NGEO2107
  • Hagos SM, LYR Leung, Y Xue, A Boone, F de Sales, N Neupane, M Huang, and JH Yoon. 2014. "Assessment of Uncertainties in the Response of the African Monsoon Precipitation to Land Use change simulated by a regional model." Climate Dynamics 43(9-10):2765-2775.  doi:10.1007/s00382-014-2092-x
  • Huneeus N, O Boucher, K Alterskjaer, JN Cole, CL Curry, D Ji, A Jones, BS Kravitz, JE Kristjansson, J Moore, HO Muri, U Niemeier, PJ Rasch, A Robock, B Singh, H Schmidt, M Schulz, S Tilmes, S Watanabe, and JH Yoon. 2014. "Forcings and Feedbacks in the GeoMIP Ensemble for a Reduction in Solar Irradiance and Increase in CO2." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 119(9):5226-5239.  doi:10.1002/2013JD021110
  • Irvine P, O Boucher, BS Kravitz, K Alterskjaer, JN Cole, D Ji, A Jones, D Lunt, J Moore, HO Muri, U Niemeier, A Robock, B Singh, S Tilmes, S Watanabe, S Yang, and JH Yoon. 2014. "Key Factors Governing Uncertainty in the Response to Sunshade Geoengineering from a Comparison of the GeoMIP Ensemble and a Perturbed Parameter Ensemble." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 119(13):7946-7962.  doi:10.1002/2013JD020716
  • Kim BM, SW Son, SK Min, JH Jeong, SJ Kim, X Zhang, T Shim, and JH Yoon. 2014. "Weakening of the Stratospheric Polar Vortex by Arctic Sea-Ice Loss." Nature Communications 5:Article No. 4646.  doi:10.1038/ncomms5646
  • Kravitz BS, D MacMartin, A Robock, PJ Rasch, KL Ricke, JN Cole, CL Curry, P Irvine, D Ji, D Keith, JE Kristjansson, J Moore, HO Muri, B Singh, S Tilmes, S Watanabe, S Yang, and JH Yoon. 2014. "A Multi-Model Assessment of Regional Climate Disparities Caused by Solar Geoengineering." Environmental Research Letters 9(7):Article No. 074013.  doi:10.1088/1748-9326/9/7/074013
  • Lim KS, SY Hong, JH Yoon, and J Han. 2014. "Simulation of the Summer Monsoon Rainfall over East Asia using the NCEP GFS Cumulus Parameterization at Different Horizontal Resolutions." Weather and Forecasting 29(5):1143-1154.  doi:10.1175/WAF-D-13-00143.1
  • Wang SYS, L Hipps, RR Gillies, and JH Yoon. 2014. "Probable Causes of the Abnormal Ridge Accompanying the 2013-2014 California Drought: ENSO Precursor and Anthropogenic Warming Footprint." Geophysical Research Letters 41(9):3220-3226.  doi:10.1002/2014GL059748
  • Xia L, A Robock, JN Cole, CL Curry, D Ji, A Jones, BS Kravitz, J Moore, HO Muri, U Niemeier, B Singh, S Tilmes, S Watanabe, and JH Yoon. 2014. "Solar Radiation Management Impacts on Agriculture in China: A Case Study in the Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project (GeoMIP)." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 119(14):8695-8711.  doi:10.1002/2013JD020630


  • Balaguru K, LYR Leung, and JH Yoon. 2013. "Oceanic Control of Northeast Pacific Hurricane Activity at Interannual Timescales." Environmental Research Letters 8(4):Article No. 044009.  doi:10.1088/1748-9326/8/4/044009
  • Jones A, J Haywood, K Alterskjaer, O Boucher, JN Cole, CL Curry, P Irvine, D Ji, BS Kravitz, JE Kristjansson, J Moore, U Niemeier, A Robock, H Schmidt, B Singh, S Tilmes, S Watanabe, and JH Yoon. 2013. "The Impact of Abrupt Suspension of Solar Radiation Management (Termination Effect) in Experiment G2 of the Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project (GeoMIP)." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 118(17):9743-9752.  doi:10.1002/jgrd.50762
  • Kravitz BS, K Caldeira, O Boucher, A Robock, PJ Rasch, K Alterskjaer, D Bou Karam, JN Cole, CL Curry, J Haywood, P Irvine, D Ji, A Jones, JE Kristjansson, D Lunt, J Moore, U Niemeier, H Schmidt, M Schulz, B Singh, S Tilmes, S Watanabe, S Yang, and JH Yoon. 2013. "Climate Model Response from the Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project (GeoMIP)." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 118(15):8320-8332.  doi:10.1002/jgrd.50646
  • Kravitz BS, PJ Rasch, P Forster, T Andrews, JN Cole, P Irvine, D Ji, JE Kristjansson, J Moore, HO Muri, U Niemeier, A Robock, B Singh, S Tilmes, S Watanabe, and JH Yoon. 2013. "An Energetic Perspective on Hydrologic Cycle Changes in the Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 118(23):13,087-13,102.  doi:10.1002/2013JD020502
  • Lee YH, JF Lamarque, MG Flanner, C Jiao, D Shindell, T Berntsen, M Bisiauxs, J Cao, WJ Collins, M Curran, R Edwards, G Faluvegi, SJ Ghan, L Horowitz, JR McConnell, J Ming, G Myhre, T Nagashima, V Naik, S Rumbold, RB Skeie, K Sudo, T Takemura, F Thevenon, B Xu, and JH Yoon. 2013. "Evaluation of Preindustrial to Present-day Black Carbon and its Albedo Forcing from Atmospheric Chemistry and Climate Model Intercomparison Project (ACCMIP)." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 13(5):2607-2634.  doi:10.5194/acp-13-2607-2013
  • Ma PL, PJ Rasch, H Wang, K Zhang, RC Easter, Jr, S Tilmes, JD Fast, X Liu, JH Yoon, and JF Lamarque. 2013. "The Role of Circulation Features on Black Carbon Transport into the Arctic in the Community Atmosphere Model Version 5 (CAM5)." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 118(10):4657-4669.  doi:10.1002/jgrd.50411
  • Myhre G, BH Samset, M Schulz, Y Balkanski, S Bauer, T Berntsen, H Bian, N Bellouin, M Chin, T Diehl, RC Easter, Jr, J Feichter, SJ Ghan, D Hauglustaine, T Iversen, S Kinne, A Kirkevag, JF Lamarque, G Lin, X Liu, MT Lund, G Luo, X Ma, T van Noije, JE Penner, PJ Rasch, A Ruiz, O Seland, RB Skeie, P Stier, T Takemura, K Tsigaridis, P Wang, Z Wang, L Xu, H Yu, F Yu, JH Yoon, K Zhang, H Zhang, and C Zhou. 2013. "Radiative Forcing of the Direct Aerosol Effect from AeroCom Phase II Simulations." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 13(4):1853-1877.  doi:10.5194/acp-13-1853-2013
  • Shindell D, JF Lamarque, M Schulz, MG Flanner, C Jiao, M Chin, PJ Young, YH Lee, L Rotstayn, NM Mahowald, G Milly, G Faluvegi, Y Balkanski, WJ Collins, A Conley, S Dalsoren, RC Easter, Jr, SJ Ghan, L Horowitz, X Liu, G Myhre, T Nagashima, V Naik, S Rumbold, RB Skeie, K Sudo, S Szopa, T Takemura, A Voulgarakis, JH Yoon, and F Lo. 2013. "Radiative forcing in the ACCMIP historical and future climate simulations." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 13(6):2939-2974.  doi:10.5194/acp-13-2939-2013
  • Tilmes S, J Fasullo, JF Lamarque, D Marsh, M Mills, K Alterskjaer, HO Muri, JE Kristjansson, O Boucher, M Schulz, JN Cole, CL Curry, A Jones, J Haywood, P Irvine, D Ji, J Moore, D Bou Karam, BS Kravitz, PJ Rasch, B Singh, JH Yoon, U Niemeier, H Schmidt, A Robock, S Yang, and S Watanabe. 2013. "The Hydrological Impact of Geoengineering in the Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project (GeoMIP)." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 118(19):11,036-11,058.  doi:10.1002/jgrd.50868
  • Wang H, RC Easter, Jr, PJ Rasch, M Wang, X Liu, SJ Ghan, Y Qian, JH Yoon, PL Ma, and V Vinoj. 2013. "Sensitivity of Remote Aerosol Distributions to Representation of Cloud-Aerosol Interactions in a Global Climate Model." Geoscientific Model Development 6(3):765-782.  doi:10.5194/gmd-6-765-2013
  • Wang SYS, JH Yoon, R Gillies, and C Cho. 2013. "What Caused the Winter Drought in Western Nepal during Recent Years?" Journal of Climate 26(21):8241-8256.  doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00800.1
  • Wang SYS, BM Buckley, JH Yoon, and B Fosu. 2013. "Intensification of Premonsoon Tropical Cyclones in the Bay of Bengal and its Impacts on Myanmar." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 118(10):4373-4384.  doi:10.1002/jgrd.50396
  • Wang SYS, ML Heureux, and JH Yoon. 2013. "Are Greenhouse Gases Changing ENSO Precursors in the Western North Pacific?" Journal of Climate 26(17):6309-6322.  doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00360.1
  • Zhao C, X Liu, Y Qian, JH Yoon, Z Hou, G Lin, SA McFarlane, H Wang, B Yang, PL Ma, H Yan, and J Bao. 2013. "A Sensitivity Study of Radiative Fluxes at the Top of Atmosphere to Cloud-Microphysics and Aerosol Parameters in the Community Atmosphere Model CAM5." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 13:10969-10987.  doi:10.5194/acp-13-10969-2013


  • Yoon JH, and PL Ma. 2012. "Ocean General Circulation Models." In Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology, ed. RA Meyers, pp. 7365-7381.  Springer, New York, NY. 
  • Yoon JH, and WRJ Huang. 2012. "Indian Monsoon Depression: Climatology and Variability." Chapter 2 in Modern Climatology, ed. SY Wang and RR Gillies , pp. 45-71.  InTech, Rijeka, Croatia (Local Name: Hrvatska). 
  • Yoon JH, K Mo, and E Wood. 2012. "Dynamic-Model Based Seasonal Prediction of Meteorological Drought over the Contiguous United States." Journal of Hydrometeorology 13(2):463-482.  doi:10.1175/JHM-D-11-038.1
  • Yoon JH, LYR Leung, and J Correia Jr.. 2012. "Comparison of Dynamically and Statistically Downscaled Seasonal Climate Forecasts for the Cold Season over the United States." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 117:D21109.  doi:10.1029/2012JD017650
  • Anderson BT, JR Knight, MA Ringer, JH Yoon, and A Cherchi. 2012. "Testing for the Possible Influence of Unknown Climate Forcings upon Global Temperature Increases from 1950-2000." Journal of Climate 25(20):7163-7172.  doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00645.1
  • Cook B, N Zeng, and JH Yoon. 2012. "Will Amazonia dry out?: Magnitude and causes of change from IPCC climate model projections." Earth Interactions 16(3):1-27.  doi:10.1175/2011EI398.1
  • Ganguly D, PJ Rasch, H Wang, and JH Yoon. 2012. "Climate response of the South Asian monsoon system to anthropogenic aerosols." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 117:Article No. D13209.  doi:10.1029/2012JD017508
  • Ganguly D, PJ Rasch, H Wang, and JH Yoon. 2012. "Fast and Slow Responses of the South Asian Monsoon System to Anthropogenic Aerosols." Geophysical Research Letters 39:Article No. L18804.  doi:10.1029/2012GL053043
  • Ghan SJ, X Liu, RC Easter, Jr, RA Zaveri, PJ Rasch, JH Yoon, and B Eaton. 2012. "Toward a Minimal Representation of Aerosols in Climate Models: Comparative Decomposition of Aerosol Direct, Semidirect, and Indirect Radiative Forcing." Journal of Climate 25(19):6461-6476.  doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00650.1

Selected Publications


  • Yoon J-H and N Zeng. 2010. "An Atlantic Influence on Amazon Rainfall." Climate Dynamics 34(2-3):249-264. doi:10.1007/s00382-009-0551-6.
  • Anderson B, JF Knight, MA Ringer, C Desser, A Phillips, J-H Yoon, and A Cherchi. 2010. "Climate Forcings and Climate Sensitivities Diagnosed from Atmospheric Global Circulation Models." Climate Dynamics 35(7-8): 1461-1475. doi:10.1007/s00382-010-0798-y.
  • Gilles RR, S-Y Wang, J-H Yoon, and S Weaver. 2010. "CFS Prediction of Winter Persistent Inversions in the Intermountain Region." Weather and Forecasting 25(4):1211-1218. doi:10.1175/2010WAF2222419.1.


  • Kucharski A, AA Scaife, J-H Yoon, CK Folland, J Kinter, D Fereday, AM Fischer, EK Jin, J Kroger, NC Lau, T Nakaegawa, P Pegion, E Rozanov, S Schubert, PV Sporyshev, J Syktus, A Voldorie, J-H Yoon, N Zeng, and T Zhou. 2009. "The CLIVAR C20C Project: Skill of Simulating Indian Monsoon Rainfall on Interannual to Decadal Timescales. Does GHG Forcing Play a Role?" Climate Dynamics 33(5):615-627. doi:10.1007/s00382-008-0462-y.
  • Scaife AA, F Kucharski, CK Folland, J Kinter, D Fereday, AM Fischer, S Grainger, EK Jin, IS Kang, JR Knight, S Kusonoki, NC Lau, MJ Nath, T Nakaegawa, P Pegion, S Schubert, P Sporyshev, J Syktus, JH Yoon, N Zeng, and T Zhou. 2009. "The CLIVAR C20C Project: Selected 20th Century Climate Events." Climate Dynamics 33(5):603-614. doi:10.1007/s00382-008-0451-1.
  • Zeng N and J-H Yoon. 2009. "Expansion of the World's Deserts due to Vegetation-Albedo Feedback under Global Warming." Geophysical Research Letters 36: Art. No. L17401, doi:10.1029/2009GL039699.
  • Zhou T, B Wu, AA Scaife, L Li, F Kucharski, CK Folland, J Kinter, D Fereday, AM Fischer, EK Jin, JR Knight, S Kusonoki, NC Lau, T Nakaegawa, P Pegion, J Syktus, JH Yoon, and N Zeng. 2009. "The CLIVAR C20C Project.  Part 3: Which Components of the Asian-Australian Monsoon Variability are Forced and Reproducible?"  Climate Dynamics 33(7-8):1051-1068. doi:10.1007/s00382-008-0501-8.


  • Mariotti A, Z Zeng, J-H Yoon, V Artale, A Navarra, P Alpert, and LZX Li. 2008. "Mediterranean Water Cycle Changes: Transition to Drier 21st Century Conditions in Observations and CMIP3 Simulations." Environmental Research Letters 3(4): Art. No. 044001. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/3/4/044001.
  • Zeng N, J-H Yoon, A Mariotti, and S Swenson. 2008. "Variability of Basin-Scale Terrestrial Water Storage from a P-E-R Water Budget Method: The Amazon and the Mississippi." Journal of Climate 21(2):248-265. doi: 10.1175/2007JCLI1639.1.
  • Zeng N, J-H Yoon, A Vinzileos, GJ Collatz, E Kalnay, A Mariotti, A Kumar, A Busalacchi, and S Lord. 2008. "Dynamical Prediction of Ecosystem and the Global Carbon Cycle: A 25-Year Hindcast Experiment."  Global Biogeochemical Cycles 22: Art. No. GB4015. doi:10.1029/2008GB003183.
  • Zeng N, J-H Yoon, J Marengo, A Subramaniam, C Nobre, A Mariotti, and JD Neelin. 2008. "Causes and Impacts of the 2005 Amazon Drought." Environmental Research Letters 3: Art. No. 014002. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/3/1/014002.


  • Yoon J-H and T-C Chen. 2006. "Maintenance of the Boreal Forest Rainbelts during Northern Summer." Journal of Climate 19:1437-1449. doi:10.1175/JCLI3692.1.


  • Yoon J-H and T-C Chen. 2005. "Water Vapor Budget of the Indian Monsoon Depression." Tellus Series A-Dynamic Meteorology and Oceanography 57(5):770-782. doi:10.1111/j.1600-0870.2005.00145.x.
  • Chen TC, J-H Yoon, and SY Wang. 2005. "Westward Propagation of the Indian Monsoon Depression." Tellus Series A-Dynamic Meteorology and Oceanography 57(5):758-769. doi:10.1111/j.1600-0870.2005.00140.x.


  • Chen T-C, W-R Huang, and J-H Yoon. 2004. "Interannual Variation of the East-Asian Cold Surge Activity." Journal of Climate 17:401-413.


  • Chen T-C and J-H Yoon. 2002. "Interdecadal Variations of the North Pacific Wintertime Blocking."  Monthly Weather Review 130:3136-3143. doi:10.1175/1520-0493(2002)130<3136:IVOTNP>2.0.CO;2


  • Chen T-C, J-H Yoon, KJ St. Croix, and ES Takle. 2001. "Suppressing Impacts of the Amazonian Deforestation by the Global Circulaton Change."  Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 82(10):2209-2216.


  • Chen T-C and J-H Yoon. 2000. "Interannual Variation in Indochina Summer Monsoon Rainfall: Possible Mechanism." Journal of Climate 13:1979-1986. doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(2000)013<1979:IVIISM>2.0.CO;2.
  • Chen T-C and J-H Yoon. 2000. "Some Remarks on the Westward Propagation of the Monsoon Depression." Tellus Series A-Dynamic Meteorology and Oceanography 52(5):487-499. doi:10.1034/j.1600-0870.2000.01127.x.

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