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Fundamental and Computational Sciences Directorate

Staff information

Donald Baer

Interfacial Sciences & Simulation
Lab Fellow, Team Lead, Chemist
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
MSIN: K8-91
Richland, WA 99352

PNNL Publications

2018

  • Baer D.R. 2018. "The Chameleon Effect: characterization challenges due to the variability of nanoparticles and their surfaces." Frontiers in Chemistry 6. PNNL-SA-131780. doi:10.3389/fchem.2018.00145
  • Thomas D.G., J.N. Smith, B.D. Thrall, D.R. Baer, H.D. Jolley, P. Munusamy, and V.K. Kodali, et al. 2018. "ISD3: A Particokinetic Model for Predicting the Combined Effects of Particle Sedimentation, Diffusion and Dissolution on Cellular Dosimetry for In Vitro Systems." Particle and Fibre Toxicology 15. PNNL-SA-125563. doi:10.1186/s12989-018-0243-7

2017

  • Baer D.R., and V. Shutthanandan. 2017. "Nano-objects as biomaterials: immense opportunities, significant challenges and the important use of surface analytical methods." In Comprehensive Biomaterials II: Methods of Analysis, edited by P Ducheyne, et al. 86-107. Amsterdam:Elsevier. PNNL-SA-120698. doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-803581-8.09285-7
  • Wang Z., Y. Zhang, B. Liu, K. Wu, S. Thevuthasan, D.R. Baer, and Z. Zhu, et al. 2017. "In Situ Mass Spectrometric Monitoring Of The Dynamic Electrochemical Process At The Electrode-Electrolyte Interface: A SIMS Approach." Analytical Chemistry 89, no. 1:960-965. PNNL-SA-122793. doi:10.1021/acs.analchem.6b04189

2016

  • Baer D.R. 2016. "Introduction to Special Issue on Advances and Applications of Surface Analysis Methods." Microscopy Today 24, no. 2:12-15. PNNL-SA-115413.
  • Baer D.R., K. Artyushkova, J.E. Fulghum, C.J. Powell, P.M. Sherwood, D.J. Surman, and J.F. Watts. 2016. "John Grant and the Multifaceted Nature of True Professionalism." Surface and Interface Analysis 48, no. 5:249-251. PNNL-SA-112900. doi:10.1002/sia.6026
  • Baer D.R., P. Munusamy, and B.D. Thrall. 2016. "Provenance information as a tool for addressing engineered nanoparticle reproducibility challenges." Biointerphases 11, no. 4:Article No. 04B401. PNNL-SA-120689. doi:10.1116/1.4964867
  • Baer D.R., Y. Wang, and D.G. Castner. 2016. "Use of XPS to Quantify Thickness of Coatings on Nanoparticles." Microscopy Today 24, no. 2:40-45. PNNL-SA-114926.
  • Cartwright M.M., S.C. Schmuck, C. Corredor, B. Wang, D.K. Scoville, C. Chisholm, and H. Wilkerson, et al. 2016. "The pulmonary inflammatory response to multiwalled carbon nanotubes is influenced by gender and glutathione synthesis." Redox Biology 9. PNNL-SA-120884. doi:10.1016/j.redox.2016.08.009
  • Engelhard M.H., A.I. Lyubinetsky, and D.R. Baer. 2016. "Gallium Arsenide (GaAs) (001) After Sublimation of Arsenic (As) Thin-film Cap, by XPS." Surface Science Spectra 23, no. 2:Article No. 83. PNNL-SA-118981. doi:10.1116/1.4962156
  • Engelhard M.H., J.N. Smith, and D.R. Baer. 2016. "Gold/silver Core-shell 20 nm Nanoparticles Extracted from Citrate Solution Examined by XPS." Surface Science Spectra 23, no. 1:Article No. 29. PNNL-SA-116411. doi:10.1116/1.4953792
  • Luo L., L. Zou, D.K. Schreiber, D.R. Baer, S.M. Bruemmer, G. Zhou, and C.M. Wang. 2016. "In-Situ Transmission Electron Microscopy Study of Surface Oxidation for Ni-10Cr and Ni-20Cr Alloys." Scripta Materialia 114. PNNL-SA-114164. doi:10.1016/j.scriptamat.2015.11.031
  • Luo L., L. Zou, D.K. Schreiber, M.J. Olszta, D.R. Baer, S.M. Bruemmer, and G. Zhou, et al. 2016. "In Situ Atomic Scale Visualization Of Surface Kinetics Driven Dynamics Of Oxide Growth On A Ni-Cr Surface." Chemical Communications 52, no. 16:3300-3303. PNNL-SA-111555. doi:10.1039/c5cc09165a
  • Wang C.M., Z. Zhu, M.H. Engelhard, A. Devaraj, and D.R. Baer. 2016. "Multimodal and in-situ chemical imaging of critical surfaces and interfaces in Li batteries." Microscopy Today 24, no. 2:32-39. PNNL-SA-115445.
  • Wang Y., M.H. Engelhard, D.R. Baer, and D.G. Castner. 2016. "Quantifying the Impact of Nanoparticle Coatings and Non-uniformities on XPS Analysis: Gold/silver Core-shell Nanoparticles." Analytical Chemistry 88, no. 7:3971 - 3925. PNNL-SA-116301. doi:10.1021/acs.analchem.6b00100

2015

  • Holland N.A., D.P. Becak, J.H. Shanahan, J.M. Brown, S.A. Carratt, L.S. Van Winkle, and K.E. Pinkerton, et al. 2015. "Cardiac Ischemia Reperfusion Injury Following Instillation of 20 nm Citrate-capped Nanosilver." Journal of Nanomedicine & Nanotechnology S6. PNNL-SA-108377. doi:10.4172/2157-7439.S6-006
  • Munusamy P., C.M. Wang, M.H. Engelhard, D.R. Baer, J.N. Smith, C. Liu, and V.K. Kodali, et al. 2015. "Comparison of 20 nm silver nanoparticles synthesized with and without a gold core: Structure, dissolution in cell culture media, and biological impact on macrophages." Biointerphases 10, no. 3:031003-1 to 031003-16. PNNL-SA-102846. doi:10.1116/1.4926547
  • Nel A., W.J. Parak, W.C. Chan, T. Xia, M.C. Hersam, C.J. Brinker, and J.I. Zink, et al. 2015. "Where Are We Heading in Nanotechnology Environmental Health and Safety and Materials Characterization?." ACS Nano 9, no. 6:5627-5630. PNNL-SA-110828. doi:10.1021/acsnano.5b03496
  • Szymanski C.J., P. Munusamy, C. Mihai, Y. Xie, D. Hu, M.K. Gilles, and T. Tyliszczak, et al. 2015. "Shifts in oxidation states of cerium oxide nanoparticles detected inside intact hydrated cells and organelles." Biomaterials 62. PNNL-SA-110620. doi:10.1016/j.biomaterials.2015.05.042
  • Wang C.M., D.K. Schreiber, M.J. Olszta, D.R. Baer, and S.M. Bruemmer. 2015. "Direct In-situ TEM Observation Of Modification Of Oxidation By The Injected Vacancies For Ni-4Al Alloy Using A Microfabricated Nanopost." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 7, no. 31:17272-17277. PNNL-SA-110747. doi:10.1021/acsami.5b04341
  • Zhu Z., Y. Zhou, P. Yan, V.S. Vemuri, W. Xu, R. Zhao, and X. Wang, et al. 2015. "In-situ Mass Spectrometric Determination of Molecular Structural Evolution at the Solid Electrolyte Interphase in Lithium-Ion Batteries." Nano Letters 15, no. 9:6170-6176. PNNL-SA-110748. doi:10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b02479

2014

  • Das S., S. Chigurupati, J. Dowding, P. Munusamy, D.R. Baer, J.F. McGinnis, and M.P. Mattson, et al. 2014. "Therapeutic potential of nanoceria in regenerative medicine." Materials Research Bulletin 39, no. 11:976-983. PNNL-SA-102571. doi:10.1557/mrs.2014.221
  • Gu M., X. Xiao, G. Liu, S. Thevuthasan, D.R. Baer, J. Zhang, and J. Liu, et al. 2014. "Mesoscale Origin of the Enhanced Cycling-Stability of the Si-Conductive Polymer Anode for Li-ion Batteries." Scientific Reports 4. PNNL-SA-99547. doi:10.1038/srep03684
  • Kumar A., S. Das, P. Munusamy, W. Self, D.R. Baer, D.C. Sayle, and S. Seal. 2014. "Behavior of nanoceria in biologically-relevant environments." Environmental Science: Nano 1, no. 6:516-532. PNNL-SA-100911. doi:10.1039/C4EN00052H
  • Pearce C.I., J. Liu, D.R. Baer, O. Qafoku, S.M. Heald, E. Arenholz, and A.E. Grosz, et al. 2014. "Characterization of natural titanomagnetites (Fe3-xTixO4) for studying heterogeneous electron transfer to Tc(VII) in the Hanford subsurface." Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 128. PNNL-SA-100342. doi:10.1016/j.gca.2013.12.010
  • Wang C.M., A. Genc, H. Cheng, L. Pullan, D.R. Baer, and S.M. Bruemmer. 2014. "In-Situ TEM Visualization Of Vacancy Injection And Chemical Partition During Oxidation Of Ni-Cr Nanoparticles." Scientific Reports 4. PNNL-SA-99352. doi:10.1038/srep03683

2013

  • Baer D.R., B.J. Finlayson-Pitts, H.C. Allen, A.K. Bertram, V.H. Grassian, S.T. Martin, and S.T. Martin, et al. 2013. EMSL Science Theme Advisory Panel Workshop - Atmospheric Aerosol Chemistry, Climate Change, and Air Quality. PNNL-22607. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Baer D.R., M.H. Engelhard, G.E. Johnson, J. Laskin, J. Lai, K.T. Mueller, and P. Munusamy, et al. 2013. "Surface Characterization of Nanomaterials and Nanoparticles: important needs and challenging opportunities." Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A--Vacuum, Surfaces and Films 31, no. 5:Article No. 050820. PNNL-SA-95071. doi:10.1116/1.4818423
  • Baer D.R., S.E. Baker, N.M. Washton, and B.E. Linggi. 2013. Status Report on the Development of Research Campaigns. PNNL-22924. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Gu M., A. Genc, I. Belharouak, D. Wang, K. Amine, S. Thevuthasan, and D.R. Baer, et al. 2013. "Nanoscale Phase Separation, Cation Ordering, and Surface Oxygen Chemistry in Pristine Li1.2Ni0.2Mn0.6O2 for Li-Ion Batteries." Chemistry of Materials 25, no. 11:2319-2236. PNNL-SA-93053. doi:10.1021/cm4009392
  • Gu M., I. Belharouak, J. Zheng, H. Wu, J. Xiao, A. Genc, and K. Amine, et al. 2013. "Formation Of The Spinel Phase In The Layered Composite Cathode Used In Li-Ion Batteries." ACS Nano 7, no. 1:760-767. PNNL-SA-92371. doi:10.1021/nn305065u

2012

  • Baer D.R. 2012. "Application of Surface Analysis Methods to Nanomaterials: Summaryof ISO/TC 201 Technical Report: ISO 14187:2011 -Surface Chemical Analysis- Characterization of Nanomaterials." Surface and Interface Analysis 44, no. 9:1305-1308. PNNL-SA-85889. doi:10.1002/sia.4938
  • Engelhard M.H., J.A. Herman, R. Wallace, and D.R. Baer. 2012. "As-Received, Ozone Cleaned and Ar+ Sputtered Surfaces of Hafnium Oxide Grown by Atomic Layer Deposition and Studied by XPS." Surface Science Spectra 18, no. 1:46-57. PNNL-SA-65952. doi:10.1116/11.20100601
  • Gu M., I. Belharouak, A. Genc, Z. Wang, D. Wang, K. Amine, and F. Gao, et al. 2012. "Conflicting Roles Of Nickel In Controlling Cathode Performance In Lithium-ion Batteries." Nano Letters 12, no. 10:5186-5191. PNNL-SA-88619. doi:10.1021/nl302249v
  • Gu M., Y. Li, X. Li, S.Y. Hu, X. Zhang, W. Xu, and S. Thevuthasan, et al. 2012. "In-Situ TEM Study Of Lithiation Behavior Of Silicon Nanoparticles Attached To And Embedded In A Carbon Matrix." ACS Nano 6, no. 9:8439-8447. PNNL-SA-89376. doi:10.1021/nn303312m
  • Karakoti A.S., P. Munusamy, K.E. Hostetler, V.K. Kodali, S.N. Kuchibhatla, G. Orr, and J.G. Pounds, et al. 2012. "Preparation and Characterization Challenges to Understanding Environmental and Biological Impacts of Ceria Nanoparticles." Surface and Interface Analysis 44, no. 8:881-889. PNNL-SA-83765. doi:10.1002/sia.5006
  • Kerber P.B., L.M. Porter, L.A. McCullough, T. Kowalewski, M.H. Engelhard, and D.R. Baer. 2012. "Study of Surface Cleaning Methods and Pyrolysis Temperature on Nano-Structured Carbon Films using X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy." Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A--Vacuum, Surfaces and Films 30, no. 6:061407. PNNL-SA-81008. doi:10.1116/1.4759238
  • Kuchibhatla S.N., A.S. Karakoti, D.R. Baer, S. Samudrala, M.H. Engelhard, J.E. Amonette, and S. Thevuthasan, et al. 2012. "Influence of Aging and Environment on Nanoparticle Chemistry: Implication to Confinement Effects in Nanoceria." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 116, no. 26:14108-14114. PNNL-SA-84192. doi:10.1021/jp300725s
  • Munusamy P., S.P. Sanghavi, P. Nachimuthu, D.R. Baer, and S. Thevuthasan. 2012. "Silica-Ceria Hybrid Nanostructures." In MRS Spring Meeting - Symposium YY - Rare-Earth-Based Materials. MRS Conference Proceedings, April 9-13, 2012, San Francisco, California, 1471. Warrendale, Pennsylvania:Materials Research Society. PNNL-SA-87487. doi:10.1557/opl.2012.1458
  • Szanyi J., M. Daturi, G. Clet, D.R. Baer, and C.H. Peden. 2012. "Well-studied Cu-BTC still serves surprises: evidence for facile Cu2+/Cu+ interchange." Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. PCCP 14, no. 13:4383-4390. PNNL-SA-84481. doi:10.1039/c2cp23708c
  • Wang C.M., X. Li, Z. Wang, W. Xu, J. Liu, F. Gao, and L. Kovarik, et al. 2012. "In Situ TEM Investigation of Congruent Phase Transition and Structural Evolution of Nanostructured Silicon/Carbon Anode for Lithium Ion Batteries." Nano Letters 12, no. 3:1624-1632. PNNL-SA-84904. doi:10.1021/nl204559u

2011

  • Ahring B.K., N.S. Baliga, J.R. Frederickson, S. Kaplan, H.B. Pakrasi, J.G. Pounds, and I. shah, et al. 2011. Biological Interactions and Dynamics Science Theme Advisory Panel (BID-STAP). PNNL-20717. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Baer D.R. 2011. "Surface Characterization of Nanoparticles: Critical Needs and Significant Challenges." Journal of Surface Analysis 17, no. 3:163-169. PNNL-SA-76416.
  • Baer D.R., A.S. Karakoti, P. Munusamy, B.D. Thrall, J.G. Pounds, J.G. Teeguarden, and J.E. Amonette, et al. 2011. "Testing in EHS: What is the Current Status of Experimentation?." In 11th IEEE International Conference on Nanotechnology (IEEE-NANO 2011), August 15-18, 2011, Portland, Oregon, 18-19. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-90027. doi:10.1109/NANO.2011.6144671
  • Brown G.E., A. Chaka, D.K. Shuh, E.E. Roden, C.J. Werth, N.J. Hess, and A.R. Felmy, et al. 2011. EMSL Geochemistry, Biogeochemistry and Subsurface Science-Science Theme Advisory Panel Meeting. PNNL-20601. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Campbell C.T., A.K. Datye, G.A. Henkelman, R.F. Lobo, W.F. Schneider, L.D. Spicer, and W.T. Tysoe, et al. 2011. EMSL and Institute for Integrated Catalysis (IIC) Catalysis Workshop. PNNL-20426. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Engelhard M.H., B.J. Tarasevich, and D.R. Baer. 2011. "Beam Damage of HS (CH2)15 COOH Terminated Self Assembled Monolayer (SAM) as Observed by X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy." Surface Science Spectra 18, no. 1:68-81. PNNL-SA-61287. doi:10.1116/11.20080601
  • Hess N.J., M. Oostrom, M.A. Celia, M. Hilpert, Q. Kang, L.J. Pyrak-Nolte, and T.D. Scheibe, et al. 2011. EMSL Pore Scale Modeling Challenge/Workshop. PNNL-21086. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Moore K., B. Forsberg, D.R. Baer, W.A. Arnold, and R. Penn. 2011. "Zero Valent Iron: Impact of Anions Present during Synthesis on Subsequent Nanoparticle Reactivity." Journal of Environmental Engineering (ASCE) 137, no. 10:889-896. PNNL-SA-75864. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)EE.1943-7870.0000407
  • Nurmi J., V. Sarathy, P.G. Tratnyek, D.R. Baer, J.E. Amonette, and A.J. Karkamkar. 2011. "Recovery of Iron/Iron Oxide Nanoparticles from Solution: Comparison of Methods and their Effects." Journal of Nanoparticle Research 13, no. 5:1937-1952. PNNL-SA-69948. doi:10.1007/s11051-010-9946-x
  • Techane S.D., D.R. Baer, and D.G. Castner. 2011. "Simulation and Modeling of Self-Assembled Monolayers of Carboxylic Acid Thiols on Flat and Nanoparticle Gold Surfaces." Analytical Chemistry 83, no. 17:6704-6712. PNNL-SA-80048. doi:10.1021/ac201175a
  • Tratnyek P.G., A. Salter-Blanc, J. Nurmi, J.E. Amonette, J. Liu, C.M. Wang, and A. Dohnalkova, et al. 2011. "Reactivity of Zerovalent Metals in Aquatic Media: Effects of Organic Surface Coatings." In Aquatic Redox Chemistry. ACS Symposium Series, edited by PG Tratnyek, TJ Grundl and SB Haderlein. 381-406. Washington Dc:American Chemical Society. PNNL-SA-82802.
  • Wang C.M., D.R. Baer, S.M. Bruemmer, M.H. Engelhard, M.E. Bowden, J.A. Sundararajan, and Y. Qiang. 2011. "Microstructure of the Native Oxide Layer on Ni and Cr-doped Ni Nanoparticles." Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 11, no. 10:8488-8497. PNNL-SA-76189. doi:10.1166/jnn.2011.4964
  • Wang C.M., W. Xu, J. Liu, J. Zhang, L.V. Saraf, B.W. Arey, and D. Choi, et al. 2011. "In Situ Transmission Electron Microscopy Observation of Microstructure and Phase Evolution in a SnO2 Nanowire during Lithium Intercalation." Nano Letters 11, no. 5:1874-1880. PNNL-SA-71521. doi:10.1021/nl200272n

2010

  • Baer D.R., A.E. Grosz, E.S. Ilton, K.M. Krupka, J. Liu, R.L. Penn, and A. Pepin. 2010. "Separation, Characterization and Initial Reaction Studies of Magnetite Particles from Hanford Sediments." Physics and Chemistry of the Earth 35, no. 6-8:233-241. PNNL-SA-69255. doi:10.1016/j.pce.2010.04.010
  • Baer D.R., A.E. Grosz, E.S. Ilton, K.M. Krupka, J. Liu, R.L. Penn, and A. Pepin. 2010. "Separation, Characterization and Initial Reaction Studies of Magnetite Particles from Hanford Sediments." Physics and Chemistry of the Earth 35, no. 6-8:233-241. PNNL-SA-72295. doi:10.1016/j.pce.2010.04.010
  • Baer D.R., A.S. Lea, J. Geller, J.S. Hammond, L. Kover, C.J. Powell, and M.P. Seah, et al. 2010. "Approaches to analyzing insulators with Auger Electron Spectroscopy: Update and Overview." Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena 176, no. 1-3, SP ISS:80-94. PNNL-SA-63941.
  • Baer D.R., and M.H. Engelhard. 2010. "XPS Analysis of Nanostructured Materials and Biological Surfaces." Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena 178-179. PNNL-SA-65807. doi:10.1016/j.elspec.2009.09.003
  • Baer D.R., and S. Thevuthasan. 2010. "Characterization of Thin Films and Coatings." In Handbook of Deposition Technologies for Films and Coatings, edited by PM Martin. 749-864. Amsterdam:Elsevier. PNNL-SA-65322.
  • Baer D.R., D.J. Gaspar, P. Nachimuthu, S.D. Techane, and D.G. Castner. 2010. "Application of Surface Chemical Analysis Tools for Characterization of Nanoparticles." Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 396, no. 3:983-1002. PNNL-SA-69766.
  • Baer D.R., M.H. Engelhard, A.S. Lea, P. Nachimuthu, T.C. Droubay, J. Kim, and B. Lee, et al. 2010. "Comparison of the Sputter Rates of Oxide Films Relative to the Sputter Rate of SiO2." Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A--Vacuum, Surfaces and Films 28, no. 5:1060-1072. PNNL-SA-67505. doi:10.1116/1.3456123
  • Chun C., D.R. Baer, D.W. Matson, J.E. Amonette, and R.L. Penn. 2010. "Characterization and Reactivity of Iron Nanoparticles Prepared with Added Cu, Pd, and Ni." Environmental Science & Technology 44, no. 13:5079-5085. PNNL-SA-69642.
  • Lea A.S., K.R. Swanson, J.N. Haack, J.E. Castle, S.M. Tougaard, and D.R. Baer. 2010. "An Application for Near Real-time Analysis of XPS Data." Surface and Interface Analysis 42, no. 6-7:1061-1065. PNNL-SA-68239. doi:10.1002/sia.3304
  • Saraf L.V., D.R. Baer, A.S. Lea, Z. Zhu, J.J. Strohm, S.D. Sitzman, and D.L. King. 2010. "Bulk Migration of Ni/NiO in Ni-YSZ during Reducing Conditions." Journal of the Electrochemical Society 157, no. 4:B463-B469. PNNL-SA-64179. doi:10.1149/1.3298442
  • Saraf L.V., P. Nachimuthu, M.H. Engelhard, and D.R. Baer. 2010. "Stabilization of ZnMnO3 Phase from Sol-gel Synthesized Nitrate Precursors." Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology 53, no. 2:141-147. PNNL-SA-66752. doi:10.1007/s10971-009-2067-2
  • Suzer S., D.R. Baer, and M.H. Engelhard. 2010. "Analysis of Fe Nanoparticles Using XPS Measurements Under D.C. or Pulsed-Voltage Bias." Surface and Interface Analysis 42, no. 6-7:859-862. PNNL-SA-68805. doi:10.1002/sia.3260
  • Wang C.M., W. Xu, J. Liu, D. Choi, B.W. Arey, L.V. Saraf, and J. Zhang, et al. 2010. "In-situ Transmission Electron Microscopy and Spectroscopy Studies of Interfaces in Li-ion Batteries: Challenges and Opportunities." Journal of Materials Research 25, no. 8:1541-1547. PNNL-SA-70434. doi:10.1557/JMR.2010.0198

2009

  • Baer D.R., M.H. Engelhard, A.R. Felmy, J.J. Ford, J.Z. Hu, A.S. Lea, and P. Nachimuthu, et al. 2009. "New Approaches for Characterizing Sensor and Other Modern Complex Materials." ECS Transactions 19, no. 6:137-148. PNNL-SA-65017. doi:10.1149/1.3118546
  • Baer D.R., P.G. Tratnyek, J.E. Amonette, C. Chun, P. Nachimuthu, J. Nurmi, and R.L. Penn, et al. 2009. "Tuning the Properties of Iron Nanoparticles: Doping Effects on Reactivity and Aging." In International Perspectives on Environmental Nanotechnology: Applications and Implications, 1, 73-78. Washington Dc:Environmental Protection Agency. PNNL-SA-61979.
  • Tratnyek P.G., V. Sarathy, J. Nurmi, D.R. Baer, J.E. Amonette, C. Chun, and R.L. Penn, et al. 2009. "Aging of Iron Nanoparticles in Water: Effects on Structure and Reactivity." In International Perspectives on Environmental Nanotechnology: Applications and Implications; EPA 905/R-09/032, 2, 193-196. Washington, District Of Columbia:Environmental Protection Agency. PNNL-SA-61980.
  • Wang C.M., D.R. Baer, J.E. Amonette, M.H. Engelhard, J. Antony, and Y. Qiang. 2009. "Morphology and Electronic Structure of the Oxide Shell on the Surface of Iron Nanoparticles." Journal of the American Chemical Society 131, no. 25:8824-8832. PNNL-SA-63967. doi:10.1021/ja900353f
  • Wang C.M., Z. Yang, S. Thevuthasan, J. Liu, D.R. Baer, D. Choi, and D. Wang, et al. 2009. "Crystal and Electronic Structure of Lithiated Nanosized RutileTiO2 by Electron Diffraction and Electron Energy-loss Spectroscopy." Applied Physics Letters 94, no. 23:Art. No.: 233116. PNNL-SA-63617. doi:10.1063/1.3152783

2008

  • Baer D.R., J.E. Amonette, M.H. Engelhard, D.J. Gaspar, A.S. Karakoti, S.N. Kuchibhatla, and P. Nachimuthu, et al. 2008. "Characterization Challenges for Nanomaterials." Surface and Interface Analysis 40, no. 3-4:529-537. PNNL-SA-56706. doi:10.1002/sia.2726
  • Bera D., S.N. Kuchibhatla, S. Azad, L.V. Saraf, C.M. Wang, V. Shutthanandan, and P. Nachimuthu, et al. 2008. "Growth and characterization of highly oriented gadolinia-doped ceria (111) thin films on zirconia (111)/sapphire (0001) substrates." Thin Solid Films 516, no. 18:6088-6094. PNNL-SA-54370. doi:10.1016/j.tsf.2007.11.007
  • Groves J.F., Y. Du, I. Lyubinetsky, and D.R. Baer. 2008. "Focused ion beam directed self-assembly (Cu2O on SrTiO3 ): FIB pit and Cu2O nanodot evolution." Superlattices and Microstructures 44, no. 4-5:677-685. PNNL-SA-56444. doi:10.1016/j.spmi.2008.01.016
  • Karakoti A.S., S.N. Kuchibhatla, D.R. Baer, S. Thevuthasan, D.C. Sayle, and S. Seal. 2008. "Self-Assembly of Cerium Oxide Nanostructures in Ice Molds." Small 4, no. 8:1210-1216. PNNL-SA-58312. doi:10.1002/smll.200800219
  • Saheb A.H., J.A. Smith, M.A. Josowicz, J. Janata, D.R. Baer, and M.H. Engelhard. 2008. "Controlling Size of Gold Clusters in Polyaniline from Top-Down and from Bottom-Up." Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry 621, no. 2:238-244. PNNL-SA-56443. doi:10.1016/j.jelechem.2007.11.025
  • Sarathy V., P.G. Tratnyek, J. Nurmi, D.R. Baer, J.E. Amonette, C. Chun, and R.L. Penn, et al. 2008. "Aging of Iron Nanoparticles in Aqueous Solution: Effects on Structure and Reactivity." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 112, no. 7:2286-2293. PNNL-SA-57321. doi:10.1021/jp0777418
  • Sharma A.M., Y. Qiang, D.R. Meyer, R. Souza, A. Mcconnaughoy, L. Muldoon, and D.R. Baer. 2008. "Biocompatible core-shell magnetic nanoparticles for cancer treatment." Journal of Applied Physics 103, no. 7:Art. No.07A308. PNNL-SA-57437. doi:10.1063/1.2831791

2007

  • Baer D.R. 2007. "Improving Surface Analysis Methods for Characterization of Advanced Materials by development of standards, reference data, and interlaboratory comparisons." Surface and Interface Analysis 39, no. 4:283-293. PNNL-SA-50907. doi:10.1002/sia.2508
  • Baer D.R., P.G. Tratnyek, Y. Qiang, J.E. Amonette, J.C. Linehan, V. Sarathy, and J.T. Nurmi, et al. 2007. "Synthesis, Characterization, and Properties of Zero-Valent Iron Nanoparticles." In Environmental Applications of Nanomaterials: Synthesis, Sorbents and Sensors, edited by GE Fryxell and G Cao. 49-86. London:Imperial College Press. PNNL-SA-48350.
  • Gaspar D., and D.R. Baer. 2007. "Thoughts on Prospects for New Characterization Tools." In Productive Nanosystems; a Technology Roadmap: Part 3 Proceedings of the Roadmap Working Group. N/A:Foresight Nanotech Institute. PNNL-SA-57250.
  • Saraf L.V., M.H. Engelhard, C.M. Wang, A.S. Lea, D.E. McCready, V. Shutthanandan, and D.R. Baer, et al. 2007. "Metalorganic chemical vapor deposition of carbon-free ZnO using the bis(2,2,6,6 tetramethyl-3,5-heptanedionato)zinc precursor." Journal of Materials Research 22, no. 5:1230-1234. PNNL-SA-51436. doi:10.1557/JMR.2007.0146
  • Saraf L.V., M.H. Engelhard, C.M. Wang, A.S. Lea, D.E. McCready, V. Shutthanandan, and D.R. Baer, et al. 2007. "Metalorganic chemical vapor deposition of carbon-free ZnO using the bis(2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-3,5-heptanedionato)zinc precursor." Journal of Materials Research 22, no. 5:1230-1234. PNNL-SA-52809. doi:10.1557/JMR.2007.0146
  • Saraf L.V., M.H. Engelhard, P. Nachimuthu, V. Shutthanandan, C.M. Wang, S.M. Heald, and D.E. McCready, et al. 2007. "Nucleation and Growth of MOCVD Grown (Cr, Zn)O Films - Uniform Doping vs. Secondary Phase Formation." Journal of the Electrochemical Society 154, no. 3:D134-D138. PNNL-SA-51245. doi:10.1149/1.2424422
  • Wang C.M., D.R. Baer, J.E. Amonette, M.H. Engelhard, J.S. Anthony, and Y. Qiang. 2007. "Electron Beam Induced Thickening of the Protective Oxide Layer around Fe Nanoparticles." Ultramicroscopy 108, no. 1:43-51. PNNL-SA-51434. doi:10.1016/j.ultramic.2007.03.002
  • Wang C.M., D.R. Baer, J.E. Amonette, M.H. Engelhard, Y. Qiang, and J. Antony. 2007. "Morphology and Oxide Shell Structure of Iron Nanoparticles Grown by Sputter-Gas-Aggregation." Nanotechnology 18, no. 25:Art. No. 255603. PNNL-SA-53940. doi:10.1088/0957-4484/18/25/255603
  • Windisch C.F., D.R. Baer, R.H. Jones, and M.H. Engelhard. 2007. "Electrochemical Effects of S Accumulation on Ion-implanted Alloy 22 in 1 M NaCl Solutions." Corrosion Science 49, no. 6:2497-2511. PNNL-SA-46733. doi:10.1016/j.corsci.2006.12.003

2006

  • Antony J., J. Nutting, D.R. Baer, and Y. Qiang. 2006. "Nanoporous and nanostructured materials made out of clusters for environmental applications." In Nanoporous and Nanostructured Materials for Catalysis, Sensor, and Gas Separation Applications. 2005 Spring Meeting Proceedings of the Materials Research Symposium, 876E, R10.4.1-4.6. Warrendale, Pennsylvania:Materials Research Society. PNNL-SA-47396.
  • Antony J., J. Nutting, D.R. Baer, D. Meyer, A.M. Sharma, and Y. Qiang. 2006. "Size dependent specific surface area of nanoporous film assembled by core-shell iron nanoclusters." Journal of Nanomaterials 2006, no. Special Issue 2:Art. No. 54961. PNNL-SA-48425. doi:10.1155/JNM/2006/54961
  • Antony J., Y. Qiang, D.R. Baer, and C.M. Wang. 2006. "Synthesis and Characterization of Stable Iron-Iron Oxide Core-Shell Nanoclusters for Environmental Applications." Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 6, no. 2:568-572. PNNL-SA-47394. doi:10.1166/jnn.2006.074
  • Baer D.R., M.H. Engelhard, C.M. Wang, A.S. Lea, and K.H. Pecher. 2006. "The Challenges and Opportunities of Measuring Properties of Nanoparticles and Nanostructured Materials: Importance of a Multi-Technique Approach." In 2006 TAPPI International Conference on Nanotechnology : April 26-28, 2006, Atlanta, Georgia. Norcross, Georgia:TAPPI, Technical Association of the Pulp and Paper Industry. PNNL-SA-48437.
  • Du Y., J.F. Groves, I. Lyubinetsky, and D.R. Baer. 2006. "Formation of Cu2O Quantum Dots on SrTiO3 (100): Self-Assembly and Directed Self-Assembly." Journal of Applied Physics 100, no. 9:Art. No. 094315. PNNL-SA-51651. doi:10.1063/1.2364038
  • Felmy A.R., D.R. Baer, J.K. Fredrickson, R.E. Gephart, and K.M. Rosso. 2006. The Development of New User Research Capabilities in Environmental Molecular Science: Workshop Report. PNNL-16054. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Ohuchi F.S., S. Ghose, M.H. Engelhard, and D.R. Baer. 2006. "Chemical bonding and electronic structures of the Al2SiO5 polymorphs, andalusite, sillimanite, and kyanite: X-ray photoelectron- and electron energy loss spectroscopy studies." The American Mineralogist 91, no. 5-6:740-746. PNNL-SA-35143. doi:10.2138/am.2006.1887
  • Ou F.S., L.V. Saraf, and D.R. Baer. 2006. "Patterned Regions of Porous Silicon through Trapped Hydrogen Bubbles." Applied Physics Letters 88, no. 14:143113 (3 pages). PNNL-SA-46455. doi:10.1063/1.2188039

2005

  • Antony J., J. Nutting, D.R. Baer, and Y. Qiang. 2005. "Nanoporous and Nanostructured Materials Made Out of Clusters for Environmental Applications." In Nanoporous and Nanostructured Materials for Catalysis, Sensor, and Gas Separation Applications. 2005 Spring Meeting. Proceedings of the Materials Research Society Symposium, edited by SW Lu, H Hahn, J Weissmuller, and JL Gole, 876E, R10.4.1-4.6. Warrendale, Pennsylvania:Materials Research Society. PNNL-SA-46225.
  • Baer D.R. 2005. "Summary of ISO/TC 201 Standard: XVIII, ISO 19318: 2004 - Surface Chemical Analysis - X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy - Reporting of Methods Used for Charge Control and Charge Correction." Surface and Interface Analysis 37, no. 5:524-526. PNNL-SA-43592.
  • Baer D.R. 2005. "Summary: Update to ASTM Guide E 1523 to Charge Control and Charge Referencing Techniques in X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy." Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A--Vacuum, Surfaces and Films 23, no. 3:577-578. PNNL-SA-43206.
  • Baer D.R., and C. Campbell. 2005. Joint Institute for Nanoscience Annual Report 2004. PNNL-15353. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Baer D.R., M.H. Engelhard, A.S. Lea, and L.V. Saraf. 2005. "Simple Method for Estimating and Comparing of X-Ray Damage Rates." Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A--Vacuum, Surfaces and Films 23, no. 6:1740-1744. PNNL-SA-43208. doi:10.1116/1.2073387
  • Baer D.R., M.H. Engelhard, D.J. Gaspar, D.W. Matson, K.H. Pecher, J.R. Williams, and C.M. Wang. 2005. "Challenges in Applying Surface Analysis Methods to Nanoparticles and Nanostructured Materials." Journal of Surface Analysis 12, no. 2:101-108. PNNL-SA-43043.
  • Cai M., S.C. Langford, T. Dickinson, W.M. Huang, Q. He, T.C. Droubay, and D.R. Baer. 2005. "Study of Martensitic Transformation in a CuZnAl Shape Memory Alloy using Photoemission." In Proceedings of the International Conference on Mechanical Engineering and Mechanics (ICMEM2005), edited by RC Batra and L Qian, 1123-1127. Monmouth Junction, New Jersey:Science Press. PNNL-SA-45741.
  • Gaspar D.J., M.H. Engelhard, M.C. Henry, and D.R. Baer. 2005. "Erosion Rate Variations during XPS Sputter Depth Profiling of Nanoporous Films." Surface and Interface Analysis 37, no. 4:417-423. PNWD-SA-6675.
  • Jones R.H., D.R. Baer, C.F. Windisch, and R.B. Rebak. 2005. "Corrosion Enhanced Enrichment of Sulfur and Implications for Alloy 22." In Corrosion 2006: 61st Annual Conference and Exposition, 06621-06622. Houston, Texas:NACE International. PNNL-SA-46732.
  • Lyubinetsky I., A.S. Lea, S. Thevuthasan, and D.R. Baer. 2005. "Formation of Epitaxial Oxide Nanodots on Oxide Substrate: Cu2O on SrTiO3(100)." Surface Science 589, no. 1-3:120-128. PNNL-SA-43524.
  • Nurmi J.T., P.G. Tratnyek, V. Sarathy, D.R. Baer, J.E. Amonette, K.H. Pecher, and C.M. Wang, et al. 2005. "Characterization and Properties of Metallic Iron Nanoparticles: Spectroscopy, Electrochemistry, and Kinetics." Environmental Science & Technology 39, no. 5:1221-1230. PNNL-SA-41863.
  • Ou F.S., L.V. Saraf, and D.R. Baer. 2005. "Site-specific Formation of Nanoporous Silicon on Micro-fabricated Silicon Surfaces." In Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings: Symposium on Progress in Compound Semiconductor Materials IV, November 29 - December 3, 2004, Boston, MA, 829, 455-459. Warrendale, Pennsylvania:Material Research Society. PNNL-SA-52334.
  • Saraf L.V., C.M. Wang, V. Shutthanandan, Y. Zhang, O.A. Marina, D.R. Baer, and S. Thevuthasan, et al. 2005. "Oxygen Transport Studies in Nanocrystalline Ceria Films." Journal of Materials Research 20, no. 5:1295-1299. PNNL-SA-42711.
  • Saraf L.V., D.R. Baer, Z. Wang, J.S. Young, M.H. Engelhard, and S. Thevuthasan. 2005. "Hydrogen Bubbles and Formation of Nanoporous Silicon during Electrochemical Etching." Surface and Interface Analysis 37, no. 6:555-561. PNNL-SA-42708.
  • Smith J.A., M.A. Josowicz, M.H. Engelhard, D.R. Baer, and J. Janata. 2005. "Gold-polyaniline composites: Part II. Effects of nanometer sized particles." Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. PCCP 7, no. 20:3619-3625. PNNL-SA-44410.
  • Wang C.M., D.R. Baer, L.E. Thomas, J.E. Amonette, J. Anthony, Y. Qiang, and G. Duscher. 2005. "Void Formation during Early Stages of Passivation: Initial Oxidation of Iron Nanoparticles at Room Temperature." Journal of Applied Physics 98, no. 9:094308(7). PNNL-SA-45057. doi:10.1063/1.2130890
  • Wang C.M., Y. Zhang, V. Shutthanandan, D.R. Baer, W.J. Weber, L.E. Thomas, and S. Thevuthasan, et al. 2005. "Self-assembling of nanocavities in TiO2 dispersed with Au nanoclusters." Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter 72, no. 24:245421, 1-5. PNNL-SA-46754. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.72.245421
  • Windisch C.F., D.R. Baer, R.H. Jones, and M.H. Engelhard. 2005. Final Report for the Study on S-Implanted Alloy 22 in 1 M NaCl Solutions. PNNL-15380. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.

2004

  • Baer D.R., and C. Campbell. 2004. Joint Institute for Nanoscience Annual Report 2003. PNNL-14579. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Du Y., S. Atha, R. Hull, J.F. Groves, I. Lyubinetsky, and D.R. Baer. 2004. "Focused-Ion-Beam Directed Self-Assembly of Cu2O Islands on SrTiO3(100)." Applied Physics Letters 84, no. 25:5213-5215. PNNL-SA-40307.
  • Du Y., S. Atha, R. Hull, J.F. Groves, I. Lyubinetsky, and D.R. Baer. 2004. "Guided Control of Cu2O Nanodot Self-Assembly on SrTiO3 (100)." In Materials Research Society Symposia Proceedings, 811, 451-456. Warrendale, Pennsylvania:Materials Research Society. PNNL-SA-42757.
  • Lyubinetsky I., A. El-Azab, A.S. Lea, S. Thevuthasan, and D.R. Baer. 2004. "Initial Stages of Oxide Nanodot Heteroepitaxial Growth: Cu2O on SrTiO3(100)." Applied Physics Letters 85, no. 19:4481-4483. PNNL-SA-42675.
  • Lyubinetsky I., S. Thevuthasan, D.E. McCready, and D.R. Baer. 2004. "Formation of Single-Phase Oxide Nanoclusters: Cu2O on SrTiO3(100)." Journal of Applied Physics 94. PNNL-SA-39186.
  • Saraf L.V., J.S. Young, A.S. Lea, S. Thevuthasan, G.C. Dunham, J.W. Grate, and D.R. Baer. 2004. "Lateral Ordering of Microfabricated SiO2 Nanotips." Electrochemical and Solid-State Letters 7, no. 1:C7-C9. PNNL-SA-38264.
  • Saraf L.V., V. Shutthanandan, Y. Zhang, S. Thevuthasan, C.M. Wang, A. El-Azab, and D.R. Baer. 2004. "Distinguishibility of Oxygen Desorption From the Surface Region with Mobility Dominant Effects in Nanocrystalline Ceria Films." Journal of Applied Physics 96, no. 10:5756-5760. PNNL-SA-40947.
  • Wang C.M., V. Shutthanandan, Y. Zhang, D.R. Baer, L.E. Thomas, and S. Thevuthasan. 2004. "Microstructure of Precipitated Au Nanoclusters in TiO2." In Continuous Nanophase and Nanostructured Materials. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings 2003 Dec : Boston, Mass., edited by S. Komarneni, J.C. Parker, J. J. Watkins, 788, 249-254. Warrendale:Materials Research Society. PNNL-SA-40120.
  • Wang C.M., V. Shutthanandan, Y. Zhang, L.E. Thomas, D.R. Baer, S. Thevuthasan, and G. Duscher. 2004. "Precipitation of Au Nanoclusters in SrTiO3 by Ion Implantation." Journal of Applied Physics 95, no. 9:5060-5068. PNNL-SA-40535.
  • Williford R.E., D.R. Baer, J.E. Amonette, and A.S. Lea. 2004. "Dissolution and Growth of (10(1) over-bar4) Calcite in Flowing Water: Estimation of Back Reaction Rates via Kinetic Monte Carlo Simulations." Journal of Crystal Growth 262, no. 1-4:503-518. PNNL-SA-39589.

2003

  • Baer D.R. 2003. "Sharpening our Understanding but Blurring the Boundaries: Dynamic Observations of Surface Reconstruction." Surface Science 540, no. 2-3:153-156. PNNL-SA-38716.
  • Baer D.R., D.J. Gaspar, M.H. Engelhard, and A.S. Lea. 2003. "Beam Effects During AES and XPS Analysis." In Surface Analysis by Auger and X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy. Chichester:IM Publications. PNNL-SA-38633.
  • Baer D.R., M.H. Engelhard, A.S. Lea, and D.J. Gaspar. 2003. "Appendix F: Comparing Beam Damage Rates Using Susceptibility Tables." In Surface Analysis by Auger and X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy, edited by D. Briggs and J.T. Grant. 845-856. Manchester:SurfaceSpectra Ltd. & IM Publications. PNNL-SA-38715.
  • Baer D.R., M.H. Engelhard, and A.S. Lea. 2003. "Introduction to Surface Science Spectra Data on Electron and X-ray Damage: Sample Degradation during XPS and AES Measurements." Surface Science Spectra 10, no. 1-4:47-56. PNNL-SA-41724.
  • Baer D.R., P.E. Burrows, and A. El-Azab. 2003. "Enhancing Coating Functionality Using Nanoscience and Nanotechnology." Progress in Organic Coatings 47. PNNL-SA-37141.
  • Engelhard M.H., A. Krishna, P.B. Kulkarni, C.M. Lee, and D.R. Baer. 2003. "Beam Damage of Poly(Vinyl Chloride) [PVC] Film as Observed by X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy." Surface Science Spectra 10, no. 101:57-66. PNWD-SA-6564.
  • Engelhard M.H., D.R. Baer, and A.S. Lea. 2003. "Beam damage of poly(2-chloroethyl methylacrylate) [PCEMA] films as observed by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy at 143 K, 303 K, and 373 K." Surface Science Spectra 10. PNNL-SA-39571.
  • Engelhard M.H., D.R. Baer, and A.S. Lea. 2003. "Beam damage of poly(vinyl chloride) [PVC] as observed by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy at 143 K, 303 K and 373 K." Surface Science Spectra 10. PNNL-SA-39575.
  • Lea A.S., M.H. Engelhard, and D.R. Baer. 2003. "Electron Beam Damage in Poly(Vinyl Chloride) and Poly(Acrylonitrile) as Observed by Auger Electron Spectroscopy." Surface Science Spectra 10. PNNL-SA-39573.
  • Lea A.S., T.T. Hurt, A. El-Azab, J.E. Amonette, and D.R. Baer. 2003. "Heteroepitaxial Growth of a Manganese Carbonate secondary Nano-Phase on the (101_4) Surface of Calcite in Solution." Surface Science 524, no. 1-3:63-77. PNNL-SA-36252.
  • Nachimuthu P., S. Thevuthasan, Y.J. Kim, A.S. Lea, V. Shutthanandan, M.H. Engelhard, and D.R. Baer, et al. 2003. "Investigation of Copper(I) Oxide Quantum Dots by Near-Edge X-ray Absorption Fine Structure Spectroscopy." Chemistry of Materials 20, no. 15:3939-3946. PNNL-SA-37777.
  • Saraf L.V., C.M. Wang, M.H. Engelhard, and D.R. Baer. 2003. "Temperature-Induced Phase Separation in Chromium Films." Applied Physics Letters 82, no. 14:2230-2232. PNNL-SA-37998.

2002

  • Baer D.R., C.F. Windisch, M.H. Engelhard, and K. Zavadil. 2002. "Practical Aspects of Charging Phenomena in XPS as demonstrated in Oxidized-Al Films on Al and Al Alloys." Journal of Surface Analysis 9, no. 3:396-403. PNNL-SA-35977.
  • Baer D.R., M.H. Engelhard, D.J. Gaspar, A.S. Lea, and C.F. Windisch. 2002. "Use and Limitations of Electron Flood Gun Control of Surface Potential During XPS: Two Non-homogeneous Sample Types." Surface and Interface Analysis 33. PNNL-SA-36726.
  • Baer D.R., Y. Liang, A.S. Lea, J.E. Amonette, and N.G. Colton. 2002. "Scanning Force Microscopy Measurements of Dissolution and Growth Processes: CaCO3 Examples." In State-of-the-Art Applications of Surface and Interface Analysis Methods to Environmental Material Interactions: In Honor of James E. Castle's 65th Year, edited by D.R. Baer, C.R. Clayton, G.D. Davis, et. al., 2001-5, 139-148. Pennington, New Jersey:The Electrochemical Society, Inc. PNNL-SA-33715(a).
  • Bunker B.C., G.C. Nelson, K. Zavadil, J.C. Barbour, F.D. Wall, J.P. Sullivan, and C.F. Windisch, et al. 2002. "Hydration of Passive Oxide Films on Aluminum." Journal of Physical Chemistry B 106, no. 18:4705-4713. PNNL-SA-33778.
  • Gaspar D.J., A.S. Lea, M.H. Engelhard, D.R. Baer, R. Miehr, and P.G. Tratnyek. 2002. "Evidence for Localization of Reaction Upon Reduction of Carbon Tetrachloride by Granular Iron." Langmuir 18, no. 20:7688-7693. PNNL-SA-36208.
  • Lea A.S., J.E. Amonette, A. El-Azab, D.R. Baer, S.M. Heald, and N.G. Colton. 2002. "Manganese at Calcite Surfaces: Molecular-Scale Studies of Dissolution and Heteroepitaxy." In Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society, April 7-11, 2002, Orlando, FL, 223, U605. Washington Dc:American Chemical Society. PNNL-SA-35650.
  • Nelson A.J., T.W. Van Buuren, C. Bostedt, K.I. Schaffers, L.J. Terminello, M.H. Engelhard, and D.R. Baer. 2002. "Electronic Structure of Ytterbium-Doped Strontium Fluoroapatite: Photoemission and Photoabsorption Investigation." Journal of Applied Physics 91, no. 8:5135-5140. PNNL-SA-35225.
  • Rouse A.A., C. Szeles, J. Ndap, S. Soldner, K.B. Parnham, D.J. Gaspar, and M.H. Engelhard, et al. 2002. "Interfacial Chemistry and the Performance of Bromine-etched CdZnTe Radiation Detector Devices." IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science 49, no. 4:2005-2009. PNNL-SA-35472.
  • Sass B.M., N. Gupta, N. Gupta, J.A. Ickes, J.A. Ickes, M.H. Engelhard, and D.R. Baer, et al. 2002. "Interaction of Rock Minerals with Carbon Dioxide and Brine: A Hydrothermal Investigation." In Proceedings of the first annual conference on carbon sequestration, edited by Edward J. Boyle, 23-31 (9 pp). Morgantown, West Virginia:National Energy Technology Laboratory. PNWD-SA-5280.
  • Shutthanandan V., D.R. Baer, S. Thevuthasan, E.M. Adams, S. Maheswaran, M.H. Engelhard, and J.P. Icenhower, et al. 2002. "High Energy Ion Beam Studies of Ion Exchange in a Na2O-Al2O3-SiO2 Glass." Journal of Applied Physics 91, no. 4:1910-1920. PNNL-SA-33200.
  • Shutthanandan V., S. Thevuthasan, R.S. Disselkamp, A.M. Stroud, A.S. Cavanagh, E.M. Adams, and D.R. Baer, et al. 2002. "Development of PIXE, PESA and Transmission Ion Microscopy Capability to Measure Aerosols by Size and Time." Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section B, Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms 189. PNNL-SA-36631.
  • Vance A.L., T.M. Willey, A.J. Nelson, T. Van Buren, C. Bostedt, L.J. Terminello, and G.A. Fox, et al. 2002. "XAS and XPS Characterization of Monolayers Derived from a Dithiol and Structurally Related Disulfide-Containing Polyamides." Langmuir 18, no. 21:8123-8128. PNNL-SA-35272.
  • Windisch C.F., D.R. Baer, M.H. Engelhard, M.J. Danielson, and R.H. Jones. 2002. "Effects of Mg And Cu on Al Corrosion In Alkaline Solutions." In State-of-the-Art Application of Surface and Interface Analysis Methods to Environmental Material Interactions: In Honor of James E. Castle's 65th Year, edited by D.R. Baer; C.R. Clayton; G.D. Davis; G.P. Halada, 2001-5, 251-260. Pennington, New Jersey:The Electrochemical Society. PNNL-SA-35839.

2001

  • Baer D.R. 2001. "Through a Glass Dimly: A Look at Environmentally-Related Changes in the National Research Agenda and Their Impact on Solving Problems." In The Global Climate Change: a Coordinated Response by Electrochemistry and Solid-State Science and Technology, Proceedings of the First International Symposium, edited by A Wieckowski and EW Brooman, 254-273. Pennington, New Jersey:The Electrochemical Society. PNNL-SA-34649.
  • Gan S., Y. Liang, and D.R. Baer. 2001. "Effects of titania surface structure on the nucleation and growth of Pt nanoclusters on rutile TiO2(110)." Surface Science 475, no. 1-3:159-170. PNNL-SA-33811.
  • Gan S., Y. Liang, and D.R. Baer. 2001. "The interplay between step anisotropy and surface phase transformation on TiO2(110)." Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter 63, no. 12:1401. PNNL-SA-33388.
  • Gan S., Y. Liang, D.R. Baer, M.R. Sievers, G.S. Herman, and C.H. Peden. 2001. "Effect of Platinum Nanocluster Size and Titania Surface Structure upon CO Surface Chemistry on Platinum-Supported TiO2 (110)." Journal of Physical Chemistry B 105, no. 12:2412-2416. PNNL-SA-34652.
  • Jones R.H., D.R. Baer, M.J. Danielson, and J.S. Vetrano. 2001. "Role of Magnesium in the Stress Corrosion Cracking of an Al-Mg Alloy." Metallurgical and Materials Transactions. A, Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science 32A. PNNL-SA-33021.
  • Jones R.H., D.R. Baer, M.J. Danielson, and J.S. Vetrano. 2001. "Role of Mg in the Stress Corrosion Cracking of an Al-Mg Alloy." Materials Science and Engineering. A. Structural Materials: Properties, Microstructure and Processing 32, no. 7:1699-1711. PNNL-SA-34131.
  • Jones R.H., D.R. Baer, M.J. Danielson, C.F. Windisch, and J.S. Vetrano. 2001. "Interactions of Crack-Tips with Electrochemically Active Particles." In Corrosion and corrosion prevention of low density metals and alloys, Electrochemical Society Proceedings Volume, edited by BA Shaw, RG Buchheit, JP Moran, 2000-23, 322-333. Pennington, New Jersey:Electrochemical Society. PNNL-SA-33802.
  • Jones R.H., D.R. Baer, M.J. Danielson, J.S. Vetrano, and C.F. Windisch. 2001. "Crack-Tip Interactions With Electrochemically Active Particles." In Chemistry and Electrochemistry of Corrosion and Stress Corrosion Cracking : a Symposium Honoring the Contributions of R.W. Staehle : Proceedings of Symposium, 583-596. Warrendale, Pennsylvania:TMS. PNNL-SA-33793.
  • Lea A.S., J.E. Amonette, D.R. Baer, Y. Liang, and N.G. Colton. 2001. "Microscopic Effects of Carbonate, Manganese, and Strontium ions on Calcite Dissolution." Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 65, no. 3:369-379. PNNL-SA-32129.
  • McGrail B.P., J.P. Icenhower, D.K. Shuh, P. Liu, J.G. Darab, D.R. Baer, and S. Thevuthasan, et al. 2001. "The Structure of Na2O-Al2O3-SiO2 Glass: Impact on Sodium Ion Exchange in H2O and D2O." Journal of Non-crystalline Solids 296. PNNL-SA-33877.
  • Paparazzo E., A.S. Lea, D.R. Baer, and J.P. Northover. 2001. "Scanning Auger Microscopy Studies of an Ancient Bronze." Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A--Vacuum, Surfaces and Films 19, no. 4 PT 1:1126-1133. PNNL-SA-33122.
  • Shutthanandan V., S. Thevuthasan, D.R. Baer, E.M. Adams, S. Maheswaran, M.H. Engelhard, and J.P. Icenhower, et al. 2001. "Investigation of Alkali Ion Exchange Processes in Waste Glasses Using Rutherford Backscattering Spectrometry and Nuclear Reaction Analysis." In Applications of Accelerators in Research and Industry: sixteenth international conference, Denton, Texas, 1-5 November 2000, AIP Conference Proceedings, edited by J. L. Duggan and I.L. Morgan, 576, 454-457. New York, New York:American Institute of Physics. PNNL-SA-34289.
  • Windisch C.F., D.R. Baer, M.H. Engelhard, and R.H. Jones. 2001. "Analyzing Localized Corrosion in Ion-Implanted Metals via XPS/AES." JOM. The Journal of the Minerals, Metals and Materials Society 53, no. 7:37-41. PNNL-SA-34450.

2000

  • Baer D.R. 2000. "Through A Glass Dimly: A Look At Environmentally-Related Changes In The National Research Agenda And Their Impact On Solving Problems." In The Global Climate Change: A Coordinated Response by Electrochemistry and Solid-State Science and Technology, edited by A. Wieckowski, 2000-20, 254-273. Pennington, New Jersey:The Electrochemical Society. PNNL-SA-34094.
  • Baer D.R., and M.H. Engelhard. 2000. "Approach for Determining Area Selectivity in Small-Area XPS Analysis." Surface and Interface Analysis 29, no. 11:766-772. PNNL-SA-33026.
  • Baer D.R., C.F. Windisch, M.H. Engelhard, M.J. Danielson, R.H. Jones, and J.S. Vetrano. 2000. "Influence of Mg on the Corrosion of Al." Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A--Vacuum, Surfaces and Films 18, no. 1:131-136. PNNL-SA-31321.
  • Baer D.R., Y. Liang, and S. Gan. 2000. "Formation and Stabilization of Nano-Sized Pt Clusters on TiO2 Surfaces." In IMRET 4: 4th International Conference on Microreaction Technology, Topical Conference Proceedings, AIChE Spring National Meeting, March 5-9, 2000. Atlanta, GA., 121-126. New York, New York:American Institute of Chemical Engineers. PNNL-SA-32693-A.
  • Engelhard M.H., and D.R. Baer. 2000. "Third Row Transition Metals by X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy." Surface Science Spectra 7, no. 1:1-68. PNNL-SA-32946.
  • Gan S., Y. Liang, and D.R. Baer. 2000. "Atomic Control of TiO2(110) Surface By Oxygen Plasma Treatment." Surface Science Letters 459, no. 3:L498-L502. PNNL-SA-32377.
  • Jones R.H., M.J. Danielson, D.R. Baer, C.F. Windisch, J.S. Vetrano, and D.J. Edwards. 2000. "Stress Corrosion Cracking Issues in Light Metals for Automotive Applications." In NACE Paper #51300-01235-SG. Houston, Texas:National Association of Corrosion Engineers. PNNL-SA-33888.

1999

  • Engelhard M.H., and D.R. Baer. 1999. "Vacuum Cleaved Calcium Carbonate by XPS." Surface Science Spectra 6. PNNL-SA-33970.
  • Hatchett D.W., M.A. Josowicz, J. Janata, and D.R. Baer. 1999. "Electrochemical Formation of Au Clusters in Polyaniline." Chemistry of Materials 11, no. 10:2989-2994. PNNL-SA-31415.
  • Josowicz M.A., H. Li, K. Domansky, and D.R. Baer. 1999. "Effect of Oxidation State of Palladium in Polyaniline Layers on Sensitivity to Hydrogen." Electroanalysis 11, no. 10-11:774-781. PNNL-SA-32201.
  • Thevuthasan S., C.H. Peden, M.H. Engelhard, D.R. Baer, G.S. Herman, W. Jiang, and Y. Liang, et al. 1999. "The Ion Beam Materials Analysis Laboratory at the Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory." Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A, Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment 420, no. 1-2:81-89. PNNL-SA-29288.
  • Wang L.Q., K.F. Ferris, P.X. Skiba, A.N. Shultz, D.R. Baer, and M.H. Engelhard. 1999. "Interactions of Liquid and Vapor Water with Stoichiometric and Defective TiO2(100) Surfaces." Surface Science 440, no. 1-2:60-68. PNNL-SA-32272.
  • Windisch C.F., D.R. Baer, M.H. Engelhard, S.M. Bruemmer, and R.H. Jones. 1999. "Corrosion of Phosphorus-Implanted 304L Stainless Steel in 1 N H2SO4." Journal of the Electrochemical Society 146, no. 3:984-987. PNNL-SA-30625.

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