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Fundamental and Computational Sciences Directorate

Staff information

Herbert Schaef

Geochemistry
Chemist
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
MSIN: K8-96
Richland, WA 99352

PNNL Publications

2018

  • Bower J.K., D. Barpaga, S. Prodinger, R. Krishna, H.T. Schaef, B.P. McGrail, and M.A. Derewinski, et al. 2018. "Dynamic adsorption of CO2/N2 on cation-exchanged chabazite SSZ-13: A breakthrough analysis." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 10, no. 17:14287-14291. PNNL-SA-133039. doi:10.1021/acsami.8b03848
  • Motkuri R.K., V.S. Vemuri, D. Barpaga, H.T. Schaef, J.S. Loring, P.F. Martin, and D. Lao, et al. 2018. "An Efficient, Solvent-Free Process for Synthesizing Anhydrous MgCl2." ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering 6, no. 1:1048-1054. PNNL-SA-119379. doi:10.1021/acssuschemeng.7b03366
  • Qafoku O., E.S. Ilton, M.E. Bowden, L. Kovarik, X. Zhang, R.K. Kukkadapu, and M.H. Engelhard, et al. 2018. "Synthesis of Nanometer-Sized Fayalite and Magnesium-Iron(II) Mixture Olivines." Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 515. PNNL-SA-131663. doi:10.1016/j.jcis.2018.01.036
  • Xiong W., R. Wells, J.A. Horner, H.T. Schaef, P. Skemer, and D.E. Giammar. 2018. "CO2 Mineral Sequestration in Naturally Porous Basalt." Environmental Science & Technology Letters 5, no. 3:142-147. PNNL-SA-133317. doi:10.1021/acs.estlett.8b00047

2017

  • Bowers G.M., H.T. Schaef, J.S. Loring, D.W. Hoyt, S.D. Burton, E.D. Walter, and R.J. Kirkpatrick. 2017. "Role of Cations in CO2 Adsorption, Dynamics, and Hydration in Smectite Clays Under in situ Supercritical CO2 Conditions." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 121, no. 1:577-592. PNNL-SA-122523. doi:10.1021/acs.jpcc.6b11542
  • Childers M.I., M.C. Endres, C.A. Burns, B.J. Garcia, J. Liu, T.W. Wietsma, and A.H. Bonneville, et al. 2017. "Novel Highly Dispersible, Thermally Stable Core/Shell Proppants for Geothermal Applications." Geothermics 70. PNNL-SA-121506. doi:10.1016/j.geothermics.2017.05.013
  • De S., M.I. Nandasiri, H.T. Schaef, B.P. McGrail, S.K. Nune, and J. Lutkenhaus. 2017. "Water-based assembly of polymer-metal organic framework (MOF) functional coatings." Advanced Materials Interfaces 4, no. 2:Article No. 1600905. PNNL-SA-121155. doi:10.1002/admi.201600905
  • McGrail B.P., H.T. Schaef, F.A. Spane, J.A. Horner, A.T. Owen, J.B. Cliff, and O. Qafoku, et al. 2017. "Wallula Basalt Pilot Demonstration Project: Post-Injection Results and Conclusions." Energy Procedia 114. PNNL-SA-121381. doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2017.03.1716
  • McGrail B.P., H.T. Schaef, F.A. Spane, J.B. Cliff, O. Qafoku, J.A. Horner, and C.J. Thompson, et al. 2017. "Field Validation of Supercritical CO2 Reactivity with Basalts." Environmental Science & Technology Letters 4, no. 1:6-10. PNNL-SA-119127. doi:10.1021/acs.estlett.6b00387
  • Schaef H.T., N. Loganathan, G.M. Bowers, R.J. Kirkpatrick, A.O. Yazaydin, S.D. Burton, and D.W. Hoyt, et al. 2017. "Tipping Point for Expansion of Layered Aluminosilicates in Weakly Polar Solvents: Supercritical CO2." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces. PNNL-SA-127664. doi:10.1021/acsami.7b10590

2016

  • Jambovane S.R., S.K. Nune, R.T. Kelly, B.P. McGrail, Z. Wang, M.I. Nandasiri, and S. Katipamula, et al. 2016. "Continuous, One-pot Synthesis and Post-Synthetic Modification of NanoMOFs Using Droplet Nanoreactors." Scientific Reports. PNNL-SA-119000. doi:10.1038/srep36657
  • Mohamed M.H., S.K. Elsaidi, T. Pham, K.A. Forrest, H.T. Schaef, A. Hogan, and L. Wojtas, et al. 2016. "Hybrid Ultramicroporous Materials for Selective Xe Adsorption and Separation." Angewandte Chemie International Edition 55, no. 29:8285-8289. PNNL-SA-117901. doi:10.1002/anie.201602287
  • Nandasiri M.I., J. Liu, B.P. McGrail, J.W. Jenks, H.T. Schaef, V. Shutthanandan, and Z. Nie, et al. 2016. "Increased Thermal Conductivity in Metal-Organic Heat Carrier Nanofluids." Scientific Reports 6. PNNL-SA-116018. doi:10.1038/srep27805
  • Nandasiri M.I., S.R. Jambovane, B.P. McGrail, H.T. Schaef, and S.K. Nune. 2016. "Adsorption, Separation, and Catalytic Properties of Densified Metal-Organic Frameworks." Coordination Chemistry Reviews 311. PNNL-SA-114703. doi:10.1016/j.ccr.2015.12.004
  • Nune S.K., D. Lao, D.J. Heldebrant, J. Liu, M.J. Olszta, R.K. Kukkadapu, and L.M. Gordon, et al. 2016. "Anomalous Water Expulsion from Carbon-Based Rods at High Humidity." Nature Nanotechnology 11, no. 9:791-797. PNNL-SA-112991. doi:10.1038/nnano.2016.91
  • Zhang W., D. Banerjee, J. Liu, H.T. Schaef, J.V. Crum, C.A. Fernandez, and R.K. Kukkadapu, et al. 2016. "Redox-Active Metal-Organic Composites for Highly Selective Oxygen Separation Applications." Advanced Materials 28, no. 18:3572-3577. PNNL-SA-112948. doi:10.1002/adma.201600259

2015

  • Bacon D.H., C. Yonkofski, H.T. Schaef, M.D. White, and B.P. McGrail. 2015. "CO2 Storage by Sorption on Organic Matter and Clay in Gas Shale." Journal of Unconventional Oil and Gas Resources 12. PNNL-SA-107851. doi:10.1016/j.juogr.2015.09.004
  • Elsaidi S.K., M.H. Mohamed, H.T. Schaef, A. Kumar, M. Lusi, T. Pham, and K.A. Forrest, et al. 2015. "Hydrophobic Pillared Square Grids for Selective Removal of CO2 from Simulated Flue Gas." Chemical Communications 51, no. 85:15530-15533. PNNL-SA-109325. doi:10.1039/c5cc06577a
  • Loring J.S., J. Chen, P. Benezeth Ep Gisquet, O. Qafoku, E.S. Ilton, N.M. Washton, and C.J. Thompson, et al. 2015. "Evidence for Carbonate Surface Complexation during Forsterite Carbonation in Wet Supercritical Carbon Dioxide." Langmuir 31, no. 27:7533-7543. PNNL-SA-110896. doi:10.1021/acs.langmuir.5b01052
  • Loring J.S., J. Chen, P. Benezeth, O. Qafoku, E.S. Ilton, N.M. Washton, and C.J. Thompson, et al. 2015. "Evidence for Carbonate Surface Complexation during Forsterite Carbonation in Wet Supercritical Carbon Dioxide." Langmuir 31, no. 27:7533-7543. PNNL-SA-109630. doi:10.1021/acs.langmuir.5b01052
  • Miller Q.R., J. Kaszuba, H.T. Schaef, M.E. Bowden, and B.P. McGrail. 2015. "Impacts of Organic Ligands on Forsterite Reactivity in Supercritical CO2 Fluids." Environmental Science & Technology 49, no. 7:4724-4734. PNNL-SA-109524. doi:10.1021/es506065d
  • Qafoku O., D.A. Dixon, K.M. Rosso, H.T. Schaef, M.E. Bowden, B.W. Arey, and A.R. Felmy. 2015. "Dynamics of Magnesite Formation at Low-Temperature and High pCO2 in Aqueous Solution." Environmental Science & Technology 49, no. 17:10736-10744. PNNL-SA-105262. doi:10.1021/acs.est.5b02588
  • Schaef H.T., J.S. Loring, V.A. Glezakou, Q.R. Miller, J. Chen, A.T. Owen, and M. Lee, et al. 2015. "Competitive Sorption of CO2 and H2O in 2:1 Layer Phyllosilicates." Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 16. PNNL-SA-101900. doi:10.1016/j.gca.2015.03.027

2014

  • Bacon D.H., R. Ramanathan, H.T. Schaef, and B.P. McGrail. 2014. "Simulating Geologic Co-sequestration of Carbon Dioxide and Hydrogen Sulfide in a Basalt Formation." International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 21. PNNL-SA-97883. doi:10.1016/j.ijggc.2013.12.012
  • Fernandez C.A., P.F. Martin, H.T. Schaef, M.E. Bowden, P.K. Thallapally, L.X. Dang, and W. Xu, et al. 2014. "An Electrically Switchable Metal-Organic Framework." Scientific Reports 12, no. 3:Article No. 6114. PNNL-SA-105621. doi:10.1038/srep06114
  • Jeon J., R. Sharma, P. Meduri, B.W. Arey, H.T. Schaef, J. Lutkenhaus, and J.P. Lemmon, et al. 2014. "In Situ One-Step Synthesis of Hierarchical Nitrogen-Doped Porous Carbon for High Performance Supercapacitors." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 6, no. 10:7214-7222. PNNL-SA-99833. doi:10.1021/am500339x
  • Loring J.S., E.S. Ilton, J. Chen, C.J. Thompson, P.F. Martin, P. Benezeth, and K.M. Rosso, et al. 2014. "In Situ Study of CO2 and H2O Partitioning Between Na-Montmorillonite and Variably Wet Supercritical Carbon Dioxide." Langmuir 30, no. 21:6120-6128. PNNL-SA-101130. doi:10.1021/la500682t
  • Motkuri R.K., H.V. Annapureddy, M. Vijayakumar, H.T. Schaef, P.F. Martin, B.P. McGrail, and L.X. Dang, et al. 2014. "Fluorocarbon Adsorption in Hierarchical Porous Frameworks." Nature Communications 5. PNNL-SA-99164. doi:10.1038/ncomms5368
  • Rose K.K., J.E. Johnson, M.E. Torres, W. Hong, L. Giosan, L. Giosan, and E. Solomon, et al. 2014. "Anomalous porosity preservation and preferential accumulation of gas hydrate in the Andaman accretionary wedge, NGHP-01 site 17A." Marine and Petroleum Geology 58, no. A:99-116. PNNL-SA-105771. doi:10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2014.04.009
  • Schaef H.T., C.L. Davidson, A.T. Owen, Q.R. Miller, J.S. Loring, C.J. Thompson, and D.H. Bacon, et al. 2014. "CO2 Utilization and Storage in Shale Gas Reservoirs: Experimental Results and Economic Impacts." Energy Procedia 63. PNNL-SA-105772. doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2014.11.819
  • Schaef H.T., J.A. Horner, A.T. Owen, C.J. Thompson, J.S. Loring, and B.P. McGrail. 2014. "Mineralization of Basalts in the CO2-H2O-SO2-O2 System." Environmental Science & Technology 48, no. 9:5298-5305. PNNL-SA-98605. doi:10.1021/es404964j
  • Schaef H.T., V.A. Glezakou, A.T. Owen, S. Ramprasad, P.F. Martin, and B.P. McGrail. 2014. "Surface Condensation of CO2 onto Kaolinite." Environmental Science & Technology Letters 1, no. 2:142-145. PNNL-SA-98478. doi:10.1021/ez400169b
  • Thompson C.J., P.F. Martin, J. Chen, P. Benezeth, H.T. Schaef, K.M. Rosso, and A.R. Felmy, et al. 2014. "Automated High-Pressure Titration System with In Situ Infrared Spectroscopic Detection." Review of Scientific Instruments 85, no. 4:Article No. 044102. PNNL-SA-101170. doi:10.1063/1.4870411

2013

  • Loring J.S., H.T. Schaef, C.J. Thompson, R.V. Turcu, Q.R. Miller, J. Chen, and J.Z. Hu, et al. 2013. "Clay hydration/dehydration in dry to water-saturated supercritical CO2: Implications for caprock integrity." Energy Procedia 37. PNNL-SA-91508. doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2013.06.463
  • Miller Q., C.J. Thompson, J.S. Loring, C.F. Windisch, M.E. Bowden, D.W. Hoyt, and J.Z. Hu, et al. 2013. "Insights into Silicate Carbonation Processes in Water-Bearing Supercritical CO2 Fluids." International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 15. PNNL-SA-89916. doi:10.1016/j.ijggc.2013.02.005
  • Riley B.J., B.R. Johnson, H.T. Schaef, and S.K. Sundaram. 2013. "Sublimation-Condensation of Multiscale Tellurium Structures." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 117, no. 19:10128-10134. PNNL-SA-92535. doi:10.1021/jp400363a
  • Rother G., E.S. Ilton, D. Wallacher, T. Hauss, H.T. Schaef, O. Qafoku, and K.M. Rosso, et al. 2013. "CO2 Sorption to Subsingle Hydration Layer Montmorillonite Clay Studied by Excess Sorption and Neutron Diffraction Measurements." Environmental Science & Technology 47, no. 1:205-211. PNNL-SA-90289. doi:10.1021/es301382y
  • Schaef H.T., B.P. McGrail, A.T. Owen, and B.W. Arey. 2013. "Mineralization of Basalts in the CO2-H2O-H2S System." International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 16. PNNL-SA-90285. doi:10.1016/j.ijggc.2013.03.020
  • Schaef H.T., B.P. McGrail, J.S. Loring, M.E. Bowden, B.W. Arey, and K.M. Rosso. 2013. "Forsterite [Mg2SiO4)] Carbonation in Wet Supercritical CO2: An in situ High Pressure X-Ray Diffraction Study." Environmental Science & Technology 47, no. 1:174-181. PNNL-SA-84791. doi:10.1021/es301126f
  • Schaef H.T., Q. Miller, C.J. Thompson, J.S. Loring, M.E. Bowden, B.W. Arey, and B.P. McGrail, et al. 2013. "Silicate Carbonation in Supercritical CO2 Containing Dissolved H2O: An in situ High Pressure X-Ray Diffraction Study." Energy Procedia 37. PNNL-SA-85671. doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2013.06.514
  • Wang Z., A.R. Felmy, C.J. Thompson, J.S. Loring, A.G. Joly, K.M. Rosso, and H.T. Schaef, et al. 2013. "Near-Infrared Spectroscopic Investigation of Water in Supercritical CO2 and the Effect of CaCl2." Fluid Phase Equilibria 338. PNNL-SA-89926. doi:10.1016/j.fluid.2012.11.012

2012

  • Felmy A.R., O. Qafoku, B.W. Arey, J.Z. Hu, M.Y. Hu, H.T. Schaef, and E.S. Ilton, et al. 2012. "Reaction of Water-Saturated Supercritical CO2 with Forsterite: Evidence for Magnesite Formation at Low Temperatures." Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 91. PNNL-SA-82433. doi:10.1016/j.gca.2012.05.026
  • Glezakou V.A., B.P. McGrail, and H.T. Schaef. 2012. "Molecular interactions of SO2 with carbonate minerals under co-sequestration conditions: a combined experimental and theoretical study." Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 92. PNNL-SA-83215. doi:10.1016/j.gca.2012.06.015
  • Ilton E.S., H.T. Schaef, O. Qafoku, K.M. Rosso, and A.R. Felmy. 2012. "In Situ X-Ray Diffraction Study of Na+ Saturated Montmorillonite Exposed to Variably Wet Super Critical CO2." Environmental Science & Technology 46, no. 7:4241-4248. PNNL-SA-85184. doi:10.1021/es300234v
  • Loring J.S., C.J. Thompson, C. Zhang, Z. Wang, H.T. Schaef, and K.M. Rosso. 2012. "In Situ Infrared Spectroscopic Study of Brucite Carbonation in Dry to Water-Saturated Supercritical Carbon Dioxide." The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 116, no. 19:4768-4777. PNNL-SA-86156. doi:10.1021/jp210020t
  • Loring J.S., H.T. Schaef, R.V. Turcu, C.J. Thompson, Q. Miller, P.F. Martin, and J.Z. Hu, et al. 2012. "In Situ Molecular Spectroscopic Evidence for CO2 Intercalation into Montmorillonite in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide." Langmuir 28, no. 18:7125-7128. PNNL-SA-86500. doi:10.1021/la301136w
  • Schaef H.T., E.S. Ilton, O. Qafoku, P.F. Martin, A.R. Felmy, and K.M. Rosso. 2012. "In situ XRD Study of Ca2+ Saturated Montmorillonite (STX-1) Exposed to Anhydrous and Wet Supercritical Carbon Dioxide." International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 6, no. 1:220-229. PNNL-SA-80472. doi:10.1016/j.ijggc.2011.11.001
  • Windisch C.F., H.T. Schaef, P.F. Martin, A.T. Owen, and B.P. McGrail. 2012. "Following 18O uptake in scCO2-H2O mixtures with Raman spectroscopy." Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy 94. PNNL-SA-84943. doi:10.1016/j.saa.2012.03.065
  • Windisch C.F., V.A. Glezakou, P.F. Martin, B.P. McGrail, and H.T. Schaef. 2012. "Raman Spectrum of Supercritical C18O2 and Re-Evaluation of the Fermi Resonance." Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. PCCP 14, no. 8:2560-2566. PNNL-SA-79421. doi:10.1039/c1cp22349f

2011

  • Loring J.S., C.J. Thompson, Z. Wang, A.G. Joly, D.S. Sklarew, H.T. Schaef, and E.S. Ilton, et al. 2011. "In Situ Infrared Spectroscopic Study of Forsterite Carbonation in Wet Supercritical CO2." Environmental Science & Technology 45, no. 14:6204-6210. PNNL-SA-74249. doi:10.1021/es201284e
  • Rai D., M. Yui, H.T. Schaef, and A. Kitamura. 2011. "Thermodynamic Model for SnO2(cr) and SnO2(am) Solubility in the Aqueous Na+-H+ -OH- -Cl- -H2O System." Journal of Solution Chemistry 40, no. 7:1155-1172. PNNL-SA-76900. doi:10.1007/s10953-011-9723-1
  • Schaef H.T., B.P. McGrail, and A.T. Owen. 2011. "Basalt Reactivity Variability with Reservoir Depth in Supercritical CO2 and Aqueous Phases." Energy Procedia 4. PNNL-SA-74778. doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2011.02.468
  • Schaef H.T., C.F. Windisch, B.P. McGrail, P.F. Martin, and K.M. Rosso. 2011. "Brucite [Mg(OH2)] Carbonation in Wet Supercritical CO2: An in situ High Pressure X-Ray Diffraction Study." Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 75, no. 1:7458-7471. PNNL-SA-78165. doi:10.1016/j.gca.2011.09.029
  • White M.D., B.P. McGrail, H.T. Schaef, J.Z. Hu, D.W. Hoyt, A.R. Felmy, and K.M. Rosso, et al. 2011. "Multiphase Sequestration Geochemistry: Model for Mineral Carbonation." Energy Procedia 4. PNNL-SA-74658. doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2011.02.472

2010

  • Cantrell K.J., K.M. Krupka, K.N. Geiszler, B.W. Arey, and H.T. Schaef. 2010. Hanford Site Tank 241-C-108 Residual Waste Contaminant Release Models and Supporting Data. PNNL-19425. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Krupka K.M., K.J. Cantrell, H.T. Schaef, B.W. Arey, S.M. Heald, W.J. Deutsch, and M.J. Lindberg. 2010. "Characterizing Solids in Residual Wastes from Single-Shell Tanks at the Hanford Site." Radwaste Solutions 17, no. 2:64-75. PNNL-SA-70138.
  • Rai D., M. Yui, H.T. Schaef, and A. Kitamura. 2010. "Thermodynamic Model for BiPO4(cr) and Bi(OH)3(am) Solubility in the Aqueous Na+-H+-H2PO- 4 -HPO2- 4 -PO3- 4 -OH--Cl--H2O System." Journal of Solution Chemistry 39, no. 7:999-1019. PNNL-SA-75194. doi:10.1007/s10953-010-9561-6
  • Schaef H.T., B.P. McGrail, and A.T. Owen. 2010. "Carbonate Mineralization of Volcanic Province Basalts." International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 4, no. 2:249-261. PNNL-SA-65778.

2009

  • Krupka K.M., K.J. Cantrell, H.T. Schaef, B.W. Arey, S.M. Heald, W.J. Deutsch, and M.J. Lindberg. 2009. "Characterization of Solids in Residual Wastes from Single-Shell Tanks at the Hanford Site, Washington, USA - 9277." In WM2009 Waste Management for the Nuclear Renaissance, March 1-5, 2009, Phoenix, Arizona. Tempe, Arizona:WM Symposia Inc. PNNL-SA-63382.
  • McGrail B.P., H.T. Schaef, V.A. Glezakou, L.X. Dang, and A.T. Owen. 2009. "Water Reactivity in the Liquid and Supercritical CO2 Phase: Has Half the Story Been Neglected?." Energy Procedia 1, no. 1:3415-3419. PNNL-SA-68583. doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2009.02.131
  • Schaef H.T., and B.P. McGrail. 2009. "Dissolution of Columbia River Basalt Under Mildly Acidic Conditions as a Function of Temperature: Experimental Results Relevant to the Geological Sequestration of Carbon Dioxide." Applied Geochemistry 24, no. 5:980-987. PNNL-SA-60912.
  • Schaef H.T., B.P. McGrail, and A.T. Owen. 2009. "Basalt-CO2-H2O Interactions and Variability in Carbonate Mineralization Rates." In Energy Procedia, 9th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies, 1, 4899-4906. Amsterdam:Elsevier. PNNL-SA-62986.
  • Valenta M.M., K.N. Geiszler, B.N. Bjornstad, H.T. Schaef, and C.F. Brown. 2009. Tier II Analysis of Vadose Zone Sediments from UPRS 200-E-81 and 200-E-86. PNNL-18383. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.

2008

  • Brown C.F., R.J. Serne, H.T. Schaef, B.A. Williams, M.M. Valenta, V.L. Legore, and M.J. Lindberg, et al. 2008. Investigation of Accelerated Casing Corrosion in Two Wells at Waste Management Area A-AX. PNNL-15141 Rev. 1. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Cantrell K.J., K.M. Krupka, K.N. Geiszler, M.J. Lindberg, B.W. Arey, and H.T. Schaef. 2008. Hanford Tank 241-S-112 Residual Waste Composition and Leach Test Data. PNNL-17593. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Cantrell K.J., K.M. Krupka, W.J. Deutsch, M.J. Lindberg, H.T. Schaef, K.N. Geiszler, and B.W. Arey. 2008. Hanford Tank 241-C-103 Residual Waste Contaminant Release Models and Supporting Data. PNNL-16738. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Lindenmeier C.W., R.J. Serne, B.N. Bjornstad, G.W. Gee, H.T. Schaef, D.C. Lanigan, and M.J. Lindberg, et al. 2008. Characterization of Vadose Zone Sediment: RCRA Borehole 299-E33-338 Located Near the B-BX-BY Waste Management Area. PNNL-14121 Rev. 1. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Long P.E., S.K. Wurstner, E.C. Sullivan, H.T. Schaef, and D.J. Bradley. 2008. Preliminary Geospatial Analysis of Arctic Ocean Hydrocarbon Resources. PNNL-17922. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Serne R.J., B.N. Bjornstad, D.G. Horton, D.C. Lanigan, H.T. Schaef, C.W. Lindenmeier, and M.J. Lindberg, et al. 2008. Characterization of Vadose Zone Sediments Below the T Tank Farm: Boreholes C4104, C4105, 299-W10-196, and RCRA Borehole 299-W11-39. PNNL-14849 Rev. 1. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Serne R.J., B.N. Bjornstad, G.W. Gee, H.T. Schaef, D.C. Lanigan, r.g. mccain, and C.W. Lindenmeier, et al. 2008. Characterization of Vadose Zone Sediment: Borehole 299-E33-46 Near B 110 in the B BX-BY Waste Management Area. PNNL-14119 Rev. 1. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Serne R.J., B.N. Bjornstad, H.T. Schaef, B.A. Williams, D.C. Lanigan, D.G. Horton, and R.E. Clayton, et al. 2008. Characterization of Vadose Zone Sediment: Uncontaminated RCRA Borehole Core Samples and Composite Samples. PNNL-13757-1 Rev. 1. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Serne R.J., G.V. Last, G.W. Gee, H.T. Schaef, D.C. Lanigan, C.W. Lindenmeier, and M.J. Lindberg, et al. 2008. Characterization of Vadose Zone Sediment: Borehole 299-E33-45 Near BX-102 in the B-BX-BY Waste Management Area. PNNL-14083 Rev. 1. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Serne R.J., G.V. Last, H.T. Schaef, D.C. Lanigan, C.W. Lindenmeier, C.C. Ainsworth, and R.E. Clayton, et al. 2008. Characterization of Vadose Zone Sediment: Borehole 41-09-39 in the S-SX Waste Management Area. PNNL-13757-3 Rev. 1. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Serne R.J., G.V. Last, H.T. Schaef, D.C. Lanigan, C.W. Lindenmeier, C.C. Ainsworth, and R.E. Clayton, et al. 2008. Characterization of Vadose Zone Sediment: Slant Borehole SX-108 in the S-SX Waste Management Area. PNNL 13757-4 Rev. 1. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Thallapally P.K., B.P. McGrail, S.J. Dalgarno, H.T. Schaef, J. Tian, and J.L. Atwood. 2008. "Gas-Induced Transformation and Expansion of a Non-Porous Organic Solid." Nature Materials 7, no. 2:146-150. PNNL-SA-53644. doi:10.1038/nmat2097

2007

  • Deutsch W.J., K.M. Krupka, M.J. Lindberg, K.J. Cantrell, C.F. Brown, and H.T. Schaef. 2007. Hanford Tank 241-C-106: Residual Waste Contaminant Release Model and Supporting Data. PNNL-15187 Rev. 1. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Deutsch W.J., K.M. Krupka, M.J. Lindberg, K.J. Cantrell, C.F. Brown, and H.T. Schaef. 2007. Hanford Tanks 241-C-203 and 241 C 204: Residual Waste Contaminant Release Model and Supporting Data. PNNL-14903 Rev. 1. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Deutsch W.J., K.M. Krupka, M.J. Lindberg, K.J. Cantrell, C.F. Brown, S.V. Mattigod, and H.T. Schaef, et al. 2007. Hanford Tanks 241-C-202 and 241-C-203 Residual Waste Contaminant Release Models and Supporting Data. PNNL-16229. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Krupka K.M., W.J. Deutsch, H.T. Schaef, B.W. Arey, S.M. Heald, M.J. Lindberg, and K.J. Cantrell. 2007. "Characterization of Solids in Residual Wastes from Underground Storage Tanks at the Hanford Site, Washington, U.S.A." In 30th International Symposium on Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management, Boston, November 27 - December 1, 2006. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, edited by D.E. Dunn, C. Poinssot, and B. Begg, 985, 473-482. Warrendale, Pennsylvania:Materials Research Society. PNNL-SA-52789.
  • McGrail B.P., H.T. Schaef, M.D. White, T. Zhu, A.S. Kulkarni, R.B. Hunter, and S.L. Patil, et al. 2007. Using Carbon Dioxide to Enhance Recovery of Methane from Gas Hydrate Reservoirs: Final Summary Report. PNNL-17035. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • McGrail B.P., S. Ahmed, H.T. Schaef, A.T. Owen, P. Martin, and T. Zhu. 2007. "Gas Hydrate Property Measurements in Porous Sediments With Resonant Ultrasound Spectroscopy." Journal of Geophysical Research. Solid Earth 112, no. B05202. PNNL-SA-46843. doi:10.1029/2005JB004084
  • Serne R.J., M.J. Lindberg, T.E. Jones, H.T. Schaef, and K.M. Krupka. 2007. Laboratory-Scale Bismuth Phosphate Extraction Process Simulation To Track Fate of Fission Products. PNNL-14120. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.

2006

  • Deutsch W.J., K.M. Krupka, M.J. Lindberg, K.J. Cantrell, C.F. Brown, and H.T. Schaef. 2006. Hanford Tank 241-C-106: Impact of Cement Reactions on Release of Contaminants from Residual Waste. PNNL-15544. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Krupka K.M., C.F. Brown, H.T. Schaef, S.M. Heald, M.M. Valenta, and B.W. Arey. 2006. "Rhenium Uptake, as Analogue for Tc-99, by Steel Corrosion Products." In Proceedings of the 11th International High-Level Radioactive Waste Management Conference (IHLRWM), April 30 - May 4, 2006, Las Vegas, Nevada, edited by B. Sagar (Technical Program Chair), 905-912. La Grange Park, Illinois:American Nuclear Society. PNNL-SA-48149.
  • Krupka K.M., H.T. Schaef, B.W. Arey, S.M. Heald, W.J. Deutsch, M.J. Lindberg, and K.J. Cantrell. 2006. "Residual Waste from Hanford Tanks 241-C-203 and 241-C-204. I. Solids Characterization." Environmental Science & Technology 40, no. 12:3749-3754, and sup. info. file. PNNL-SA-45610.
  • McGrail B.P., H.T. Schaef, A.M. Ho, Y. Chien, J.J. Dooley, and C.L. Davidson. 2006. "Potential for Carbon Dioxide Sequestration in Flood Basalts." Journal of Geophysical Research. Solid Earth 111, no. B12:Art. No. B12201. PNNL-SA-51345.
  • Pierce E.M., B.P. McGrail, L.M. Bagaasen, E.A. Rodriguez, D.M. Wellman, K.N. Geiszler, and S.R. Baum, et al. 2006. Laboratory Testing of Bulk Vitrified Low-Activity Waste Forms to Support the 2005 Integrated Disposal Facility Performance Assessment. PNNL-15126 Rev. 2. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • White M.D., B.P. McGrail, H.T. Schaef, and D.H. Bacon. 2006. "Numerically Simulating Carbonate Mineralization of Basalt with Injection of Carbon Dioxide into Deep Saline Formations." In Proceedings of the XVI International Conference on Computational Methods in Water Resources (CMWR XVI), June 19-22 2006, Copenhagen, Denmark. Kgs. Lyngby:Technical University of Denmark. PNNL-SA-48948. doi:10.4122/1.1000000368

2005

  • Ainsworth C.C., J.M. Zachara, K.B. Wagnon, S.G. McKinley, C. Liu, S.C. Smith, and H.T. Schaef, et al. 2005. "Impact of Highly Basic Solutions on Sorption of Cs+ to Subsurface Sediments from the Hanford Site, USA." Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 69, no. 20:4787-4800. PNNL-SA-39954.
  • Brown C.F., R.J. Serne, H.T. Schaef, B.A. Williams, M.M. Valenta, V.L. LeGore, and M.J. Lindberg, et al. 2005. Investigation of Accelerated Casing Corrosion in Two Wells at Waste Management Area A-AX. PNNL-15141. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Deutsch W.J., K.M. Krupka, K.J. Cantrell, C.F. Brown, M.J. Lindberg, H.T. Schaef, and S.M. Heald, et al. 2005. Advances in Geochemical Testing of Key Contaminants in Residual Hanford Tank Waste. PNNL-15372. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Deutsch W.J., K.M. Krupka, M.J. Lindberg, K.J. Cantrell, C.F. Brown, and H.T. Schaef. 2005. Hanford Tank 241-C-106: Residual Waste Contaminant Release Model and Supporting Data. PNNL-15187. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Kim D., C.Z. Soderquist, J.P. Icenhower, B.P. McGrail, R.D. Scheele, B.K. McNamara, and L.M. Bagaasen, et al. 2005. Tc Reductant Chemistry and Crucible Melting Studies with Simulated Hanford Low-Activity Waste. PNNL-15131. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Pierce E.M., B.P. McGrail, L.M. Bagaasen, E.A. Rodriguez, D.M. Wellman, K.N. Geiszler, and S.R. Baum, et al. 2005. Laboratory Testing of Bulk Vitrified Low-Activity Waste Forms to Support the 2005 Integrated Disposal Facility Performance Assessment. PNNL-15126 Rev. 1. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Pierce E.M., B.P. McGrail, L.M. Bagaasen, E.A. Rodriguez, D.M. Wellman, K.N. Geiszler, and S.R. Baum, et al. 2005. Laboratory Testing of Bulk Vitrified Low-Activity Waste Forms to Support the 2005 Integrated Disposal Facility Performance Assessment. PNNL-15126. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Um W., R.J. Serne, B.N. Bjornstad, H.T. Schaef, C.F. Brown, V.L. Legore, and K.N. Geiszler, et al. 2005. Characterization of 200-UP-1 Aquifer Sediments and Results of Sorption-Desorption Tests Using Spiked Uncontaminated Groundwater. PNNL-15502. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.

2004

  • Deutsch W.J., K.M. Krupka, M.J. Lindberg, K.J. Cantrell, C.F. Brown, and H.T. Schaef. 2004. Hanford Tanks 241-C-203 and 241-C-204: Residual Waste Contaminant Release Model and Supporting Data. PNNL-14903. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Krupka K.M., W.J. Deutsch, M.J. Lindberg, K.J. Cantrell, N.J. Hess, H.T. Schaef, and B.W. Arey. 2004. Hanford Tanks 241-AY-102 and 241-BX-101: Sludge Composition and Contaminant Release Data. PNNL-14614. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Pierce E.M., B.P. McGrail, E.A. Rodriguez, H.T. Schaef, P. Saripalli, R.J. Serne, and K.M. Krupka, et al. 2004. Waste Form Release Data Package for the 2005 Integrated Disposal Facility Performance Assessment. PNNL-14805. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.

2003

  • Horton D.G., H.T. Schaef, R.J. Serne, C.F. Brown, M.M. Valenta, T.S. Vickerman, and I.V. Kutnyakov, et al. 2003. Geochemistry of Samples from Borehole C3177(299-E24-21). PNNL-14289. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Kaplan D.I., R.J. Serne, H.T. Schaef, C.W. Lindenmeier, K.E. Parker, A.T. Owen, and D.E. McCready, et al. 2003. The Influence of Glass Leachate on the Hydraulic, Physical, Mineralogical and Sorptive Properties of Hanford Sediment. PNNL-14325. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Lindenmeier C.W., R.J. Serne, B.N. Bjornstad, G.W. Gee, H.T. Schaef, D.C. Lanigan, and M.J. Lindberg, et al. 2003. Characterization of Vadose Zone Sediment: RCRA Borehole 299-E33-338 Located Near the B-BX-BY Waste Management Area. PNNL-14121. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • McGrail B.P., A.M. Ho, S.P. Reidel, and H.T. Schaef. 2003. "Use and Features of Basalt Formations for Geologic Sequestration." In Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies: Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies, October 1-4, 2002, Kyoto, Japan, edited by J Gale and Y Kaya, II, 1637-1640. Amsterdam:Pergamon. PNNL-SA-37182.
  • McGrail B.P., E.M. Pierce, H.T. Schaef, E.A. Rodriguez, J.L. Steele, A.T. Owen, and D.M. Wellman. 2003. Laboratory Testing of Bulk Vitrified and Steam Reformed Low-Activity Waste Forms to Support A Preliminary Risk Assessment for an Integrated Disposal Facility. PNNL-14414. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Strachan D.M., H.T. Schaef, M.J. Schweiger, K.L. Simmons, L.J. Woodcock, and M.K. Krouse. 2003. "A versatile and inexpensive XRD sample holder for highly radioactive or hazardous samples." Powder Diffraction 18, no. 1:23-28. PNNL-SA-36294.

2002

  • Serne R.J., B.N. Bjornstad, G.W. Gee, H.T. Schaef, D.C. Lanigan, R.G. Mccain, and C.W. Lindenmeier, et al. 2002. Characterization of Vadose Zone Sediment: Borehole 299-E33-46 Near Tank B-110 in the B-BX-BY Waste Management Area. PNNL-14119. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Serne R.J., B.N. Bjornstad, H.T. Schaef, B.A. Williams, D.C. Lanigan, D.G. Horton, and R.E. Clayton, et al. 2002. Characterization of Vadose Zone Sediment: Uncontaminated RCRA Borehole Core Samples and Composite Samples. PNNL-13757-1. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Serne R.J., C.F. Brown, H.T. Schaef, E.M. Pierce, M.J. Lindberg, Z. Wang, and P.L. Gassman, et al. 2002. 300 Area Uranium Leach and Adsorption Project. PNNL-14022. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Serne R.J., G.V. Last, G.W. Gee, H.T. Schaef, D.C. Lanigan, C.W. Lindenmeier, and M.J. Lindberg, et al. 2002. Characterization of Vadose Zone Sediment: Borehole 299-E33-45 Near BX-102 in the B-BX-BY Waste Management Area. PNNL-14083. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Serne R.J., G.V. Last, H.T. Schaef, D.C. Lanigan, C.W. Lindenmeier, C.C. Ainsworth, and R.E. Clayton, et al. 2002. Characterization of Vadose Zone Sediment: Borehole 41-09-39 in the S-SX Waste Management Area. PNNL-13757-3. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Serne R.J., G.V. Last, H.T. Schaef, D.C. Lanigan, C.W. Lindenmeier, C.C. Ainsworth, and R.E. Clayton, et al. 2002. Characterization of Vadose Zone Sediment: Slant Borehole SX-108 in the S-SX Waste Management Area. PNNL-13757-4. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Serne R.J., H.T. Schaef, B.N. Bjornstad, D.C. Lanigan, G.W. Gee, C.W. Lindenmeier, and R.E. Clayton, et al. 2002. Characterization of Vadose Zone Sediment: Borehole 299-W23-19 [SX -115] in the S-SX Waste Management Area. PNNL-13757-2. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Strachan D.M., R.D. Scheele, A.E. Kozelisky, R.L. Sell, H.T. Schaef, M.J. O'Hara, and C.F. Brown, et al. 2002. "Radiation Damage in Titanate Ceramics Used for Plutonium Immobilization." In Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management XXV, 713, 461-468. Warrendale, Pennsylvania:Materials Research Society. PNNL-SA-38324.

2001

  • McGrail B.P., D.H. Bacon, J.P. Icenhower, F.M. Mann, R.J. Puigh, H.T. Schaef, and S.V. Mattigod. 2001. "Near-Field Performance Assessment for a Low-Activity Waste Glass Disposal System: Laboratory Testing to Modeling Results." Journal of Nuclear Materials 298, no. 1-2:95-111. PNNL-SA-35379.
  • McGrail B.P., J.P. Icenhower, P.F. Martin, H.T. Schaef, M.J. O'Hara, E. Rodriguez, and J.L. Steele. 2001. Waste Form Release Data Package for the 2001 Immobilized Low-Activity Waste Performance Assessment. PNNL-13043 Rev.2. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • McKinley J.P., C.j. Zeissler, J.M. Zachara, R.J. Serne, R.M. Lindstrom, H.T. Schaef, and R.D. Orr. 2001. "Distribution and Retention of 137Cs in Sediments at the Hanford Site, Washington." Environmental Science & Technology 35, no. 17:3433-3441. PNNL-SA-33709.
  • Strachan D.M., R.D. Scheele, J.P. Icenhower, A.E. Kozelisky, R.L. Sell, V.L. Legore, and H.T. Schaef, et al. 2001. The Status of Radiation Damage Experiments. PNNL-13721. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.

2000

  • Icenhower J.P., B.P. McGrail, H.T. Schaef, and E.A. Cordova. 2000. "Dissolution Kinetics of Titanium Pyrochlore Ceramics at 90?C by Single-Pass Flow-Through Experiments." In Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management XXIII, edited by R.W. Smith and D.W. Shoesmith, 23, 373-378. Warrendale, Pennsylvania:Materials Research Society. PNNL-SA-31804.
  • McGrail B.P., J.P. Icenhower, P.F. Martin, D.R. Rector, H.T. Schaef, E.A. Rodriguez, and J.L. Steele. 2000. Low-Activity Waste Glass Studies: FY2000 Summary Report. PNNL-13381. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • McGrail B.P., P.F. Martin, H.T. Schaef, C.W. Lindenmeier, and A.T. Owen. 2000. "Glass/Ceramic Interactions in the Can-In-Canister Configuration for Disposal of Excess Weapons Plutonium." In Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management XXIII, Symposium, 29 Nov.-2 Dec.1999, Boston, MA, USA. Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., 608, 345-352. Warrendale, Pennsylvania:Materials Research Society. PNNL-SA-31745.

1999

  • McGrail B.P., P.F. Martin, C.W. Lindenmeier, and H.T. Schaef. 1999. "Application of the Pressurised Unsaturated Flow (PUF) Test for Accelerated Ageing of Waste Forms." In Ageing Studies and Lifetime Extension of Materials, Proceedings of the First International Conference on Ageing Studies and Lifetime Extension of Materials, edited by Leslie G. Mallinson, 313-320. New York, New York:Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers. PNNL-SA-31746.

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